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Ch 28-31 Wanlin World History

Terms

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Cultural Revolution
Mao Zedong launched the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. Aimed to rid china of old custom, old habit, old thoughts, and old culture
Truman Doctrine
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
Martin Luther King Junior
Advocated nonviolent methods during the civil rights movement
SAVAK
Iranian secret police under reign of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
NAACP
Organization that worked to find employment and to secure civil rights for black Americans
General Douglas MacArthur
Commander of UN forces at beginning of Korean War, President Truman removed after MacArthur expressed desire to bomb Chinese basees in Manchuria
Fidel Castro
Siezed political power in Cuba and has been pursuing a series of communistic reforms
Bay of Pigs
U.S approced rebel landing was made in Cuba
East Germany
Country that built the Berlin Wall to precent the outward flow of refugees
Recession
A period of temporary business slowdown and increaded unemployment
Great Leap Forward
China's second 5 year plan that aimed to speed up ecomic development while simultaneously developing a completely socialistic society; it failed and 20 million+ starved
NATO
Alliance formed by Western nations to deter any Soviet drive
Command Economy
Economy in which government makes all economic decisions
Corazon Aquino
First female president of Philipines
Rwanda
Tensions between two major ethnic groups, the Tetsi and the Hutu
Khmer Rouge
Bambodia communist government under the leadership of Pol Pot; eliminated most all of Cambodia's government officials, army officers, teachers, and intellectuals
Nelson Mandela
Black south African lawyer who was jailed for treason and was elected president in the first all race election
Cominform
Soviet organization whose purpose was the denounce Marshall Plan aid
Benazir Bhutto
was first prime minister of Pakistan to govern a Muslim county
Shuttle Diplomacy
Secretary of State Henry Kissinger began intensive campaign in which he movded back and forth from Israel to Egypt to Syria to try and reach a peace settlement
The Six-day War
Isreal launched a lightning attack and in six days it seized the Golan Heights, Took the entire west bank of the Jordan River.
Nikita Khruschev
Succeeded Stalin and became soviet Premier
NAFTA
Brought together Mexico, North America, and Canada into one of the largest free trade zones in the world
Ho Chi Minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam
The Berlin Airlift
U.S and Great Britain organized airlift to supply West Berlin with good and supplies
Nuremburg Trials
Special international court met at Nuremberg where Nazi leaders were charged for their crimes
The Berlin Blockade
Soviets blockeded East German border to all land and water traffic into Berlin from the West
The Korean War
North Korean army invaded South Korea and after 3 years of fighting the war ending as a stalemate
Denazification
Allies pursued policy which included removing former Nazi from positions of authority, undustry, and education
Cold War
Conflict between East and West through politacal and econimic means
Market Economy
Economy where competition is among private businesses and individuals generally determine what goods and services will be produce etc.
Joseph McCarthy
Senator from Wisconsin that became the most dramatic spokesman for the conspiracy theory
Warsaw Pact
Military alliance by European comminist countries in the event of war, troops would be supplied
Camp David Accords
Agreements between Isreali prime minister and Menachem Begin and Egyptian president Anwar Sadat
Domino Theory
Belief that if South Vietnam fell to communism, all of Southeast Asia would follow
Ayatollah Khomeini
Emerges as the elader of relilgiouslly based opposition to the shah. Demanded aboliton of the monarchy and its replacement by and Islamic Republic that would govern Iran according to strict Islamic principles
Four Tigers
South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong
George Marshall
"Marshall plan" ; U.S secretary of state who formulated a program providing economic aid to European countries after WW2
St. Lawrence Seaway
United States and Canada built canals, lakes, and locks which link the Great lakes to the Atlantic Ocean
PLO
Displaced Palestinians that lost faith in the Arab governments' ability to recapture what had been Palestine
The European Economic Community
Called Common Market, 6 european coutnries signed treaty of Rome, which abolished tariffs and import quotas gradually
Security Council of the United Nations
Body charged primarily with maintain the internation peace and security; had veto power
The Prague Spring
Czechoslovakia, under the rule of Alexander Dubcek, began a program of reform which was quickly ended by the Soviet Union
Charles de Gaulle
First president of the Fifth Republic of France; ended war in Algeria
Tiananmen Square
Spring 1989, houndreds of thousands of pro-democracy demonstartors occupied Tiananmen Squeare, and demanded and end to corruption in Ruling Party, more participation in government, and better University conditions
Welfare State
Nation in which the government undertakes primary responsibility for the social well-being of its citizens
The Cuban Missile Crisis
Castro complied with a Soviet request to be allowed to construct nuclear missile sites in Cuba; Resulting crisis brought work to brink of Nuclear war
Apartheid
African's work for apartness; consisted of a number of laws that separated the races in every aspect of life

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