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Medical Termionology 7

Terms

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Iatr/o
Treatment
Splanchn/o, splanchni-
The viscera (internal organs)
Ecchymosis
A purplish patch caused by hemorrhage under the skin from injury or spontaneous leaking from the blood vessels; ecchymoses are the same as petechiae, except they are larger
Arthritis
inflammation of one ore more joints, or a state characterized by such inflammation
Parietal
relating to the wall of any cavity or to the parietal bone of the skull
Pre-
Before (in time or space), in front of
Carcinoma
a malignant neoplasm derived from epithelial tissue
Idiosyncracy
an abnormal/unexpected effect of a drug that is peculiar to an individual
Splanchnic
also viseral; pertaining to or supplying the viscera (as in the splanchnic nerves)
-oma
A tumor or neoplasm
Idiopathic
denotes a disease or condition which arises spontaneously, or of which the cause is unknown
Dysphoria
a feeling of unpleasantness or discomfort; feeling ill at ease
Uresis, -uresis
Excretion in urine, urination
Idio-
1. unknown 2. peculiar, distinctive, individual
Ascites
Also abdominal drospy or hydroperitoneum; an abnormal accumulation of serous fluids in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling
Podiatrist
medical doctor concerned with the diagnosis and/or treatment of disorders of the feet
Stomatitis
inflammation of the muscous membrane lining the mouth
Malaise
vague feeling of bodily discomfort
Onco-, oncho-
A tumor, bulk, mass
Necrology
the science of the collection, classification, and interpretation of mortality statistics
Exophoria
tendency for one eye to deviate outward when fusion (the blending of slighly different images from each eye into a single perception) is suspended
Stom-, stomat/o, stoma
Mouth, opening; an artifical opening between two cavities or canals or between such and the surface of the body
Oncolytic
pertaining to, characterized by, or causing the destruction of a tumor or neoplasm
Sarcoma
A connective tissue, usu. highly malignant, formed by proliferation of embryonic mesodermal cells
Phor-, phor/o, -phoria
carrying, bearing, feeling
Chondrocyte
a cartilage cell, found in the lacunae of the matrix of cartilage
Necrosis
pathological death of one or more cells, usually in a localized area
Edema, -edema
An accumulation of excessive amount of fluid in cells, tissues or serous cavities
Pruritus
itiching
Neoplasm
Tissue that grows more rapidly than normal and continues to grow ever after the stimuli that initiated the growth cease, and that serves no useful function
Pariet/o
1. a wall 2. a parietal bone
Ped/o
1. Child 2. Foot
Purpura
A condition characterized by multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and and accumulation of blood under the skin, producing purplish discoloration of the skin; merging ecchymoses and petechiae over any part of the body
Pediatrics
medical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of children, from birth through adolescence
Postsynaptic
situated beyond or distal to a synapse (after synapse is crossed)
Neo-
New or recent
Pedal
relating to the feet
Oncology
branch of medicine dealing with tumors
Visceromotor
relating to or controlling movement in the internal organs, esp. the intestines
Arthr/o
A joint or articulation
Eukinesia
normal movement
Euphoria
exaggerated feeling of well-being; elation
Chondr/o, chondri/o
1. cartilage or cartilaginous 2. granular or gritty substance
Carcinogenesis
the production, development, or origin of cancer
Necr,necr/o
death, dead
Petechiae
Pinpoint to pinhead-sized hemorrhagic spots under the skin; smaller versions of ecchymoses
Presynaptic
situated before or proximal to a synapse (before a synapse is crossed)
Post-
behind, after
Natriuresis
Excretion of sodium in the urine; although this is normal, this term usually applies to greater than normal sodium excretion
Viscer/o, viscera
Internal organs
Mal-
bad, a disorder
Podiatry
the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of disease and injuries of the feet
Postprandial
following a meal
Pod/o, -pod
Foot or foot-shaped
Iatrogenic
unexpected side effects resulting from treatment by a physician
Malformation
defective or abnormal formation or development
Carcin/o carcin-
Cancer
Eu
Good, well, normal, well-being
Carcinogen
an agent that causes cancer
Urticaria
Also hives; an acute allergic reaction in which round wheals (welts) develop on the skin, usually accompanied by intense itching

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