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Mr. Murry SPSCC Key Terms Ch. 2


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St. Augustine
the first permanent European settlement and protected treasure fleet route.
Anne Hutchinson
weekly prayer meeting for women; accused the clergymen of placing too much emphasis on 'good behavior'; believed in achieving grace; in 1637 was put on trial and was banished; went to Rhode Island.
named after King James; death place to many traders; lack of fresh water and the location was toxic.
Cecilius Calvert
"Lord Baltimore" wanted Maryland to become a refuge for Catholics.
Metacom's Rebellion
leader of Wampanoags who led forces against whites to save their lands and culture.
the Society of Jesus
French priests who sought converts; Catholic religious order founded to combat Protestant reformation; did not exploit the Indians.
Roger Williams
minister of Puritan church in Salem; endorsed Pilgrim's separation of church and Plymouth state; found Rhode Island.
Samuel de Champlain
- in 1608 founded Quebec, first permanent settlement in Newfoundland; traded with the Huron Indians, gave them blankets and iron utensils (guns, gunpowder, ect)
Nathaniel Bacon
leader of rebels against Indians; issued "Manifesto and Declaration of the People"; burned Jamestown to the ground.
Chief of Algonquian-speaking people; saw Englishmen as allies
the House of Burgesses
First convened in 1619; make laws and levy taxes.
Hernan de Soto
led 600 men to battle with Apalaches in present day Florida; led a force of six hundred to cut a bloody swath across the Southeast, battling the Apalaches and the Coosas.
praying towns
created by Puritans that converted more than 1,000 Indians to Puritan religion; a Native American settlement in t 17th century New England supervised by a Puritan minister. Puritans used theses settlements to encourage Indians to addpt English culture and Protestant Christianity.
Jacques Cartier
in 1530s claimed the Gulf of St. Lawrence for France.
Robert de la Salle
traveled down Mississippi river to the Gulf of Mexico, trading as he went.
Puritans or Pilgrims
Wanted to preserve "pure" Christian faith; came to America on Mayflower.
Jacques Marquette
reached Mississippi river in 1673 in Wisconsin and traveled down to Arkansas searching for new sources of furs.
John Winthrop
First governor of Massachusetts Bay colony.
Indian shaman who called for Pueblo peoples to expel Spaniards in order to survive drought and diseases; followers from 24 tribes killed more than four hundred Spaniards and forced the remaining fifteen hundred colonists to flee 300 miles to El Paso.
chattel slavery
ownership of human beings; a system of bondage in which a slave has the legal status of property and so can be bought as sold like property.
the Five Nations
were prime aggressors in series of wars with Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, Oneidas, and Mohawks; waged wars against the Hurons (1649), the Neutrals (1651), Eries (1657), and the Susquehannocks, all Iroquoian-speaking peoples; ate human flesh; were peaceful with the French and let Jesuit missionaries live among them.
the Salem witch trials
accusations of witchcraft performed in Puritan town; many innocent lives taken.
an established church
all property owners paid taxes to support church.
John Rolfe
English colonist who married Powhatan's daughter Pocahontas; imported tobacco seed from the West Indies and began to grow it.
New Amsterdam
founded by West India Company; capital of New Netherland; located on Manhattan Island; offered little resistance to English invaders in 1664.
the Toleration Act
All Christians were able to follow their own religious beliefs.
the Virginia Company
King James I in 1606 granted company lands from North Carolina to Southern New York.
the Mayflower Compact
first American Constitution; Puritan's self-governing became model for political structure.
Henry Hudson
Englishman; in 1609 dispatched by Dutch to North America to find new fur supply.
Oliver Cromwell
led first victorious forces in religious war; led parliamentary forces again Charles the I of England; was victorious; in 1658 took dictator role of England.

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