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Philo 2a


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The doctrine which holds that ideas are instruments of action and that their usefulness determines their truth
A method of eduction in which the mind, by means of obversion and conversion, finally arrives at a judgment in which the subject is the contradictory of the original subject
The act by which one being may unite itself with another being from which it is materially or existentially distinct
In the problem of free will, the doctrine that the will, no matter what the strength of the conflicting motives or the nature of the antecedent external and internal conditions may be, is not determined to act by necessity
A theory, originating with Manes, which maintained that God is the supreme Principle of Good and matter the supreme Principle of Evil.
The doctrine which holds that the universe is identical with God; the reduction of God to the universe, or of the universe to God.
The philosophic theory which maintains that evil predominates over good, because the world at large is essentially bad
The doctrine, or rather attitude, which places all knowledge and truth in a direct relation to life and action; it judges the value of ideas, judgments, hypotheses, theories, and systems, according to their capacity to satisfy human needs and interests in a social way.
The "whatness" or essence of a being.
In general, the doctrine which holds that objects have an existence independent of their being known so that their relation to the subject in knowledge is only an external, not an internal or immanent, relation
The power of the mind which perceives the truth and validity of derived ideas, judgments, and principles on the basis of indirect and mediate evidence.
In epistemology, he doctrine that every known object is relative (in relation) to the knowing subject and as such is dependent in its being upon the knowing subject and incapable of existing apart from consciousness; the doctrine of the immanence of relations as constitutive of their being.
The system of philosophy, prevalent in the middle ages, which follows the general lines of Aristotle's principles. It advocates a natural dualism of God and creature, mind and matter, thought and thing, as against monism and pantheism; it defends a moderate realism, as against ultra-realism, nominalism and conceptualism; it is spiritualistic and not materialistic, experimental and not aprioristic, objectivistic and not subjectivistic; in sense-perception it is presentational and not agnostic or representational or idealistic; concerning intellectual knowledge it defends a moderate rationalism, as against sensism, positivism, and innatism; it is common-sense knowledge critically examined and philosophically vindicated.
The use of deceptive words and ideas with the purpose of misleading and deceiving
The tendency of efficient causes to realize definite results through their action

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