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Jesus the Christ

Terms

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John
90-110 wrote to Jewish intellectual
entrance into Jerusalem
Jesus came in on a donkey; symbolizes kingliness
Jesus as a preacher
preaches about God and the kingdom of God; love & foregiveness
Role of Elijah
he returns before the Messiah can exist
Seder
the symbollic meal
Jesus-Jerusalem
major city at time of Jesus; center of political and religious life
Q source
Quelle-unkown source
Ebionite (Jewish)
L said Jesus was Messiah but not son of God so he was not equal with Yahweh
Matthew
70-80 wrote to Jewish converts
Jesus-Nazareth
Village where Jesus was born and raised; simple, communal lifestyle - Jesus could have learned compassion here
Jesus & women
treated women as equals, "first feminist"
Scribes
theologians and master teachers of time period; attempted to trick Jesus in debate
Discipleship
needed to be willing to leave everything behind and follow him
Passover
holiday
Sadducess (Sanhedrin)
wealthy, appointed by the Romas and were in charge of the Temple; were devoted to the Torah but obejcted oral tradition; very materialist. most contrasted from jesus
Jesus as logos
understanding Jesus as the word of God
Essenes
broke away from Judaism because they thought it was corrupt so Jesus never came into contact with this group ; you had to be perfect so this group did not appeal to jesus
Temple Action
Jesus flipped over tables in Temple, he was criticizing the ways Jews worshiped sacrifice in the Temple
Moral Implications
need to have unconditional love and foregiveness to others, if youre loving you wont do bad things and you will have to change your ways, preferential option for the poor because they need more help
Jesus as a healer
one had to have faith for a healing to occur; Jesus did not believe that if you were sick you had sinned; 2 aspects of healing= physical and spiritual
occupiers of Israel
Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans
greek understanding
principal of order
Adoptionism
L Jesus was the adopted son of God
high christology
developed in alexandria, emphasizes divinity of Jesus
Monophocite
H Jesus has one will that is divine
low Christology
developed in Antioch, emphasizes the humanity
Jesus as a tekton
carpenter, handyman
Nestorianism
neither L nor H claimed Jesus was both fully human and divine but the 2 natures did not interact with each other
prosopon/persona
properties of each nature of Jesus come together to form one person (prosopon)
Chalcedon
451 combats Monophocite; said Jesus has more than 1 will because he had 2 natures linked together
Expectation for a Mesiah
the one anointed by God; a new great king similar to David that would defeat the Romans and win independence but Jesus did not fit this description
low heresy
focuses on Jesus' humanity and rejects divinity
Mark
60-65 wrote to a persecuted Christian community in Rome
2nd quest (1901)
Alber Schweitzer said Jesus was heroic but a deluded preacher and died hoping his death would usher in the kingdom
Pharisees
in charge of synagogues; believed in life after death and oral tradition-- most common to Jesus
63 BC
Jews were taken over by Romans
Atonement
Jesus' death gets us at one with God again; he pays for our sins
Table Fellowship
jesus ate with sinners, prostitutes
socio-political situation in 1st century Palestine
(6-4) BC Jesus was first born while Jews were occupied by Romans and everyone wanted freedom
Ephesus
431 combats Nestorian heresy; said 2 natures do interact--developed theotokos= godbearer
Redemption
Jesus' death makes human beings good; we are now redeemable in the eys of God-our sins can be forgiven
3rd quest (1980)
Edward Schillebeek- said you must understand Jesus' background ( the life of a Palestinian Jew) to understand Jesus
Justification
through Jesus' death and resurrection, human beings are made right with God
Satisfaction
developed by St. Anslem; death of Jesus satisfies God's infinite anger
Parables
he taught using a story with deeper meaning
Ransom
is death is paying back for our salvation
Luke
75-85 wrote to poor gentile converts
Monarchianism
H focuses on one rule of God and unity of Jesus as God
Constantinople
381 developed trinity
Jesus as a teacher
his major point of teaching was what he learned from experience of God as Abba-said treat others as you would want to be treated; taught from his own insight
Jesus-Palestine
hebrews built glorious kingdom that then became oppressed country with hostility towards the corrupt Jewish rulers (Herodian family)
miracles
demonstrated God's power, made kingodom of God present
high heresy
focuses on Jesus' divinity and rejects humanity
Jewish understanding
creative principle
Kingdom of God
reversal of fortune; those who were poor will be rich right relationships
trinity
3 persons, 1 nature of God (substentia) made up of: Father, son, holy spirit
2 source/synoptic theory
Mark and Q (means source) if there is a story in MT MK LK then it comes from Mark; if there is a story in Mt and Lk but not Mk it comes from Q
1st quest (1694)
H.S. Reimarus- said Jesus was a failed revolutionary and his followers made up stories about him in attempts to start a religious movement
ousia/subsistentia
substance, Jesus is born from the substance of the God but is not of the same essence
Liberation
jesus as a liberator; he liberates us from our sins and social political injustice
Jesus-Galilee
province, area of Jesus' ministry; spent most of life here as a carpenter
Arianism
L claims Arius is the first son of God; Jesus is the first creation but not son of God
587
Temple destroyed
Nicea
325, Arian called by emperor Constantine to combat Arianism; said that Jesus was equal to God-> homo ousia (same substance/nature)
Gnosticism
H one needs secret knowledge to understand Jesus; believed spritual was holy and physical was corrupt
purpose of Jesus' ministry
Love God with all your heart, mind, soul, and love your neighbor and thyself
Zealots
extremists in terms of freedoms and used violent means to overthrow the gov't; rejected any cooperation with the Romans; opposed because of their violent methods
Judaic Timeline
3 kings of monarch-Saul (1020-1000), David (1000-961), Solomon (961-920)

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