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World History: C3,S1 People & Ideas on the Move

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A group of nomadic, pastoral people from steppes north of Caucasus Mtns. who used horses and chariots.
What are Indo-Europeans?
Dry grasslands that stretched north of Caucasus Mtns. betw. Black & Caspian Seas.
What are the Steppes?
Movements of a people from one region to another by waves over a period of time.
What is Migration?
Indo-European peoples (2000 B.C. to 1190 B.C.) who occupied Asia Minor (Anatolia). They adopted Akkadian, Babylonian language, used chariots & iron technology in war weapons
What are Hittites?
Indo-European people living between Caspian & Aral Seas who crossed over into the Indus River Valley of India.
What are the Aryans?
Sacred literature of Aryans include prayers, magical spells, & instructions for performing rituals.
What are Vedas?
An Aryan Priest.
What are Brahmins?
The 4 major groups by occupation (Varnas) are named caste by Portuguese explorers in 15th C. A.D.
What are Castes?
An Indian epic reflecting the struggles that took place in India as the Aryan Kings worked to control Indian lands.
What is Mahabharata?
A collection of religious beliefs that developed slowly over a long period of time; cannot be traced back to one founder.
What is Hinduism?
An individual soul or spirit is born again and again until "moksha" is achieved.
What is Reincarnation?
"good or bad deeds" which follow from one reincarnation to another influencing one's life circumstances such as caste type, state of health, wealth, or poverty, et. al.
What is Karma?
A religion founded in India (599 B.C. - 527 B.C.) in the 6th century B.C. whose members believe that everything in the universe has a soul and therefore should not be harmed.
What is Jainism?
Founder of Buddism, born of a noble family from Kapilavastu in foothills of Nepal. Spent most of his life searching for religious truth and an end to life's suffering.
Who is Siddhartha Guatama?
"Wisdom" ; the quest for an understanding of the cause of suffering.
What is Enlightenment?
4 Noble Truths: Life is filled w/ suffering&sorrow, suffering comes from people's "selfish desires", to end suffering end all desires, & end all desires by following the 8-fold path/Middle Way between desires & self-denial.
What are Budda's 4 Noble Truths?
Budda's word for "release from selfishness & pain" by following the "eight-fold path"
What is Nirvana?
A powerful seafaring people (2000-1400 B.C.) on Crete in South Aegean Sea who traded fine painted pottery, swords, vessels of precious metals around Mediterranean Sea.
What are Minoans?
The King of Minoa who legend says owned a half-human and half-bull monster-Minotaur whom he kept in the Labyrynth, a complicated maze he could not escape
Who was King Minos?
Powerful traders along the Mediteranean Sea in present day Lebanon; founded wealthy city-states around the Med.
Who were the Phoenicians?
Greek Historian who recorded the Phoenicians circumnavigation of Africa through Red Sea & Straight of Gibraltar.
Who was Herodotus?
A monotheistic religion of the Jews whose father was Abraham.
What is Judaism?
A region at the eastern end of Mediteranean Sea named for the Philistines; cultural crossroads of ancient world
What is Palestine?
The home of the Hebrews (Jews) between the Jordan River & Mediteranean Sea as promised by God.
What is Canaan?
The first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)
What is the Torah?
"Father of Hebrew People" who moved them to Canaan from Ur in Mesopotamia (1800 B.C.) & later to Egypt (1650 B.C.)
Who was Abraham?
Belief in a single God.
What is Monotheism?
A mutual promise between God & the founder of the Hebrew people, Abraham by promising to obey God.
What is a Covenant?
The man who led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt as God commanded of the Pharoah:
"Let my people go!"
Who was Moses?
Moses spoke to God on top of Mt. Sanai & these laws were written on stone tablets by God
What are the Ten Commandments?
Hebrews united under three able kings(1020-92B.C.) ; Saul, David, & Solomon in this new kingdom.
What is Israel?
A Jewish revolt divided the Kingdom in two (922B.C.) Israel in the North & ___?__ in the South.
What is Judah?
Peace money paid by a weaker power (Israel & Judah) to a stronger one (Assyriah)
What is Tribute?
Babylonian King who conquered Judah & Jerusalem in 586 B.C., destroyed Solomon's temple & exiled Jews in Babylon
Who was King Nebuchanezzar of Babylon?

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