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Vocab - Exam 2 - Arc 318k


undefined, object
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System of Labor
Pendative dome
(X) An architectural constructive device permitting the placing of a circular dome over a square room or an elliptical dome over a rectangular room.
Huge public space. A public civic and commercial square in ancient rome. It was usually surrounded by a colonnade and included a basilica and temple
for horse race, made with a semi circular shape on each end and the rest rectangle/an ancient roman roofless enclosure, oblong in shape, with on staight end, and with tiers of seats along both sides and at the other end which was curved.
Quri Kancha meaning 'Golden Courtyard'), originally named Inti Kancha (' Temple of the Sun') was the most important temple in the Inca Empire, dedicated primarily to Inti, the Sun God.
an ancient roman apt block. housing on top, commercial a the bottom types of building.
Tuscan Order
Hernan Cortes
was a Spanish conquistador who initiated the conquest of the Aztec Empire. He was the first one to began the Spanish Conquest of the Natives in Central America
barrel vault
continuous, semicircular vault that extends in a straight line(tunnel vault)
the hot water room in an ancient roman bath (110C)
A circular or polygonal vertical wall that supports a dome
The middle part of the western arm extending from the entrance to the crossing and flanked b y aisles
type of gateway seen in Hindu and Buddhist architecture. Toranas are associated with stupas like the Great Stupa in Sanchi.
A curving triangular surface or spandrels at the corners of a aquare or polygonal room that makes a transition from the room shape to a circular dome or it drum
(X) Greek - A type of ceramic vase with two handles and a long neck narrower than the body
a Germanic people also ruled some parts of Spain.
an ornament that tops a pinnacle spire..usually pointed and decorated with stylized foliage/(top sculpture on a vault)
Iconoclastic Controversy
(X) Something to do with the forbidding of Icons, paintings of God and things that people can worship. Like sculptures and stuff.
Repeated units of a construction system. A regularly repeated spatila unit of a building or wall as defined by vaults, windows, orders, or other prominent vertical features
meaning circumambulation, consists of walking around in a 'circle' as a form of worship in Hindu ceremonies in India
False Pendentives
annular vault
continuous, semicircular vault in the shape of a ring
$ towers on outside and 1 in the middle
Dome on pendentice
The central wedge shaped stone (voussoir) in an arch
canals (could be symbolic or used for irrigation)
Invented by Romans to span bigger spaces in construction
pseudo peripteal
a building with free standing columns along its front and engaged columns along its back and sides
quincunx plan
4 towers on outside and 1 in middle
Hindu version of stuppa, bursts off the roof
usually located by springs
is a traditional Japanese gate commonly found at the entry to a Shinto shrine
small posts
a roman invention. Artificial stone made of a mixture of specific proportions of cement, water, and aggregate(crushed stone and sand)
Mortise and Tenon
(x) Japanese arch detailed pieces that exactly fit together to form of joint. A wood joining method in which a projecting tongue (tenon) of one member is fitted into a hole mortise) of corresponding shape in another member.
In a church with a cross-Shaped plan the space where the arms of the cross intersect
ash, is a fine, sandy volcanic ash, originally discovered and dug in Italy at Pozzuoli / Part of the mixture in Roman Concrete
Lighter construction systems. A rigid framework made up of small triangluar members and designed to span an opening
ceramics from Renaissance Italy with an opaque, white glaze containing tin oxide, usually painted in several colors,
A buddhist memorial mound that enshrines relics or marks a sacred site/round hemispherical mound
Broken Pediment
has a gap at its apex or at its base
string course
a projection horizontal band across an exterior wall of a building (ex pantheon) [gives a fake division]
Double Shell
Cantilever, supports part of the roofing system (X)
the Temple of the Sun the Primary building in Machu Picchu
1st house church collective worship begun in homes - early form of roman church
a wedge shaped block that is one of the units in an arch or vault (stone in arch)
An ancient Roman central heating system using hot air ducts in the floors of the building. Space under the floor where water is heated
eye, hole in ceiling (example pantheon)/rounded windows often in a roof
A railing supported by a series of small posts or balusters/(long columns surrounding stuppa)
The narthex of a church is the entrance or lobby area, located at the end of the nave, at the far end from the church's main altar
the moderately warm room in ancient roman baths.
square recess in wall, to lighten the weight/a sunken square or polygonal decoration panel in a veiling of within an arch
Sapa Inca
The God Emperor of the Inca Empire "The Only Inca" The Last Ruler of the Incas
Pictureseq massing and compostion
(X) Building as a mass about balance tension planned composition
Greek Cross Octagon Plan
an anteroom to a larder hall. entry way
(X) Where the alter it, where transept and have cross with alter and crossing.
An Indian Buddhist Monastery/(Residence Hall)
360 degree arch/a cones roof of even curvatures on a circular of polygonal base(drum) It can be semicircular, pointed or bulbous
Small arch or a series of gradually wider and projecting concentric arches across the interior corners of a square or polygonal room forming a transition from the room shape to ca circular dome or drum above
(x) is the native religion of Japan and was once its state religion
An Ancient Roman walled military camp with gridded rectangular layout, later a castle, fort, or fortified town
Gabled Roof
(x) Roofs classified by the straight slope falling from ridge to eave, creating a peak or triangle on the side or front facade.
Hipped Roof
A pitched roof with gable ends that slope back. (Curved roof on sides)
Centrally Planned
(X) Martyrium
In an ancient Roman house, a room with one side open to the central courtyard or atrium/ common living area in a house
the ancient Greek wrestling school.the ancient Greek wrestling school.
A wall facing or veneer of stone, terra-cotta, metal, wood, or other material
The main inner hall of a roman house with an open roof and a ventral basin to catch rainwater/(with vestibule and tapunium - open air space in the house)
a semicircular or rectangular recess, usually seats or a bench and sometimes roofed/(round semi circular space extending square area)
most adapted buildings toward church, the form of a early Christian church, oblong with a high cleastoried nave ending in a apse, flanked by 2 lower ailes and covered with a timber roof used to be a meeting hall in ancient rome)
groin vault
(cross vault), formed by the right angle intersection of 2 barrel vaults of the same shape( intersecting barrel vaults).
the room with a cold water pool in ancient roman baths/ coolest bath
series of arches that would create a semi-circular space
Cross in Square Plan
A Byzantine Church plan based on a square divided into 9 bays. The center bay is a large domed square, the 4 corners bays are small domed or groin vaulted squares, the remaining 4 bays are barrel-vaulted rectangles
Building erected over a site that witnessed events in the life of Christ or his followers, or where the relics of a Christian martyr as deposited.
Nazca Culture
They created the famous Nazca lines and built an impressive system of underground aqueducts that still function today.
namation outside a building (plan according to cosmologically significance)
Oblong form stadium (Roman Horse Race) with one curved end - an acient roman enclosed garden of the same shape
The space anterior to the narthex of a church, sometimes roofed-over as with a porch, but more often an enclosed courtyard; in antiquity, the courtyard where catechumens were permitted to be close to the Eucharist, but forbidden to see it celebrated.
changing room
Terra cotta
tiles what they used at first to build churches
Bell tower (was an independent building)
on the sides for the catechumens (non faithfuls but interested) to the nave separated from it by arches
Underground burial like a gallery grave/ underground system of passages used as a cemetery
An ancient civilization of Mexico.
where the preacher stands
Any public building generally located in the forum/In ancient roman arch, a large meeting hall often oblong in plan with a high central space lit by clerestory windows.
Composite Order
Corinthian and ionic
A straw floor mat used in Japaneses architecture (majaus dimension configuration mat room dimensions)
Multi tiered building for religious purposes/ A multistories Chinese or Japaneses tower with elaborately projecting roofs at each story / general term in the English language for a tiered tower with multiple eaves common in China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and other parts of Asia
An aesthetic quality characterized by irregularity asymmetry, ruggedness, and a variety of texture and form
walkway with balustrade and stuppa / A processional passage way around a shrine
an upper story open on 1 side to a buildings main interior space of to the exterior in a church it runs above an aisle opens on to the nave.
A shallow flattened rectangular column of pier attached to a wall. (Often modeled on a order) Squared column attached to a wall doesn't carry any weight
Crosses the nave (create latin cross plan)
Pyramidal roof
A hipped roof that forms a pyramid shape.
A tall slender tower of a mosque from which the faithful are called for prayer
Small niche on the gibla wall serves as a designation of the gibla wall.
Roman Concrete
Ingredients consist of Line Sand, Water, and Pozzolana
Interior space for prayer. and Indian buddhist cave temple or shrine carved our o hillside, aisled and often richly decorated with sculpture
Part that goes past the structures (part that projects beyond its supporting wall or column.)
sequence of arches
vestibule the colonnaded forecourt of Christian church
Latin Cross
Early Christians church plan a cross with 1 arm longer than the other 3
Bracket arm curving L Supports another capitol
vertical support often rectangular or square in plan
Greek Cross Plan
A cross with 4 arms of equal length plan
Onion Dome
Bulbous dome with a pointed top
Huge platform
Half-Gabled Roof
the amount of space occupied by a 3d object
Wall directed toward mecca or Jerusalem(the direction of prayer in the beginning of Islam)
Dougong Bracket System
voir ciche. extends the roof distances well out from vertical support flexible roofing system
A low guarding wall or parapet with alternating depressed opening (embrasures or cienels) and solid parts (merlons)
A vaulted, semicircular or semi polygonal wall recess of extension of a hall such as on the short side of an ancient Roman basilica or at the scanturary end of a chistian church
(X) Cylindrical Beams (under roof of Chinese built)
The non faithfuls but interested stand in the aisles
Gate for hindu temples
A patten of repeated depressed opening in a fortification wall (example the great wall of china)
(X) Space in with 2 arches on bridge(empty space). triangular area with the sides of 2 adjacent arches and the line across their tops

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