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Chapter 11 Sexual Disorders and Gender Identity Disorder

Terms

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vaginismus
involuntary contractions of the muscles around the outer third of the vagina, preventing entry of the penis
psychological causes of desire dysfunctions
anxiety, anger, attitudes, fears, or memories, afraid of losing control and pregnancy, psych disorders
sexual arousal disorder
female- inability to acheive sexual excitement including adequate lubrication or swelling during sex
transvestic fetishism
fantasies about dressings in clothes of the opposite sex
biological causes of excitement dysfunction
vascular problems, damage to nervous system, meds, alcohol,
voyeurism
urges to observe people as they undress or have sex
therapy for male orgasmic disorder
training, drugs, etc.
orgasm phase
sexual pleasure peaks and sexual tension is released as muscles in the pelvic region contract rhythmically
fetishism
recurrent intense sexual urges to non-living object
biological causes of orgasm dysfunction
diseases, diabetes, postmenopausal changes, drugs, meds
sexual masochism
repeated urges that involve being humiliated, beaten, bound, or otherwise made to suffer
psychological causes of excitement dysfunction
performance anxiety
sexual dysfunctions
inability to function normally in some part of the human sexual response cycle
paraphilia
disorder with recurrent and intense sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors involving something inappropriate
male orgasmic disorder
inability to reach orgasm or long delays in reaching orgasm after normal sexual excitement
excitement phase
changes in pelvic region, physical arousal, increase in heart rate, muscle tension, BP, and breathing
erectile disorder
failure to attain or maintain arousal furing sexual activity
pedophilia
fantasies about sex with children
female orgasmic disorder
woman rarely has an orgasm or repeatedly experiences a very delayed one
psychological causes
trauama or memories of bad relationships, unhappy childhood, loss of a parent,
frotteurism
fantasies about touching or rubbing against a nonconsenting person
premature ejaculation
reaches orgasm before, on, or shortly after penetration or before wishes to
dyspareunia
sexual pain in the genitals during sexual activity
sociocultural causes of desire dysfunctions
sociocultural pressures (divorce, etc.), may need space, lose interest, etc., cultural standards
sexual sadism
repeated urges to inflict suffering on others
desire phase
the phase of the sexual response cycle consisting of an urge to have sex, sexual fantasies, and attraction to others
techniques for hypoactive sexual desire and sexual aversion
affectual awareness (discover anxiety feelings), self-instruction (change negative reactions)
sociocultural causes of excitement dysfunction
bad relationship patterns, stress
therapy for erectile disorde
reduce pressure to perform, tease technique, viagra or other drugs
sex therapy 8 features
assessment of the problem, mutual responsibility, education, attitude change, elimination of performance anxiety, increasing sexual communication, changing destructive lifestyles, addressing physical and medical factors
gender identity disorder
feels uncomfortable about assigned sex and strongly wishes to be a member of the opposite sex
biological causes of desire dysfunction
high level of prolactin, low level of testosterone, either high or low level of estrogen, alcohol, illness
hypoactive sexual desire disorder
disorder marked by a lack of interest in sex and hence a low level of sexual activity
sexual aversion disorder
aversion to and avoidance of genital sexual interplay
sociocultural causes
public messages, sexually restrictive history, lack of emotional involvement
exhibitionism
persons are aroused by exposing their genitals to another

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