This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.



undefined, object
copy deck
Beta Waves
Fast, low amplitude wave patterns that occur when you are awake and alert.
Circadian Rhythm
The patterns of fluctuations in bodliy processes that occur regularly each day.
Delta Waves
Large slow brain waves that occur during deep sleep during which it becomes hard to arouse you.
Divided Conciousness
Simutaneously perform two different activities each of which demands some level of attention.
Drifting conciousness
After sometime, your mind may start drifting from thought to thought "Mental Wanderings"
Focused Awareness
Enables us to achieve a heightened state of alert wakefulness.
Trouble remaining asleep/not being able to get to sleep/trouble remaining asleep.
lowered awareness
when one is asleep and not aware of what goes by around them.
when people fall asleep suddenly (REM)/ treat with stimulant meds.
NINETY minute cycles
dreams repeat every minute during REM sleep/ the stages of sleep each take ninety minutes, and then they pass to the next stage.
(non-REM) where dreams occur during stages 1-4 but are generally briefer, less frequent and more thoughtlike then other dreams.
Physiological dependance
A persons body chemistry changes as a result of repeated usage of the drug, body becomes dependant on drug and the steady supply of such drug.
Physical effects of substance abuse
syrosis/disease of the liver, lung cancer, death ect.
psychological dependance
pyschological effects of substance abuse
stage of sleep that is most closely associated with dreams. Deepest form of sleep. "Active Sleepin"
Selective Conciousness
The ability to direct our attention to certain objects, events or expieriences while filtering our extraneous stimuli.
Sleep Apnea
When humans stop breathing during nights sleep.
Sleep Cycles
Different stages of sleep, as they advance, we become deeper into sleep.
The amount of substance one can handle without getting the effect.
Avoidance Learning
A warning is given, and one takes appropriate action to avoid the harm that is about to happen.
Classical Conditioning
Learning by association, learning by expieriences in which one stimulus is paired with another that elicits these naturally occuring reactions.
Cognitive Map
A representation in ones minds of direction.
Conditioned stimulus/response
Stimulus that illicts a response once it is learned.
Escape Learning
The learning of behaviors that allow an organism to escape from an aversive stimulus.
Gradual dismissal of a stiumulated response.
"Tase Aversion theory"
Instinctive Drift
something natural inside interfers with the ability to be conditioned.
Law of Effect
Thorndikes principle that responses that have satisfying effects are more likely to recur, while those that have unpleasant effects are less likely to occur.
Negative reinforcement
The strengthening of a response through the removal of a stimulus after the response occurs.
Neutral Stimulus
A stimulus that before conditioning does not produce a particular response
Operant conditioning
The process of learning in which the manipulation of the consequences of a response influences the likelihood or probability of the response occuring.
Classical conditioning.
Positive reinforcement
The strengthening of a response through the introduction of a stimulus following the response.
Primary Reinforcer
Reinforcers such as food or sexual stimulation that are naturally rewarding because they satisfy basic biological needs or drives.
Taking away something positive.
Reinforcement Schedules
A system of dispensing a reinforcement each time a response is produced.
A process of learning that involves the reinforcement of increasingly closer approximations of the desired response.
A psychologist who developed the type of learning operant conditioning.
Spontaneous Recovery
The Spontaneous return of a conditioned responseg following extinction.
Stimulus discrimination/generalization
The tendency of a stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit a conditioned response.
Taste Aversion
Aversions to a particular tastes aquired through classical conditioning.
Unconditioned Response
An unlearned response to a stimulus.
Unconditioned Stimulus
A Stimulus that elicits an unlearned response.
Researcher who worked with "Little Albert".
Anterograde Amnesia
Loss of impairment of the ability to form or store new memories.
The process of enhancing retention of a large amount of information by breaking it down into smaller, more easily recalled chunks.
Decay Theory
A theory of gradually forgetting memories over time.
Declaritive memory
memory of facts and personal information that requires a concious effort to bring to mind (also called explicit memory)
Secondary Reinforcement
Learned reinforcers such as money, that develops there reinforcing properties because of there association with primary reinforcers.
Putting information into a form that you can make storage.
Flashbulb Memory
Enduring memories of emotionally charged events that seem to be permanently seared into the brain.
Long term memory
The memory of subsystem responsible for long term storage of information.
Motivated Forgetting
defense mechanism forget in order to avoid unpleasantness.
Wish to remember something it helps to rehearse
Proactive Interference
A form of intereference in which material learned earlier interferes with retention of newly aquired information.
Procedural Memory
memory of how to do things that require motor or performance skill.
Information into long term memory-look into memory to find a certain though or peice of information.
Retroactive interference
A form of interference in which newly acquired information interfers with retention of material learned earlier.
Retrograde amnesia
loss of memory of past events.
Sensory Memory
The storage system that holds memory of sensory impressions for a very short time.
Serial position effect
The tendency
short term memory
the memory storage system that allows for short term retention

Deck Info