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news conference
AKA Press confrence: an unrestricted session between an elected offical and the press
cable news
Networks such as CNN that have 24 hours news coverage have changed the face of the media and the government because now the government is seen as much more accessable and the presidency has changed because reports have intensified the publics expectations that the president will be able to act quickly and as an individual during a time of crisis.
content regulation
Governmental attempts to regulate the electronic media. This regulation does not apply to the print media. The FCC has attempted to ensure that the airwaves "serve the public interest, convenience, and necessity."
deep background
Information gathered for news stories that must be completely unsourced. It is a device used to elicit information that might otherwise never come to the surface.
electronic media
The broadcast media, including television, radio, computerized information services, and the Internet.
elite papers
Papers such as the New York Times, Washgington Press, LA Times, and the Wall Street Journal.
investigative journalism
coined from the Watergate era (Woodward and Bernstein); journalists were encouraged/expected to go beyond simple reporting and discover positive and negative issues about candidates and their lives
journals of opinion
publication (very often on the internet) with definite bias which presents many ideas (often political) in the form of essays and columns; examples are The Quarterly, The Nation, the Weekly Standard
media effects
The influence of news sources on public opinion.
A form of newspaper publishing, in vogue in the early twentieth century, concerned with reforming government and business conduct.
An association of broadcast stations (radio or television) that share programming through a financial arrangement.
network affiliates
Those associated with or employed by the broadcast stations who produce programming through a financial arrangement.
news analysis
With the expansion of Internet news sources and around the clock cable news networks, citizens have come to rely moreso on their own judgement to discern whether or not the media is performing its duties sufficiently. In addition, organizations such as the Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, surveys voters to analyze public opinion of the news media.
A weekly newsmagazine that reports current events.
NY Times v. Sullivan (1964)
Supreme court decision ruling that simply publishing a defamatory falsehood is not enough to justify a libel judgement. "Actual malice" must be proved to support s finding of libel against a public figure.
off the record
Term applied to information gathered for a news story that cannot be used at all.
on background
A term for when sources are not specifically named in a news story.
on the record
Term Applied to information gathered for a news story that can be used and cited.
Short for Opinion-Editorial. Used to describe usually an article in a periodical that expresses the opinion of its author.
paper of record
Term Applied to written information gathered for a news story that can be used and cited.
partisan press
News or journalism that takes the side of a particular political party in their reporting.
press bias
All media have biases though it is rarely simple enough to say those biases are liberal or conservative. Usually they have multiple perspectives and multiple biases, and the best way to discern those perspectives and biases is to compare a number of channels, papers, websites, and so on until you can decide where they are coming from.
press briefing
A relatively restricted session between a press secretary or aide and the press
press conference
An unrestricted session between an elected official and the press.
press release
A public relations announcement issued to the news media and other targeted publications for the purpose of letting the public know of company developments.
print press
The traditional form of mass media, comprising newspapers, magazines, and journals.
Sunday morning talk shows
talking heads
A slang term for politicians who appear on TV and tote their campaign line.
Telecomminications Act
Passed in 1996, the goal of the Telecommunications Act was to break down the barriers required by federal and state laws and by the legal settlement that broke up the AT&T/Bell monopoly in 1984, which separated local phone service, long[distance service, and cable television service. The hope was that such degregualtion and increased competition would create cheaper and better programming options for consumers and increase the global competitiveness of U.S. telecommunications firms. It sought to provide an optimum balance of competing corporate interests, technological innovations, and consumer needs.
Watergate: Woodward & Bernstein
Hotel that was home to the Democratic Party's campaign headquarters which were broken into by operatives of the Richard Nixon campaign. The resulting scandal known as "Watergate" led to Nixon's resignation.
wire service
an electronic delivery of news gathered by the news services corespondents and sent to all member news media organizations
yellow journalism
a form of newspaper publishing en vouge in the late 19th century that featured pictures comics color and sensationalized, over simplified news coverage

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