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History Midterms 07


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abolished slavery
13th Amendment
made all males citizens
14th Amendment
gave all citizens the right to vote
15th Amendment
graduated income tax
16th Amendment
direct election of senators
17th Amendment
18th Amendment
women's suffrage
19th Amendment
160 free acres of land in the Midwest in exchange for improving it in five years
Homestead Act
frontierism is good for America
Frederick Jackson Turner's Thesis
farmers got laws passed to create a maximum train fare
Granger Movement
graduated income tax, term limits for Congressmen
Omaha Platform
the rich earn their right to be rich, and therefore deserve the most power
Social Darwinism
group of people who are a single legal entity
government jobs through merit system
Pendleton Act
government attitude toward business being to not get involved
craft union that used strikes to get shorter workweeks and higher wages
American Federation of Labor
riot started by a bombing at a protest of police brutality
Haymarket Affair of 1886
Ellis Island, Angel Island
assimilation process of immigrants
violent strike by Pullman workers, who said they should either make more money or have lower rent
Pullman Strike of 1894
community center providing assisstance to residents- paticularly immigrants- in a slum neighborhood
settlement houses
people have greater voice in government and advanced interests of farmers and laboreres
Populist Party issues
decreasing crop prices, railroads charging excessive prices for shipping and storage
problems of farmers
response to corruption in the Gilded Age
Progressive movement
thought black people deserved equality with whites because they lived in America too
WEB DuBois
thought black people should earn their equality by proving themselves financially conducive to the economy
Booker T. Washington
Panama gained independence from Columbia
Panamanian rebellion
Big Stick Diplomacy
Teddy Roosevelt's Diplomacy
free Cuba, the de Lôme letter, yellow journalism, explosion of the U.S.S. Maine
causes of the Spanish-American War
the use of sensationalized and exaggerateed reporting by newspapers and magazines to attract readers
yellow journalism
prime reasons for U.S. imperialism
military strength, global competition, new markets, natural resources, belief in cultural superiority
amendment to U.S. Constitution, stating that U.S. could intervene at any time, could buy/lease land for naval bases, and Cuba could not go into debt or make treaties with any other country
Platt Amendment
waterway through Panama that drastically reduced coast-to-coast overseas shipping time
Panama Canal
Causes of World War I
assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
tanks, machine guns
weapons of mechanized warfare
France, Britain, Russia
Triple Entente
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Triple Alliance
German submarines
France and Belgium
Western Front
no secret treaties, League of Nations, lowered or abolished tariffs, freedom of seas, reduced arms
Fourteen Points
U.S. entering World War I
Zimmerman note, explosion of the Lusitania
illegal to interfere with war effort or say anything disloyal, profane, or abusive about the government
Espionage and Sedition Acts
prejudice against foreign-born people
limit on number of people who could immigrate from each country
Emergency Quota Act of 1921
Major cause for Red Scare
revolutionaries in Russia overthrew the czars, and the Bolsheviks created a Communist state
emancipated young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day
used assembly line to make large numbers of affordable products
Henry Ford's impact on mass consumption
Harding's slogan, meaning a return to isolationism
"return to normalcy"
literary and artistic movement celebrating African American culture
Harlem Renaissance
fight over evolution and the roles of science and religion in public schools and in American society
Scopes Monkey Trial
not getting involved with foreign countries
causes of economic boom in the 1920s
installment plans, mass production
causes of economic decline in the 1920s
credit buying, failing businesses, falling crop prices, buying stocks on margin, uneven distribution of wealth
October 29, 1929
Black Tuesday, the day the stock market crashed

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