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GRE barrons 4800bar

nguyen van du

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
s comeback
retort; quick clever reply; return to former status
n magisterial
authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
scrupulous
conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker
n juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
rend
split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow
n touchy
oversensitive; easily offended; irasible; delicate; needing delicate handling; Ex. touchy situation
resumption
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
somatic
pertaining to the body; bodily; physical
transcribe
copy; write a copy of; N. transcription
defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
s paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
n spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
n alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
s outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
n chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
vigilant
watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance
n pterodactyl
extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
reputable
respectable; having a good reputation
apposite
appropriate; fitting
solicit
entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer
n insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
practicable
feasible
n peroration
conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
mandatory
obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate
n slag
glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
s sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
propulsive
driving forward; N. propulsion
s gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
n giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
n revelry
boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
genre
particular variety of art or literature
s swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
n exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
impetus
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
recession
withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
chronic
long established as a disease
n hover
hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state
s vivid
(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description
indigence
poverty
n philistine
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
n wax
increase gradually (as the moon); grow
n dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
n unprepossessing
unattractive
n acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
n beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
n rebuttal
refutation; response with contrary evidence; V. rebut: refute; disprove
indigenous
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
ingrate
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
s deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
n talon
claw of bird
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
underlying
lying below; fundamental
n irony
hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
foresight
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future
wary
very cautious; watchful
n revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
n orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
n noisome
foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
s menace
threat; V: threaten
finite
limited
n carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
n blas\'e
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
n animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
n reciprocate
do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights
proxy
authorized agent; authority to act for another
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
n flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
espionage
spying
s hut
crude dwelling; shack
n unctuous
oily; bland; insincerely suave
unfrock
defrock; strip a priest or minister of church authority
n squabble
minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children
s limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
theoretical
based on theory; not practical or applied; hypothetical
s trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
n manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
n cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
n plait
braid; interwine; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; Ex. plaited hair; N: braided length as of hair o fabric; CF. pigtail, ponytail
n usurp
seize another's power or rank (without legal authority); supplant; appropriate; N. usurpation; CF. take for one's own use
n miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
n throng
crowd (of people or things); V.
n qualms
uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.
n copious
plentiful
s swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
n fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
n bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
contusion
bruise
n inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
tenacious
holding fast (as to a belief); persistent
impasse
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
impel
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
n isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
n officious
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy
s chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
lofty
very high
ramification
branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision
insightful
discerning; perceptive
s pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
n dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
surmount
overcome
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
n skinflint
miser; stingy person
n bolster
support; reinforce
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
s plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
n carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
glacial
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
n respite
time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
haughtiness
pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty
n seine
seine net; net for catching fish
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
n savant
scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
s bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
duration
length of time something lasts
n amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
preeminent
outstanding; superior
oligarchy
government by a privileged few
s dissonance
discord
n laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
s ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
n Machiavellian
crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
n gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
n kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
n quip
taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.
s emasculate
weaken; castrate
n surfeit
satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food
n viscid
adhesive; gluey
saga
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
acute
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
predicament
difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
n temporal
of time; not lasting forever; limited by time; temporary; secular; worldly
s pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
n insinuate
hint; imply; suggest indirectly; creep in; introduce or insert (oneself) by artful means; Ex. insinuate himself into the boss's favor; CF. ingratiate
n subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?
n raspy
making a harsh noise; grating; harsh
s constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
perforate
pierce; put a hole through
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
n canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
n unearthly
not earthly; supernatural; weird; ghostly
patriarch
father and ruler of a family or tribe
resolution
determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose
n grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
s rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
s indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
unrequited
not requited; not reciprocated; Ex. unrequited love
n capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
n bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
languor
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
magniloquent
boastful; pompous
reproach
blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful
precipitous
steep; overhasty; precipitate
n thrall
slave; bondage; slavery; Ex. Her beauty held him in thrall; CF. enthrall
n morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
n disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
s prank
mischievous trick
touchstone
stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard
n archipelago
group of closely located islands
n expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
n tryst
meeting arranged by lovers; arrangement between lovers to meet
n hermitage
home of a hermit
s pose
assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
sinister
evil; ominous
n primp
groom oneself with care; adorn oneself
aver
state confidently; declare as true
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
n betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
detraction
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
august
impressive; majestic
s masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
n puny
tiny; weak; insignificant
rebuke
scold harshly; criticize severely
s tatter
torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes
ordinance
decree; authoritative order
n rue
regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful
n tonsure
shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.
verge
border; edge, rim, or margin; Ex. on the verge of: very near to; V: border on
n fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
retract
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
n mortician
undertaker; CF. death
n intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
ramify
branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions
s doom
condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.
n deign
condescend; stoop
rally
come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); N: act of rallying; mass gathering
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
manifesto
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
n tribunal
court of justice
prodigious
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
momentum
quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force
s commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
n studied
carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark
n carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
invert
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
n abeyance
suspended action
vampire
ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living
s margin
border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
n invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
n prosaic
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
figurative
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
s enact
make (a bill) into law
replete
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
oblique
indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference
n glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
s clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
n gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
s swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
n rebus
representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.
n foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
n bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
s finish
surface texture; completeness of execution
n eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
n inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
n askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
n arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
s fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
uninhibited
unrepressed; free in behavior and feelings
n gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
n staid
serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony
s rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
s functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
s mingle
mix together in close association
politic
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
subordinate
occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class
n quell
suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. ``Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill
n traumatic
(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; N. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage
s litter
waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter
n evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
n dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
icon(ikon)
religious image; idol; image or representation
n aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
s reminiscent
suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence
s resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
s vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
s helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
empirical
based on experience
notable
conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
impiety
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
n fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
intelligentsia
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
n shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
optometrist
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
slander
defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
n granary
storehouse for grain
n stipple
paint or draw with dots or short strokes
s spoof
parody
n conclave
private secret meeting
n blandishment
flattery
s stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
n chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
n piebald
of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
n braggadocio
boasting
s swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
incompatible
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
n indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
n manifestation
outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
n limber
flexible; supple; pliable; V.
s gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
quay
dock; wharf; pier; landing place (for boats)
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
s doze
sleep lightly; nap
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
verbalize
put into words; ADJ. verbal: of words; spoken rather than written; oral; of a verb
s corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
precedent
something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
s misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
n maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
n verdigris
green coating or patina on copper which has been exposed to the weather
defiance
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
n travail
strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth
n opus
work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
n doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
n cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
n modulate
tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
n spat
squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel
deplore
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
n lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
n inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
interim
meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
n trinket
knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry
n tenuous
thin; slim; rare
exigency
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
s germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
monastic
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
n riddle
pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)
incite
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
n forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
s finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
verbiage
pompous array of words; too many unnecessary words; wordiness
n muddle
confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
contaminate
pollute
n contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
n tantalize
tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; CF. Tantalus: Greek mythological figure
n bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
fancied
imagined; unreal
n skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
primordial
existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
n kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
n luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
n prevail
be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something
provident
providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
purport
intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
s thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
euthanasia
mercy killing
n stalwart
physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower
n shunt
move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.
n testator
maker of a will; CF. testatrix
s intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
n foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
n waft
move gently (in air or in seas) by wind or waves; Ex. leaves wafting past the window
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
n descry
catch sight of (something distant)
proscribe
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
s urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
n shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
n unguent
ointment
fanaticism
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
raze
destroy completely; Ex. raze the city to the ground
illusive
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
imprudent
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious
n fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
n reek
emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench
vagabond
wanderer (without a permanent home); tramp
tranquillity
calmness; peace
n skimp
provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly
n rapt
engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener
n scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
senility
old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia
s executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
n devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
s pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
premonition
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
repercussion
rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion
obtuse
blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
s prize
pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)
n caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
s lag
move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
provocative
arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation
s ambush
act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.
elated
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
n kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
s detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
s phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
n habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
s peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
n profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
s expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
transcendent
exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; V. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; N. transcendancy
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
n infernal
pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction
matriarch
woman who rules a family or larger social group
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
n impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
recuperate
recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses
n apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
n mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
endue
provide with some quality; endow
n pallid
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
retrieve
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
n distrait
absentminded; distracted
animated
lively; spirited
s bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
transparent
permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected; obvious; clear; Ex. transparent lie
cache
hiding place; V.
multiplicity
state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element
n jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
s convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
humane
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
s gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
reprieve
postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of
n aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
n preempt
prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive
s prong
pointed projecting part
n doggerel
poor verse
s fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
n loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
pungent
stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
n rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
n avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
s gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
n prude
excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
complementary
serving to complete something
s tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
n knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
n lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
n patrician
noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
n finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
n nugatory
worthless; futile
n seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
s recital
act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)
n refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
n vacillate
waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation
n burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
s lottery
contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots
s layman
man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
n minutiae
petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
n propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
n indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
s shed
small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves
n heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
n husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
n clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
s morgue
mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
fidelity
loyalty; accuracy
n d\'enouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
n peon
landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
irrelevant
not applicable; unrelated
languish
lose animation or strength
n chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
n geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
reprisal
retaliation
rudimentary
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
pliable
flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable
n succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
s psychosomatic
of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
irreparable
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
n halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
n rubric
title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol
devise
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
encroachment
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
monotony
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
generic
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
n polarize
split into opposite extremes or camps
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
n sonorous
resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound
n tessellated
mosaic; inlaid; Ex. tessellated pattern
reprove
censure; rebuke; N. reproof
n palliate
ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
n crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
n diadem
crown
n nurture
nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing
intractable
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
n quiescent
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence
n doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
indignation
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
impassive
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
s seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
metamorphosis
change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
tempo
speed of music
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
defile
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
s scrappy
quarrelsome
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
n expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
n vitiate
spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally
irreproachable
beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct
n nip
snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill
n dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
s mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
n begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
malcontent
person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented
obstetrician
physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife
s primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
n apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
s tart
sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
n toga
Roman outer robe
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
n mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
n prevaricate
lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
n comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
n ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
s trickster
person who cheats people
n wheedle
deceive, persuade, or obtain by flattery; cajole; coax; Ex. wheedle a promise out of her
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
n supernumerary
person or thing excess of what is necessary; extra; ADJ: additional to the usual or necessary number
n demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
tacit
understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement
n alcove
nook; recess
perennial
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
dorsal
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
n disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
harbinger
forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)
n laceration
torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
n prattle
talk idly; babble; N. CF. prate
pithy
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
n choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
impassable
not able to be traveled or crossed
precipice
cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
n sherbet
flavored dessert ice
n existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
n cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
n chicanery
trickery; deception
s soothsayer
one who foretells the future
n vogue
popular fashion; Ex. Jeans became the vogue.
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
n nicety
precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties
indentation
notch; deep recess; V. indent; CF. tooth
n cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
unruly
disobedient; lawless; difficult to control
n feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
n parlance
language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
n behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
refute
disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation
imperceptible
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
n clime
climate
n arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
n empathy
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy
guileless
without deceit
n d\'ecollet\'e
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
n merger
combination (of two business corporations); act of merging
palpable
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
epicure
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
gusty
windy
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
skirmish
minor fight; minor battle in war; V.
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
imponderable
weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound
s finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
s shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
n bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
s mute
silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of
indicative
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
entrepreneur
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
n dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
n smattering
slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
n jaunt
trip; short journey
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
s grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
n resurge
rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again
protrude
stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
offhand
casual; done without prior thought or preparation
s brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
n recalcitrant
disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child
s scheme
systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
n lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
irreconcilable
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
s soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
indissoluble
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
n virtuoso
highly skilled artist (esp. in music); Ex. piano virtuoso
n neophyte
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
n erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
dishearten
discourage
n junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
adorn
decorate
n satyr
half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man
n prolixity
tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
impotent
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
n vouchsafe
grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment
n symbiosis
interdependent relationship (between groups, species) often mutually beneficial; ADJ. symbiotic; CF. together + life
s flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
n sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
s overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
n thespian
pertaining to drama; N: actor or actress
n homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
therapeutic
curative; N. therapy
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
festive
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
invincible
unconquerable
s pinnace
small boat
s chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
subtlety
perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning
incentive
spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity
s bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
s feebleminded
deficient in intelligence; very stupid
n placebo
harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
n vindicate
clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof); exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator
imperial
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
s edifice
building (of imposing size)
cessation
stoppage
trepidation
fear; nervous apprehension
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
implacable
incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy
notoriety
disrepute; ill fame
asteroid
small planet
s flirt
behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
rubble
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
n spasmodic
fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion
perigee
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
s peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
outspoken
candid; blunt
n esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
n ragamuffin
dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes
s rotund
(of a person) fat and round
scale
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
n gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
s recess
pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive
vehement
forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence
n clientele
body of customers
n impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
n trappings
outward decorations; ornaments (as an outward sign of rank)
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
s elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
n disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
n gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
s discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
n incantation
singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant
s trample
step heavily with the feet; crush under the feet
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
n monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
n ungainly
(of someone) awkward in movement; clumsy; (of something) unwieldy; Ex. ungainly dancer/instrument
n musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
s squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
s recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
n foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
s unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
s sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
s backslide
revert (to bad habits); N. reverter
s tramp
walk with a heavy step; travel on foot; N: vagrant; one who travels aimlessly about; long walk; sound of heavy walking
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
s quicksilver
mercury
imminent
impending; near at hand
n subterfuge
stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge
n faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
s lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
repeal
revoke; annul
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
n fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
n tirade
long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
s shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
retrospective
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
s dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
s bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
n manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
n reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
s peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
s legato
(of music) played smoothly
n errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
n wane
decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.
n foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
n hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
s militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
n knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
n plebeian
common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
n hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
proviso
stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
severity
harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; ADJ. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense
n rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
n molten
melted; Ex. molten lava
n laity
laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
influx
flowing into
supercilious
haughty; arrogant; condescending; patronizing; CF. eyebrow, cilium
n foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
n pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
unwieldy
awkward (to carry or move); cumbersome; unmanageable
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
n hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
hostility
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
ideology
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
n braggart
boaster; bragger
remorse
deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach
n tensile
capable of being stretched; of tension; Ex. tensile rubber
n stupor
state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
n secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
n unison
unity of pitch (in musical performance); complete accord; Ex. The choir sang in unison.
s season
enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning
magnitude
greatness (in size or extent); extent
s plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
remediable
reparable
incense
enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
s constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
n tutelary
protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
s sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
singular
being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; Ex. singular beauty/behavior
n ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
n epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
s jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
emanate
issue forth; come out
acknowledge
recognize; admit
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
n supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
s grumble
complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.
s monograph
scholarly article
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
n ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
n martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
insolence
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
s resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
n propinquity
nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
n badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
rationalize
make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization
comestible
something fit to be eaten
metropolis
large city
disjointed
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
n astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
n insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
fickle
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
n rent
tear made by rending; rip; split
n knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
n hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
n wake
trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war
n betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
meditation
reflection; thought; V. meditate
stealth
action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy
sublimate
refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state
n euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
s parish
area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
s chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
s conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
titanic
gigantic; N. titan
n mollify
soothe an angry person
natation
swimming
n regimen
prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
n odoriferous
giving off an odor
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
s bulk
size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size
n duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
n buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
n factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
n arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
s figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
n behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
s monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
n waylay
ambush; lie in wait for and attack
n lurid
wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder
receptive
quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal
n trident
three-pronged spear
n gruff
rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
metaphysical
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
n seminary
school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women
n potable
suitable for drinking; drinkable
incessant
uninterrupted; unceasing
n debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
innovation
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
kernel
central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
consummate
complete; V.
trigger
set off; start
n sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
n draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
polyglot
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
debase
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
n gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
reprehensible
deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame
sect
separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group
n apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
s lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
s idle
not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
redundant
superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
n puerile
childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
n application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
vagrant
homeless wanderer
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
n unobtrusive
inconspicuous; not blatant
utopia
ideal place, state, or society; ADJ. utopian
s arboreal
of or living in trees
n communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
n introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
ovoid
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
s consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
apprise
inform
n nefarious
very wicked
ostensible
apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
n putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
s gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
n vicissitude
change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China
n assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
n urchin
mischievous child (usually a boy); CF. urchin: hedgehog; CF. porcupine: pig with spikes ?; CF. sea urchin
absolve
pardon (an offense)
benediction
blessing
n genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
n disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
n necromancy
black magic; sorcery; dealings with the dead; art that professes to communicate with the spirits of the dead so as to predict the future; CF. necromancer; CF. necro+divination; CF. necro-: death; Ex. necropolis
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
n bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
pious
devout; religious; N. piety
incidental
not essential; minor; N: something incidental
podium
pedestal; raised platform
n juxtapose
place side by side; CF. next
enumerate
list; mention one by one
jubilation
rejoicing; great joy
n hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
n slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
adept
expert at; very skilled
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
vigor
active strength; energy; enthusiasm; ADJ. vigorous
s recite
repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation
allure
entice; attract; tempt
validate
make valid; confirm; ratify
s inquisitive
eager for knowledge; unduly curious
n nondescript
undistinctive; ordinary; ordinary-looking; Ex. nondescript fellow in a crowd
panacea
cure-all; remedy for all diseases
s skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
n febrile
feverish
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
n gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ´ãÁó(bile); CF. gall bladder
preamble
introductory statement
n vise
vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device
s contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
n unseemly
unbecoming; not proper in behavior; indecent; Ex. leave with unseemly haste
s dowry
money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
s malapropos
inappropriate; ADV.
tome
large volume; book
n limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
n modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
n disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
impair
injure; hurt; damage
n riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
reprobation
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
n vendetta
blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams
vestige
trace; remains; Ex. vestiges of some ancient religion
n acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
s enliven
make lively or spirited; animate
n filch
steal (things of small value)
migrant
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
s crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
s glitter
shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
s wage
begin and continue (a war)
placate
pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease
mobile
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
n cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
n clique
small exclusive group of people
s persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
memorialize
commemorate
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
revert
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
n repine
fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work
n venerate
revere; treat with great respect
transient
staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; N: one that is transient
n provenance
place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come
dilapidated
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
n distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
n unkempt
disheveled; uncared for in appearance; not combed; CF. comb
graphic
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
n quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
aspirant
seeker after position or status
s encircle
surround
paraphrase
restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
n stygian
unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead
n meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
s tickle
touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please
n vitriolic
causing sharp pain to the mind; caustic; corrosive; sarcastic; of vitriol; N. vitriol: sulphuric acid (which burns flesh deeply); bitterly abusive expression; caustic expression; CF. glass
secular
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
n tautological
needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true
s mortar
vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
propensity
natural inclination
s license
official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.
s handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
n vintner
wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine
equity
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
n stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
n dismantle
take apart; disassemble
procrastinate
postpone; delay or put off
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
prefatory
introductory; of a preface
n presumptuous
going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
n peruse
read through with care; N. perusal
n dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
allegiance
loyalty
eerie
weird; causing fear because strange
n poignancy
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
reaper
one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop
n tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
n quaff
drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment); ²Ü²©²Ü²© ¸¶½Ã´Ù; CF. sip
ravage
devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms
n vacuous
empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity
temperament
characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress
saline
salty
n silt
sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)
n fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
n corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
n bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
n wanderlust
strong longing to travel
virtue
goodness; moral excellence; good quality; advantage; Ex. by virtue of; Ex. make a virtue of necessity
n titular
of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; Ex. titular head of the company
n foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
soluble
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
n gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
query
inquiry; question; V.
s tan
convert (hide) into leather; make brown by exposure to the sun
s draw
choosing of a lot or card
s confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
orator
public speaker
indite
write; compose
n breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
n propitious
favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign
n execrable
very bad; detestable
s pinch
squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; Ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. N: amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger
n cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
antecede
precede
s stink
stench; V: emit a strong foul odor
s embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
n dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
fallible
liable to err
s buffoon
stupid person; clown
pauper
very poor person
n squalor
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
s genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
exalt
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
n overwrought
nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done
repel
drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion
s treasure
keep as precious; cherish
anomaly
irregularity
n uxorious
excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife
suppress
put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; Ex. suppress a smile; Ex. suppress the magazine/truth
sibling
brother or sister
n gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
n decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
n dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
n militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
s retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
n sardonic
scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile
s flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
exult
rejoice
reparable
capable of being repaired
n parley
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
n minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
incarcerate
imprison
n auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
s artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
remiss
negligent; careless about a duty
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
n tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
n harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
n flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
s hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
n gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
servile
slavish; cringing; N. servility
n hortatory
encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
n guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
s gradation
series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression
inflated
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
s chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
n titter
nervous giggle; nervous laugh; V.
n pore
study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book; N.
n exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
n snivel
complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; Ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.
distend
expand; swell out
fortitude
bravery; courage; strength of mind
n catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
remission
temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; Ex. The disease went into remission; Ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.
n paltry
insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash
n luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
n evenhanded
impartial; fair
n sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
s legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
n mischance
ill luck
n salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
rummage
ransack; thoroughly search
s outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
polity
(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
n vent
release or discharge through a vent; express (esp. unfairly); utter; Ex. He vented his wrath on his family.
n gaudy
flashy; showy
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
valid
logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; Ex. valid reasoning/passport
n waif
homeless child or animal; Ex. waifs and strays
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
s wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
n disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
renown
fame; ADJ. renowned
n granulate
form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle
s gangrene
decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
s weird
eerie; strange; unnatural
s stun
make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound
s exquisite
delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
n canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
liaison
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
n gaffe
social blunder
n scavenge
hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion
malediction
curse
s mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
n accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
n quixotic
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
n fiasco
total failure; CF. bottle
s jumble
mix in a confused way
hindrance
block; obstacle; V. hinder
unfeigned
genuine; real
s rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
insuperable
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
n nihilist
one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement
s forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
s bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound
n mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
n regiment
military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society
n die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
analogous
comparable; similar
capacious
spacious
n dispirited
lacking in spirit
n glutinous
sticky; viscous; gluey
diminution
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
n dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
bicker
quarrel
n pusillanimous
cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
n heckler
person who verbally harasses others; V. heckle: verbally harass as with gibes (by interrupting a speaker or speech)
s chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
n forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
accord
agreement
transition
going from one state of action to another
n espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
n brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
n sever
separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position
n bacchanalian
drunken
s choir
group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir
n deleterious
harmful
n hurtle
crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train
s sonic
of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic
n stanza
division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)
s snub
ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.
gyroscope
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
surveillance
close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding
s sectarian
of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; N: member of a sect; narrow-minded person
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
s undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
n penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
s sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
n stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
traverse
go through or across
n stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
n humility
humbleness of spirit
n bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
accost
approach and speak first to a person
inverse
opposite
n hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
depredation
plundering; destruction
n frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
pomposity
self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
deft
neat; skillful
n stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
n shirk
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
n sepulcher
tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral
n beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
n aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
s abode
dwelling place; home
pivotal
of a pivot; central; critical; crucial
n reverberate
echo repeatedly; resound; Ex. The thunder reverberated across the valley.
n fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
s crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
n grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
n flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
spectral
ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom
s slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
n curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
n barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
s hail
frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail
devotee
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
n torso
trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk
s submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
n taper
very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object; V. make or become gradually narrower toward one end
n collation
a light meal; collating
s toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
n dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
s credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
rehabilitate
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
embrace
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
s voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
gratuitous
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
decipher
decode; CF. indecipherable
s blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
n mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
n mesmerize
hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
mediocre
ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
s mar
spoil the appearance of
obdurate
stubborn; refusing to change one's belief
euphony
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
n headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
n hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
n manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
n bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
regeneration
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
n ken
range of knowledge; Ex. beyond one's ken
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
pragmatic
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
n sinewy
(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone
demolition
destruction; V. demolish
opportune
timely; well-chosen
n ambrosia
food of the gods
pseudonym
pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
s run-down
(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted
n factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
s trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
longevity
long life; long duration
gargoyle
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
n belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
incline
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
n disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
n mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
engross
occupy fully; absorb
n immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
affluence
abundance; wealth
n atypical
not normal; not typical
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
gratuity
tip
n foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
s rustle
make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
quaint
odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque
s impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
n surly
bad-tempered; rude; cross
embed(imbed)
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
n lumber
move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
n rapacious
voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds
n odium
detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
s vision
eyesight; foresight; mental image produced by the imagination; experience of seeing the supernatural
n matrix
point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization
n lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
n gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
n lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
s oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''
repository
storehouse
n protocol
diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
n osseous
made of bone; bony
n guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
s bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
n pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
n frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
s dignitary
person of high rank or position
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
forgo(forego)
give up; do without
s nova
star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness
supplant
take the place of unfairly; usurp; replace
n spurious
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
hazy
slightly obscure; misty; unclear; N. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind
n hoodwink
deceive; delude
n instigate
start; urge; provoke; incite; Ex. instigate a search/quarrel
depose
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
recurrent
occurring again and again
n dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
pacifist
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
n meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
s herald
messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher
n periphery
outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
propriety
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
n obtrude
push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; Ex. obtrude A on B; ADJ. obtrusive; N. obtrusion; CF. unobtrusive
s hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
delete
erase; strike out
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
pecuniary
pertaining to money
n truculence
aggressiveness; ferocity; ADJ. truculent: aggressive; pugnacious; fierce
exploit
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
n spoonerism
accidental transposition of sounds in successive words; Ex. ``Let me sew you to your sheet'' for ``Let me show you to your seat''; CF. William Spooner
n libertine
debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free
s stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
exempt
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
n bard
poet
obloquy
slander; disgrace; infamy
s mange
skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair
s headfirst
moving with the head leading; headlong
n flair
talent
n pontifical
pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
s expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
n epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
traduce
expose to slander
s uproar
noisy confusion
incognito
with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.
s slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
subdue
less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
platitude
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
n cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
n uproarious
marked by commotion or uproar; very noisy (esp. with laughter); hilarious; causing loud laughter; extremely funny
vex
annoy; distress
n jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
immobility
state of being immovable
infiltrate
pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; Ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; CF. infiltrator
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
malicious
hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite
s swamp
wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
imperative
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
n captious
faultfinding; too critical
n vegetate
live in a monotonous way (without interests or activity); CF. vegetation: plants of an area; CF. vegetarian; CF. vegan
n mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
peerless
having no equal; incomparable
n coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
n berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
s primary
first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first
n tangential
only slightly connected; not central; peripheral; digressing; showing divergence; CF. tangent
n flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
scenario
plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
n latitude
freedom from narrow limitations
n unilateral
one-sided; involving or affecting only one side; Ex. unilateral declaration
n codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
s foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
n anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
denounce
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
demise
death
congenital
existing at birth
regime
method of system or government
s bar
railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister
paramour
illicit lover
n skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
n cleft
N: split
extemporaneous
not planned; impromptu; extempore
impalpable
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
implicate
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
n bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
s warrant
justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee
n umbrage
resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult; Ex. take umbrage at his rudeness
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
n perquisite(perk)
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
n hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
s ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
n apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
curtail
shorten; reduce
n insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
prey
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
n unwonted
unaccustomed; unusual; Ex. He arrived with unwonted punctuality.
pachyderm
thick-skinned animal
n drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
n extol
praise very highly; glorify
n plasticity
ability to be molded; ADJ. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; Ex. plastic material such as clay
s defalcate
embezzle
n fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
parity
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
s gobble
eat very quickly
Occident
the West
s humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
n gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
impertinent
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
s feud
bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism
s rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
n sheathe
place into a case; insert into or provide with a sheath; Ex. He sheathed his dagger; N. sheath: case for a blade
sycophant
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
s jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
n grimace
facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; V.
n dappled
spotted
simile
comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as
s engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
log
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
proximity
nearness; ADJ. proximate
s plebiscite
direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
n ultimatum
last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.
n pell-mell
in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
s rickety
(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D
inclined
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
n wangle
achieve by cleverness or trick; wiggle out; fake; Ex. She tried to wangle an invitation to the party.
n chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
n fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
unique
without an equal; single in kind
n inchoate
(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass
n aloft
upward; high up in the air
n obituary
death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.
inimitable
matchless; not able to be imitated
infinitesimal
very small
inconsistency
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
consonance
harmony; agreement
gullible
easily deceived
prodigy
highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
n modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
seismic
pertaining to earthquakes
s terminal
part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer
n dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
n viand
food; CF. live
pediatrician
physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
avuncular
of or like an uncle
n sunder
separate; part; CF. asunder
tremor
trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)
s nausea
feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust; CF. seasickness
s smug
self-satisfied; complacent
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
n torque
twisting force; force producing rotation
comprise
include; consist of
s upright
(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral
s compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
accelerate
move faster
n engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
guise
outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
n cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
residue
remainder; balance
infringe
violate (a law); encroach (the right of another person)
n furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
n menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
n plenary
(of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power
n betroth
become engaged to marry
revoke
cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable
n sap
diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
n tract
propaganda pamphlet (esp. by a religious or political group); expanse of land; region of indefinite size; system of related organs; Ex. digestive tract
n penance
self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
n bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
n apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
s interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
delusion
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
exploit
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
n raucous
(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts
decelerate
slow down
n ventral
abdominal
n gist
essence; main point; substance
n amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
s postmortem
autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem
n heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
frustrate
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
n chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
n liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
n bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
renounce
abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation
pastoral
rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor
rendezvous
meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.
generality
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
abridge
condense or shorten
s glare
shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.
n prowess
extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle
obsidian
black volcanic rock
n suture
stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound
deface
mar; disfigure
repress
hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion
n bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
s polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
n dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
n slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
pendant(pendent)
hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
n unbridled
violent; uncontrolled; Ex. unbridled rage/greed
n beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
termination
end; V. terminate
random
without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random
s slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
n disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
s ward
administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert
n compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
paragon
model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
s sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
inept
unsuited; inappropriate; lacking skill; incompetent; CF. inapt: (of statements or ideas) inappropriate
n grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
s craft
skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning
theocracy
government run by religious leaders
s rake
angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular
n suffragist
advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage
n fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
n girth
distance around something; circumference
s wiggle
wriggle; move from side to side with irregular twisting motions
n amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
s mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
s mason
one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork
n limpid
crystal clear
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
n morbid
given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
n inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
respiration
breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory
injurious
harmful; causing injury
n docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
voluble
fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility
s frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
embezzlement
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
s wag
shake repeatedly from side to side; Ex. The dog wagged its tail; N: humorous person; wit
n insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
n addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
n murky
dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
microcosm
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
s vigilante
one who without authority assumes law enforcement powers
baffle
frustrate; perplex
n sybarite
lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy
philanderer
faithless lover; flirt
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
s florescence
condition or period of flowering
s rabble
mob; noisy crowd
n crone
hag; ugly old woman
s capsize
(of a boat) turn over
indigent
poor; destitute
s mutter
utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones
n prurient
having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire
n jovial
good-natured; merry; cheerful
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
n facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
substantial
of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy
n tribulation
suffering; ordeal; distress; trial
esteem
respect; value; judge; N.
s fiend
evil spirit; devil
n smirk
conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
n irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
n glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
s gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
lucrative
profitable; producing wealth
invective
abuse
n progeny
children; offspring; descendants
s impersonal
not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
frail
weak; N. frailty
s violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
n emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
aversion
firm dislike
n frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
n imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
methodical
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
n patina
green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
n physiognomy
face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features
solvent
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
n nadir
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
s pulpit
raised platform used in preaching (in a church)
s incident
event; event that causes a crisis
s porridge
soft food made by boiling oatmeal
solitude
state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof
s putrescent
becoming putrid; putrefying
s blue
gloomy; depressed
s linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
avow
declare openly; N. avowal
s token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
n marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
n personable
attractive (in personality or appearance)
unintimating
unfrightening
n agenda
items of business at a meeting
infer
deduce; conclude; N. inference
n lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
s invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
n serpentine
winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake
n hale
healthy
n comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
n levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
n elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
s weary
tired after long work; V.
n disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
n plaudit
praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud
s unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
misdemeanor
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
n iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
sobriety
moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
n exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
s Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
metaphor
implied comparison; CF. simile
n tertiary
third in order or rank
recipient
receiver
s spare
give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time
n refurbish
renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish
n genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
s halfhearted
exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm
n ludicrous
laughable; ridiculous; trifling
n incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
innocuous
harmless
induce
persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement
incipient
beginning; in an early stage
agitate
stir up; disturb
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
n certitude
certainty
n indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
inaugurate
begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural
volition
act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; Ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.
minute
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
n soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
obelisk
tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid
n surrogate
substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.
n lope
gallop slowly
n nutrient
nourishing substance; ADJ: providing nourishment
s score
number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
n ogle
look at amorously; make eyes at; Ex. old men ogling young girls
s casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
dissection
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
s lounge
stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
monotheism
belief in one God
n disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
indolent
lazy
unassailable
not open to attack; impregnable; not subject to question
proliferate
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
trajectory
path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
n regatta
boat or yacht race
s loft
room or space under the roof; attic
n septic
of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)
s castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
exemplify
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
glutton
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
s fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
s dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
n sentient
capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience
s chorus
phrase repeated throughout a song or poem
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
expedient
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
n reverie
daydream; abstracted musing
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
n orifice
mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth
tundra
rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America
s pucker
gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
s marginal
of a margin; barely within a limit; Ex. marginal effect/writing ability
s forerunner
predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another
n bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
s kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
s dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
n infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
s wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
s primate
group of mammals including humans
sustenance
sustaining; means of livelihood, support, food, nourishment; something that maintains life; food
s crinkle
wrinkle
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
surpass
exceed
n doff
take off; OP. don
n strew
spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; Ex. flower girl strewing rose petals
vendor
seller
mutablility
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
valor
bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave
perjury
false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
n rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
s chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
n bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
rustic
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
prototype
original work used as a model by others
n flotsam
drifting wreckage
n scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?
n snicker
half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; V.
extrovert
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
n shackle
chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.
abbreviate
shorten
impecunious
without money
n spendthrift
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
ominous
threatening; of an evil omen
skeptic
sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
authenticate
prove genuine
sleight
dexterity; CF. sleight of hand: legerdemain; quickness of the hands in doing tricks
pertinent
suitable; to the point; relevant
plausible
conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
n revile
attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)
n ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
cogent
convincing
n medley
mixture
n expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
indifferent
unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad
s sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
n trilogy
group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)
n motif
theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure
prognosis
forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
n firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
s endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
n lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
thwart
block or hinder; baffle; frustrate
n phlegmatic
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
n inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. inordinate demands
incredulity
tendency to disbelief
deranged
insane
s decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
n brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
n brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
n unassuming
modest; Ex. the champion's unassuming manner
tremulous
trembling; wavering
s overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
subliminal
below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement
n balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
n vaunted
boasted; bragged; highly publicized; V. vaunt: boast; brag
n laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
n fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
exacerbate
worsen; aggravate; embitter
leonine
like a lion
n shyster
lawyer using questionable methods; unscrupulous practioner
s polar
of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites
n paean
song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
n abscission
cutting off; separation
n irascible
irritable; easily angered
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
s provision
act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
s bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
tactile
pertaining to the organs or sense of touch
recourse
resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to
n solicitous
anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude
n clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
n verisimilitude
appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; Ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth
sarcasm
cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic
artisan
a manually skilled worker
centripetal
tending toward the center
n transport
strong emotion; rapture; Ex. in a transport/transports of; V: move to strong emotion; enrapture
n piquant
pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
n buffoonery
clowning
ramble
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress
n spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
n burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
append
attach
n uncouth
boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish
n dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
n physiological
pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology
n fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
effeminate
having womanly traits
promontory
headland
n ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
n toady
servile flatterer; yes man; sycophant; V: be a toady to; fawn
n pulsate
throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
s rational
(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical
s elevation
elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
n immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
n document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
s spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
licentious
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
n lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
n culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
n culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
n fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
ineffectual
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
viper
poisonous snake
facsimile
copy
n visceral
felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate
n importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
n cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
s imperil
put in danger
implicit
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
n talisman
charm; object believed to give supernatural powers to or protect its bearer
pitfall
hidden danger; concealed trap
s seasonal
of a particular season; Ex. seasonal rise in employment
s feline
of a member of the cat family; N.
epilogue
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
n plagiarize
steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
evoke
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
waive
give up temporarily; yield; N. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim
n astral
relating to the stars
n cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (¾î±ú¿¡¼ °Üµå¶û ¹ØÀ¸·Î °ÉÄ¡´Â) Àå½Ä ¸®º»; V.
pervasive
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
disdain
treat with scorn or contempt
n fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
intuition
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
n acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
n minatory
menacing; threatening
n quiver
tremble; shake; N.
hazardous
dangerous
n venial
(of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial
n sully
defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
n bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
n itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
n hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
premise
assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based
n fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
colossal
huge
n droll
queer and amusing
n obnoxious
offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
s rou\'e
lecherous man
depreciate
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
succumb
yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness
provincial
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
n determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
regicide
murder of a king or queen
n predilection
preference; partiality
n garner
gather; store up; amass
n stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
n demotic
of or pertaining to the people
s drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
n raiment
clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.
n tithe
tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe
n legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
n parched
extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
repartee
quick clever reply
n confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
disparity
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
n poseur
person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose
n covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
precipitate
hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
entice
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
n inert
inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state
n impeccable
faultless
n burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
n filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
redolent
odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery
n anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
s fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
pugilist
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
n belated
delayed
n rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
n chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
prone
inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone
unwarranted
unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
n enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
reiterate
repeat
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
s vicar
parish priest; representative
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
supplicate
petition humbly; pray to grant a favor
n upbraid
reprimand; severely scold
n cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
s exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
tender
offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound
reciprocal
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
n stentorian
(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad
n mentor
counselor; teacher
s stump
base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle
quietude
tranquillity; calmness
n volatile
changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street
n quarry
person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
n disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
sanction
approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance
perpetual
everlasting
amnesia
loss of memory
n unction
the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction
n emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
unequivocal
plain; clear; obvious
thematic
of a theme; relating to a unifying motif or idea
perspicacious
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
orientation
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
s lush
(of a plant or grass) growing very well
n brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
s makeshift
temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter
s forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
negligence
neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care
n luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
n taciturn
habitually silent; talking little
paranoia
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
tribute
tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to
n bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
n scotch
stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF. È°µ¿À» ÁÙÀÌ´Â ÀǹÌ
deploy
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
plight
difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament
n onerous
burdensome
s sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
frugality
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
s airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
s culprit
one guilty of a crime
n gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
n ovation
enthusiastic applause
n acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
psychosis
mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic
n unscathed
unharmed; Ex. escape the accident unscathed
n killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
n gnarled
twisted
n cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
s blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
s rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
s remit
transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment
s fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
saturate
soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity
n peripheral
of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
n outstrip
outrun; surpass; outdo
n cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
n swerve
deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.
tractable
docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability
trivia
trifles; unimportant matters
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
n disgruntle
make discontented
pertinacious
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
n wanton
unrestrained; gratuitously cruel; willfully malicious; unchaste; sexually improper; promiscuous; Ex. wanton spending/killing; CF. having no just cause
n distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
n pert
(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat
n bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
n buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
s hull
husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship
s waver
move or swing back and forth; be uncertain or unsteady in decision or movement; Ex. wavering between accepting and refusing
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
catastrophe
calamity ; disaster
s distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
s shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
n interloper
intruder; one who interferes
n crevice
crack; fissure
n inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
n gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
s elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
n glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
n ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
illuminate
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks
reimburse
repay; pay back
n wean
accustom a baby not to nurse; accustom (the young of a mammal) to take nourishment other than by suckling; give up a cherished activity; cause to gradually leave (an interest or habit); Ex. wean oneself from cigarettes
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
s resurrect
revive
n suavity
urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
n askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
n gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
n extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
requisite
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
s institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
uniformity
sameness; monotony; ADJ. uniform: the same all over
s permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
defection
desertion
martyr
one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism
n chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
n poultice
soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
n maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
paroxysm
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
recrimination
countercharges; V. recriminate
n rampant
growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; Ex. rampant lawlessness/weed
n chaffing
bantering; joking
n promote
advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
n exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
sporadic
occurring irregularly; intermittent
maxim
proverb; truth pithily stated
n mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
loathe
detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
n dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
turbulence
state of violent agitation; ADJ. turbulent: violently agitated or disturbed
daunt
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
vertex
summit; highest point; PL. vertices
n welter
wallow (as in mud or high seas); lie soaked (as in blood); Ex. The victims weltered in their blood.
swindler
cheater
n nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
n analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
s intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
n sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice
n victuals
food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food
harry
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
n flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
infallible
unerring; never making mistakes
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
n wallow
roll in mud; indulge in; (of a ship) roll in a rough sea; become helpless; Ex. wallow in the mud/luxury
incriminate
accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence
lament
grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation
s stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
n garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
nostalgia
homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic
n magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
n vernacular
living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular
distort
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
n gait
manner of walking or running; speed
n sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
n argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
n spate
sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents
n dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
n prate
talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
stereotype
one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer
n glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
n nebulous
vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal
s derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
mediate
settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire
n venom
poison (of an animal); hatred; Ex. remarks full of venom; ADJ. venomous
s bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
n anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
s sow
plant or scatter seed
n corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
s eventual
happening at last as a result; Ex. eventual victory
n reprise
musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises
n raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
s hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
n coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
n canto
division of a long poem
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
vociferous
clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)
s impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
s nonsense
speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
n trough
long narrow container for feeding farm animals; lowest point (of a wave, business cycle, etc.); long narrow depression as between waves
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
n turbid
(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
s vouch
give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher
ellipsis
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
entail
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
seasoned
experienced
n skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
s sprightly
lively
n didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
transmute
transform; change; convert to something different
n painstaking
taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through
n bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
n disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
n interrogate
question closely; cross-examine; cross-question
n coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
n steep
soak; saturate; Ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; ADJ: precipitous
s ingenue
ing\'enue; young innocent girl
synchronous
similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize
n equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
s callus
area of thick hard skin
incur
bring upon oneself
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
n insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
n malleable
(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
n veneer
thin surface layer (of good quality wood, glued to a base of inferior material); cover; surface show; fa\c{c}ade; V.
n disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
s hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
n cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
libidinous
lustful
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
spontaneity
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
n livid
lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry
s list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
n caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
s enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
s homely
not good-looking; unattractive
sanguinary
bloody; with much bloodshed
n dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
n potpourri
heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
n ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
n hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
s deserts
what someone deserves
n appellation
name; title
resonant
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
galaxy
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
dilemma
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
n facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
n caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
s parchment
writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
expertise
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
s outlaw
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
s lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
sacrilegious
desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred
n simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
psychopathic
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
n repast
meal; feast; banquet
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
pragmatist
practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
n atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
s damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
n suborn
persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation
s enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
s monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
vulnerable
susceptible to wounds or attack; N. vulnerability
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
s cue
word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
s nurse
suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
s vibrant
full of vigor or energy; vibrating
dissent
disagree
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
d\'eb\^acle
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
n entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
s murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
s romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
temper
moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
n peccadillo
slight offense or fault; CF. sin
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
s snip
short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
n ligneous
like wood
n calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
n slacken
slow up; loosen; make or become slack
n fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
n mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
n munificent
very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
n rancor
long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous
timorous
fearful; timid; demonstrating fear
exemplary
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
jeopardize
endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
n felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
n foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
s miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
n germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
industrious
diligent; hard-working; N. industry
universal
characterizing or affecting all; general; present everywhere; of the universe; cosmic; Ex. universal agreement; Ex. a subject of universal interest
n lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
stipulate
state as a necessary condition (of an agreement); make express conditions; specify; Ex. He stipulated payment in advance
desiccate
dry up
n ostentatious
showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display
s jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
s wrongheaded
stubbornly wrong
s topple
become unsteady and fall down
n elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
s regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
n lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
n dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
n apprehensive
fearful; discerning
s veto
vested power to reject a bill; exercise of this right; V: prevent or forbid by exercising the power of veto
n obfuscate
confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand
n pugnacity
combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
retain
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
n ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
improvident
thriftless; not providing for the future
n palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
s fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
lewd
lustful
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
indignity
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
n runic
mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
n apiary
a place where bees are kept
n madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
replica
copy
n nirvana
in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
s bridle
harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger
armada
fleet of warships
s crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
insatiable
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
tenet
doctrine; dogma
s dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
n vignette
small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
immune
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity
hamper
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ½Ä·áÇ°À̳ª ÀǺ¹ µîÀ» ´ã´Â ¹Ù±¸´Ï
s transpose
reverse the order or position of
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
s corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
obstreperous
boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable
n relic
surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.
n agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
n ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
s resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
n amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
n frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
dissuade
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
n detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
n bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
n mellifluous
(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
salvage
rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved
n lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
innate
inborn
n turncoat
traitor
s scorch
sear; N.
n harping
tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously
s vulture
carrion-eating birds
n swathe
swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages
tenure
holding of an office or real estate; time during which such an office is held
n ruffian
violent scoundrel; bully
s prance
move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
n amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
muted
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
n ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
n bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
n querulous
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
multilingual
having many languages; fluent in several languages
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
n ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
n petrify
turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
viscous
(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency
s breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
s far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
n sequester
isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life
n queasy
experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy
obscure
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
n maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
throes
violent anguish
n pensive
dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
implode
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
bode
foreshadow; portend
molecule
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
timidity
lack of self-confidence or courage
preponderance
superiority of power, quantity, etc.; V. preponderate: be greater in power, weight, or importance; ADJ. preponderant
secession
withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership
n heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
n crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
n salacious
lascivious; lustful; Ex. salacious monk
purgatory
place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins
n gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
n chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
n advert
refer
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
s hostage
person who is kept as a prisoner by an enemy so that the other side will do what the enemy demands
superficial
of the surface; not deep; shallow; not thorough; trivial; Ex. superficial analysis/knowledge
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
n pallet
small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
partial
incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
n jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
s ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
n sham
pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.
trenchant
cutting; incisive; keen
venturesome
(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky
s nutrition
process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
practical
based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
velocity
speed
s tablet
small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
requiem
mass for the dead; dirge
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting
s base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
n bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
edict
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
n apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
n lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
relevant
having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy
n flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
prerogative
privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
ratify
approve formally; confirm; verify
n veritable
being truly so; real or genuine; actual; not false or imaginary
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
n stricture
severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction
import
significance; importance; meaning
s touching
causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
s speechless
unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger
n pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
dilatory
delaying; tending to delay
spatial
relating to space
s prepossessing
attractive; CF. preoccupying ?
impenitent
not repentant
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
n gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
s prime
period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare
n beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
n plenitude
abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
n clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
n eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
annuity
yearly allowance
belittle
disparage; depreciate
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
libel
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
legacy
gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
vortex
whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged
s fashion
give shape to; make; Ex. fashion the pot out of clay
n don
put on; OP. doff
n downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
syllogism
logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
s reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
malignant
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
n inerrancy
infallibility
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
n acetic
vinegary
biennial
every two years
n turmoil
extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil
maternal
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
homespun
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
n deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
n covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
robust
strong; vigorous
n continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
haphazard
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
emancipate
set free; liberate
s spoilsport
one who spoils the pleasure of others
languid
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
s rolling
(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments
reconcile
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
n turpitude
depravity; baseness; Ex. moral turpitude
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
n kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
n schism
division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split
n aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
n delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
inhibit
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
insurrection
rebellion; uprising
s smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
n halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
satiate
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
hallucination
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory
s matrimony
state of being married
n archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
realm
kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility
n conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
disparage
belittle
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
herbivorous
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
unfetter
liberate; free from chains; V. unfetter
n jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
n rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
n malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
disfigure
mar the appearance of; spoil
n mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
s thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
n macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
n scourge
lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict
s gleam
brief flash of light; glow; V.
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
n plethora
excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
s trifle
something of little importance or value; small amount; Ex. a trifle; V: treat without seriousness; flirt
n inexorable
relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises
opiate
medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium
s braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
n brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
obliterate
destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village
n rancid
having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank
s commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
inequity
unfairness; ADJ. inequitable
n veer
change in direction; swerve
insolvent
bankrupt; lacking money to pay; N. insolvency
n garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
n posthumous
after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
n domineer
rule over tyrannically
n demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
n hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
loquacious
talkative; N. loquacity
s maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
n aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
evince
show clearly
rebate
return of part of a payment; discount; V.
s concordat
formal agreement
s mongrel
plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
n strident
loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency
porous
full of pores; like a sieve
s ventilate
admit fresh air into to replace stale air
n nonplus
put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; CF. no more
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
n pigment
coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
n haven
place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven
n punitive
punishing; Ex. punitive measures
simulate
feign; imitate
advent
arrival
kindle
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
integrity
honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness
s char
make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
n scruple
hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience
compute
reckon; calculate
s proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
queue
line (of waiting people or vehicles)
n broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
n hummock
small hill; hillock
impious
irreverent
s billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
n faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
n quiver
case for arrows
exodus
departure (of a large number of people)
nonentity
person of no importance; nonexistence
s inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
precept
practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
converse
opposite; ADJ.
reconnaissance
survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)
n forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
lechery
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
n salutary
tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
n muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
s personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
n cession
yielding to another; ceding
n hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
s elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
beneficent
kindly; doing good
n equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
orthodox
traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
n brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
n savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
n meddlesome
interfering; V. meddle: interfere
n substantive
substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues
n arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
panoramic
denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
n unfledged
immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling
flora
plants of a region or era
rationale
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
thrive
prosper; flourish
s mash
crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl
s outlook
point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
s judiciary
judicial branch of government
meticulous
excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
n bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
s heed
pay attention to; N: close attention
pretext
excuse
n rail
complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices
undermine
weaken gradually; sap; dig a mine beneath
s surge
powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
translucent
partly transparent
n tether
tie (an animal) with a rope or tether; N: rope or chain to which an animal is tied; limit of one's endurance; Ex. the end of one's tether
n egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
n tureen
deep dish for serving soup
s conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
s blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
s healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
s vulgar
of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
n quibble
minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil
malefactor
evildoer; criminal
s tardy
slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival
n figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
n inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
s indulge
yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence
dilute
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
s plumber
one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)
n artless
without guile; open and honest
benison
blessing
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
assiduous
diligent
n putrid
decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
n misgivings
doubts
n incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
s speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
s commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
n sidereal
relating to stars; Ex. sidereal day
n cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
n steadfast
steadily loyal; unswerving; steady
n bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
truncate
cut the top off; shorten
n jaded
tired or uninterested by surfeit; fatigued; surfeited; worn out; wearied; Ex. jaded appetite
n extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
s bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
permeable
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
s lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
s sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
n bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
n impolitic
not wise; not expedient; not politic
n gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
n olfactory
concerning the sense of smell
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
n hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
n gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
subsistence
existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)
s pending
not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return
n bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
n solace
comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
s jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids
n untoward
unexpected and adverse; unfortunate or unlucky; Ex. untoward encounter
n grueling
exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race
n lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
dogmatic
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
supposition
assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose
n spruce
neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.
n protuberance
protrusion; swelling; bulge
mammal
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
n phylum
major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division
n cistern
reservoir or water tank
n cohabit
live together
diva
operatic singer; prima donna
tangible
able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof
pacify
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
s championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
inalienable
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
n countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
vital
full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; N. vitality; V. vitalize
impartial
not biased; fair; N. impartiality
n tipple
drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
n archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
n abut
border upon; adjoin
n coiffure
hairstyle
accede
agree
s tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
s mass
Christian religious ceremony; CF. Mass: ceremony of the Eucharist
n choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
n mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
n tumid
(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
pillory
punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
n finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
saccharine
cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin
n canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
n spatula
broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
monarchy
government under a single ruler
manifest
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
seclusion
isolation; solitude; V. seclude: set apart from others; isolate
serenity
calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene
n throttle
strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?
s fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
s overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant
n ramshackle
(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
s prop
support placed under or against something; V.
n unsullied
untarnished; CF. sully
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
homogeneous
of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout
sensual
devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips
n allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
n dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
n monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
n rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
n piscatorial
pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces
n entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
n roil
make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
intrinsic
essential; inherent; built-in
s groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
n mutilate
maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part
s trunk
main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant
ebb
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
n striated
marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line
rampart
defensive mound of earth
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
n shambles
(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.
s dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
n episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
n horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
n blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
inquisitor
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
n figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
homage
honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to
n serrated
having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf
portend
foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning
inherent
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
obsequious
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
attest
testify; bear witness
s clasp
hold firmly within arms
inanimate
lifeless; not animate
n megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
infantile
childish; infantlike
s notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
negligible
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
indelible
not able to be erased
s disbar
make (a lawyer) leave the bar or the legal profession
n mishap
unfortunate accident
eclipse
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
subservient
behaving like a slave; servile; obsequious; subordinate; N. subservience
n truism
self-evident truth
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
s ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
n nib
beak(bill); pen point
n threadbare
worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses
vivisection
act of dissecting living animals
n camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
s drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
n blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
n interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
s prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
phobia
morbid fear
labyrinth
maze
s growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
s torpedo
underwater explosive apparatus; V.
s cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
n nonchalance
indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts
destitute
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
n lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
n pander
cater to (the low desires of others)
s fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
n ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
potential
expressing possibility; latent; N: capacity for growth
n horde
crowd; swarm
s variegate
change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)
n pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
s leave-taking
farewell or departure
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
imbalance
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
n impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism
n confound
confuse; puzzle
n fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
replenish
fill up again
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
piety
devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
s reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
incidence
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
n acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
n tantrum
fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; Ex. The child went into tantrums.
satellite
small body revolving around a larger one
s grunt
utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
verbose
wordy; N. verbosity
s meter
arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
n histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
isotope
varying from of an element
n jocund
merry
sentinel
sentry; lookout
ubiquitous
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity
n urbane
suave; refined in manner; elegant
s interstice
narrow space between things
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
n hap
chance; luck
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
impermeable
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate
n fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
n prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
n palpitate
throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
n timbre
quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)
blunder
error; stupid mistake
fraudulent
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
n ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
s intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
miserly
stingy; mean
n glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
resentment
indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about
n mural
wall painting
s nebula
diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
n impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
n vituperative
abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively
impetuous
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
n slapdash
hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)
n daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
n extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
n leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
s putrefy
make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
n luxuriant
abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate
n vilify
slander; speak evil of; N. vilification
n comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
remonstrate
protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest
n provender
dry food for livestock; fodder
imbibe
drink in
s confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
intermittent
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
n dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
recondite
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
s circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
negate
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
obese
excessively fat; N. obesity
n jurisprudence
science of law
s jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
n diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
acrophobia
fear of heights
replicate
reproduce; duplicate
n rig
fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
n bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
n enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
perspicuous
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
s emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
n farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
n gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
lascivious
lustful
repulsion
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
monochromatic
having only one color
jingoist
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
n mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
n kaleidoscope
tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. kaleidoscope of European history; CF. beautiful
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
misogynist
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
n pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
n anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
s dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
n opprobrium
infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
n sluggard
lazy person
appall
dismay; shock deeply
n fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
expedite
hasten; make go faster
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
n sanctimonious
displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety
inconsequential
insignificant; unimportant
concord
harmony; accord
n vassal
in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord; subordinate or dependent
s repose
resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man
s flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
n roster
list (of names)
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
punctilious
minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail
s slick
make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib
s rightful
legally correct; Ex. rightful owner
nocturnal
done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne
calamity
disaster; misery
n fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
s haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
n array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
n felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
linguistic
pertaining to language
n vagary
capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
n bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
retinue
following; attendants
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
concise
brief and compact
n ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
s compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
n welt
raised mark from a beating or whipping
unravel
disentangle; solve
s vying
contending; CF. vie
guile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
perimeter
outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
n brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
feign
pretend
misogamy
hatred of marriage
n eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
presentiment
premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
s pervert
corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
equilibrium
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
n untenable
(of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained
n spurn
reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
s outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
n proscenium
part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
devoid
empty; lacking
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
n inebriated
habitually intoxicated; drunk; N. inebriety
s discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
n gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
n nuance
shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction
n mandate
order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory
feasible
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
s graduate
arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler
n beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
n piecemeal
one part at a time; gradually; in stages; Ex. read a novel piecemeal
servitude
slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment
n levy
impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
unassuaged
unsatisfied; not soothed
forte
strong point or special talent in a person's character
s referendum
direct vote by all the people
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
n paleontology
study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
n herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
n crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
trifling
trivial; unimportant
ingenious
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
circuitous
roundabout
latent
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
n charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
paramount
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
s requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
sparse
not thick; thinly scattered; scanty
s nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
n elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
terrestrial
on or relating to the earth
s bearing
deportment; connection
propellant(propellent)
substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
pathological
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
s tarnish
make or become dull or discolored; N.
s droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
n litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
s lopsided
heavier or larger on one side than the other; Ex. lopsided way of walking
s strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
sedition
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
n vivacious
lively or animated; sprightly
composure
mental calmness
n seep
pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage
n metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
n fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
n marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
s penetrate
enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand
n fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
s stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
paradox
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
n pied
piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored
n sibylline
prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)
n troth
pledge of good faith especially in betrothal; betrothal; Ex. by my troth
extrinsic
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
incorporate
introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.
momentous
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
n careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
s correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
s lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
s tenant
one that pays rent to use property owned by another
miscellany
mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
n vapid
lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture
frigid
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
n browbeat
bully; intimidate
n pedantic
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
imposture
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
intellect
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
n voyeur
Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
n flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
n drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
n gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
n ingratiate
become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss
s warp
twist out of shape; N.
n awl
pointed tool used for piercing
alleviate
relieve (pain)
n pith
core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
s brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
sophistry
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism
n rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
demeanor
behavior; bearing
s alms
money or goods given to the poor
fabricate
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
virus
disease communicator
s executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
n restitution
returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury
s pushy
disagreeably aggressive
s metrical
metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer
psyche
soul; mind
s hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
s fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
n malaise
uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)
n dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
brochure
pamphlet
n rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
recumbent
reclining; lying down completely or in part
predecessor
former occupant of a post
terse
concise; abrupt; pithy
n fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
sluggish
lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell
rigor
severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
parsimony
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
s furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
n preen
make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
n candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
s choice
delicate; of very fine quality
n juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
gratify
please; satisfy; Ex. gratify a desire
debilitate
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
n pry
inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
n dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
s flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
n galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
n blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
s healthy
possessing good health; healthful
s avantgarde
group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard
n adage
wise saying; proverb
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
allay
calm; pacify
subside
sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate
n insidious
treacherous; stealthy; sly; working or spreading harmfully in a stealthy manner; Ex. insidious spreading of dry rot
s scowl
frown angrily; N: angry frown
n regale
entertain
noxious
harmful; CF. obnoxious
n niggle
spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; Ex. niggle over details; ADJ. niggling
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
s wholesome
conducive to mental or physical health; healthful
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
manacle
restrain; handcuff; N.
grandiose
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
sultry
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous
n lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
s inamorata
woman whom a man loves
n facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
n declivity
downward slope
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
pinnacle
peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
n excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
n celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
gregarious
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
n thermal
pertaining to heat; producing heat; warm; Ex. thermal bath; N: rising current of warm air
n odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
germane
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
n stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
prohibitive
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
n bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
flagrant
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
n ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
insubstantial
lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
n rife
(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current
s smudge
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
rapport
close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony
s consternation
great shock; dismay
outlandish
bizzare; peculiar; unconventional
n appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
impropriety
improperness; unsuitableness
egotistical
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
n multifarious
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
ablution
washing
n actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
divulge
reveal
s oatmeal
crushed oats used for making porridge
n ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
prophylactic
used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
s stout
rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
s hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
n solecism
nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette
s rank
offensive in odor or flavor
n frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
arraign
charge in court; indict
n prim
proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
s palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
n bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
n chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
n epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
n bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
n seamy
sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. seamy side of city life
n whelp
young animal (esp. of the dog or cat family
remnant
remainder
simplistic
oversimplified
refraction
bending of a ray of light
s sledge
large sled drawn by work animals
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
s zest
outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life
legend
explanatory list of symbols on a map
s whine
complain (in a sad voice); make a high sad sound (as in pain or supplication)
infraction
violation (of a rule or regulation); breach
n imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
chaotic
in utter disorder
n sluice
artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)
n lumen
unit of light energy (one candle's worth)
n sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
s pharisee
Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
s nutritious
providing nourishment
n impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
n effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
n distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
noncommittal
neutral; refusing commitment to a particular opinion; unpledged; undecided
elicit
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
n maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
procurement
obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another
n reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
execute
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
n tempestuous
stormy; violent; impassioned; N. tempest: violent storm
s ration
fixed portion; V: distribute as rations
n domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
n gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
s pretend
feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense
superimpose
place over something else
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
s inebriate
make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person
impunity
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
n forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
symmetry
arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
n inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
n emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
petty
trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
n rave
overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic
prominent
protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
n muse
ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
n fervent
ardent; zealous; hot
n rant
speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.
congeal
freeze; coagulate
s afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
ornate
excessively or elaborately decorated
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
s incinerate
burn to ashes
n supposititious
assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
n apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
martial
warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
n knoll
little round hill; hillock
mercenary
motivated solely by money or gain; N.
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
s stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
n crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
s poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
n weather
pass safely through (a storm or difficult period); endure the effects of weather or other forces
n idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
n moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
s tend
have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend
n apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
s latch
fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch
s natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
s marrow
soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells
n baroque
highly ornate
succor
assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.
s tread
walk; trample; N: grooved face of a tire; horizontal part of a step
s ransack
search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.
n mace
ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon
n fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
s trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
n clavicle
collarbone
mammoth
gigantic; enormous
n haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
n patois
local or provincial dialect
repellent
driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
submissive
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
n torrent
rushing stream; flood; Ex. The rain fell in torrents.
encompass
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
n shaving
very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)
n grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
marital
pertaining to marriage
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
s rooster
cock; adult male chicken
n chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
n chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
n gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
s freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
n moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
n filing
particle removed by a file
s padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
n canine
related to dogs; doglike
s blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
rusticate
banish to the country; dwell in the country
attenuate
make thin; weaken
n expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
n slovenly
untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless
n jabber
chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
s confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
fissure
crevice; crack
mitigate
appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
condiments
seasonings; spices
n flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
n scurrilous
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
n motley
multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
perversion
corruption; turning from right to wrong
s slavish
of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
n solder
repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts
s tenancy
possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy
n cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
n mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
n rile
irritate; vex; muddy
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
marked
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
n imprecation
curse; swearword
overt
open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert
n ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
sublime
causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter
n hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
n unconscionable
unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand
n dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
probe
explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
jargon
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
interdict
prohibit; forbid; N.
abscond
depart secretly and hide
n drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
n prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
n equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
rescind
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
lethargic
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
n fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
n founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
ironic
expressing irony; occurring in an unexpected and contrary manner
s decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
n pariah
social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
n azure
sky blue
n boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
n veracious
(of a person) truthful
n berate
scold strongly
s precinct
division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college
n quail
cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart
n temporize
gain time as by postponing an action; avoid committing oneself
n dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
s mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
s shack
crude cabin
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
s self-righteous
sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
repugnance
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
precursor
forerunner; predecessor
compensatory
making up for; repaying
s clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
s magistrate
official with power to administer the law
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
magnanimity
generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
leniency
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
n machinations
evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
n mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
s curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
n foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
s hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
n lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
s plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
n benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
s clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
implausible
unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi
obsequy
funeral ceremony
narrative
related to telling a story; N: narrated account; story; V. narrate: tell (a story); CF. narration
n stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
n phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
ravel
fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist
n vanguard
forerunners; foremost position of an army; advance forces; foremost position in a trend or movement; CF. rearguard
n exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
s throb
(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
imperturbable
unshakably calm; placid
incredulous
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
deluge
flood; rush; V.
n doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
n stoke
stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully
s self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
n sinecure
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
s chuckle
laugh quietly
n haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
nomadic
wandering; N. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place
decoy
lure or bait; V.
n memento
token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
impenetrable
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
interminable
endless
s swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
s debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
s vain
full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
n babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
impending
nearing; approaching; about to happen
beseech
beg; plead with
n fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
n commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
citadel
fortress
tyranny
oppression; cruel government; ADJ. tyrannical: of a tyrant or tyranny; despotic; V. tyrannize: treat tyrannically; oppress
n retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
n pristine
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
n warren
tunnels in which rabbits live; overcrowded living area; crowded conditions in which people live
n privation
lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive
n rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
spawn
lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); N: eggs of aquatic animals
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
n panache
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. ÀÜ ¾Æ·¡·Î õÀ» »©³»´Â ¼Ø¾¾
n pluck
courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave
n shimmer
shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; Ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; N.
n glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
n abate
subside or moderate
n ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
pandemic
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
relent
become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe
s camp
group sharing a common cause or opinion
s cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
prevalent
widespread; generally accepted
s flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
preclude
make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
s dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
s botch
mismanage; blow
integral
complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part
n gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
dispassionate
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
optional
not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options
n besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
felon
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
n coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
s wretch
miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile
n mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
s commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
oblivion
obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
n fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
abysmal
bottomless
n illimitable
infinite; limitless
n brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
incoherent
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
s threat
sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.
n balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
n coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
obsolete
outmoded; no longer used
n dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
conflagration
great fire
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
s suffocate
die or kill from lack of air; suppress
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
n abash
embarrass
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
breadth
width; extent
n cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
subsequent
following in time or order; later
n sagacious
wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
incisive
(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into
rejuvenate
make young again
s intoxicate
make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win
equable
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
n tutelage
guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction
incorrigible
uncorrectable
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
n perverse
purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
s residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
statutory
created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit
n lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
n scad
a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
n headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
refulgent
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon
s entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
n nuptial
related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony
s knack
special talent; art
s hereafter
life after death
s blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
monetary
pertaining to money
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
profusion
great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
maladroit
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
n miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
s repulse
reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion
commodious
spacious and comfortable
n oust
expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting
n blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
n totter
shake or move unsteadily; sway as if about to fall
n slough
(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed
introvert
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
n dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
n fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
n apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
n penchant
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
s cadet
student at a military school
mosaic
picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
indiscriminate
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
passive
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
n redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
n purse
pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
n suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.
s infest
inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
s habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
n protean
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
s analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
n crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
decapitate
behead
penitent
repentant; N.
n fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
n sinuous
twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
n malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
n gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
n misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
s well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
psychiatrist
doctor who treats mental diseases
n mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
s bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
n imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
s drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
precipitant
something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; ħÀüÁ¦; OP. solvent
s dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
n catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
n douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
n ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
n recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again
n rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
pandemonium
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
n pundit
authority on a subject; expert; learned person
n redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
n plummet
fall sharply; fall straight down; Ex. Stock prices plummeted.
n aegis
shield; protection; defense
n ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
subsidiary
serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.
s horoscope
diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
n tarantula
venomous spider
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
n verdant
green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows
n grapple
wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar
heedless
not noticing; disregarding
s significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
s shuffle
mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.
s earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
n shoddy
made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
recant
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
n blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
misanthrope
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
missile
object to be thrown or projected
n pulchritude
beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
n subpoena
writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena
s graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
n semblance
outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.
insurmountable
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
s smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
n nascent
incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
n caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
n tepid
lukewarm; slightly warm; ¹ÌÁö±ÙÇÑ; half-hearted; not eager; Ex. tepid reaction to the new film; Ex. tepid supporter
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
s righteous
morally upright; just
implement
put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument
ameliorate
improve
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
s valediction
saying farewell; expression of leave-taking
cogitate
think over; ponder
s vile
despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
s resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
n brackish
somewhat saline
s compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
n bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
stem_from
arise from; originate from
parody
humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
n mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
n venerable
deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get
s bust
piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
recidivism
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
gravity
seriousness; ADJ. grave
s scraps
leftover food
reprimand
reprove severely; rebuke; N.
invulnerable
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
s drama
prose or verse composition to be performed by actors; play; exciting and unusual situation
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
warranted
justified; authorized
materialism
preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
unaccountable
unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious
approbation
approval
s maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
n oaf
stupid awkward person; CF. elf
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
precocious
advanced in development; N. precocity
soliloquy
talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)
demented
insane
n flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
s memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
s pedigree
line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot
obstinate
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
sanguine
optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red
s lookout
act of keeping watch; high place commanding a wide view; person who keeps watch
s bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
n sententious
pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic
extirpate
root up; uproot; destroy completely
reputed
supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem
n boorish
rude; insensitive
n philatelist
stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
n cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
s clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
s reverend
deserving reverence; N: priest
n demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
n cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
s reinstate
restore to a previous condition or position
affected
artificial; pretended
verbatim
word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly
n molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
n epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
incursion
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
n fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
n primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
n refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
covert
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
n macerate
soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
s shoot
new growth from a plant
n onus
burden; responsibility
s dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
n grotto
small cavern
prolific
producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
s suspense
state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
s psychic
of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
n colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
pulverize
crush or grind into very small particles
solvent
substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance
n sensitization
process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive
n swill
drink greedily
altercation
noisy quarrel
prudent
cautious; careful; prudential
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
intangible
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
n contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
mode
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
s draft
first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
n ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
n hubbub
confused uproar; loud noise; din
n postulate
self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
grotesque
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
n jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
millennium
thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity
substantiate
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
regal
royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner
expenditure
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
n ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
n parable
short simple story teaching a moral
n ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically
n scurry
move hastily; hurry; move briskly
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
n canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
n dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
n quorum
minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
suppliant
entreating; beseeching; N.
s filth
dirty matter; ADJ. filthy
n sundry
miscellaneous; various; several; N. sundries: small miscellaneous items
incubate
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
augment
increase; add to
render
give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully
n buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
infirmity
weakness
s miscellaneous
made up of a variety of parts
s engulf
surround and swallow up
n foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
meager
scanty; inadequate
dauntless
bold; fearless
n quirk
sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate
n exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
s pedestal
support or base as for a pillar or statue
s patrimony
property inherited from a father
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
s Shangri-la
imaginary remote paradise on earth; CF. Lost Horizon
n libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
n scuttle
sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull
n stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
n novelty
something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
n archives
public records; place where public records are kept
n mannered
affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
n clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
n credo
creed
s puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
s vigil
keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); Ex. all-night vigil
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
n fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
n smolder
smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; Ex. smoldering anger
n cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
n dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
hibernate
sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation
estranged
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
s defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
n blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
n subaltern
subordinate
n prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
s grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
n dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
s jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
n saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
n strut
pompous walk; V: walk in a self-important manner
s seasonable
occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; Ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute
s parvenu
upstart; newly rich person
s gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
effigy
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
despondent
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
n skulk
move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.
sloth
slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent
n flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
n bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
n predispose
give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition
n acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
n fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
n vent
small opening; outlet (as of fumes or a gas); Ex. He gave vent to his anger by kicking the chair.
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
melee
fight
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
n ulterior
intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive
n lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
s nourish
provide with food necessary for life and growth
n debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
ruthless
pitiless; merciless; cruel
n itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
n jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
s willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
synoptic
providing a general overview; summary; N. synopsis
n addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
cohere
stick together
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
n feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
n overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
exclaim
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
n hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
potent
powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
s compulsive
resulting from compulsion
n collage
work of art put together from fragments
n diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
s smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
perspicuity
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
s penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
n enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
extricate
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
s bastard
illegitimate child
n expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
ventriloquist
someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy
s brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
pique
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
outmoded
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
pedagogue
teacher; CF. child leader
n gamut
entire range
n idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous
intervene
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
n belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
irretrievable
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
bestow
confer
s hide
skin of an animal
cascade
small waterfall
s hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
s suitor
man who is courting a woman
s tact
skill or sensitivity in dealing with people without causing offence
s squash
crush; quash; suppress
n anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
preposterous
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
stratum
layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata
s graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
n mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
n visionary
produced by imagination; fanciful; mystical; showing foresight; N: one having foresight; one given to speculative impractical ideas
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
sensuous
giving pleasure to the senses; pertaining to the physical senses; operating through the senses; sensuous feeling of soft velvet on the skin
irrepressible
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
s glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
n partisan
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
n visage
face; appearance
tyro
beginner; novice
n nepotism
favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew
s dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
n dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
optician
maker and seller of eyeglasses
indisputable
too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt
n hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
n knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
inopportune
untimely; inappropriate or ill-timed; poorly chosen
rigid
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
adherent
supporter; follower
abolish
cancel; put an end to
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
n ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
n susceptible
impressionable; easily influenced; sensitive; having little resistance as to a disease; likely to suffer; receptive to; capable of accepting; Ex. susceptible to persuasion/colds; Ex. The agreement is not susceptible of alteration; N. susceptibility
n contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
n largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
predetermine
determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
n tawdry
cheap and gaudy; Ex. tawdry jewelry
n supine
lying on back; passive; inactive; Ex. The defeated pugilist lay supine; Ex. supine acceptance of the decision
n mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
s lubricate
apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
vantage
position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); CF. vantagepoint
n myriad
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
n staccato
played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
s rare
(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains
s gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
s parallel
similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled
n pestilential(pestilent)
causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
n jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
n pastiche
imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
n cow
terrorize; intimidate
n numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
abjure
renounce upon oath
n vixen
female fox; ill-tempered woman; CF. shrew
resolve
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
prodigal
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
n potentate
monarch; sovereign
predator
predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation
s glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
n homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
n falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
repudiate
disown; disavow; deny
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
s nourishment
something that nourishes; food
s uninhibited
having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings
s awful
terrible; very bad
s sterile
incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
n masticate
chew
n equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
subsidy
direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy
abrogate
abolish
s sound
in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training
n prompt
cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue
s cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
s pulse
rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
subjugate
conquer; bring under control
perpetuate
make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
s groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
n cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
s indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
n tendentious
promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction
enjoin
command; order; forbid
inadvertently
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
purge
remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
s crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
n ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
exotic
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
n inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
n decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
n equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
s refuse
anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash
virtual
in essence; existing in essence though not in actual form; for practical purposes; Ex. virtual ruler/space
incommodious
not spacious; inconvenient
s blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
s galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
s transcendental
going beyond common thought or ideas; impossible to understand by practical experiences or practices; known only by studying thoughts or intuition; OP. empirical; CF. transcendentalism
n pan
criticize harshly
paradigm
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
precedent
preceding (in time, rank, etc.)
torpor
lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. torpid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating
n mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
n disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
n ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
n pestle
tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
n invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
n bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
n uncanny
strange; mysterious; Ex. uncanny knack
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
placid
peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
supersede
replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession
n augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
retort
quick sharp reply; V.
n musty
stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
n motility
ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously
vagrant
wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy
n dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
genesis
beginning; origin
enthrall
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
n gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
n warble
(of a bird) sing; babble; N.
s memoir
memoirs; autobiography; biography
malevolent
wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
s galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
n circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
prelude
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
n deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
s debar
bar; forbid; exclude; Ex. debarred from jury services
n bigotry
stubborn intolerance
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
purported
alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists
nullify
make invalid; make null; invalidate
hieroglyphic
picture writing; ADJ.
surmise
guess; N.
n caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
n variegated
(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored
n gruesome
grisly; horrible
annul
make void
s hygiene
science and practice of the promotion and preservation of health; ADJ. hygienic: showing careful attention to cleanness (to prevent disease); Ex. hygienic condition
n sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
warranty
guarantee; assurance by seller
n gingerly
very carefully; ADJ.
s induct
place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts
n rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
n quarantine
isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine
partition
divide into parts
hypocritical
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
vie
contend; compete
s leash
restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
s abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
seminal
related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field
n arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
caricature
distortion; burlesque
solstice
point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator
n forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
n luscious
pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
irremediable
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
treatise
article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly
palette
board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
s forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
impediment
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
n refractory
unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse
n teetotalism
practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; N. teetotaler;; ADJ. teetotal; CF. T + total
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
melancholy
gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
novice
beginner
n browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
n renegade
deserter; traitor; ADJ.
n fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
n pathos
tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
n rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
inception
start; beginning
omnipotent
all-powerful; having unlimited power
n pedestrian
ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; Ex. pedestrian prose; N.
heresy
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic
remunerative
(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
cadaver