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human heritage ch 4

Terms

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delta
fan shaped area of fertile land where a river meets the sea
Cataracts ( kat'uh rakts)
a large or high waterfall
Shadoof
a machine used in egypt to lift water from the Nile to the basins( bowl shaped holes for watering crops)
pharaoh
(the word means great house) ruler priest and a god.
pyramids
great tombs for dead pharaohs
embalming
process to preserve the bodies of the dead
mummy
the wrapped embalmed body
1)old kingdom egypt
2) middle kingdom
3) new knigdom
1)old- powerful pharaohs pyramids 2600bc-2100bc
2) lesspowerful pharahos,no pyramids 2100-1786bc
3)began with Ahmose , rich and large cities,prosperous.1550bc-1150bc
hieroglyphic
a kind of wrting in which pictures stand for words or sounds
papyrus
contribution of the Egyptians - paper made from a reed plant
Narmer a.k.a. -Menes( mee"neez)
king of upper Egypt(southern egypt) conquered lower Egypt and married a Lowere Egypt princess. which united Egypt.
osiris
god of the harvestand of eternal life. an early pharoh who died.
Isis
wife of Osiris ruled over the dead
Book of the Dead
book of magic spells Egyptians studied
Hyksos
People from western Asia who invaded Egypt. Marked the end of the middle kingdom period.

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