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History 7th Chapter 17


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Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Battle of Shiloh
battle in Tennessee; Union victory; extremely bloody battle
Northerner who opposed using force to keep the southern states in the Union
Pickett's Charge
failed Confederate charge at the Battle of Gettysburg
border state
4 slave states that remained in the Union during the Civil War: Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland and Delaware
income tax
a tax on people's earnings
Sally Thompkins
worked as a nurse in Civil War
Battle of Bull Run
first major battle of Civil War; fought in Virginia
ironclad warship used by the Confederates to break the Union blockade
Clara Barton
Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross
Emancipation Proclamation
President Lincoln's 1853 declaration freeing slaves in the Confederacy
Battle of Fredericksburg
battle in Virginia; one of the Union's worst defeats
martial law
rule by army instead of elected government
Dorothea Dix
along with Clara Barton, helped to get women to work in military hospitals during the Civil War.
Battle of Gettysburg
battle in Pennsylvania that left more than 50,000 dead or wounded; Confederates never invaded North again
to set free
George McClellan
union general, 1st commander, overly cautious, fired by Lincoln
military blockade or bombardment of an enemy town or position in order to force it to surrender
Abraham Lincoln
the Union leader: Although not much experience in national politics or military, he proved to be patient and strong leader and a fine war planner
habeas corpus
the right that no person can be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
total war
all out war that affects civilians at home as well as soldiers in combat
54th Massachusetts Regiment
African American unit in the Union army
Stonewall Jackson
general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)
Ulysses S. Grant
Commander of Union Army, 18th US President
Robert E. Lee
Leader of the Confederate Army
person who takes advantage of a crisis to make money
law requiring certain people to serve in the military
Gettysburg Address
speech made by President Lincoln in 1863 after the Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Antietam
Union Victory in Maryland during the Civil War that marked the bloodiest single day battle in U.S. military history
Fort Wagner
fort in South Carolina; site of an attack by the African American 54th Massachusetts Regiment
a rise in prices and a decrease in the value of money
Sojourner Truth
former slave who became an abolitionist and womens right activist
Battle of Chancellorsville
battle in Virginia; importatn victory for the Confederacy
Appomattox Court House
Virginia town that was the site of the Confederate surrender
ironclad Union warship

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