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Managing Stress

Terms

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physiological and psychological state of disruption caused by the presence of an unanticipated, disruptive, or stimulating event
stress
sequenced physiological responses to the presence of a stressor, involving the alarm, resistance, and exhaustion stages of the stress response
general adaptaion syndrome
(GAS)
stress that diminshes the quality of life; commonly associated with disease, illness, and maladaptation
distress
stress that enhances the quality of life
eustress
physiological and psychological responses to positive and negative events that are disruptive, unexpected, or stimulatiing
stress response
physiological response to a stressor that prepares the body for confontation or avoidance
fight or flight response
refers to remaining at a high level of physiological arousal for an extended period of time
chronic stress
first stage of the stress response involving physiological, involuntary changes which are controlled by the hormonal and nervous system
alarm stage
second stage of the stress response during which the body attempts to reestablish its equilibrium or internal balance
resistance stage
third stage of the stress response and the point at which the physical and psychological resources used to deal with stress have been depleted
exhaustion stage
factors or events, real or imagined, that elicit a state of stress
stressors
a bell-shaped curve demonstrating that there is an optimal level of stress for peak performance
Yerkes-Dodson Law
a tendency to put off completing tasks until some later time, sometimes resulting in increased stress
procrastination
a tendency to expect perfection in everything one does, with little tolerance for mistakes
perfectionism
the internal, biological clock that helps coordinate physiological processes related to the 24-hour light/dark cycle
circadian rhythms

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