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RTVF 1310 Chapter 10B

Terms

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Press Law covers these 3 Things:
1. Libel, Invasion of Privacy

2. Protecting Sources

3. Cameras in the Courtroom



Political Access Section 315 says: "If any ________ shall permit any _______ who is a legally qualified ___________ for any ______ _______ to use a ____________ station, he shall afford _______ ___________ to all other such __________ for that ______ to u
licensee, person, candidate, public office, broadcasting, equal opportunities, candidates, office, broadcasting.
Section 315 refers to the ________ ______ _______ (ETR) or better called ________ _________ ______ (EOR)
Equal Time Rule

Equal Opportunity Rule

In ______, the FCC made a ruling that if one ________ appeared on ___, the other one ______ ___ as well.
1959, candidate, TV, had to
Exemptions from Sec. 315: Appearance by a legally qualified candidate on any of these 4:
1. Bona Fide Newscast. 2. Bona Fide News Interview. 3. Bona Fide News Documentary. 4. On-The-Spot Coverage of Bona Fide News Events.
Since the ______s, Political Debates have been considered ___-____-______ News Coverage.
1970s, On-The-Spot
Stations must afford the ______ offered to their _______ _________ advertiser. (_______ ______ ______).
rates, most favored, (Lowest Unit Rate)
Section 312 requires reasonable _______ for federal __________ to ________ advertising, and provides for _________ revocation if they deny _______ to them.
access, candidates, political, license, access.
Lowest Unit Rate: 1. _________ _________ must have equal ________ for __________ time at a station's (LUR). 2. ___ days prior to a ________ election and ___ days prior to a _________ election.
Political Candidate, access, advertising, Lowest Unit Rate, 45, primary, 60, general
5 Issues leading to the Children's TV Act:
1. Violent content on TV. 2. Shortage of age specific programs. 3. Lack of suitable role models. 4. Exploitation of children by advertisers. 5. Impact of TV on learning and child development.
In the 19___s, ______ networks began to emerge and to ________ the vast _________ of __________ programming (2 examples).
80s, cable, provide, majority, children's, Cartoon Network, Nickelodeon
(CTA) of ______: 1. Compels ___ stations to meet the ________ and _________ needs of ________. 2. Caps # of ________ allowed in _________ shows. 3. Requires a ________ amount of children's _________ programming each week. 4. Authorizes the ____ to enforce
Children's Television Act, 1990, TV, informational, educational, children, commercials, children's, minimum, educational, FCC, provisions, public interest.
Core is specifically designed to serve the __________ and ___________ needs of children ages ____ and under.
educational, informational, 16
Limits of Commercial time for Children's Programming: Weekends? Weekdays? and a minimum of ___ hours of Core.
Weekends: 10 1/2 minutes per program.
Weekdays: 12 minutes per program.
3 hours of Core

Host Selling is when a __________ from a show __________ a product within the ________ of that show. It is __________.
character, endorses, context, prohibited.
CTA Amendments: 1. Must be ______ as (__/__). 2. Must be aired between __ A.M. and ___ P.M. 3. Must be regularly _________ weekly ________, 4. Must be at least ___ min. 5. Stations must file _______ children's programming reports certifying ________. (___
identified, (E/I), 7, 10, scheduled, programs, 30, quarterly, compliance, public file, electronically
5 Copyrightable works are:
1. Musical Compositions
2. Broadcast Programs
3. Works of Art
4. Movies
5. Computer Programs



5 Non-Copyrightable works are:
1. Titles
2. Slogans
3. Brand Names
4. News Events
5. Ideas



E.E.O: Stations with 5-10 F.T.E.s or in smaller markets must: 1. Widely distribute _____ concerning each full time (___+ hours) job ______ and provide ______ about them to ______ orgs. that ______ it. 2. Complete __ ______-term recruitment _____ within a
info, 30, vacancy, notice, recruitment, request, 2, longer, initiatives, 2
E.E.O Stations with >10 F.T.E.s in larger markets must? 1. Meet the same ________ as the ________ markets. 2. Must complete __ additional _______-term __________ initiatives (total of __) within a __-year period.
requirements, smaller, 2, longer, recruitment, 4, 2
(LTRI) may include:
Longer-Term Recruitment Initiatives, 1. Job Fairs, 2. Scholarships, 3. Community events designed to infrom the public as to employment opportunities in broadcasting.
Synchronization rights: 1. May be _________ directly from _______ or ________. OR 2. ______ _____ Agency. 3. __________ _____________, Inc.
acquired, publisher, composer, Harry Fox, Copyright Clearinghouse
(DMCA): 1. Additional _____ from streaming ___ ____ content. 2. Restricts ______ playlists. Within __ hour period: 1. no > __ tracks may be played by the same _____. 2. of these __, a max of __ played one after other without _______. 3. Of these __, no >
Digital Music Copyright Act, fees, on air, music, 3, 4, artist, 4, 3, interruption, 3, 2, album
Section 107 sets out 4 factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair:
1. Purpose of the use (Comm/Non-Prof). 2. nature of the C.R.ed work. 3. amount of substantiality of the portion used in relation to the C.R.ed work as a whole. 4. effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the C.P.ed work.
E.E.O. Records Kept: 1. at the time of ___________ _______ renewal. 2. _________ throughout the ________ term.
broadcaster's license, biennially, license
E.E.O. Record Keeping Part 2: Additionally, the ______ may file ________ with the _____ about the __________ programs of _____________. These rules provide _________ relief for _______ in ________ markets.
public, comments, FCC, outreach, broadcasters, limited, entities, smaller
Length of Copyright: 1. Prior to ______, __________ of composer or creator plus ___ years. 2. On or after _________, ______, __________ of composer or creator plus ___ years.
1978, Lifetime, 50, January, 1978, Lifetime, 70
Sec _______ of U.S. Criminal Code provides ______ and ______ penalties for anyone who uses "________, ________, or _________ language" on radiowaves.
1464, fines, prison, obscene, indecent, profane
Profane Language has been defined by the Courts as language which contains __________ statements or invokes ______ condemnation such as _______ use of "by ____" or " _______ you".
blasphemous, divine, irreverent, God, damn
Profanity is defined by the FCC as: Denoting certain of those _______ reviling ______ naturally tending to provoke ______ _______ or denoting ________ so grossly _______ to members of the ______ who actually hear it as to amount to ________.
personally, epithets, violent, resentment, language, offensive, public, nuisance
Obscenity's current definition is from ______ v. ___________ (19__)
Miller v. California (1973
Obscenity: Go study the THREE PRONGED TEST
I've learned it.
Indecency - FCC v. _____ (19__): 1. George _____ "_____ Words" monologue. 2. Case resulted in official _____ sanction of the ____ ______ definition. 3. 19__- ______ decision affirmed by ______ ______. 4. _____ also provided channeling of _____ mate
Pacifica, 73, Carlin, Filthy, FCC, indecency, 78, Pacifica, Supreme Court, Pacifica, indecent, safe-harbors
Indecency: 1. The ______ of language that describes, in terms ________ offensive as measured by (ccs) for _______ medium. 2. ________ or _______ _______ or ______. 3. At a time when _______ are likely to be the ________ audience.
broadcasting, patently, contemporary community standards, broadcast, sexual, excretory, activities, organs, children, listening.
Safe Harbor (S.H.) History Part 2: 4. 19__ - ______ established the S.H. as ________ to __ A.M. or ___ P.M. to ________ for ________ that sign off at ________. 5. 19__ - S.H. established as ___ P.M. to __ A.M.
92, Congress, Midnight, 6, 10, Midnight, stations, Midnight, 10, 6.
Safe Harbor(S.H.) History Part 1: 19__ - ____ suggested _____ to __ A.M.; S.H. later ______ by the ___ Court of _____. 2. 19__ - _____ orders a ___ hour ____. 3. 19__ - ___ hour ____ struck down by the ___ Court of _____, S.H. established as being from __
87, Midnight, 6, reversed, DC, Appeals, 88, Congress, 24, ban, 91, 24, ban, DC, Appeals, 8, 6.
Guidelines and Policies: Context of indecent material mattered in (3):
1. Newscast

2. Documentary

3. Film



There are more than ________ sexually oriented sites online.
10,000
Fair Use Provisions in Copyright Law Part 1: What is the purpose and character of the use? (6 ok) (1 not ok)
Ok: 1. Nonprofit, 2. Educational, 3. Personal, 4. Journalism, 5. Parody, 6. Critique or Comment,

Not Ok: Commercial
Fair Use Provisions in Copyright Law Part 2: What is the nature of the work? (2 ok) (1 not ok)
Ok: 1. Fact Based 2. Published

Not Ok: Unpublished creative works
Fair Use Provisions in Copyright Law Part 3: How much of the work will be used? (1 ok) (1 not ok)
Ok: Small amount.

Not Ok: More than a small amount.
Fair Use Provisions in Copyright Law Part 4: The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work: (3 ok) (1 not ok)
Ok: 1. First 3 factors lean toward fair use 2. Out of print or otherwise unavailable 3. Copyright owner is unidentifiable Not Ok: Takes away from marketability of original.
Copyrights Rates are determined by _________: 1 Review of ____ _______ for ___________ Programs. 2. "_______ _____" technologies.
Logging, cue sheets, Syndicated, "Thumb Print"
Fees for copyrighted works on TV shows often tied to _________.
Ratings
The Cable Act (_____) did NOT authorize __________ of __________ material. it DID differentiate between ________ and ________ material and allowed _________ of only "________"
1984, regulation, indecent, obscene, indecent, regulation, "obscene"
(CDA) (______) made it illegal to transmit ________ and _______ material over the ________ to ________. This was later ruled __________ by the _______ ______.
Communications Decency Act (1996), indecent, obscene, Internet, minors, unconstitutional, Supreme Court
(COPA) (______) was also found to be _________ in ________ _________.
Child Online Protection Act (1998), unconstitutional, Federal Court
(CIPA) (______) required _______ in _______ computers. This was ruled _________ by ________ _______. Ruled to be ___________ in ______ by ________ _______.
Children's Internet Protection Act (2000) filters, library, unlawful, Federal Court, constitutional, 2003, Supreme Court
Defamation is __________ of ___________.
protection, reputation
Libel: _________ by ________ word which trends to bring a person into _______ _______, _______, or _________; cause a person to be ________ or ________; or ________ a person in their _________ or ________.
Defamation, published, public hatred, contempt, ridicule, shunned, avoided, injure, business, occupation
2 forms of Libel: 1. Libel per ___ (_______) - something on its ______ ______. 2. Libel per _____ (_______) - extrinsic _____ needed.
Se, Literal, face, Libel, Quod, Complex, facts
Defamation: Protection of Reputation. Plaintiff must prove 5 things to win: Statement (1) ______ plaintiff, (2) was _______, or (3) proven to be _______. (4) organization shows degree of _____ or ______. (5) plaintiff was ________ in broadcast.
harmed, broadcast, false, fault, carelessness, identified.
Press Defenses against Libel: 1. ______ of statement. 2. ________ or _______: public's right to ______ vs. _________. 3. Fair _______ or _______: public _______ subject to _______, but does not entitle press to report ______.4. _______.
Truth, privilege, immunity, know, reputation, comment, criticism, officials, both, lies, opinion
Invasion of Privacy contains 4 areas: 1. Unwarranted ________ of private ______. 2. _______ on a person's _______ or ______. 3. _________ that creates false ______ (false ___). 4. Unauthorized commercial ________ of ______/_______.
publication, facts, Intrusion, solitude, seclusion, Publicity, impression, light, exploitation, name/likeness
Protecting Sources: _______ since 19__s between _______ & _______. Since 19__s, ______ have supported the idea that ______ and their confidential _______ have a ________ relationship: similar to ______-______.
Conflict, 50s, courts, reporters, 70s, courts, reporters, sources, privileged, doctor-patient
Accurate and truthful advertising can be regulated as long as it: 1. Serves a _________ _________ goal. 2. Advances the ________ of the ______. 3. Is narrowly ________.
substantial government, interest, state, drawn
False, deceptive advertising is controlled by the (FTC)
Federal Trade Commission
FTC may issue 3 things:
1. Informal Stipulations - require certain statements in ads, etc. 2. Consent Order - no admission of wrong doing. 3. Cease and Desist Order - Formal complaint and formal hearing process.
FTC _______ against ________ advertising but does realize there is room for reasonable _________ (_______).
regulates, deceptive, exaggeration, puffery

Deck Info

59

ConnorBynum

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