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final review

Terms

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Georgia
ex-Soviet Republic - Russia invaded them in August, 2008
per capita GDP
GDP of a country divided by the country's total population
petroleum
best example of a non-renewable resource fancy word for oil or gas)
capital
resources which include machinery, computers & factories
ethnocentrism
a belief that one's own culture is better or superior to others
cultural diffusion
the spread of info through travel, media & immigration from country to country
United Nations
an organization created to address world conflict & promote development
colonization
Latin America has a strong Spanish cultural diffusion because of this
birth rate
number of births each year per 1000 people
life expectancy
average number of years people in a selected country can expect to live
climate
elevation & altitude are factors which determine an area's --------
genocide
refers to the organized & systematic killing of a specific group of people - like the Holocaust or Darfur
Region
NE being in the Corn Belt is an example of this theme of geography
Lenin
first leader of the USSR; still not buried although he's been gone since 1924!
Soviet Union
when this huge country fell in 1991, it created 16 separate countries
monarchy
system of authoritarian government headed by a hereditary king, queen, czar or shah
human-environment interaction
5 themes example; land is cleared in Brazil for farming, depleting the Amazon rain forest
globalization
economic, political, social and cultural transformations occurring around the world
interdependence
a term that means nations depend on each other
infrastructure
roads, bridges, cell phone towers, sewers systems are all part of this; necessary for development
population distribution
pattern of settlement in a country
movement
5 themes example; Starbucks buys its coffee beans in South America & sells its coffee in the U.S.
NAFTA
an example of economic interdependence; US, Mexico & Canada
KGB
Soviet spy agency Putin, current Russian Prime Minister worked for before leading the government
Gorbachev
last leader of the USSR - he granted more economic & political freedom to his people
Gross National Product
total value of goods and services produced by a country in a year
Amazon
the destruction of this rain forest in in Brazil is a cause for global concern because it involves the loss of such a valuable ecosystem
place
5 themes example; Andes mountains run through Peru, home to Inca descendants where most practice Catholicism & speak Spanish
true
population growth is a global concern - true or false?
high tariffs
these discourage trade between nations because it increases the cost of imports
sovereignty
a country's freedom from outside control
socialism/mixed
type of economic system where government owns & manages basic industries like transportation & communications
economic
system by which a country produces & distributes goods and services
developed country
this type of country has high literacy, low birth rate, low infant mortality rate and is highly industrialized
democracy
government system where people have the power to elect their own representatitives
developing
this type of country has a low per capita GDP, single commodity economy & subsistence farming
workers
this group would be most likely to accept Marx's theory of communism
location
one of 5 themes: "St. Petersburg lies on the coast of the Baltic Sea"

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