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Clinical psychology final


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Psychoanalytic model
focuses on unconscious motives and conflicts as the roots of behavior
Eros and Thanatos
biological, animal instincts, sex and agression, motivating forces of human behavior, pleasure principle, primary process thinking
realistic executive component, reality principle, secondary principle
Super ego
repository of abstract morals and values, Ego ideal - rewarded behavior, conscience - punished behavior
Oral stage
infancy-18-24 months, received gratification through oral means, only id present at the stage, selfish behavior cant delay gratification
Anal stage
end of oral stage-48 months, achieve gratification through anal means, major developmental milestone in toileting - mastery of elimination, when trained can satisfy needs independently
Phallic Stage
End of anal - 5-6 years old, begins development of superego, child learns there are two sexes, Oedipus complex, castration anxiety, penis envy
Superego differences between boys and girls
girls experience sense of inferiority to boys, boys develop stronger superego
Latency Stage
persists thorugh puberty, sexual and aggressive urges are channled into age-appropriate interests
Genital Stage
puberty through rest of life, achieves gratification through sexual urges
block threatening material from consciousness
prevent material from entering consciousness
attribute unacceptable impulses to another
change target of unacceptable impulse
Reaction formation
express opposite of true feeling
express unacceptable impulse symbolically
provide an implausible excuse to justify
recognize cognitive but not affective component
express psychic material through physical equivalents
repetitive action to symbolically atone for impulse
Name techniques of psychoanalysis
free association, analysis of dreams, psychopathology of everyday life, resistance, transference, counter-transference, interpretation, working through
Carl Jung
differed from Freud, disagreed with Freuds Determinism, with focus on sex and agressive instincts, emphasized psychological and spiritual influences, disapproved of free association in favor of interactive therapy, used archetypes, mutual analysis
Jungian Psyche
the inner realm of personality that balances outer reality of material objects, comination of spirit, soul and idea, sum of conscious and unconscious processes, inner world affects biochemical processes affects instincts and determines perception of outer reality

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