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Civics Today Unit 5, Pt. 2


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Authorization Bills
Create projects and determine how much money can be spent on them
Appropriations Bill
Legislation earmarking funds for certain purposes
To accuse government officials of misconduct in office
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
Bill of Attainder
A law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or fair hearing in court
Ex post facto law
A law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
Franking Priviledge
The right of senators and representatives to send job-related mail without paying postage
The work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
Pork-barrel projects
Government projects and grants that primarily benefit the home district or state
Congressional Research Service--------part of the Library of Congress; looks up facts and spells out arguments for and against proposed bills
General Accounting Office------the investigative arm of Congress in financial issues
Congressional Budget Office--------provides Congress with information and analysis for making budgetary decisions
A proposed law
Private Bill
a bill affecting a particular person, organization, or locality as distinguished from all the people or the whole area of a political unit
Public Bill
a bill affecting the community (as a nation or state) at large
Joint Resolution
A resolution that is passed by both houses of Congress
A completely unrelated amendment tacked on to a bill
Voice vote
A voting method in which those in favor say "Yea" and those against say "No"
Roll-call vote
A voting method in the Senate in which members voice their votes in turn
Standing vote
Proponents and opponents are asked to stand in turn to voice their opinion (also called division vote)
A procedure used in the Senate to limit debate on a bill
A tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by talking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it
Refusal to sign a bill or resolution
Pocket Veto
Presidents power to kill a bill, if Congress is not in session, by not signing it for 10 days
House Rules Committeee
*****Add Later*****
High-ranking government officials are immune from arrest while going to, during, and returning from sessions except in cases of "Treason, felony and Breach of the Peace"
Considered a "slap on the wrist" and usually involves a fine or suspension

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