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Pope Benedict
Pope Benedict XVI on Sunday made the first appearance of his papacy at the window of his apartment, telling tens of thousands of faithful and curious he was keeping up the cherished tradition of his beloved predecessor, John Paul II, who had last appeared to crowds in St. Peter's Square in silent suffering.
Pope approves
The Vatican said Saturday that the pope had given approval to Sodano's appointment, which was made by the cardinals. Sodano already serves as the Vatican's secretary of state.

The dean of the College of Cardinals has a prominent role inside the Vatican, and one that becomes especially important after the death of a pope. Among other things, the dean presides over the conclave of cardinals that elects the new pontiff.
Tom Delay
President Bush said Thursday that embattled House Majority Leader Tom DeLay has been an effective leader and he looks forward to continue working with him despite the charges of ethical violations that the congressman is fighting.
DeLay has come under close scrutiny in recent weeks following news stories questioning the financing behind a few of his overseas trips.
hardcover fiction
Top 5 at a Glance
1. TRUE BELIEVER, by Nicholas Sparks
2. THE MERMAID CHAIR, by Sue Monk Kidd
3. THE DA VINCI CODE, by Dan Brown
4. REVENGE OF THE SITH, by Matthew Stover
5. NO PLACE LIKE HOME, by Mary Higgins Clark
hardcover non fiction
Top 5 at a Glance
1. MY LIFE SO FAR, by Jane Fonda
2. THE WORLD IS FLAT, by Thomas L. Friedman
3. BLINK, by Malcolm Gladwell
4. FREAKONOMICS, by Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner
5. ON BULL----, by Harry G. Frankfurt
paperback non fiction
Top 5 at a Glance
1. THE TIPPING POINT, by Malcolm Gladwell
4. GUNS, GERMS, AND STEEL, by Jared Diamond
5. THE BOOKSELLER OF KABUL, by Asne Seierstad
t.v. rating system
The four broadcast network join at the meeting table to discuss a television rating system, preempting any foreseeable government law. But why would a vendor want to warn people about the alleged controversial content? With the possible FCC restraint, ABC, CBS, NBC and FOX are beginning their talks to gain common ground before the government imposes the warning system. Find out if V-Chips, movie ratings and warning labels will actually benefit the public's interest
TV Parental Guidelines
to allow parents to block out programs they don't want their children to see. The V-Chip electronically reads television-programming ratings and allows parents to block programs they believe are unsuitable for their children.
the Federal Communications Commission, to use, the “unsuitable” channels are taking up space and consequently making it impossible for “suitable” channels to air on the networks.
Round One: Miami New Jersey
Eastern Conference
Miami (1) vs. New Jersey (8)
GAME 1 2 3 4
116 104 108 110
98 87 105 97
Round One: Phoenix Memphis
Western Conference
Phoenix (1) vs. Memphis (8)
GAME 1 2 3 4
114 108 110 123
103 103 90 115
Round One: Detroit Philadelphia
Eastern Conference
Detroit (2) vs. Philadelphia (7)
GAME 1 2 3 4 5
106 99 104 97 88
85 84 115 92 78
Round One: San Antonio Denver
Western Conference
San Antonio (2) vs. Denver (7)
GAME 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
87 104 86 126 5/4 5/6* 5/8*
93 76 78 115 9:30 TBD TBD
Round One: Boston Indiana
Eastern Conference
Boston (3) vs. Indiana (6)
GAME 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
102 79 76 110 85 5/5 5/7*
82 82 99 79 90 TBD TBD
Round One: Seattle Sacramento
Western Conference
Seattle (3) vs. Sacramento (6)
GAME 1 2 3 4 5
87 105 104 115 122
82 93 116 102 118
Round One: Chicago Washington
Eastern Conference
Dallas (4) vs. Houston (5)
GAME 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
86 111 106 97 103 5/5 5/7*
98 113 102 93 100 9:30 TBD
Round One:Dallas Houston
Western Conference
Dallas (4) vs. Houston (5)
GAME 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
86 111 106 97 103 5/5 5/7*
98 113 102 93 100 9:30 TBD
Standings: Eastern Conference
Celtics: 45 36
76ers: 42 39
Nets: 41-40
Raptors: 33 48
Knicks: 32 49
Eastern Conference:
Pistons:54 27
Bulls:47 34
Pacers:43 38
Cavaliers:41 40
Bucks:30 52
Eastern Conference:
Heat:58 23
Wizards:45 36
Magic:36 45
Babcats:17 64
Definition of Filibusters
The use of obstructionist tactics, especially prolonged speechmaking, for the purpose of delaying legislative action.
An instance of the use of this delaying tactic.
An adventurer who engages in a private military action in a foreign country.
Filibusters: Bill Frist
Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist is all but certain to press for a rule change that would ban filibusters of judicial nominations in the next few weeks, despite misgivings by some of his fellow Republicans and a possible Democratic backlash that could paralyze the chamber, close associates said yesterday.
what democrats use the filibuster for
Democrats have used the filibuster to prevent confirmation votes this year for seven of President Bush's appellate court nominees, whom the Democrats say are too conservative. Filibusters can be stopped only by 60 votes in the 100-member Senate. Republicans, who hold 55 seats, say the filibusters thwart the Senate's constitutional duty to approve or reject a president's appointees. Democrats say the Founding Fathers wanted to empower the Senate's minority members to slow or stop controversial legislation and nominees
decmorats and republicans on filibusters
While Democrats and Republicans alike say the filibuster issue is a matter of high principles and constitutional rights, Frist's choice is inextricably linked to presidential politics. At least two GOP colleagues who are pressing him to seek the rule change -- George Allen (Va.) and Rick Santorum (Pa.) -- also are weighing presidential bids. Both of them are wooing key conservatives clamoring for the filibuster ban.
Democrat Plans Run Against DeLay
Former Texas Lawmaker Lost House Seat in GOP Redistricting
Now, with DeLay facing a barrage of questions about lavish overseas trips and close dealings with lobbyists, Lampson wants to settle the score for the redistricting, which cost four veteran Texas congressmen their seats and is known by local Democrats as "Tommymandering
lampson against delay
Lampson, a moderate Democrat and one-time public school teacher from Beaumont, plans to formally file papers as a candidate today and then to move into DeLay's suburban Houston district. He said he will spend $4 million or more to try to defeat the majority leader, using ethics as a major issue.
troubling news for delay
Two recent polls by local news organizations contained troubling news for DeLay, and Democrats contend that his problems are distracting him from his job and provide them with an unusual opportunity to knock off a GOP leader. DeLay was admonished by the House ethics committee three times last year. When the panel is formally reconstituted this week after a four-month hiatus, it will consider whether to launch a formal investigation of DeLay's travel and dealings with lobbyists.
delay running for president
DeLay found himself in a tighter race than he expected last November against a relatively unknown Democrat. He won 55 percent of the vote and ran well behind President Bush. DeLay spent $3 million on his reelection. Republican sources said he plans to raise more than $5 million this time.

Bush taped a telephone message to help turn out DeLay's voters in November. White House officials were surprised that the majority leader needed that kind of help.
My life so far: Jane Fonda
The autobiography of the Academy Award-winning actress, antiwar activist and fitness guru.
The World is Flat: Thomas L. Friedman.
A columnist for The New York Times analyzes 21st-century economics and foreign policy and presents an overview of globalization trends.
BLINK, by Malcolm Gladwell.
The author of "The Tipping Point" explores the importance of hunch and instinct to the workings of the mind.
FREAKONOMICS, by Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner
A maverick scholar applies economic thinking to everything from sumo wrestlers who cheat to legalized abortion and the falling crime rate.
ON BULL----, by Harry G. Frankfurt
A philosopher attempts a theoretical understanding of a "vast and amorphous" phenomenon.
What's behind the Senate dispute over judicial filibuster
The Senate is getting closer to a confrontation between Republicans and Democrats over whether President Bush's judicial nominees can be filibustered by senators who don't want them confirmed.
beginning of article
Democrats filibustered 10 nominees to the U.S. appeals courts during Bush's first term, and they have said they will do so again this year for the seven that Bush renominated.

Senate Democratic leader Harry Reid of Nevada also said Democrats might filibuster future nominees, possibly including Bush's choice for a Supreme Court vacancy should one occur.
what a filibuster is
The filibuster is a parliamentary tactic where senators use their right to virtually unlimited debate to block measures or legislation. To stop a filibuster requires 60 votes. Passing a bill or confirming a nominee requires only a simple majority, 51 senators if all 100 senators are present. The vice president can break 50-50 ties.
filibuster definition2
Use of the term filibuster began to appear in the 1840s. It is derived from the Dutch word vrijbuiter, or free booter, and the Spanish filibustero. Both terms refer to pirates. The filibuster was used in the 1950s and 1960s to impede civil rights legislation. In 1957 Strom Thurmond launched the longest one-man filibuster in history, speaking for more than 24 hours to block the Civil Rights Act of 1957.
Who are the judicial nominees involved in the filibuster controversy?
David McKeague, Richard Griffin, Henry Saad, William G. Myers III, Janice Rogers Brown, William H. Pryor Jr. and Priscilla Owen.
Why do Democrats oppose these nominees?
Democrats oppose McKeague, Griffin and Saad, all nominees for the 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, because Republicans blocked Senate votes on former President Clinton's nominees for vacancies on the same court. They say the other four are conservative ideologues whose views against homosexuality, abortion, affirmative action, Social Security, labor rights or environmental standards are out of the mainstream.
Why is this important?
Republicans and Democrats anticipate that at least one of the nine Supreme Court justices will retire before the end of the Bush presidency. The outcome of the fight over judicial filibusters will determine whether a replacement needs 60 votes or merely a majority. Social conservatives fear Bush would pick a Supreme Court candidate who doesn't oppose the Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade decision legalizing abortion if 60 votes are needed to win confirmation.
Why don't Republicans keep the Senate in round-the-clock session to force Democrats to conduct the type of filibuster shown in Frank Capra's 1939 movie "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington"?
It's more convenient merely to have a test vote to see if they have 60 votes and then move on to other issues if they don't. Republicans also say a round-the-clock filibuster debate wouldn't bring them any closer to a vote on the nominees themselves.
Is this the first time judicial nominees have been filibustered?
It depends on who you ask. Republicans say filibusters have never been successfully used to block judicial nominees from confirmation who had majority support.

Democrats point to Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas, who was blocked from becoming chief justice in what the Senate historian's Web site calls "the first filibuster in Senate history on a Supreme Court nomination." The attempt to force a vote on his nomination drew fewer than 50 votes.

They also say at least two of Clinton's lower court judicial nominees were filibustered for years by Republicans, although they were ultimately confirmed.
What do Republicans want to change?
The GOP is talking about seeking a parliamentary ruling that declares filibusters are not permitted against judicial nominees. That ruling would ultimately be submitted to the full Senate for a vote, with a simple majority required to prevail. Republicans hold 55 seats in the 100-member Senate, and Vice President Dick Cheney, who also is president of the Senate, has said he will be available to break a tie, if necessary.
When will Republicans do this?
Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, R-Tennessee, has never said when he would try to change the filibuster rules. However, it is expected that Republicans want the matter resolved before a retirement from the Supreme Court. Those retirements usually come in the summer.

Frist also said he would offer Democrats a compromise before moving forward. He offered that compromise on Thursday, 100 hours of debate on Circuit and Supreme Court nominees followed by a guaranteed confirmation vote.
Democrats have threatened to slow down the work of the Senate if Republicans succeed. How can they do this?
The Senate works at its current speed because much of its workload is handled through a procedure called "unanimous consent." That means all 100 senators agree on issues like skipping the full reading of every bill, allowing committees to meet while the Senate is in session and voting on procedural Senate business.

Without unanimous consent, it could take hours or days to complete work that now takes minutes. By opposing unanimous consent requests from Republicans, Democrats can block or delay most of what the Senate does. Democrats have said they will not delay vital legislation like appropriation bills and homeland security bills or money for America's troops.
Round 2 of playoffs
eastern conference
miami 105
washington wizards 86
ratzinger a a close confidant to pope john paul
The newly elected Pope Benedict XVI, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany, was one of the most powerful men in the Vatican under Pope John Paul II, a strict enforcer of church doctrine who earned the nickname "Cardinal No."
Since 1981, Ratzinger, who turned 78 on Saturday, has been in charge of the Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith, the Vatican office that oversees "the doctrine on the faith and morals throughout the Catholic world," according to the Vatican.

Ratzinger became known as "Cardinal No" because of his drives to crack down on the liberation theology movement, religious pluralism, challenges to traditional teachings on issues such as homosexuality, and calls to ordain women as priests.
contiuned again
Ratzinger has said modernity led to a blurring of sexual identity, causing some feminists to become adversaries of men. He labeled homosexuality "an intrinsic moral evil."

He argued that Muslim Turkey did not belong in Christian Europe and issued a document saying that Catholicism was the only true religion, questioning the validity of other religions, even Christian ones, even as his Pope John Paul II was trying to reach out to other faiths.
how long the two were friends for
Although objections came even from some of his fellow cardinals, the pope did not restrain Ratzinger, in part because their friendship went back four decades, to the time when the two were young priests at the Vatican II meetings in Rome.
opinions on marriage
He rejected a 1993 pastoral letter co-written by fellow German Cardinal Walter Kasper that encouraged divorced and civilly remarried Catholics to return to the sacraments.

After Kasper came to Rome in 1999 to take over the Vatican's ecumenical affairs office, he and Ratzinger jousted in a series of journal articles.

In them, Ratzinger argued for centralized authority over the church and Kasper advocated the equality of the local church with the universal church.
ratzinger's upgrowing
Ratzinger was born on April 16, 1927, in Marktl Am Inn, Germany. He was the son of a police officer who came from a traditional family of farmers in Lower Bavaria, according to his Vatican biography. Bavaria remains a heavily Catholic region of Germany.

He spent his adolescent years in Traunstein, near the Austrian border, when the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler controlled Germany.

In his memoirs, Ratzinger wrote that school officials enrolled him in the Hitler Youth movement against his will when he was 14 in 1941.

Membership was compulsory and the officials enrolled his entire class, acting on orders from the Nazi regime, Allen said. Ratzinger said he was soon let out because of his studies for the priesthood.

According to Allen, his family was quietly strongly anti-Nazi, and his father took a series of less significant jobs to stay away from what was happening in Nazi Germany.
teenage years
During World War II, Ratzinger was drafted into army in 1943, serving in an anti-aircraft unit that tracked Allied bombing raids.

He deserted in the waning months of the war in 1945 and returned to Traunstein, where he was taken prisoner by U.S. troops.

In June 1945, he was released from a POW camp and returned home, this time hitching a ride on a milk truck.

From 1946 to 1951, he studied philosophy and theology at the University of Munich and at another school in Freising.
He was ordained a priest in 1951. In 1953, he received his doctorate in theology. His doctoral thesis was entitled, "The People and House of God in St. Augustine's doctrine of the Church."

Four years later, he was qualified as a university teacher and taught dogma and fundamental theology at four different German universities.

In 1962, at age 35, he was a consultant during Vatican II to Cardinal Frings, a reformer who was the archbishop of Cologne, Germany.

Allen said that as a young priest Ratzinger was on the progressive side of theological debates, but began to shift right after the student revolutions of 1968.

In 1969, he was named professor of dogmatic theology and of the history of dogma at the University of Regensburg, where he was also named vice president.

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