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World History Vocabulary - Georgia High School Graduation Test

These vocabulary words will be found in the Social Studies portion of the Georgia High School Graduation Test.

Terms

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Developing Countries
These are countries with low standards of living and a low industrial capacity. These are what used to known as "Third World Countries."
Free Trade
This is the practice of goods being traded between countries without any (or with reduced) tariffs that might slow down trade.
Theocracy
This is a form of government in which a god is placed as the head of state and all rules are based solely along religious doctrine.
European Union
This is a political and economic group that was formed in 1992 to encourage cooperation between the 27 member states.
Ottoman
This Islamic empire finally was dismantled following World War I.
United Nations
This is an international organization created following World War II to provide a way to negotiate disputes.
Middle Passage
This is the term used to describe the part of Triangle Trade in which slaves were shipped from Africa to the Western Hemisphere.
Germany
This is the country that effectively started World War II in Europe in 1939 with its invasion of Poland.
Bear Market
This is a term used to describe Stock Market activity in which prices of stock decrease for a prolonged period of time.
Standard Of Living
This is the term used to describe the general way in which people live, focusing primarily on things like average income, health care availability, life expectancy, educational attainment, etc.
NATO
This is an international organization created by the U.S. and its allies in 1949 to prevent attacks by the Soviet Union.
Aztecs
They were a Mesoamerican Indian culture that was devastated by Cortez and the Spanish in the 1520s.
Renaissance
This was the intellectual, philosophical, and artistic movement that began in Italy in the 14th century.
Glorious Revolution
This was the overthrow of James II of England in 1688, which gave Parliament control of the government.
Napoleon Bonaparte
This was a military leader that took control of France in 1800, establishing an empire over the next two decades.
Protestant Reformation
This was begun by Martin Luther in 1517, it attacked the beliefs of Catholicism.
WTO
This is an international organization that was formed to supervise international trade and break down barriers to trade.
Benito Mussolini
He was a leader of Italy during World War II and ally to Adolph Hitler. He created a fascist state through the use of state terror and propaganda.
Johann Gutenberg
He introduced movable type to Europe in the 15th century.
French Revolution
This was a revolution from 1789-1800 that was inspired by revolution in North America.
Incas
They were a South American Indian culture that was devastated by Pizarro and the Spanish in the 1530s.
Bull Market
This is a term used to describe Stock Market activity in which prices of stock increase for a prolonged period of time.
Wealth Of Nations
This is the 18th century book written by Scottish economist Adam Smith in which he spells out the first modern account of free market economies.
Gandhi
This was a leader of the Indian independence movement in mid-20th century known for his nonviolent protests.
Spain
This was the country that sponsored Christopher Columbus' voyage in 1492.
Enlightenment
This was an 18th century intellectual movement beginning in France.
Industrial Revolution
This was a series of economic and mechanical changes of Western Europe in the 18th - 20th centuries.
Adolf Hitler
This was the totalitarian leader of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Japan
This was the last of the Axis Powers to surrender, it was the target of atomic warfare in 1945.
Mao Zedong
This was the leader of the 20th century Communist revolution in China.
American Revolution
This was the first successful colonial independence movement against a European power, 1775-1783.
Cold War
This was a name given to the relations between the U.S. & the Soviet Union in the second half of the 20th century which saw the buildup of nuclear arms.
Developed Countries
These are countries with a high standard of living and a high industrial capacity.
Karl Marx
This was a German socialist best known for writing 'The Communist Manifesto' in 1848.
Communist Manifesto
This is the 1848 book written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels which urges an uprising by workers to seize control of the factors of production from the upper and middle classes.
Apartheid
This was a name given to the racial discrimination policies in South Africa through most of the 20th century.

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