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Answers from Qbank Renal


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Subepithelial electron dense humps and nephritic syndrome..?
Post strep glomerulonephritis
Nodular glomerulosclerosis (Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease).?
Diabetic nephropathy
This disease with chronic antigenic stimulation can cause mesangial amyloid nodules...?
Systemic 'benign' hypertension
This lesion contains embryonic glomerular and tubular structures...?
Wilms tumor
Diffuse cortical necrosis is usually seen in the setting of...?
Deposition of immune complexes on the epithelial side of the glomerular BM?
Post strep glomerulonephritis
Onion skinning renal arterioles...?
Hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis
Frothy white foam on top of urine sample?
Henoch-Schonlein purpura show which immunoglobulin deposits...?
Vasculitis that occurs in Jewish smokers
Lipoid nephrosis aka..?
Minimal change disease
IV drug abus or HIV nephropathy are associated with which glomerular condition?
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
Sickle cell and the kidney?
Focal occlusions of the vasa recta (hypoxic milieu of the renal medulla)
Strict vegetarianism could result in which kidney stones?
Calcium oxalate
Ovoid, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive, hyaline masses
Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodule of diabetic glomerulosclerosis
T or F? Consumption of complement factors can be observed in membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis?
Lymphokine production by
T cells - suspected etiology of which glomerular disease?
Minimal change disease
Anti-glomerular basement membrane diseases
Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, Goodpasture's
2 principal causes of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
Anti-GBM disease and primary systemic vasculitis (wegener's, Churg-Strauss, etc.)
T or F? Pregnant women have increased circulating plasma volume and decreased GFR
False. GFR is also increased
How to calculate the amount of sodium filtered per day?
GFR x Plasma sodium concentration
T or F? The early distal tubule is the diluting segment...
This drug has a dramatic decrease in bioavailability when taken with antacids...?
Which site in the kidney has a brush border?
Which antibiotics have been associated with the development of arthropathy, myalgias, and leg cramps in kids?
Most water reabsorption occurs in which part of the kidney tubule?
Ureter is anterior to which vessel as it crosses the pelvic brim?
External iliac artery
What type of diuretic should be used in a patient with a very low creatinine clearance?
Loop diuretic
Which diuretics are contraindicated in renal failure?
Potassium sparing diuretics
Dipstick test for nitrites tests for what...?
Gram negative enteric rods

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