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Sociology 100


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C. Wright Mills
coined the phrase sociological imagination, father of sociology, rebel, wanted sociology used in daily lives

the scientific study of human behavior in social groups

Interactionist perspective

generalize about everyday forms of social interaction in order to explain society as a whole (unlike functionalists and conflict they do not analyze large-scale, society wide patterns of behavior). 

Macro sociology
large scale phenomenon (housing on ALL college campuses)
Micro sociology
large scale phenomenon (housing on ALL college campuses)
Functionalist perspective

think of society as a living organism in which each part of the organism contributes to its survival.  This approach emphasizes the way in which the parts of a society are structured to maintain

Manifest functions
: of institutions are open, stated, conscious functions. 
Latent functions

are unconscious or unintended functions that may reflect hidden purposes of an institution (a latent function of a university is to hold down unemployment, another is to serve as a meeting ground or people seekin

Conflict perspective
see the social world in continuous struggle.  They assume that social behavior is best understood in terms of conflict or tension between competing
Marx’s contribution to conflict perspective
conflict is not merely a class phenomenon but as a part of everyday life in all societies (conflict between men and women, whites and blacks, parents and children).<
Nonverbal communication
Symbols have a shared social meaning that is understood by all members of a society.  In the US, a salute symbolizes respect, while a clenched fist
Goffman’s Dramaturgical approach to interactionist perspective
Where people are seen as theatrical performers.  The dramaturgist compares everyday life to the setting of the theater and stage. 
Auguste comte
inventor/founder of sociology, French philosopher, refereed to sociology as the “queen” and sociologists as “priests”- he studied human behav
Harriet martineu
thought that sociology needed to have social impact, she wrote the first book on the sociological method, translated comte’s work from French to English.
Herbert spencer
study of evolution to human behavior/society.  Scientific study of sociology “functionalist group”
Emile Durkheim
human action leads to crime, religion. Famous for studying workplace
refers to loss of direction in society when social control over behavior has become ineffective.  
Max Weber
studied bureaucracy 
the use of insight into the interactions within organizations

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