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vocab for Our Lady grade 7 (socialstudies)


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Is the study of where people, places, and things are located and of the ways in which things relate to each other.
Absolute Location
Its position on the earth in which a place can be found.
An imaginary line that circles the globe at its widest point (halfway between the North an South poles), dividing the earth into two halves called hemispheres; used as a reference point from which north and south latitudes are measured.
A halfway of the earth; the Equator divides the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The Prime Meridian divides the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
One of the series of imaginary lines, also called parallels, that circle the earth parallel to the Equator; used to measure the distance north and south from the Equator in degrees.
One of the series of imaginary lines, also called, meridians, that run north and south from one pole to the other; used to measure the distance east and west from the Prime Meridian in degrees.
Prime Meridian
An imaginary line of longitude that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenwhich, England; it is designated 0 degrees longitude are measured.
Relative Location
The position of a place in relation to another place.
Formal Region
Places that have similar attributes. - Political Regions
Funtional Region
Places connected by movements - rail systems
The study of the earth's physical structure and history.
The earth's center, consisting of every hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten,or liquid, in the outer core.
A thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crust that surrounds the earth's core.
The solid, rocky, surface layer of the earth.
Any of the seven large landmasses of the earth's surface: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.
The difference in evaluation, or height, of the landforms in any particular area.
Magma, or molten rock from the earth's mantle that breaks through the surface of the surface of the earth during volcantic activity.
A bend, or buckle in the earth's crust.
A fracture, or break, in the earth's crust.
Plate Tectonics
The theory that the earth's outer shell is composed of a number of large, unanchored plates, or slabs of rock, whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity.
Continental Drift Theory
The idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride.
Ring of the Fire
A ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the rim of the Pacific Ocean.

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