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Marine Corps was created on 10 Nov 1775 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at Tun Tavern. It raised 2 battalions. Captian Samuel Nicholas became the commander and first Commandant. 1834 came under Department of the Navy.
First Marine landing during Revolutionary War. Invaded New Providence Island in Bahamas, seized guns and supplies. Uniform of the day had a leather stock worn around the neck giving the nickname Leathernecks
Stormed Barbary priates strong hold at Burma on the Shore of Tripoli. Raised Stars and Stripes for the first time in the Eastern Hemisphere.
During Mexican War occupied the Halls of Montezuma during Battle of Chapultepec. Helped take California.
Under command of Colonel Robert E. Lee US Army stormed the US arsenal at Haper's Ferry to put down attempted slave revolt lead by abolishionist John Brown.
Adopted eagle, globe and anchor emblem. Brigadier General Jacob Zeilin 7th Commadant modified British Marine emblem. Depict Marines as both American and maritime. Globe and anchor signify worldwide service and sea traditions. Spread eagle is a symbol of the nation itself.
Official motto Semper Fidelis - latin for Always Faithful
Marines defend American Legation in Peking China during Boxer Rebellion
Established aviation unit. Marine Major Alfred Cunningham was first pilot.
Landed in France participating in 8 distinct operations, awarded a number of decorations including the French Fourragere still worn by the 5th and 6th Marines
Reorganized into Fleet Marine Force establishing command and administrative relations between the Fleet and Marine Corps. Equipment Board established in Quantico, Virgina began to devote long hours to testing and developing materials for landing operations and expeditionary services
Landed in South Vietnam, which committed them to the longest war in history. Landed in Dominican Republic to evacuate and protect US citizens
Deployed to Lebanon as part of a multinational peacekeeping force. 23 Oct 1983 suicide truck bomb attack on headquarters building killed 241 American and wounded 70 others. Withdrew in July 1984
Operation Desert Storm launched
The Battle of Belleu Wood
Greatest battle in history during World War I in France. Helped crush German offensive that threatended Paris. In honor of the Marines the area was renamed the Wood of the Brigade of Marines. German intelligence evaluated the Marines as storm troops the highest rating on enemy fighting scale, they called their new enemy Teufelhunden or Devil Dogs.
The Battle of Guadalcanal
7 Aug 1942 1st Marine Div landed launched first US land offensive of World War II. Marked the first combat test of the new amphibious doctrine, provided crucial turning point by providing a base to launch further invasions .
The Battle of Tarawa
The prime objective was the Tarawa Atoll and Betio Island Japanese commander proclaimed that it would take a million Americans 100 years to conquer it. On 20 November 1943, secured the island within 76 hours, but paid a heavy price in doing so. Because of an extended reef, heavy losses from enemy fire occured as well as many Marines drowned.
The Battle of Mariana Islands
Due to the need for airfields by the Air Force and advanced bases for the Navy, Landings on the islands of Saipan, Guam, and Tinian accomplished this. During June and July of 1943, Lieutenant General Holland M. Smith led a combined invasion force that totaled over 136,000. This was the greatest number of troops to operate in the field under Marine command.
The Battle of Iwo Jima
On 19 February 1945, largest all-Marine battle in history. It was also the bloodiest. The Marine Corps suffered over 23,300 casualties. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz said, "Among the Americans who served on Iwo Island, uncommon valor was a common virtue.“
The Battle of Chosin Reservior
November of 1950, Chinese sent 10-division force to annihilate them, Marines smashed seven enemy divisions. The major significance was that Marines brought out all operable equipment, properly evacuated their wounded and dead, and maintained tactical integrity.
The Battle of Hue City
During the Vietnamese holiday of Tet in January of 1968, Marines fought in built-up areas for the first time since the Korean War. Fighting was house-to-house with progress measured in yards. The city was secured on 25 February 1968.
Archibald Henderson
Brevet Brigadier General Archibald Henderson became Commandant in 1820 and held his command for 39 years until his death in 1859. The "Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps," as he is often called, introduced higher standards of personal appearance, training, discipline.
John Quick
Sergeant Major Quick is remembered for his performance at Cuzco Well (Guantanamo Bay, Cuba). The Sergeant Major won the Medal of Honor for semaphoring for an emergency lift of the naval bombardment while under Spanish and American shellfire.
Dan Daly
Sergeant Major Daly is recognized for earning two Medals of Honor: (1) Chinese Boxer Rebellion and (2) First Caco War in Haiti. During the Battle of Belleau Wood, then Gunnery Sergeant Daly yelled to his men, "Come on, you sons of a b-----, do you want to live forever?“
Louis B. "Chesty" Puller
Lieutenant General Puller served in Nicaragua and a force of about 32 Marines became famous for their ability to engage rebel groups and bandits while in a wide area of Nicaragua to the Honduran border. Puller became known as the "Tiger of the Mountains" (1930). The Marine Corps' mascot, an English bulldog named "Chesty," is named for this brave and fine Marine Corps officer.
Gregory R. "Pappy" Boyington
Major Boyington commanded VMH-214, the "Black Sheep," during World War II. Top ranking flying ace with 28 victories ("kills") (1945).
Ira H. Hayes
Corporal Ira Hayes, a Pima Indian, was one of the Marines immortalized during the second flag raising incident on Mount Suribachi on 23 February 1945.
Opha Mae Johnson
Private Johnson became the Marine Corps' first enlisted woman on 13 August 1918 World War I. Marine Reserve (F) was the official title. They were better known as "skirt Marines" and "Marinettes.“
Margaret A. Brewer
Brigadier General Brewer, then a Colonel, served as the Director of Women Marines (WM) during the period 1973-1977. She was the seventh and last director of WM, first woman general officer on 11 May 1978.
When/ how to salute
Begin your salute in ample time (at least six, but not more than 30 paces away).
Hold your salute until it is returned or acknowledged.
Accompany the salute with an appropriate greeting.
Look squarely at the person or colors being saluted.
Render the salute only once if a senior remains in the immediate vicinity.
Render the salute again if conversation takes place when a senior leaves or when you depart.

NOTE: Do not interrupt the conversation to salute another senior unless the officer to who you are speaking salutes a senior.
Salute in a group
If Your group is not in formation -Then the first person to notice an officer approaching calls the group to attention and Salutes for the group, or entire group salutes the group.
If Your group is in formation - Then Senior person calls the formation to attention and salutes for the group
Salute when passing an officer who is going in the same direction as you
Come abreast of the officer, salute and say, “By your leave, sir (ma’am).”
Officer returns the salute, and say, “Carry on” or “Granted.”
Terminate your salute and pass ahead.
Who do you salute?
Salute officers, regular and reserve, of the Navy, Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and foreign military and naval officers whose governments are formally recognized by the U.S. Government
Do not salute when
At work indoors (except when under arms)
A prisoner or Guarding prisoners
Under battle conditions
In ranks, at games, or part of a working detail
At crowded gatherings, in public conveyances, or in congested areas, unless you are addressing or are being directly addressed by a senior
Doing so would physically interfere with your performance of an assigned duty. or would create a hazard
While your blouse or coat is unbuttoned
With a smoking device in your hand
General (Gen) O-10
Lieutenant General (LtGen)O-9
Major General (MGen)O-8
Brigadier General (BGen)O-7
Colonel (Col)O-6
Lieutenant Colonel (LtCol)O-5
Major (Maj)O-4
Captain (Capt)O-3
First Lieutenant (1stLt)O-2
Second Lieutenant (2ndLt)O-1
Chief Warrant Officer (CWO-5)W-5
Chief Warrant Officer (CWO-4)W-4
Chief Warrant Officer (CWO-3)W-3
Chief Warrant Officer (CWO-2)W-2
Warrant Officer (WO-1)W-1
Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps E-9
Sergeant Major (SgtMaj) E-9
Master Gunnery Sergeant MGySgt) E-9
First Sergeant (1stSgt)E-8
Master Sergeant (MSgt) E-8
Gunnery Sergeant (GySgt) E-7
Staff Sergeant (SSgt) E-6
Sergeant (Sgt) E-5
Corporal (Cpl) E-4
Lance Corporal (LCpl)E-3
Private First Class (PFC)E-2
Private (Pvt) E-1
Rendering honors
If You are neither in formation nor in a vehicle - Then render the prescribed salute and hold the salute until the last note of music is sounded
If No flag is near - Then Face the music and salute
If You are in formation - Then Salute only on the command, “present arms.
If You are outdoors and uncovered - Then Stand at attention face the direction of the flag or music
If You are indoors - Then stand at attention face the music and/or flag.
If You are in a vehicle - Then Driver halt vehicle, passengers and driver remain seated at attention and do not salute.
If You are passing or being passed by an uncased color which is being paraded, presented, or is on formal display - Then Salute at six paces distance and hold the salute for six paces beyond or until it has passed your position by six paces.
If You are uncovered - Then Stand or march at attention when passing or being passed by an uncased color.

NOTE: When the flag is raised at morning colors or is lowered at evening colors, stand at attention at the first note of the National Anthem or “To the Colors” (standard), and render the prescribed salute. If you are engaged in some duty, which would become a safety hazard or risk to property, do not salute. Usually face the flag while saluting, but if your duty requires it, face in another direction. When the music sounds “Carry On,” resume regular duties.
Render honors while boarding and departing ships
Boarding a naval ship between 0800 to sunset.
Face aft upon reaching the top of the gangway (brow).
Salute the National Ensign.
Salute the officer of the deck (OD), who will be standing on the quarterdeck at the head of the gangway.
Request “Permission to come aboard.”
Departing a naval ship between 0800 and sunset
Salute the OD and request “Permission to go ashore.”
Go to the brow, turn aft, and salute the National Ensign.
Board and depart a naval ship between sunset and 0800
Follow the above procedures but do not turn aft and do not salute the National Ensign.NOTE: Board a small boat or ship by inverse order of rank; the junior goes first, and the others follow according to rank.

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