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Ch. 11 Southwest Asia

Terms

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Assyrian Empire established
1100-612 BCE
Muslims
Followers of Islam.
Secondary source.
You were not there but have studied it or read about it.
refugee
A person who leaves his or her home or country to find shelter and safety elsewhere.
History
Anything that has happened in the past.
Sunni
The largest branch of Islam.
Historical empathy
Having an understanding of history and cultures.
Sumerian City-States established
4000-2300 BCE
oasis
A place in the desert where a spring or well provides water.
Qur'an
The holy book of Islam; the messages that Muhammed received from God.
Shi'i
The second-largest branch of Islam.
Tigris/Euphrates
Tow important rivers in Mesopotamia.
aquifer
Underground layers of rock, sand, or gravel that hold water.
calligraphy
The art of beautiful handwriting.
Five Pillars
The five most important beliefs in Islam.
Persion Empire importance
Tolerant rulers who respected the different religions, languages, and customs of the people under their rule. Divided their empire into provinces, built roads.
alluvial soil
Soil created by sediment deposited when a river floods over its banks.
Perspective
Your point of view of a particular historical event.
Akkadian Empire established
2330-2100 BCE
qanat
An undeground canal that brings water from mountain springs to dry areas.
domesticate
To tame plants and animals for people's use.
Islamic God
Allah
Sumerian City-States importance
Major contributions include the wheel, plow, the sailboat and cuneiform.
Persia
In ancient Iran and Turkey rose this great empire.
ziggurat
A huge mud-brick temple built by the ancient Sumerians.
Chronology
Placing events in order accirding to when they happened.
Babylonian Empire established
1800-1500 BCE
Christian Holy Book
Bible
dike
A high bank of earth or concrete built to help reduce flooding.
code
A group of laws.
Persion Empire established
550-333 BCE
hajj
A Muslim pilgrimage, or special trip, to Mecca, a holy place.
Holy book of Judaism
Torah
Ottoman
The last great empire of the Middle East which began in 1300.
Assyrian Empire importance
The developed advanced weapons and military equipment, including the siege engine, a cartline structure that protected soldiers from harm as the shot arrows from their bows.
desalinization
The process in which the salt is taken out of salt water.
Xerxes/Cyrus the Great
Two great rulers of the Persian Empire.
Islamic Prophet
Mohammed
mixed economy
An economy with varying degrees of free enterprise and government control.
cuneiform
A form of ancient writing in Southwest Asia.
Gospels
The first four books of the New Testament; they describe Jesus Christ's life and actions.
Christian prophet
Jesus
Zionism
The movement to establish a Jewish homeland.
exotic river
A river that begins in a wet region and then flows through a dry region.
Sargon
Ruler of the Sumerian empire
Prophet of Judaism
Abraham
Jews/Hebrews
Followers of Judaism.
Chaldean Empire importance
Famous King Nebuchadnezzar expanded his empire rebuilding the city of Babylon in grand style, including construction of the impressive Hanging Gardings within the walls of his palace.
God of Judaism
God
Primary source
You were there to experience the event.
Christians
Followers of Christianity.
Ten Commandments
A set of laws for responsible behavior that, according to the Bible, were given to the Jewish people by God.
Akkadian Empire importance
Founded by Sargon who united these conquire city-states with Akkad to create the world;s firstempire!
embargo
A limit or ban on trade.
Oral history
Passing information on by word of mouth.
Chaldean Empire established
612-539 BCE
Hammurabi
Ruler of the Babulonian empire.
Islamic Holy Book
Quaran
absolute monarchy
A system of government in which a monarch has complete control.
wadi
A dry riverbed in Southwest Asia.
Crusades
A series of wars fought in the MIddle Ages between Christians and Muslims over control of the Holy Land.
Babylonian Empire importance
Hammurabi carried out a series of advanced political reforms, the most famous of which was the Code of Hammurabi, a set of 282 laws.
Torah
Jewish scriptures; the first five books of the Bible.

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