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Medical Abbreviations

Terms

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BM
bowel movement; bone marrow
HCO3
bicarbonate
OR
operating room
Hx
history
ACLS
advanced cardiac life support
āc
before meals
RT
respiratory therapist; radiation therapy
TPN
total parenteral nutrition
susp
suspension
S/O
signed out
PEG
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
K
potassium
Sz
seizure
NIDDM
noninsulin dependant diabetes mellitus (not to be used anymore)
FOB
foot of bed
Mono
monocyte; mononucleosis
NKA
no known allergies
ET
endotracheal tube
RIA
radioimmunoassay
PO;
po per os (by mouth); phone order
ROM
range of motion; rupture of membranes
V
ventricular; volume
KUB
kidney, ureter, bladder
ARDS
adult respiratory distress syndrome; acute respiratory distress syndrome.
HD
hemodialysis
NSAID
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
RLL
right lower lobe
MI
myocardial infarction
Stat
statim (immediately)
decrease
PT
physical therapy
Exp
expired
BPH
benign prostatic hypertrophy
EOMB
explanation of medical benefits
AMA
against medical advice; American Medical Association
ά
lowercase alpha;
X
times
F
female
CN
charge nurse
PP
postpartum; postprandial
PFT
pulmonary function test
supp
suppository
VLBW
very low birth weight
AHD
arteriosclerotic heart disease
ST
speech therapist
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
w/d
well developed; warm and dry
OTC
over the counter
SO
significant other
TBLC
term birth, living child
primary
mM
millimole
DD
differential diagnosis
bol
bolus
TB
tuberculosis
NPO
nil per os (nothing by mouth)
GB
gallbladder
PSA
prostate specific antigen
ASA
aspirin
FTT
failure to thrive
T&C
type and crossmatch
TIA
transient ischemic attack
DVT
deep vein thrombosis
NH(P)
nursing home (placement)
Q
every
ADL
activities of daily living
tid
three times a day
Sol
solution
WF;
wf white female
OOB
out of bed
SAH
subarachnoid hemorrhage
GI
gastrointestinal
AMI
acute myocardial infarction
ED
emergency department
mEq
milliequivalents
EPS
extrapyramidal symptoms
HL
hearing loss
Μ
mu, micrometer (micron). Unacceptable symbol.
ESLD
endstage liver disease
HIV
hum immunodeficiency virus
EPO
erythropoietin
DM
diabetes mellitus
LOC
laxative of choice (unacceptable abbreviation); level of consciousness
gamma
prefix denoting third of a series
RR
respiratory rate; recovery room
ETD
estimated time of death
RQ
respiratory quotient
DNR
do not resuscitate
W
white; widowed
GC
gonococcus
GALT
gutassociated lymphoid tissue
PPBS
postprandial blood sugar
DSM
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
NEC
necrotizing enterocolitis
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
RRR
regular rate and rhythm
Resp
respiratory; respiration
HOB
head of bed
EKG
electrocardiogram
ECMO
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
β
lowercase
P/Y PY
pack year (cigarettes)
MVA
motor vehicle accident
DON
director of nurses
MSW
Master of Social Work
CNSN
Certified Nutrition Support Nurse
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
POD#
postoperative day#
tol
tolerate, tolerated, tolerance
QOD;
qod every other day (unacceptable abbreviation)
cath
catheter, catheterize
O2 sat
oxygen saturation
ECF
extended care facility
EENT
eye, ear, nose, throat
S/P;s/
pstatus post
NG(T)
nasogastric (tube)
AAAAA
aphasia, agnosia, apraxia, agraphia, alexia
VO2
oxygen consumption
QD;qd
every day (unacceptable abbreviation)
UTI
urinary tract infection
unk
unknown
T,
temp temperature; time
IVPB
Intravenous piggyback
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
BSA
body surface area
CC
chief complaint; complications and comorbidities
DOB
date of birth
DOA
date of admission
WBN
well baby nursery
EN
enteral nutrition
IBS
irritable bowel syndrome
EPAP
expiratory positive airway pressure
P
paraphosphorus; pulse
lytes
electrolytes
ECV
extracellular volume
Strep
streptococcus
EDC
estimated date of confinement
DAT
diet as tolerated
TWE
tap water enema
ELISA
enzyme linked immunosorbent assay
SOAP
subjective, objective, assessment, plan
ad lib
as desired
VS
vital signs
OBS
organic brain syndrome
Tx
treatment
Subq
subcutaneous
WD
well developed
KDC
infant warming bed
G
gravida
EC
enteric coated
MRSA
methicillin resistant staph aureus
HH
hiatal hernia
RLQ
right lower quadrant
M
Male, married
EFA
essential fatty acids
Lap
laporotomy
LFT
liver function tests
NAS
no added salt
YTD
year to date
PKU
phenylketonuria
NAD
no acute distress
VRSA
vancomycin resistant staph aureus
Echo
echocardiogram
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
LBW
low birth weight
TF
tube feeding
beta;
prefix denoting the second of a series
VP
venous pressure
PIP
positive inspiratory pressure
ATN
acute tubular necrosis
CEU
continuing education unit
O ♀
female
□ ♂
male
HOH
hard of hearing
LCSW
licensed clinical social worker
DRG
Diagnosis Related Group
NOS
not otherwise specified; no organisms seen
STD
sexually transmitted disease; short term disability
top
topically
SBE
shortness of breath on exertion, subacute bacterial endocarditis
tachy
tachycardia
LES
lower esopohageal spinchter
Re
concerning
MICU
medical intensive care unit
SC
sickle cell
NVD
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
IHD
ischemic heart disease
LGA
large for gestational age
CAB
coronary artery bypass
SCN
special care nursery
Xmatch
cross match
MAOI
monamine oxidase inhibitor
Mosm
milliosmol
PH
past history
ROS
review of symptoms
AD
admitting diagnosis
BG
blood glucose
TURP
transurethral resection of prostate
MT
medical technologist
Rx
prescription, take, therapy, treatment
THR
total hip replacement
GFR
glomerular filatration rate
ATN
acute tubular necrosis
EEG
electroencephalogram
ANP
advanced nurse practitioner
UR
upper respiratory; utilization review
JCAHO
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
V/D
vomiting and diarrhea
TBW
total body water
increase
VO
verbal order
CVD
cardiovascular disease
URI
upper respiratory infection
FBG
fasting blood glucose
WNL
within normal limits
ā
before (ante)
OT
occupational therapy
DW
distilled water; dry weight
vol
volume
PE
pelvic exam; physical exam
SOB
shortness of breath
mec
meconium
W/U;w/u
workup
RUE
right upper extremity
QH;qh
every hour
D/C
discharge (unacceptable abbreviation)
PRN
pro re nata (as necessary)
FUO
fever of undetermined origin
CCRn
Certified Critical Care Registered Nurse
YO; y/o
year(s) old
HR
heart rate
US; U/S
ultrasound
CRF
chronic renal failure
BS
blood sugar
CAD
coronary artery disease
bid
twice daily
PERRLA
pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
KLS
kidney, liver, spleen
Wt
weight
ACE
angiotensinconverting enzyme
LR
lactated ringers
SIADH
syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
SGA
small for gestational age
SNF
skilled nursing facility
p.c.
after meals
R/O
rule out
LOS
length of stay
FTN
fullterm nursery
KCl
potassium chloride
BLE
both lower extremities
PVN
penicillin
P&A
percussion and auscultation
Fx
fracture
FAS
fetal alcohol syndrome
HI
head injury
MDD
major depressive disorder
LMP
last menstrual period
CNM
certified nurse midwife;clinical nurse manager
M&M
morbidity & mortality
U, u
unit (unacceptable abbreviation)
Staph
staphyloccus
GU
gastric ulcer, genitourinary
medsurg
medicalsurgical
AIDS
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
PMH
past medical history
VH
vaginal hysterectomy
CP
chest pain
Edent
edentulous
TBSA
total burn surface area
ESRD
endstage renal disease
ISVD
interventricular septal defect
R
rectal; respiration; right
ECW
extracellular water
EEP
end expiratory pressure
UAO
upper airway obstruction
SB
small bowel; short bowel
ETOH
ethyl alcohol
art
arterial
H/O;
/o history of
HLHS
hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Vent
ventral; ventricular; ventilator
FBS
fasting blood sugar
MR
magnetic resonance; medical records; mental retardation
CA
cancer, carcinoma
EF
ejection fraction
PICC
peripherally inserted central catheter
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
Bil(a)
bilateral
S&S,S/S
signs and symptoms
CCU
cardiac care unit, coronary care unit
Aus©
auscultation
SBO
small bowel obstruction
EPI
epinephrine
WN;w/n
well nourished
Dx
diagnosis
HDN
hemolytic disease of the newborn
RN
registered nurse
UAC
umbilical artery catheter
OB
obstetrics
tab
tablet
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
KVO
keep vein open (IV rate of usually 25 cc/hr with NS or D5W)
GBD
gallbladder disease
INH
isoniazid
USP
United States Pharmacopeia
CAT
computerized axial tomography
OC
oral contraceptive
FTP
failure to progress
EGA
estimated gestational age
BP
blood pressure; bathroom privileges; bedpan
TO
telephone order
LRQ
lower right quadrant
CICU
cardiac (coronary) intensive care unit
CXR
chest xray
T
max maximum temperature
MS
mitral stenosis; multiple sclerosis
WC; w/c
wheelchair
LTC
long term care
AAA
abdominal aortic aneurysm, acute anxiety attack
CHF
congestive heart failure
PCOD
polycystic ovarian disease
HCTZ
hydrochlorothiazide
I & O
intake and output
NS
normal saline; neurosurgery
N & V
nausea and vomiting
GBS
gallbladder series
Urol
urology; urologist
γ
lowercase
Nl
normal
Prog
prognosis; progress
SQ
subcutaneous
PN
parenteral nutrition
IBD
inflammatory bowel disease
RUQ
right upper quadrant
F/O
followup
HEENT
head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat
Decub
decubitus ulcer
UOP
urinary output
HHNKS
hyperglycemic, hyperosomolar nonketotic syndrome
WB
weight bearing
A&W
alive and well
Preop
preoperative
PA
pernicious anemia; Physician's Assistant
H&P
history and physical
Htn
hypertension
secondary
ARI
acute respiratory infection
CKD
chronic kidney disease
DC
dc discontinue
H&N
head and neck
S
without
MO
mineral oil; months old
BSN
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
ICW
intracellular water
CAPD
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
AK
above the knee
CPAP
continuous (constant) positive airway pressure
EBL
estimated blood loss
B/O
because of
RLE
right lower extremity
Ecoli
Escherichia coli
PTA
prior to admission/arrival
ARF
acute renal failure
GSW
gunshot wound
LLQ
lower left quadrant
Ortho
orthopedics
Pulm
pulmonary
IGT
impaired glucose tolerance
PUD
peptic ulcer disease
IUGR
intrauterine growth retardation
Δ
uppercase delta; amount of change or difference
ASCVD
arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
MVP
mitral valve prolapse
BK
below knee
DT
delirium tremens
LP
lumbar puncture
AKA
above the knee amputation
met(s)
metastasis, metastasize, metastasizing
N/A
not available
Postop
postoperative
PEEP
positive end expiratory pressure
Rh
rhesus factor (will be + or )
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
WM;
wm white male
Etiol
etiology
ARC
AIDS related complex
LVH
left ventricular hypertrophy
BKA
below the knee amputation
hemi
hemiplegia, hemiplegic
mEq/L
milliequivalents per liter
AH
abdominal hysterectomy
PVC
premature ventricular contraction
hs
bedtime
TAC
temporal artery catheter
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome
HA
headache
RA
rheumatoid arthritis; right atrium; room air
mmHg
millimeters of mercury (BP unit)
IVP
intravenous pyelography; intravenous push
MOM
milk of magnesia
PDA
patent ductus arteriosus
PACU
postanaesthesia care unit
PTA
prior to admission
PCA
patient controlled analgesia
WFL
within functional limits
p post
after

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