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SSFT Final


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Darwin's demand in terms of what the fossil record will show in terms of selection
General Relativity
mass "bends" space -- nearby objects to "bend" to that which is the greater mass - gravity and acceleration (as in E=MC2) are actually therefore indistinguishable so it 's not the object doing attraction but changes and movement of mass in space move and bend toward the object
date testing method via rings found in lakes that are frozen
Princeton prof who argued that the danger of Darwinism was not the age of the earth but the treating of "nature" with a capital "N" and in so doing moved towards "atheism"
importance of the flood for understanding present geology
contemporary of Darwin who tried to show intelligent design through "ideal structures" of homologous relations of species
shows philosophic side of naturalism by saying that one day we will for sure know naturalistically how the organic came from the inorganic
natural selection - also one of the first to propose that life must have been formed on earth from an inorganic but nevertheless chemically rich "pond"
argued that a chemical evolution happened on earth to produce life in a chemically reduced atmosphere that came to have increasing oxygen
principle showing the difference between eras in rock layers and fossil succession
used Hawking's ideas of the ellipse to propose "bangs and crunches" to avoid full "singularity" of big bang
light travels at a constant speed of 186,000 mi/second when studied through vacuum conditions
geological features formed through different "earthy" movements like volcanic activity, ice ages, tectonic plate movements, etc. (Pluto = ancient Greek mythological god of the underworld)
date testing by looking at rate of time elapsed between ½ life of elements
one of the group from Bell Labs and Princeton who found that no matter where antenna pointed radiation does not change - same wavelength and intensity
Australian biologist who came up with a theory similar to natural selection at the same time Darwin was about to publish Origin
perceptive temperature of the big bang hotter than hot
initial genetics theorist
tries to use or at least postulate a kind of "engineering" model for the building locks of life
Miller and Urey
member of a team that tried to produce life out of inorganic material in a laboratory
initial advocate of modern geologic uniformitarianism
discussion of and commitments about that which is "above" or "beyond" nature
question of what abilities show the quality of something
experimentations in heat and heat loss helped the uniformitarian geologists although his predictions of earth's age were younger than theirs
question of what is the goal of something
his study Bible (1909/1917) is one of the reasons that the "gap/chasm" theory of Genesis 1 was so popular among conservative Evangelicals for the first ½ of the 20th century
Christian astronomist who argues for the "concordist/day age" view of Genesis 1 but does so in a more conservative way than many who hold this view
the idea that the fossil record will show not only slow movement in evolution but also at times leaps
classic catastrophist right at the beginning of the new uniformitarian/gradualist movement
contention that certain "non-purposeful" organs in a species points back to the progenitor's need for them
Free Church of Scotland theologian and University of Edinburgh mathematics prof. who argued that the Bible is not against the idea of an old earth - also "chasm/gap theory" as "ruin and restoration"
Special Relativity
key premise is that the speed of light (called c = 186,000 miles per sec) is constant in all frames of reference when studying inertial states and through this we can also calculate mass and energy through the formula E=MC2
example of advocate of the "covenant/framework" model
discussed the time of the big bang at which we can first propose what is happening at 10-50 sec.
modern neo-Darwinian who recognized the fossil problem in terms of links and so proposed a "saltation idea" of "punctuated equilibrium" - also brings out the question over "odd parts" like the "Panda's Thumb"
Bangs and Crunches
accordion view of cosmogony - a view that attempts to leave out any idea of a designer let alone a creator by arguing that there is no actual singularity but rather that once expanded fully the universe will "fold back" onto itself and from that point will begin a new time and space expansion stream
based a date of the age of the earth on salinity
question of the very nature (being) of something
geological features formed through different "watery" movements especially massive flooding (Neptune = ancient Greek mythological god of the sea)
Lepton era
in big bang cosmogony, point at which light seems to actually be able to "escape" out into expanding cosmos
Red Shifted Light
part of the argument for expanding universe from a singularity
Darwin's friend who coined the word "agnostic" in an attempt to make science neutral
Yale prof. and Evangelical Christian who spoke of science and theology as two discourses that are interrelated but that also have their own ways of working / allowed for "development" within a theistic structure
Natural Selection
descent with modification seen as the means by which all living organisms have come to be (time, mutations, migrations, selection, chance)
the best science will most certainly use the best natural theorizing, observation, and experimentation to explain BUT will not reduce this to "all there is" recognizing the necessity of a divine side for science to make full sense
general and special relativity: no privileged position by which to do measurement via "absolute time and space" - rather all measurement done from relational position so need to use constant of speed of light - tried to avoid big bag implications by putting a fudge factor in his math
example of modern neo-catastrophist
Developmental Theory
way that 19th century Evangelicals who agreed with aspects of Darwinism about some level of evolution guided by providence
Henry Morris
example of advocate from the sciences of "concurrence/24 hr. day" model of science and Scripture
also Intelligent design - dealing with the math and information technology related to DNA
Big Bang
actually something of a misnomer - the idea that the entire university has and is expanding outward from a point of singularity - seems to indicate a definite sharp moment of beginning for time and space - also provides good explanation for Hydrogen/Helium/Lithium/Deuterium ratios in the universe
Princeton prof who thought Darwinism the best scientific explanation so far and that science and theology needed to interrelate via what he termed "concursus"
Steady state
cosmogony that has no room for a designer in that it leaves the universe as always existing in same basic pattern but has a scientific difficulty in dealing with the issue of background radiation
aggregate of small organics in a polymer chain in an attempt to show how initial life was produced
argument for a gradual formation of the geological column through slower natural processes (such as erosion)
regression causes the light from the galaxies to be red shifted - the universe is expanding
4 Laws of geology
laws of nature same today as in past;process is always uniform (by erosion etc) {but is it really - couldn't the conditions actually be different?}; time rate is overall uniform; state of earth uniform
contended for panspermia theory of origin of life on earth
date testing through tree rings or remains of trees
some aspects of life seen for example in cell structure are irreducibly complex and thus show intelligent design
in the midst of studies on Earth's speed around the Sun found that light needs no medium (no "ether") but travels in a vacuum at thee speed no matter what direction
possibly the greatest living physicist (possibly even scientist) - has done pioneering work on black holes and also in explaining big bang cosmology to a non-technical audience - however he uses "imaginary numbers" to turn the "singularity" into something like an "ellipse" that expands in order to avoid the full conclusions of a designer
first to do work on dating based on radioactive nuclear decay (uranium)
proposed steady state universe to try to avoid big bang - but at the same time showed that the probability of moving from one species to another is 1 in 1040,000
set forth four basic laws of geology to try to show uniformitarianism
the way one proceeds to understand and/or discover something - even between worldviews their can be common methodological assumptions and patters (i.e. the scientific method) - in the modern era however, there has been a tendency to smuggle a commitment to "philosophical naturalism" into scientific protocols under the name of "methodological naturalism" which in itself SHOULD simply mean a study of nature using the natural scientific method
"Trees" in terms of organization
organization of creatures based on fossil discoveries with natural selection as a presupposition
Howard Van Till
Calvin College Science prof who holds to a more "evolving creation" view of the concordist/day-age model
father of the big bang theory in that he traces Hubble backwards - all matter and energy at one time in small compact space before exploding outward
The constant used for measurement
speed of light: why? No privileged position from which to measure but speed of light is a constant no matter the relative position
Harvard prof. and Evangelical Christian who thought Darwin's "apparent design" actually failed as a statement since Darwin's Origin actually served as an unintended proof of design

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