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Psych H550 Ch 8


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psychometric approach
a product-oriented approach to cognitive development that focuses on the construction of tests to assess mental abilities
What are 3 broad attributes of intelligence?
verbal ability, practical problem solving, and social competence
factor analysis
a complicated correlational procedure which identifies sets of test items that cluster together, meaning that test-takers who do well on one item in a cluster tend to do well on the others
Charles Spearman
Who was the first influential factor analyst?
general intelligence..."g"
In Spearman's theory, a common underlying intelligence that influences, in varying degrees, all test items that represents abstract reasoning capacity
specific intelligence..."s"
In Spearman's theory of intelligence, a mental ability factor that is unique to a task
general intelligence ... "g"
Which intelligence did Spearman regard as central and supreme?
strengths and weaknesses
Subtest scores provide information about a child's __________ and ___________.
Cattell and Carroll
Who are the two most influential contemporary theorists who have extended factor-analytic research?
crystallized intelligence and fluid intelligence
According to Cattell, in addition to "g" intelligence, intelligence consists of which two broad factors?
crystallized intelligence
EXAMPLES: intelligence tests, vocab, general info, and arithmetic problems
fluid intelligence
depends more heavily on basic information-processing skills---the abililty to detect relationships among stimuli, the speed with which the individual can analyze info, and the capacity of working memory
________ intelligence is assumed to be influenced more by conditions in the brain and less by culture.
three-stratum theory of intelligence
Carrol's theory, which represents the structure of intelligence in three tiers
"g"; broad factors; specific factors
What are the three tiers of Carroll's three-stratum theory of intelligence?
componential analyses
analysis which aims to clarify the cognitive processes responsible for test scores
3 months
As early as age __________, reaction time to visual stimuli predicts preschool intelligence.
creative, analytical, practical
What are the three braod, interacting intelligences of Sternberg's triarchic theory of successful intelligence?
theory of multiple intelligences
Gardner's theory which defines intelligence in terms of distinct sets of processing operations that permit individuals to solve problems, create products, and discoer new knowledge ina wide range of culturally valued activities
linguistic, logcio-mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, naturalist, interpersonal, and intrapersonal
What are Gardner's eight independent intelligences?
GARDNER'S INTELLIGENCE: sensitivity to the sounds, rhythems, and meanings of words and the functions of language
GARDNER'S INTELLIGENCE: sensitivity to, and capacity to detect, logical or numerical patterns; ability to handle long chains of logical reasoning
GARDNER'S INTELLIGENCE: ability to perceive the visual-spatial world accurately, to perform transformations on those perceptions, and to re-create aspects of visual experience in the absence of relevant stimuli
GARDNER'S INTELLIGENCE: ability to produce and appreciate pitch, rhythm (or melody), an aesthetic quality of the forms of musical expressiveness
GARDNER'S INTELLIGENCE: ability to use the body skillfully for expressive as well as goal-directed purposes; ability to handle objects skillfully
GARDNER'S INTELLIGENCE: ability to recognize and classify all varieties of animals, minerals, and plants
GARDNER'S INTELLIGENCE: ability to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, temperaments, motivations, and intention of others
ability to discriminate complex inner feelings and to use them to guide one's own behavior; knowledge of one's own strengths, weaknesses, desires, and intelligences

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