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CGFM Governmental Environment Section I


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Compare and contrast the concepts of "government soveignty" and "popular sovereignty."
Government sovereignty means the national government cannot be sued by states or citizens without its permission. Popular sovereignty means citizens hold ultimate authority through the ballot and even a sovereign governmetn is accountable to citizens.
What is the implication of the "reserved clause" in the Tenth" Amendment to the US Constitution?
Powers not delegated to the national government, nor prohibited to the states, are reserved to the state and the state and the people. National government can influence lower levels but cannot dictatte manner in which state and local governments will operate.
Which of the following is NOT an impliaction of the doctrine of separation of powers?
a. Legislature can exercise oversight of executive branch operations and programs.
b. Each branch of government is granted powers which constrain the other tw
(d)The president as chief executive, can issue executive orders that contradict specific legislation.
From where do local governments derive their authority to exist?
a. The state constitution and laws and local charters.
b. Article 7 of the US Constitution and State Constitutions.
c. Article 7 of the US Constitution and local ordinances.<
(a)The state constitution and laws and local charters.
Which of the following is a special-purpose government?
a. Warren County Water Conservation Authority
b. Congressional Research Service
c. Phoenix Department of Arts and Cultural Development
d. Defense Intelligence Agency
(a)Warren County Water Conservation Authority
Give an example of a permanent and a temporary commission.
Permanent: Federal Trade Commission, Temporary: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of government corporations?
a. They usually operate outside the influence of general-purpose governments.
b. They are often formed to conduct fee-based, business-like functions.
c. They usuall
(a)They usually operate outside the influence of general-purpose governments.
Over the past decades, what has ben teh trend ni the number of government entities?
a. Consolidation among general-purpose entities while special-purpose school districts have increased.
b. Significant reduction in special-purpose school distri
(b)Significant reduction in special-purpose school districts coupled with increase in other special-purpose districts.
Describe the distinction between policy and administration as it applies to government.
Executive branch components implement policies when they administer programs--but the legislative branch develops polices that establish and guide programs. The executive branch resembles an operating unit of a for-profit business in that it executes policies that were developed elsewhere.
What is the difference between local charters and local ordinances?
Charters are the basic authority by which a local government operates, comparable to a state's constitution. an ordinance is a local law, comparable to a state statute or US code.
What prevents the executive brranch from spending whatever it desires on government programs?
At all levels, the legislature branch has "power of the purse." Executive brranch components can only spend what has been authorized and appropriated by the legislative branch.
How does the judicial branch exercise its power vis-a-vis the legislative and executive branches?
Through its authority of judicial review. The judicial branch has the power to declare laws or statutes unconstitutional, and may also intervene in disputes involving the other two branches.
Identify ways in which tribal councils exercise sovereignty on tribal lands.
Most tribal governments are based in democracy (leaders are elected). They establish businesses, enforce their own civic codes and they have the authority to license activities and collect taxes.
14. Which of the following statements is not true?
a. Members of a tribal council must pay state income tax on money earned on tribal lands.
b. Members of a tribal council must generally pay federal income tax, though some exemptions apply.
c. A tribal council may levy and collect taxes on activities conducted on tribal (reservation) land.
d. Tribal lands are exempt from local real estate taxes.
a. Members of a tribal council must pay state income tax on money earned on tribal lands.

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