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Sociology Test 1


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self identified cultures united by shared interests that challenge the dominant culture
the wat that individuals label themselves as a group
social norm
behaviors considered non deviant, generally accepted in society
behaviors considered non normal that violate rules and norms
the totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, inaterial objects and behaviors
social construction
our way of thinking about a phenomenon that arises form social intraction and can vary over time and place
when what is normal becomes defined by rules, laws, and practices
a method of social research used to study what people do, think, and believe in their group and includes observation as an outsider
functionalist collective dependent
capitalist monopoly developing societies
grouped society identities power relationships american society
when referring to data,the degree of what we are measuring is what we say we are measuring
when referrig to data, the degree to which our measurement process consistently yields the same results
social theory
a set of statements or a way of thinking that explains behavior
work together to fulfill the functions necessary for society as a whole, whereby people are socialized into roles and behaviors that fulfill the needs of society
Conflict theories
have differing amounts of material and non material resources; groups with mroe power use it over groups with less power
a theory and a method stressing the importance of one on one interactions as the basis for individual and group behavior and the nature of society as a whole
Issue Frames
the social construction of a social phenomenon by media or specific political or social movement organizations which encourgae/discourage interpretations
narrative (analysis)
describes how individuals and sommunities conceptualize social phenomena in the form of stories and incourages or discouraes certain interpretations
social structure
arrangements of people, groups, and communities that give social life a measure of predictiability and order
social identity theory
suggests that groups define and differentiate through contrast with outgroups
distinctions madebetween social catorgories that often result in unequal access to resources
social movement
has both instrumental and expressive goals and is a organized challenge to authority to promote change
identity movement
have only expressive goals. aim is to reinforce group identityor promote alternative identity

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