This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

Sociology Exam 2


undefined, object
copy deck
Process through which one learns how to act according to the rules and expectations of a particular culture
porcess through which people acquire the values and orientations found in statuses they will likely enter in the future
anticipatory socialization
process of learning new values, norms, and expectations when an adult leaves an old role and enters a new one
unique set of traits, behaviors, and attitudes that distinguish one person from the next
to have a self is to have the ability to plan, observe, guide, and respond to one's own behavior
reflexive behavior
The part that react spontaneously without assessing possible consequences (the devil on your shoulder)
the socialized, self reflective aspect of the self that incorporates society values, and norms into actions
occurs when children are able to take a role, but only from the perspective of one person at a time
play stage
when the child can take the role of the generalized other
game stage
place where individuals are cut off from the wider society and where together they lead an enclosed formslly administered life
total institution
primary source of personal socialization
impersonal socialization
transmkits messages about the type of people we "should" be
similar experiences of power, privilege, prestige, wealth, etc.
Social class
can strongly influence beliefs and behaviors
important component of identity for most people
Race and ethnicity
people form impressions of others and manage impressions of themselves at the same time
Impression management
the study of social life as theater
image being projected
People who observe our behavior
communication with others
used to present an image
where appropriate appearance is maintained
Front stage
where preparation of preformance is made and where impression management can be relaxed
Back stage
a set of individuals who cooperate in stagin a performance that leads an audiance to form an impression of one or all team members
Performance Team
we fail at impression management; we follow different tactics to re-establish order and regai our identities
Spoiled identities
to restore order and repair a damaged identity
Aligning action
to attemopt to avoid impression mismanagement
permanent identity spoilage
marriage is integral part of image of family
many partners
Mandy husbands
many wives
new couples expected to establish own household
marrying outside of social group; typically outside family (sometimes clan or village)
rules may be less formal, but typically in U.S. people still marry within: social class, religion, race and ethnicity, education level, and similar value systems
behavior, ideas, or attributes that some people in society find offensive, wrong, immoral, sinful, evil, strange, or disgusting
approah to defining deviance that rests on the assumption that all human behavior can be considered either inherently good or inherently bad
approah to defining deviance that rests on the assumption that deviance is socailly created by collective human judgements and ideas
people learn deviant patterns of behavior from people with whom they associate on a regular basis
Suterland's differential association theory
concentrates on identifying the most effective punishment to prevent deivance; assumes people are rational decision makers
Dterrence theory
states that deviance is the consequence of the application of rules and sanctions to an offender
Labeling theory
potential for a society's long term ruin because of an individual's tendancy to puruse their own short-term interests
social dilemma
tendency for people to refrain from contributing to the common good when a resource is available without requiring any personal cost or contribution
free- rider problem
A large hierarchial organization that is goverened by formal rules and refulations and that has a clear specification of work tasks
specialization of different people or groups in different tasks; characteristic of msot bureaucracies
Division of Labor
Ranking of people or tasks in a bureaucracy for those at the top where there is a great deal of power and those at the bottom where there is very little power and authority
Hierarchy of authority
The process by which the characteristics and principles of the fast food restaurant come to dominate other areas of social life
the optimum method of completing a task
assessment of outcomes based on quantifiable rather than subjective criteria
the production process us organized to guarantee uniformty of product and standardized outcomes
the substitution of more predictable non-human labor either through automation or the deskilling of the work force

Deck Info