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Family Development Test 1


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Generic term, several spouses
one husband has two or more wifes, not legal
one wife has two or more husbands
Structure-Functional Theory (Marriage and Fam)
emphasizes the functions that marriage and family serve for society
Family Life Course Theory (Marriage and Fam)
emphasizes stages of traditional family life cycle and the developmental tasks associated with each state, each stage has a dif goal
Social Exchange Theory (Marriage and Fam)
theoretical frameworks, interaction viewed as each individual seeking most benefits at the least cost, so as to maximize profit while minimize loss, if more benefits then stay in relationship
Human Ecology Theory (Marriage and Fam)
Theoretical Frameworks
interrelated principles designed to explain a particular phenomenon and provide a point of view
Gender sex
is what you are born with, biological
the psych and social part, how you identify with either sex, how you express yourself
Gender Identity
how you identify yourself
Gender Role
based on your gender what are your expectations, what roles do we fill based on our gender, societies expects
Gender Permanence
it is not until 6 or 7 years of age that the child knows gender is permanent, typically at 18 months can identify gender differences
showing characteristics of both sexes, before 1960 gender roles were very defined, then we got freedom of expression for both sexes.
Identification Theory (Gender)
Gender role theory, children acquire characteristics of same sex parent through identification with that parent, Freud, learn gender role by observing parents
Social learning Theory (Gender)
Gende role theory, gender role learned through reward and punishment of behavior, Skinner
Cognitive-developmental Theory (Gender)
gender role theory, related to mental maturity of the child gender performance- 6 or 7, Piaget
Biosocial Theory (Gender)
theory of gender role, gender roles have a biological basis evolutionary survival function, also known as sociobiology, nature and nurture
Gender Role in Afghanistan
gender roles for females are submissive, unintelligent, very fixed,
Gender Role in Sweden
gender roles are blended, ex father gets maternity leave also, want everyone to be apart of family
Gender Postmodernism
transgender, there is a 3rd sex, we don't automatically lean towards only male or female anymore, gender is no longer a dichotomy
Romantic love
true love, love at first sight, love conquers all, freshman males, follow your heart
Realistic love
calm, comforting secure, more stable, weight pros and cons, senior women
Triangular Theory of Love
Sternberd, breaks love into 3 basic elements Intimacy, Passion, Commitment
Romantic Love (Sternberg)
Passion and intimacy, not only physically drawn to each other but also bonded emotionally but without sustaining commitment
Companionate Love
Intimacy and commitment, long-term marriages where passion is no longer present but deep affection and commitment remain
Fatuous Love
Passion and Commitment, ex is a whirlwind courtship and marriage,
Only intimacy, friendship
Lee's Love styles
1.) Ludic Love 2.) Pragma Love 3.) Eros Love 4.) Mania Love 5.) Storge Love 6.) Agape Love
Ludic Love
Lee, entertainment and excitement, no commitment and not serious, partner to have fun with
Pragma Love
Lovers are practical and seek a relationships that will work, use a pro con list,
Eros Love
focuses more on beauty and physical attraction, passion love
Mania love
having extreme highs and extreme lows, physical desire, jealousy/ control
Storge Love
love that lacks passion and intensity, friendship love and no passion
Agape Love
Spiritual love, overwhelming love, is compassionate, egoless, and self-giving love. offered without concern for personal reward or gain.
Greeks on Love
1.) Phileo- meaning friendship or companionship, love for other people 2.) Eros- romantic version 3.) Agape- love that is unshakable, unconditional, and never changes regardless
Love in Medieval Europe
In 1100s love feelings were irrelevant to marriage, love was between two individuals who were not married, after 1789 French Revolution marriage became less of a political and business arrangement
Evolutionary Theory (love)
bonding to care for your young, nurturing children ensured survival
Learning Thoery (love)
positive, reinforcing behavior, most likely to repeat behavior you are rewarded for
Sociological theory (love)
how we behave in relationships, Reiss's Wheel Theory, we learn how to go into relationships, slow be cautious, self0dicloser
giving info about yourself one might not already know, if willing to do this going to be cautious until you trust is built, Orpha shares stuff about herself and interviewee shares more
Psychosexual Theory (Love)
love as a result of blocked sexual desires, Freud
Biochemical Theory (Love)
dominant theory, hormonal or chemical basis of love, subconscious
Attachment theory (Love)
basic need to be connected to others
Social movement of Singlehood
1.) Sexual Revolution 2.) Women's Movement 3.) Gay Liberation movement
Social Movement what it did
shifted people view point of singlehood, espically with women, before is women were single it was looked down upon and now it is much more common
time between adolescence and adulthood, tendency to wait to get married in our cohort, means a delay in marriage and delay in financial independence, live with parents longer
there is this tendency to exaggerate good qualities about one's self and lie, less likely to lie to someone's face
Speed Dating
talk with a lot of people each to like 5-8 mins and figure out if you want to see them again, fast
two unrelated adults involved in an amotional/sexual relationship who sleep overnight in the same residence on a regular basis
base case scenario for cohabitation, couple is testing the relationship out
Here and now
Cohabitation, simply because they spend so much time together, or is a money saver
tend to cohabitation till marriage
Pension partners
Cohabitation if widow gets remarried pension will be lost so just lives with her new partner
Security Blanket
need relationship to feel secure, not good
Rebellious Cohabiters
in relationship to assert adulthood, for younger kids
Disadvantages of Cohabitation
1.) More likely to divorce 2.) Feeling used or tricked by partner 3.) Parental problems, hiding the relationship 4.) Economic disadvantages 5.) Effect on children, child is born they can still inherit and are legitament (child support)
you can get retribution such as money from cohabitation
Common Law
not legally married but been together for so long, not around anymore
based on unconditional allegiance to the authority of religion, tradition, law, or science, makes sexual choices on the basis of moral consideration, to comply with God's will and not comply is sin.
Absolutism Implications
1.)any sexual acts that do not lead to procreation (masturbation, oral, homo) are wrong 2.)must wait until marriage, "True Love Waits", 3.) Virginity Pledge
sexual decisions are made in the context of a particular situation, most of the adult population, college students, most consider a degree of love, commitment, and relationship involvement for sex
Relativism Implications
1.) Friends with Benefits 2.) Polyamory
feels good, do it. pursuit of pleasure and avoidance of pain, 20% of college students, men are three times more likely to report being hedonistic than women
Sexual Double Standard
Vied that encourages and accepts sexual expression of men more than women, is still part of dating norms, men still gain status and women lose from disclosure of numerous sexual partners
Sexuality Among the never Married
1.) Highest number of sexual partners annually 2.) Longest interval between intercourse experiences 3.) lowest emotional and physical satisfaction
Sexuality among the Married
1.)Higher emotional and physical sexual satisfaction 2.)intercourse frequency declines over time
Sexuality among the divorced
1.) Most have intercourse with new partner within a year after the divorce 2.) particularly vulnerable to STD/HIV infection
Family of origin
family that raised you, you were born into this, taught you morals and expectations
Family of procreation
the family that you create, if no children than just you and your spouse
Conflict theory (Marriage and Family)
emphasizes that family members conflict over scarce resources (time, affection) and power
Feminist Theory (marriage and Family)
marriage and family viewed as contexts of inequality and oppression. Focus of feminist ideology is correcting inequality and increasing power of women in their relationships
Human Ecological Theory (marriage and family)
focuses on interactions of families with their environment, included schools, workplace, and community

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