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Psych Terms from Chapter 9 of Advanced Social Psychology


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pluralistic ignorance
a state in which everyone decides that because no one else is upset, the event must not be an emergency
diffusion of reponsibility
reducing personal responsibility, and thus making it less likely that any one bystander will help
life space
(Lewin) physical and social environment + imagined states that do not currentl exist
instrumental goal
sought as a means to reach some other goal
ultimate goal
sough as an end itself
unintended consequence
a result of acting to reach a goal but is not itself sought as a goal
inclusive fitness
k> (1/r); k is the ratio of gain in the benefited's fitness relative to the loss in the befactor's fitness and r is the average coefficient of relationship
reciprocity credit
self-benefit of knowing that the person you have benefited "owes you one"
generalized reciprocity
a feeling that we get in equal measure to what we give in the world
negative state relief model
being more likely to help someone when we feel bad because we know that we can give ourselves a pat on the back when we do something nice like helping and this will make us feel better
just-world hypothesis
belief in a world in which people get what they deserve and deserve what they get

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