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Amendments of the Constitution

Basically to test yourself on the amendments. For any of the answers, state the Amendment number(put a colon here) and then the name of the amendment. (ex. Amendment 16: Income Taxes)

Terms

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Amendment 24: ABOLITION OF POLL TAXES
No state can deny someone the right to vote because the person failed to pay a special voting tax.
Amendment 27: CONGRESSIONAL PAY RAISES
Congress cannot change the pay of senators and representatives who are serving in that session of Congress. Changes in pay will take effect only after the next election for the House of Representatives.
Amendment 14: CIVIL RIGHTS
All Americans, including formal slaves, have the right to be treated as citizens. This amendment also prevents people who have rebelled against the United States from becoming elected to office.
Amendment 17: SENATORIAL ELECTIONS
Members of the Senate will be elected directly by voters.
Amendment 11: LAWSUITS AGAINST STATES
People cannot sue a state in federal court if they are citizens of a different state, or of a foreign country
Amendment 15: VOTING RIGHTS
States cannot deny anyone the right to vote because of the person's race or color, or because the person used to be a slave.
Amendment 20: TERMS OF OFFICE
This amendment changes the dates when elected federal officials begin serving their terms.
Amendment 19: WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE
Neither the federal government nor the states can deny people the right to vote because of their sex. This amendment guarenteed the right of women to vote.
Amendment 3: QUARTERING OF SOLDIERS
In peacetime, the government cannot force citizens to let soldiers stay in their homes.
Amendment 12: PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
The vice president will be elected seperately from the president. This amendment allows the same political party to win the elections for both president and vice president.
Amendment 9: RIGHTS RETAINED BY THE PEOPLE
The government must respect all the rights of Americans, including rights that are not listed in the Constitution.
Amendment 10: STATES' RIGHTS
The states and the people keep any powers that the Constitution does not specifically give to the federal government
Amendment 22: TERM LIMITS FOR THE PRESIDENCY
Presidents cannot serve more than two full terms in office
Amendment 26: 18-YEAR OLD SUFFRAGE
The federal government and the states cannot deny citizens who are 18 years and older the right to vote.
Amendment 21: REPEAL OF PROHIBITION
The 18th Amendment is repealed (removed from the Constitution).
Amendment 8: BAIL, FINES, PUNISHMENT
Bail and fines that are set by a court must be reasonable. Punishments for crimes cannot be cruel or unusual
Amendment 5: RIGHTS IN CRIMINAL CASES
Citizens who are accused of crimes have certain basic rights. They cannot be tried twice for the same crime (double jeapordy), or be forced to testify against themselves. thye cannot be jailed or lose their property except through proper legal action
Amendment 1: BASIC FREEDOMS
Congress cannot make laws that violate Americans' basic freedoms, including freedom of speech, religion, and the press. Citizens have the right to gather peacefully and to ask the government to correct wrongs.
Amendment 2: RIGHT TO BEAR ARMS
Citizens have the right to own and carry weapons for use in state militias.
Amendment 18: PROHIBITION OF LIQUOR
This amendment outlawed the making and selling of liquor (alcohol) in the United States. It was repealed by the 21st Amendment
Amendment 16: INCOME TAXES
Congress has the power to collect taxes from individual citizens based on their income (wealth).
Amendment 4: SEARCH AND ARREST
Government officials cannot search citizens or their property, or seize their belongings, without good reason.
Amendment 13: END OF SLAVERY
No person in the United States can be kept as a slave. No person can be forced to work for someone else, except as a legal punishment for a crime.
Amendment 6: RIGHT TO A FAIR TRIAL
Citizens who are accused of crimes have the right to a trial by jury that is fair and public. They have the right to question witnesses, and they have the right to a lawyer
Amendment 7: RIGHTS IN CIVIL CASES
Citizens have the right to demand a jury trial to settle disputes over things of value.
Amendment 23: WASHINGTON D.C. SUFFRAGE
This amendment gives the District of Columbia the right to participate in electing the President and vice-president.
Amendment 25: PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION
This amendment deals with situations in which the President dies or is unable to carry out his or her duties. It spells out when the vice president should act for the president or take over as President. It also says how a vice president should be elected if hte vice president dies or leaves office between elections.

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