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Japanese Beginner Lesson 3: Talking About Others


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夏子: 私は夏子です。あなたはピーターです。彼は一徳です。

What did Natsuko (夏子) say?

(Give an equivalent answer)
I am Natsuko. You are Peter. He is Kazunori.
In a basic Japanese sentence structure, where does the verb usually go?

a) at the beginning
b) in the middle
c) at the end
d) there are no verbs in the Japanese language
c) at the end

Example: 私はよし子です。
(Watashi wa Yoshiko desu.)
I (particle)Yoshiko am.

[です(desu) is a verb. It's equivalent meaning is "to be"]
he, him

*Note: It can also mean "boyfriend".
she; her

*Note: It can also mean "girlfriend"
you (plural)

*NOTE: the suffix "方" ("~gata") is used sometimes to make it plural instead of using "達" ("~tachi") "貴方方" ("anata-gata") is more formal than "貴方達" (anata-tachi)
they (masculine)
they (feminine)
I (plural), we, us
一徳: 私は一徳です。 彼はピーターです。 彼女は夏子です。

What did Kazunori (一徳) say?

(Give an equivalent answer)
I am Kazunori. He is Peter. She is Natsuko.
夏子: 私達は日本人です。

What did Natsuko (夏子) say?

(Give an equivalent answer)
We are Japanese.
ピーター: 貴方達は日本人です。

What did Peter (ピーター) say?

(Give an equivalent answer)
You (plural) are Japanese.
Natsuko sees a group of Americans down the street. What can she say to refer to them?

a) 彼らはアメリカ人です。

b) 私達はアメリカ人です。

c) 彼女らはフランス人です。

d) è²´æ–¹ã
a) 彼らはアメリカ人です。
You use 彼女ら to refer to a group of females. Do you still use 彼女ら to refer to a group of females, even if there is only 1 male in it?
No, you use 彼ら. 彼ら can be used to refer to a group of guys or to a group where there is at least 1 male in it.

All female: 彼女ら
All male: 彼ら
5 male, 1 female: 彼ら
300 female, 1 male: 彼ら

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