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Microorganisms and drug of choice

Terms

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L. pneumonia
Pneumonia (atypic)
Neisseria meningitidis
1 Penicillin (IV) 2 Third generation cephalosporins-Cefotaxime (IV)
Campylobacter fetus
Bacteremia, thrombophlebitis.
N.Gonorrae
STD's
H.pyroli
1 Tetracycline + Metronidazole + Bismuth subsalicylate 2 Amoxicillin+Metronidazole + Bismuth subsalicylate .
Salmonella typhi
Causes typhoid fever. Grows in intestinal tract of infected humans; transmitted in feces.
S. pirogen
Folliculitis,celullitis,impetigo
K. pneumonia
1 Third generation cephalosporins 2 SMZ/TMP.
Moraxella catarrhallis
1 SMZ/TMP 2 Amoxicillin + Clavulanic acid, Erythromycin, Doxycycline.
Shigella
1 Quinolone SMZ/TMP, Ampicillin.
T.pallidum
1 Penicillin 2 Doxycycline
B. burgdorferi
1 Doxycycline 2 Ampicillin .
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
penicillins, ampicillin, cephalosporins, quinolones
Moraxella catarrhalis
Elderly patients and long-term heavy smokers bronchopneumonia but also bronchitis, sinusitis, laryngitis and otitis media
S. aureus
Pimples, impetigo
Enterobacteria
1 SMZ/TMP 2 Quinolone(nalidixic acid, cipro/levofloxacine), Imipenem, Gentamicin
B. fragilis (bacteroid)
peritoneal cavity, gastrointestinal surgery, and appendicitis
Clostridium Difficile
1 Metronidazole 2 Vancomycin.
Campylobacter fetus
1 Imipenem 2 Gentamicin.
B. fragilis (bacteroid)
1 Metronidazole 2 Clindamycin.
Diptheroids (Nondiphtheriae Corynebacteria)
Elderly, neutropenic, immunocompromised patients or healthy hosts. Some of their effects include granulomatous lymphadenitis, pneumonitis, pharyngitis, skin infections, and endocarditis
Diptheroids (Nondiphtheriae Corynebacteria)
1 Penicillinin 2 Cephalosporins.
P. aeruginosa
1 aminoglycosides (gentamicin, amikacin, tobramycin); 2 Quinolone.
H.influenza
Bacteremia, meningitis, LRTI (lower respiratory tract infection)
H.pyroli
Peptic ulcer, gastritis, duodenitis.
Chlamydia trachomatis
1 Doxycycline 2 Erythromycin.
Chlamydophila pneumoniae
1 Doxycycline 2 Erythromycin.
K. pneumonia
UTI,wounds both in hospitals.
Proteus mirabilis
1 Ampicillin 2 SMZ/TMP.
Mycoplasma pneumonia
1 Doxycycline Clarithromycin 2 Erythromycin.Azithromycin
T.pallidum
syphilis
S. Epidermis
1 Nafcillin 2 Cefazolin Clindamycin SMZ/TMP Vancomycin
Chlamydia trachomatis
STD's
Shigella
Shigellosis, disenteria.
E.coli
1 Amoxicillin, Third generation cephalosporin 2 SMZ/TMP,quinolone, Gentamicin .
Salmonella typhi
1 Ciprofloxacin 2 SMZ/TMP, Ceftriaxone
S. aureus
1 Nafcillin 2 Cefazolin Clindamycin SMZ/TMP Vancomycin.
S. pirogen
1 Penicilin 2Erythromycin Cephalosporin.
N. gonorrea
1 Cefixime Quinolone (nalidixic acid, cipro/levofloxacine) 2 Ceftriaxone . STD's
Proteus mirabilis
Crystals in urine, pneumonia and septicemia in hospitals.
P. aeruginosa
Pulmonary, UTI and wounds in immunocompromised.
E.coli
UTI, GII
B. burgdorferi
Transmitted by ticks
L. pneumonia
1 Erythromycin, Doxycycline, Ciprofloxacin.
Chlamydophila pneumoniae
Atypical pneumonia, bronchitis, gradual onset of cough
Clostridium Difficile
Pseudomembranous colitis-infection of the colon.
H.influenza
1 Third generation cephalosporins 2 SMZ/TMP .

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