This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

Barrons GRE Wordlist 4,759 words

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
precinct
division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college
natty
neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
pedigree
ancestry; lineage
affected
artificial; pretended
undulating
moving with a wavelike motion; V. undulate; CF. und: wave
ravel
fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist
evoke
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
sanctimonious
displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety
demise
death
percussion
striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion
lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
domineer
rule over tyrannically
nectar
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
soliloquy
talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
slur
pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble
heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
plane
carpenter's tool for smoothing and leveling wood; V. CF. flat
idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
terminus
last stop of railroad; end
stellar
pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance
prop
support placed under or against something; V.
philatelist
stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
degradation
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
magnanimity
generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
infallible
unerring; never making mistakes
metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
irascible
irritable; easily angered
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
recant
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
erode
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
discrete
separate; unconnected
deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
garner
gather; store up; amass
recession
withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
savory
pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
opaque
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
infirmity
weakness
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
decoy
lure or bait; V.
skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
nominal
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
indomitable
unconquerable; unyielding
testator
maker of a will; CF. testatrix
repulse
reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion
defile
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
invert
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
cessation
stoppage
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
tirade
long angry denunciatory speech; diatribe; harangue; extended scolding; denunciation
gravity
seriousness; ADJ. grave
tribune
official of ancient Rome elected by the plebians to protect their rights; protector of the people
idle
not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
maxim
proverb; truth pithily stated
overthrow
topple; N.
grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
granary
storehouse for grain
application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
embark
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
taut
tight; strained; tense; ready; OP. slack
obloquy
slander; disgrace; infamy
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
skeptic
sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism
poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
prognosticate
predict (according to present indications)
iniquitous
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
rebus
representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.
enunciate
announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
nauseate
cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea
speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
vernacular
living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular
swill
drink greedily
lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
reprehensible
deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
musty
stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
sundry
miscellaneous; various; several; N. sundries: small miscellaneous items
idiosyncrasy
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic
lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
compensatory
making up for; repaying
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
transgression
violation of a law; sin; V. transgress: go beyond (a limit); violate; do wrong
clandestine
secret
pliant
flexible; easily influenced
resolution
determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose
quizzical
curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance
license
official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.
faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
conclave
private secret meeting
stun
make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound
impenitent
not repentant
quack
charlatan; impostor
allegiance
loyalty
venal
capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
artful
exhibiting art or skill; deceitful; cunning; CF. artifice
slur
slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.
retroactive
taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
wastrel
waster; profligate
slander
defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous
renounce
abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
palpitate
throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
paucity
scarcity; dearth
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
multiplicity
state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element
misconstrue
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
senility
old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia
gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
imprecation
curse; swearword
homogeneous
of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout
podium
pedestal; raised platform
prune
cut away; trim
putrescent
becoming putrid; putrefying
exacerbate
worsen; aggravate; embitter
truculence
aggressiveness; ferocity; ADJ. truculent: aggressive; pugnacious; fierce
hazardous
dangerous
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
philistine
narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
accelerate
move faster
viscid
adhesive; gluey
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
pestilential(pestilent)
causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)
trinket
knickknack; bauble; cheap jewelry
memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
precocious
advanced in development; N. precocity
qualified
limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify
peccadillo
slight offense or fault; CF. sin
trifle
something of little importance or value; small amount; Ex. a trifle; V: treat without seriousness; flirt
tremor
trembling; slight quiver (as of the earth or from nervous agitation)
sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
gangrene
decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
prophetic
of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
puerile
childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
perspicacious
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
premonition
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
paradox
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
prude
excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
swelter
(of a person) suffer from oppressive heat; be oppressed by heat
humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
pacifist
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
relinquish
give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm
turgid
swollen; distended (as from liquid)
propellant(propellent)
substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
inevitable
unavoidable
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
consonance
harmony; agreement
endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
fervent
ardent; zealous; hot
stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
manifestation
outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
piscatorial
pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces
encircle
surround
debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
rave
overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic
undermine
weaken gradually; sap; dig a mine beneath
delta
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
dappled
spotted
emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
prattle
talk idly; babble; N. CF. prate
lush
(of a plant or grass) growing very well
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
quarry
dig into (to get stone); N: mine
transport
strong emotion; rapture; Ex. in a transport/transports of; V: move to strong emotion; enrapture
mishap
unfortunate accident
substantial
of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy
venerate
revere; treat with great respect
haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
miscellany
mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
nip
snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill
figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
artisan
a manually skilled worker
discombobulated
discomposed; confused
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
evenhanded
impartial; fair
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
singular
being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; Ex. singular beauty/behavior
speechless
unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger
truncate
cut the top off; shorten
solitude
state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
novice
beginner
libertine
debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free
guile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
prerogative
privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
languid
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
culmination
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
quorum
minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
synchronous
similarly timed; simultaneous with; occurring at the same time; V. synchronize
frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
troth
pledge of good faith especially in betrothal; betrothal; Ex. by my troth
descry
catch sight of (something distant)
judiciary
judicial branch of government
expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
brave
face courageously; Ex. brave the storm
parallel
similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled
paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
rococo
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
mitigate
appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
enumerate
list; mention one by one
detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
patriarch
father and ruler of a family or tribe
overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
pluck
courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave
innovation
change; something newly introduced; introduction of something new; V. innovate: begin or introduce (something new); be creative; ADJ. innovative
scotch
stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF.
uxorious
excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife
shed
small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
inter
bury; N. interment
implode
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
ravine
narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon
levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
germinate
cause to sprout; sprout
fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
iota
very small quantity
synthetic
not natural; artificial; resulting from synthesis; Ex. synthetic fiber; N.
merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
brink
edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
demean
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
penchant
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
negligible
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
utopia
ideal place, state, or society; ADJ. utopian
millennium
thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity
abbreviate
shorten
forgo(forego)
give up; do without
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
uninhibited
having no inhibitions; free in behavior and feelings
practical
based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
plaudit
praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud
retaliate
repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate
clime
climate
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
headfirst
moving with the head leading; headlong
extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
cemetery
place for burying the dead
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
veer
change in direction; swerve
purported
alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists
distrait
absentminded; distracted
plebeian
common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
stigma
token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful
appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
thwart
block or hinder; baffle; frustrate
ambush
act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; sudden attack made from a concealed position; Ex. lie in ambush; V.
sensual
devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips
desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
totem
animal, plant, or natural object serving as a symbol of a clan or family; representation of this; Ex. totem pole
matriarch
woman who rules a family or larger social group
jargon
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
maneuver(manoeuver)
strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end
interrogate
question closely; cross-examine; cross-question
mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
seminal
related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field
pterodactyl
extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
valid
logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; Ex. valid reasoning/passport
sanction
approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance
delusion
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
suavity
urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous
destitute
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
phoenix
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
irretrievable
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
interim
meantime; Ex. in the interim; ADJ. taking place during an interim; Ex. interim paper
surpass
exceed
accede
agree
tumid
(of a part of the body) swollen; distended; bombastic; pompous
straggle
stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
rapport
close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony
recourse
resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to
bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
negligence
neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care
balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
loiter
hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
stratified
divided into classes; arranged into strata; V. stratify
serrated
having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf
loll
lounge about
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
vagabond
wanderer (without a permanent home); tramp
Machiavellian
crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
skirmish
minor fight; minor battle in war; V.
impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
unction
the act of anointing with oil; Ex. extreme unction
indentation
notch; deep recess; V. indent; CF. tooth
unearthly
not earthly; supernatural; weird; ghostly
purveyor
furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
tepid
lukewarm; slightly warm; ¹ÌÃö±ÙÇÃ'; half-hearted; not eager; Ex. tepid reaction to the new film; Ex. tepid supporter
genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
incubate
hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease
apiary
a place where bees are kept
precipitous
steep; overhasty; precipitate
postulate
self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
languor
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
swindler
cheater
macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
intangible
not able to be perceived by touch; vague
makeshift
temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter
outmoded
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
maladroit
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
venerable
deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get
alms
money or goods given to the poor
metaphysical
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
sardonic
scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
mandatory
obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate
virtue
goodness; moral excellence; good quality; advantage; Ex. by virtue of; Ex. make a virtue of necessity
murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
prognosis
forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
ravage
devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms
turbid
(of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick
subtlety
perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning
masticate
chew
simile
comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as
enact
make (a bill) into law
memorialize
commemorate
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
eventual
happening at last as a result; Ex. eventual victory
ulterior
intentionally hidden; beyond what is evident; situated beyond; unstated and often questionable; Ex. ulterior motive
vent
small opening; outlet (as of fumes or a gas); Ex. He gave vent to his anger by kicking the chair.
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
cohabit
live together
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
vicissitude
change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
venom
poison (of an animal); hatred; Ex. remarks full of venom; ADJ. venomous
abysmal
bottomless
tenacity
firmness; persistence
succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
rigor
severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter
prank
mischievous trick
fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
blue
gloomy; depressed
resplendent
brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious
exorbitant
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
predator
predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation
foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
onerous
burdensome
sinuous
twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
crinkle
wrinkle
solicitous
anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude
tureen
deep dish for serving soup
redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
shuffle
mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.
enjoin
command; order; forbid
slag
glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter
prolific
producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
pedagogy
teaching; art of education
falsify
make (something written) false by changing
raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
paragon
model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
panacea
cure-all; remedy for all diseases
usage
act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used
girth
distance around something; circumference
libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
vituperative
abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
libido
psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire
scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?
limpid
crystal clear
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
nemesis
someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis
commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
trickster
person who cheats people
fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
abeyance
suspended action
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
pauper
very poor person
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
unruly
disobedient; lawless; difficult to control
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
rescind
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
secular
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
statute
law enacted by the legislature
dull
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
despondent
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
stalwart
physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower
somatic
pertaining to the body; bodily; physical
toga
Roman outer robe
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
impregnate
make pregnant; fill thoroughly; saturate
protract
prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
supersede
replace; cause to be set aside; make obsolete; N. supersession
scenario
plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events
jurisprudence
science of law
magniloquent
boastful; pompous
corpulent
very fat; N. corpulence
frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
interdict
prohibit; forbid; N.
complementary
serving to complete something
plebiscite
direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
nauseous
causing nausea; feeling nausea
confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
impetus
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
predetermine
determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
potpourri
heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
metrical
metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer
irreconcilable
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
simplistic
oversimplified
indeterminate
uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
incursion
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey
hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
eulogistic
praising; full of eulogy
apposite
appropriate; fitting
slack
moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; Ex. slack season; Ex. slack in one's work; N. V.
smudge
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
paean
song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
pass_off
present falsely; represent falsely to be
belated
delayed
biennial
every two years
capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
plumber
one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)
inquisitive
eager for knowledge; unduly curious
doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
pique
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize
cache
hiding place; V.
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
travail
strenuous work; toil; painful labor; labor of childbirth
sham
pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.
catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
rabid
of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia
takeoff
burlesque; act of leaving the ground
fallible
liable to err
knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
disinclination
unwillingness
remediable
reparable
bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
doff
take off; OP. don
glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
transcribe
copy; write a copy of; N. transcription
carefree
free from worries; having no problems
harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
prompt
cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue
indisputable
too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
invulnerable
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
oblique
indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference
manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
truism
self-evident truth
promiscuous
mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; Ex. promiscuous life/girl; N. promiscuity
rapt
engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener
euphony
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
equilibrium
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
nurse
suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone
symmetry
arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity; ADJ. symmetrical
disperse
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
prolong
lengthen; extend; draw out
philanderer
faithless lover; flirt
furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
seasonable
occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; Ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute
opportune
timely; well-chosen
rent
tear made by rending; rip; split
matriculate
enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix
perceptive
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
ostentatious
showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display
typhoon
tropical hurricane or cyclone
propriety
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
superimpose
place over something else
illusive
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
provident
providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
synoptic
providing a general overview; summary; N. synopsis
sibylline
prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)
euthanasia
mercy killing
humanitarian
one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism
exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
unwarranted
unjustified; having no justification; groundless; baseless; undeserved
rout
put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
palliate
ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
irreparable
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
exquisite
delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
viable
capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; Ex. viable scheme
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
scanty
meager; insufficient
noose
loop formed in a rope
discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
longevity
long life; long duration
pretension
pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
fake
not genuine; N: one that is not genuine; impostor; sham; V: counterfeit; Ex. fake the results of the experiment/the signature
tenet
doctrine; dogma
pastoral
rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor
purge
remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.
manifesto
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
scheme
systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme
impair
injure; hurt; damage
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
ramble
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress
cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
unfaltering
steadfast; firm; not changing
pastiche
imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
waif
homeless child or animal; Ex. waifs and strays
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
probe
explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
anomaly
irregularity
prophylactic
used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
jabber
chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
gregarious
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
monotony
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
acne
skin disease (on the face)
humus
substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil
pulchritude
beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
purport
intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
nocturnal
done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne
toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
solemnity
seriousness; gravity
imperative
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
sportive
playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike
morbid
given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
hereafter
life after death
vulgar
of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
kernel
central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
squander
waste; spend foolishly
morgue
mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
sordid
filthy; foul; base; vile; Ex. sordid bed/story
monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
collage
work of art put together from fragments
stratagem
deceptive scheme; clever trick
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
equity
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
dispirited
lacking in spirit
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
append
attach
apiarist
person who keeps bees
rapacious
voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds
personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
nourish
provide with food necessary for life and growth
quarry
person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey
concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
chicanery
trickery; deception
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
deprecate
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
sophomoric
immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
inasmuch_as
since; owing to the fact that
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
mash
crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl
recalcitrant
disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child
deserts
what someone deserves
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
seminary
school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women
forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
incidence
rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality
sherbet
flavored dessert ice
expertise
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
concordat
formal agreement
intuition
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
momentous
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
immutable
unchangeable
inclined
tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend
amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
comprise
include; consist of
scapegoat
someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; CF. escape+goat
redolent
odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery
hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
righteous
morally upright; just
stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
relic
surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.
vex
annoy; distress
bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
redundant
superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
ultimatum
last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.
impediment
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment
catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
approbation
approval
rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
mutter
utter (complaining words) indistinctly in low tones
inchoate
(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass
expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
epilogue
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
voodoo
religion practiced chiefly in Haiti
lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
low
moo; make the sound of a cow
mason
one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
studious
given to diligent study
impending
nearing; approaching; about to happen
pert
(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat
reimburse
repay; pay back
tension
stretching; condition of being stretched; mental strain; strained relationship between groups or people
phobia
morbid fear
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
repast
meal; feast; banquet
seep
pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage
engulf
surround and swallow up
pendant(pendent)
hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
devise
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
bestow
confer
obligatory
binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate
pendulous
hanging; suspended
effigy
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
wane
decrease in size or strength (after being full); grow gradually to an end; Ex. The moon waxes and wanes every month; N.
astral
relating to the stars
prestige
respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige
gargoyle
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
filth
dirty matter; ADJ. filthy
unwonted
unaccustomed; unusual; Ex. He arrived with unwonted punctuality.
aversion
firm dislike
reverend
deserving reverence; N: priest
moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
niggardly
meanly stingy; parsimonious; N. *****rd: stingy person
motility
ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously
propitiate
appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
creep
move with body close to the ground; move stealthily or slowly; N.
penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
alchemy
medieval chemistry
plutocracy
society ruled by the wealthy
painstaking
taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through
fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
vassal
in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord; subordinate or dependent
sound
in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training
unobtrusive
inconspicuous; not blatant
brag
boast
tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
incredulous
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
profusion
great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
pall
become boring; grow tiresome
posterity
descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
enliven
make lively or spirited; animate
stricture
severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
convoluted
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
incontrovertible
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
erotic
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
regal
royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner
tentative
not fully worked out or developed; provisional; experimental; uncertain; hesitant; not definite or positive; Ex. tentative agreement/reply
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
festive
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
fickle
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
doze
sleep lightly; nap
maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
granulate
form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
feud
bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
forte
strong point or special talent in a person's character
gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
traduce
expose to slander
gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
amnesia
loss of memory
hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
unfrock
defrock; strip a priest or minister of church authority
hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
sojourn
temporary stay; V: stay for a time
proscribe
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
calamity
disaster; misery
prosaic
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
poultice
soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
pedestrian
ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; Ex. pedestrian prose; N.
rectify
set right; correct; CF. rect-: right
wholesome
conducive to mental or physical health; healthful
polarity
state of having two opposite qualities
gullible
easily deceived
cunning
clever in deceiving; sly; N: cleverness in deceiving; deceit
season
enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning
provenance
place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come
scuttle
sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
galaxy
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
impede
hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block
surmise
guess; N.
fiend
evil spirit; devil
leave-taking
farewell or departure
reputed
supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem
reminiscence
recollection; V. reminisce: recollect the past
pharisee
Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
severity
harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; ADJ. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense
emasculate
weaken; castrate
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
tenuous
thin; slim; rare
grandeur
impressiveness; stateliness; majesty
unique
without an equal; single in kind
limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
verge
border; edge, rim, or margin; Ex. on the verge of: very near to; V: border on
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
inflated
exaggerated; pompous; enlarged (with air or gas)
sedentary
requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; Ex. sedentary job/population
overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
cascade
small waterfall
hostage
person who is kept as a prisoner by an enemy so that the other side will do what the enemy demands
vigilante
one who without authority assumes law enforcement powers
Occident
the West
suspend
cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension
reciprocate
do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights
exertion
effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort
pertinacious
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
poseur
person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose
rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
ward
administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert
teetotalism
practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; N. teetotaler;; ADJ. teetotal; CF. T + total
humane
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
pathetic
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
propagate
increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
personable
attractive (in personality or appearance)
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
vindictive
disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak
standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
pliable
flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence
improvident
thriftless; not providing for the future
rail
complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices
urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
courier
messenger
hover
hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state
snicker
half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; V.
tread
walk; trample; N: grooved face of a tire; horizontal part of a step
chorus
phrase repeated throughout a song or poem
provision
act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
predispose
give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
tertiary
third in order or rank
stump
base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle
sibling
brother or sister
extirpate
root up; uproot; destroy completely
psyche
soul; mind
stifle
suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
peripatetic
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
machinations
evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
addiction
compulsive habitual need
prevaricate
lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
elusive
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
unguent
ointment
slough
(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed
psychosomatic
of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
malleable
(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
parity
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
dearth
scarcity
marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
repercussion
rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion
diabolical
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
fashion
give shape to; make; Ex. fashion the pot out of clay
oatmeal
crushed oats used for making porridge
plenitude
abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
skulk
move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.
incessant
uninterrupted; unceasing
ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
adamant
hard; inflexible
defunct
dead; no longer in use or existence
psychosis
mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic
exploit
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
navigable
(of a body of water) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; (of a ship or aircraft) able to be steered
artifice
deception; trickery
impeccable
faultless
eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
prehensile
capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
naivet\'e(naivety)
quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous
retinue
following; attendants
steadfast
steadily loyal; unswerving; steady
coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer
recuperate
recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses
hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
outskirts
fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston
gainsay
deny
turpitude
depravity; baseness; Ex. moral turpitude
influx
flowing into
inkling
hint; slight indication
qualify
reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
pathological
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
valediction
saying farewell; expression of leave-taking
rake
angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular
sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
encroachment
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
monograph
scholarly article
dignitary
person of high rank or position
fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
timbre
quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch)
vapid
lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
seamy
sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. seamy side of city life
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
elated
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
proclivity
inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
fabricate
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
lounge
stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
meddlesome
interfering; V. meddle: interfere
petty
trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
piebald
of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
strut
pompous walk; V: walk in a self-important manner
lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
visceral
felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate
abscond
depart secretly and hide
platonic
purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
toady
servile flatterer; yes man; sycophant; V: be a toady to; fawn
nihilist
one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
potable
suitable for drinking; drinkable
surreptitious
done secretly; secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
prance
move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
perquisite(perk)
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
presumptuous
going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
waive
give up temporarily; yield; N. waiver: waiving a right or claim; document that waives a right or claim
pervert
corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
importunate
urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent
materialism
preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
sluggish
lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell
dichotomy
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
deface
mar; disfigure
figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
surveillance
close observation of a person (esp. one under suspicion); watching; guarding
commonplace
ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
legend
explanatory list of symbols on a map
incarcerate
imprison
ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
accost
approach and speak first to a person
welter
wallow (as in mud or high seas); lie soaked (as in blood); Ex. The victims weltered in their blood.
imbibe
drink in
derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
cession
yielding to another; ceding
dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
spoonerism
accidental transposition of sounds in successive words; Ex. "Let me sew you to your sheet'' for "Let me show you to your seat''; CF. William Spooner
abut
border upon; adjoin
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
relapse
return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.
plenary
(of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power
bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
curator
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
replica
copy
latent
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
volition
act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; Ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.
requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
mannered
affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
mural
wall painting
riddle
pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)
credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
provisional
tentative; temporary
ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
pith
core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
lechery
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
denomination
religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic
placid
peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
tutelage
guardianship; training; function of a tutor; instruction
temperate
moderate; restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature; CF. temperance: moderation and self-restraint; abstinence of alcoholic drinks; Ex. temperance society
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
posthumous
after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
robust
strong; vigorous
engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
sophist
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
whine
complain (in a sad voice); make a high sad sound (as in pain or supplication)
gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
quotidian
daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine
monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
provender
dry food for livestock; fodder
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
advent
arrival
rotund
(of a person) fat and round
impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
tautological
needlessly repetitious; Ex. ``It was visible to the eye''; N. tautology: needless repetition of the same sense; statement that is always true
dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
satellite
small body revolving around a larger one
gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
unwieldy
awkward (to carry or move); cumbersome; unmanageable
ragamuffin
dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes
itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
purgatory
place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins
simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
unsightly
ugly; unpleasant to look at
fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
overbearing
bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate
savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
filing
particle removed by a file
moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
recount
narrate or tell (a story); count over again
flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
trite
hackneyed; commonplace
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
gruesome
grisly; horrible
monochromatic
having only one color
irreproachable
beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct
permeable
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
mirth
merriment; laughter
exacting
extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety
unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
spectral
ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom
incisive
(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into
propensity
natural inclination
confound
confuse; puzzle
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
congeal
freeze; coagulate
vilify
slander; speak evil of; N. vilification
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
miserly
stingy; mean
bard
poet
prevail
be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something
defection
desertion
odoriferous
giving off an odor
circuitous
roundabout
opprobrium
infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
sully
defile; soil; tarnish; Ex. sully one's hands in menial labor
homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
pore
study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book; N.
virtuoso
highly skilled artist (esp. in music); Ex. piano virtuoso
resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
sporadic
occurring irregularly; intermittent
dismantle
take apart; disassemble
incantation
singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant
slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
spendthrift
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
primary
first in rank or importance; principal; earliest in time; Ex. primary stages; N. CF. first
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
agape
openmouthed
icon(ikon)
religious image; idol; image or representation
allay
calm; pacify
annul
make void
castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
sylvan
pertaining to the woods or the country
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
intractable
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
prey
target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
excise
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
pied
piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored
delete
erase; strike out
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
maniacal
raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm
fanaticism
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
strut
supporting bar; CF. airplane wing, building support
indulge
yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
lascivious
lustful
weary
tired after long work; V.
throng
crowd (of people or things); V.
treatise
article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly
prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
pantomime
acting without dialogue; V.
disfigure
mar the appearance of; spoil
wade
walk through a substance, such as water, that impedes movement
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
affluence
abundance; wealth
fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
effeminate
having womanly traits
vicar
parish priest; representative
wanderlust
strong longing to travel
inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. inordinate demands
vehement
forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence
inductive
pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general
interstice
narrow space between things
molten
melted; Ex. molten lava
boorish
rude; insensitive
flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
diminution
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
oblivion
obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
holocaust
destruction by fire; CF. burnt whole; CF. Holocaust
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
correlation
mutual relationship
desiccate
dry up
escapade
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
politic
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
query
inquiry; question; V.
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
spectrum
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism; broad and continuous range; Ex. whole spectrum of modern thoughts
crescendo
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
ethnic
relating to races
craft
skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning
rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
concatenate
link as in a chain
memento
token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
shack
crude cabin
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
somnambulist
sleepwalker; V. somnambulate; N. somnambulism
suppliant
entreating; beseeching; N.
bust
piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
precedent
something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
callus
area of thick hard skin
quixotic
idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote
expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
supposititious
assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
prowess
extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle
queasy
experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy
mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
debar
bar; forbid; exclude; Ex. debarred from jury services
substantiate
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
resolve
determination; resolution; firmness of purpose
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
reparable
capable of being repaired
luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
translucent
partly transparent
genesis
beginning; origin
draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
institute
organization for a special purpose; V: establish
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
rustle
make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
glacial
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars)
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
sow
plant or scatter seed
repartee
quick clever reply
bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
polarize
split into opposite extremes or camps
dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
annuity
yearly allowance
nugatory
worthless; futile
babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
scale
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
shoot
new growth from a plant
overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
pariah
social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
hallucination
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory
infantile
childish; infantlike
hut
crude dwelling; shack
caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
subside
sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
theocracy
government run by religious leaders
nomadic
wandering; N. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place
balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
edifice
building (of imposing size)
gruel
thin liquid porridge
residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
vibrant
full of vigor or energy; vibrating
impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
lot
object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land
hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
inebriated
habitually intoxicated; drunk; N. inebriety
repellent
driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.
vignette
small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene
fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
sonnet
14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
stoic
stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism
skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
repress
hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
periphery
outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
wake
trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war
effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
tycoon
wealthy and powerful businessperson; wealthy leader; magnate; Ex. business tycoon
decelerate
slow down
inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
loquacious
talkative; N. loquacity
functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
pillage
plunder
pomposity
self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
renovate
restore to good condition; renew
satiate
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
syllogism
logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
import
significance; importance; meaning
nettle
irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome
sanguine
optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red
celestial
heavenly
ovation
enthusiastic applause
thesis
opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments
nefarious
very wicked
mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
retrieve
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
respiration
breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory
foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
saga
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
seethe
be violently disturbed; boil; (of a liquid) move about wildly as if boiling; Ex. The nation was seething with discontent.
precipitant
something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; OP. solvent
quagmire
bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
savant
scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know
mentor
counselor; teacher
punitive
punishing; Ex. punitive measures
etymology
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
procrastinate
postpone; delay or put off
crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
preposterous
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
uncouth
boorish; clumsy in speech or behavior; outlandish
fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
obscure
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
obfuscate
confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand
tribulation
suffering; ordeal; distress; trial
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
potent
powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
repel
drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
hermetic
concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
advert
refer
waggish
humorous; mischievous; tricky
reprise
musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises
sinecure
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
uninhibited
unrepressed; free in behavior and feelings
afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
scintilla
trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark
eccentricity
oddity; idiosyncrasy
damn
condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
indelible
not able to be erased
cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
grandiose
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
vitreous
of glass; pertaining to or resembling glass; V. vitrify: change into glass; CF. petrify
chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
luscious
pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
germane
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
multilingual
having many languages; fluent in several languages
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant
mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
parvenu
upstart; newly rich person
veneer
thin surface layer (of good quality wood, glued to a base of inferior material); cover; surface show; fa\c{c}ade; V.
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
lexicon
dictionary
impermeable
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate
fluency
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
semblance
outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
petrify
turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
partial
incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
refulgent
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon
retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
vagrant
wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy
awful
terrible; very bad
impersonal
not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
hatch
deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg
hapless
unfortunate; luckless
expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
subsistence
existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)
docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
disdain
treat with scorn or contempt
procurement
obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another
obese
excessively fat; N. obesity
recipient
receiver
supplicate
petition humbly; pray to grant a favor
paltry
insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
imminent
impending; near at hand
cohere
stick together
unravel
disentangle; solve
pudding
hot sweet dish
loath
reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
urbane
suave; refined in manner; elegant
vying
contending; CF. vie
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
pigment
coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
hygiene
science and practice of the promotion and preservation of health; ADJ. hygienic: showing careful attention to cleanness (to prevent disease); Ex. hygienic condition
incompatible
inharmonious; N. incompatibility
breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
licentious
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
parley
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
repeal
revoke; annul
pretentious
ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art
doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
incinerate
burn to ashes
chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
frugality
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
emancipate
set free; liberate
abridge
condense or shorten
jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
impenetrable
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
digression
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
gull
trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
sepulcher
tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral
quiver
tremble; shake; N.
annihilate
destroy
talisman
charm; object believed to give supernatural powers to or protect its bearer
flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
inarticulate
speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly
rusticate
banish to the country; dwell in the country
supererogatory
superfluous; more than needed or demanded
subjective
influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; Ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence
pusillanimous
cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
resuscitate
revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child
invincible
unconquerable
proxy
authorized agent; authority to act for another
ken
range of knowledge; Ex. beyond one's ken
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
suture
stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision; material used in sewing; V: sew together a wound
apprehensive
fearful; discerning
vouch
give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher
waft
move gently (in air or in seas) by wind or waves; Ex. leaves wafting past the window
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
pensive
dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
trivia
trifles; unimportant matters
vigor
active strength; energy; enthusiasm; ADJ. vigorous
invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
hubbub
confused uproar; loud noise; din
minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
palatable
agreeable; pleasing to the taste
larceny
theft; Ex. petit larceny
preen
make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
perverse
purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
voracious
ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; Ex. voracious animal/reader
errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
frigid
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
ominous
threatening; of an evil omen
epic
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
leniency
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
wiggle
wriggle; move from side to side with irregular twisting motions
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
rebuke
scold harshly; criticize severely
incline
slope; slant; Ex. steep incline
suitor
man who is courting a woman
billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
tryst
meeting arranged by lovers; arrangement between lovers to meet
venue
location; place (of a crime, trial, gathering, etc.); CF. come
infidel
unbeliever (with respect to a particular religion)
scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
fluctuate
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
throttle
strangle; regulate the speed of with a throttle; N: valve that regulates the flow; CF. throat ?
predicament
difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
versatile
having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility
d\'enouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
incur
bring upon oneself
pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
roseate
rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views
trepidation
fear; nervous apprehension
transpose
reverse the order or position of
pacify
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
uproarious
marked by commotion or uproar; very noisy (esp. with laughter); hilarious; causing loud laughter; extremely funny
appellation
name; title
gait
manner of walking or running; speed
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
retain
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
hail
frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail
gyroscope
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
grotto
small cavern
layman
man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
finale
conclusion; concluding part
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
monotheism
belief in one God
sidetrack
switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track
swathe
swath; wrap around; bandage; Ex. one's head swathed in bandages
subservient
behaving like a slave; servile; obsequious; subordinate; N. subservience
philanthropist
lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
bellicose
warlike
trunk
main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant
fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
inherent
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
certitude
certainty
fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
lag
move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
lofty
very high
rife
(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current
chaotic
in utter disorder
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
espionage
spying
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
orientation
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
splice
join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.
embezzlement
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
surly
bad-tempered; rude; cross
ramification
branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision
eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
static
having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state
dilatory
delaying; tending to delay
marrow
soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells
occlude
shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
thematic
of a theme; relating to a unifying motif or idea
indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
vise
vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device
vicarious
experienced as if one were taking part in the experience of another; done by a deputy for other people; acting as a substitute; Ex. vicarious thrill at the movies; Ex. the vicarious sufferings of Christ
authenticate
prove genuine
tickle
touch (the body) lightly so as to cause laughter; please
masquerade
wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise
harry
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
malodorous
foul-smelling
gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
ordeal
severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction
genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
saboteur
one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)
negate
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
clasp
hold firmly within arms
dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
sophisticated
worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate
disparage
belittle
exempt
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
touching
causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
surfeit
satiate; feed or supply to excess; stuff; indulge to excess in anything; N: surfeiting; excessive amount; Ex. surfeit of food
sap
diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
prime
period of ideal or peak condition; earliest or beginning stage; Ex. in the prime of life; Ex. prime of the year(spring); ADJ: first in importance or rank; first; V: make ready; prepare
apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
edify
instruct; correct morally
executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will
aloft
upward; high up in the air
gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
poignancy
quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
spatula
broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
pragmatist
practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
transcendental
going beyond common thought or ideas; impossible to understand by practical experiences or practices; known only by studying thoughts or intuition; OP. empirical; CF. transcendentalism
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
armada
fleet of warships
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
reprisal
retaliation
superannuated
retired or disqualified because of age; outmoded; obsolete
internecine
mutually destructive
nuptial
related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony
exult
rejoice
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
pejorative
(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.
dorsal
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
reconcile
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
sunder
separate; part; CF. asunder
tipple
drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink
misogynist
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
medium
element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through which something else is transmitted
communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
entrepreneur
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
trident
three-pronged spear
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
vulnerable
susceptible to wounds or attack; N. vulnerability
numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
vantage
position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); CF. vantagepoint
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
threadbare
worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor; hackneyed; Ex. threadbare excuses
arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
rant
speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.
warranted
justified; authorized
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
scowl
frown angrily; N: angry frown
diva
operatic singer; prima donna
osseous
made of bone; bony
stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
bulk
size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
patois
local or provincial dialect
providence
quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate
malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
peripheral
of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
mode
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
polemic
attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
insatiable
not easily satisfied; unquenchable; Ex. insatiable appetite
feature
distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
unsavory
distasteful; disagreeable; morally offensive; Ex. unsavory activity/reputation
adage
wise saying; proverb
quicksilver
mercury
recline
lie down
suffocate
die or kill from lack of air; suppress
protrude
stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
solder
repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
leash
restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
refractory
unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
inception
start; beginning
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
ungainly
(of someone) awkward in movement; clumsy; (of something) unwieldy; Ex. ungainly dancer/instrument
superfluous
excessive; overabundant; unnecessary; N. superfluity
abscission
cutting off; separation
mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
buffoon
stupid person; clown
verbalize
put into words; ADJ. verbal: of words; spoken rather than written; oral; of a verb
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
stout
rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
chronic
long established as a disease
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
upbraid
reprimand; severely scold
unscathed
unharmed; Ex. escape the accident unscathed
filch
steal (things of small value)
pillory
punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
pandemic
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
unexceptionable
entirely acceptable; not offering any basis for criticism
recess
pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive
quaint
odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque
titanic
gigantic; N. titan
supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
tenant
one that pays rent to use property owned by another
jubilation
rejoicing; great joy
canto
division of a long poem
modulate
tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
solecism
nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette
braggart
boaster; bragger
rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
compliant
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
potion
dose (of liquids); liquid dose
compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
vernal
pertaining to spring
queue
line (of waiting people or vehicles)
Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
mediate
settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire
vitiate
spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
secession
withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership
tantrum
fit of bad temper; fit of petulance; caprice; Ex. The child went into tantrums.
magisterial
authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
seismic
pertaining to earthquakes
improvise
compose on the spur of the moment
ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; CF. gall bladder
flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
stock
standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; Ex. stock sizes of paper; Ex. stock excuse/character; N: goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique
compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
threat
sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.
confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
scavenge
hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion
malefactor
evildoer; criminal
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
terminal
part that forms the end; railroad or bus station; ADJ. forming an end; ending in death; fatal; Ex. terminal cancer
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
opportunist
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
encompass
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
roster
list (of names)
verdigris
green coating or patina on copper which has been exposed to the weather
barterer
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
impunity
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
coax
persuade by flattery
shyster
lawyer using questionable methods; unscrupulous practioner
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
nova
star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
protean
able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
saccharine
cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
prologue
introduction (to a poem or play)
sententious
pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic
bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
glossary
brief explanation of words used in the text
incipient
beginning; in an early stage
rou\'e
lecherous man
elastic
able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material
sterile
incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
nadir
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
assail
assault
shunt
move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.
quaff
drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment)
resumption
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
snuffle
sniffle; sniff repeatedly (in order to keep liquid from running out of the nose)
gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
plasticity
ability to be molded; ADJ. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; Ex. plastic material such as clay
roil
make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
intellect
higher mental powers; person of great intellectual ability
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
composure
mental calmness
vivacious
lively or animated; sprightly
squabble
minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children
obsequy
funeral ceremony
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
scurrilous
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
sidereal
relating to stars; Ex. sidereal day
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
upshot
outcome; final result
dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
scaffold
temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution
puissant
powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power
vindicate
clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof); exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator
deplore
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
sever
separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position
slake
satisfy (thirst); quench; sate
vie
contend; compete
gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
oust
expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
obsessive
related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively
primordial
existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
wean
accustom a baby not to nurse; accustom (the young of a mammal) to take nourishment other than by suckling; give up a cherished activity; cause to gradually leave (an interest or habit); Ex. wean oneself from cigarettes
inebriate
make drunk; intoxicate; N. intoxicated person
foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
perversion
corruption; turning from right to wrong
pulsate
throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
hostility
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
sedulous
diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity
reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
trajectory
path taken by a projectile; Ex. trajectory of a bullet
jocund
merry
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
fraudulent
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
choice
delicate; of very fine quality
sere
sear; parched; dry
marked
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
temper
moderate; make less severe; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel) as by alternate heating and cooling
kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
restitution
returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury
foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
spare
give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time
defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
titillate
tickle; excite pleasantly; Ex. not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
accord
agreement
piecemeal
one part at a time; gradually; in stages; Ex. read a novel piecemeal
deluge
flood; rush; V.
verbose
wordy; N. verbosity
serenity
calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene
sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
noisome
foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
conflagration
great fire
spat
squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel
snivel
complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; Ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.
impious
irreverent
phlegmatic
calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
smelt
melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition
mortify
humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
rebuttal
refutation; response with contrary evidence; V. rebut: refute; disprove
ration
fixed portion; V: distribute as rations
dormant
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
dismember
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
lethal
deadly
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
engross
occupy fully; absorb
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
vulpine
like a fox; crafty
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
hedonist
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure
unwitting
not knowing; unaware; unintentional; Ex. She was their unwitting accomplice; Ex. unwitting insult; CF. wit: know
blackball
vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote
fancied
imagined; unreal
bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
dispassionate
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
patina
green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
ingenue
ing\'enue; young innocent girl
behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
mawkish
mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
intoxicate
make drunk; stimulate or excite; Ex. intoxicated by all the money he might win
lewd
lustful
immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
incite
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
assiduous
diligent
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
irony
hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
gobble
eat very quickly
quail
cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart
profligate
wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
affiliation
joining; associating with
precept
practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
integrate
make whole; combine; make into one unit
reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
hone
sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
belligerent
quarrelsome
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
extrovert
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
impassable
not able to be traveled or crossed
tyro
beginner; novice
stamina
power of endurance; strength; staying power
untenable
(of a position, esp. in an argument) indefensible; not able to be maintained
perspicuous
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
indicative
suggestive; implying; serving to indicate
infernal
pertaining to hell; devilish; N. inferno: place of fiery heat or destruction
slovenly
untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless
underlying
lying below; fundamental
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
turncoat
traitor
adept
expert at; very skilled
rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
enthrall
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
innocuous
harmless
prescience
ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
supposition
assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose
habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
saunter
stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.
immaculate
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass
felon
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
consternation
great shock; dismay
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
officious
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy
nib
beak(bill); pen point
pyromaniac
person with an insane desire to set things on fire
mischance
ill luck
viscous
(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
parish
area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
offensive
attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; Ex. first offense
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
glare
shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.
expedite
hasten; make go faster
centripetal
tending toward the center
novelty
something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original
tribute
tax levied by a ruler; payment made by one nation to another in acknowledgment of submission; mark of respect (such as praise or gift); Ex. pay tribute to
animated
lively; spirited
raspy
making a harsh noise; grating; harsh
subterfuge
stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge
febrile
feverish
slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
pugnacity
combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
censorious
severely critical
lateral
of or coming from the side
lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
peregrination
journey; V. peregrinate
odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
proviso
stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
acknowledge
recognize; admit
touchstone
stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion; standard
impertinent
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
lubricate
apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
larder
pantry; place where food is kept
preeminent
outstanding; superior
paramount
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
prototype
original work used as a model by others
rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
jeopardize
endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
smattering
slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German
pseudonym
pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
aegis
shield; protection; defense
disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
incarnate
endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil incarnate; V: give bodily form to; embody
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
feign
pretend
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
latch
fastening or lock consisting of a movable bar that fits into a notch; V: close with a latch
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
archipelago
group of closely located islands
spawn
lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); N: eggs of aquatic animals
absolve
pardon (an offense)
headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound
proletarian
member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
rationalize
make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization
discord
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
recumbent
reclining; lying down completely or in part
haphazard
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
perforate
pierce; put a hole through
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
squash
crush; quash; suppress
incommodious
not spacious; inconvenient
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
ineffectual
not effective; not having a desired effect; weak
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
throb
(of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
squat
short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.
grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
melee
fight
inexorable
relentless; unyielding; implacable; not capable of being changed by entreaty or efforts; Ex. inexorable price rises
maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
interloper
intruder; one who interferes
lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
rudimentary
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
gratify
please; satisfy; Ex. gratify a desire
ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
ensue
follow (as a result)
enigma
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
schematic
of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline
voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
presage
foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
cloister
monastery or convent
saturate
soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
illuminate
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks
renege
break a promise; deny; go back on; Ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
heterogeneous
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
wrongheaded
stubbornly wrong
tenacious
holding fast (as to a belief); persistent
incentive
spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity
temperament
characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess; ADJ. temperamental: of temperament; having frequent changes of temper; Ex. temperamental dislike of sports; Ex. temperamental actress
figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. "For Christ's sake''
padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
perennial
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
weird
eerie; strange; unnatural
astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
serpentine
winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake
knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
tart
sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
usury
lending money at illegal high rates of interest
rip
tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
matin\'ee(matinee)
dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon
porous
full of pores; like a sieve
indigenous
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
ulcer
sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
physiological
pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology
warp
twist out of shape; N.
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
narcissist
conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
throes
violent anguish
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
flirt
behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
prelude
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
minuscule(miniscule)
extremely small
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
ineffable
unutterable; not to be uttered; taboo; that cannot be expressed in speech; indescribable; unspeakable; inexpressible; Ex. ineffable name/joy
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
concise
brief and compact
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
tiller
handle used to move boat's rudder (to steer)
mesmerize
hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
quandary
dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
minute
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
gaudy
flashy; showy
revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
unassailable
not open to attack; impregnable; not subject to question
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
remonstrate
protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest
pedigree
line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot
peremptory
demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
illimitable
infinite; limitless
mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
stentorian
(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad
outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
tablet
small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
integrity
honesty; uprightness; wholeness; state of being whole and undivided; completeness
homespun
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
maudlin
effusively sentimental
dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
asteroid
small planet
felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
component
element; ingredient
ubiquitous
being everywhere; omnipresent; N. ubiquity
victuals
food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food
beeline
direct quick route
querulous
given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining
beware
be cautious (of)
slipshod
slovenly; careless; sloppy; untidy; shabby; Ex. slipshod work
ideology
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
provincial
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
munificent
very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
prominent
protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
devoid
empty; lacking
overblown
inflated; exaggerated
integral
complete; necessary for completeness; Ex. integral part
edict
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
unimpeachable
that cannot be impeached; beyond doubt or question; blameless and exemplary
nutritious
providing nourishment
random
without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random
demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
proximity
nearness; ADJ. proximate
indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
isotope
varying from of an element
ransack
search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.
nuance
shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
stalemate
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
milieu
social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
nurture
nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing
grunt
utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.
vertigo
severe dizziness; giddiness
stink
stench; V: emit a strong foul odor
baffle
frustrate; perplex
scion
detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant
prodigal
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
wax
increase gradually (as the moon); grow
relegate
put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division
nepotism
favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew
gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
termination
end; V. terminate
contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
remorse
deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach
gamut
entire range
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
polygamist
one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry
geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
prone
inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone
halfhearted
exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm
flotsam
drifting wreckage
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
trek
travel; journey; V: make a long difficult journey
pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
impolitic
not wise; not expedient; not politic
sinister
evil; ominous
subsequent
following in time or order; later
bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
satirical
using satire; mocking
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
lucre
money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre
pivotal
of a pivot; central; critical; crucial
engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
ablution
washing
militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
detonation
explosion
habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
stamp
step on heavily (so as to crush or extinguish); put an end to; imprint or impress with a mark, design, or seal; shape with a die; characterize; Ex. machine stamping out car bodies; Ex. newspaper stamping him as a liar; N. stamping; implement used to stamp; impression stamped; mark; Ex. Her remarks bear the stamp of truth.
hallowed
blessed; consecrated; Ex. hallowed ground; V. hallow: set apart as holy
obsolete
outmoded; no longer used
tarnish
make or become dull or discolored; N.
mongrel
plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.
unrequited
not requited; not reciprocated; Ex. unrequited love
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
sultry
(of weather) hot; sweltering; sensual; voluptuous
hypothetical
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
panache
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache
dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
zest
outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life
patrimony
property inherited from a father
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
omnipotent
all-powerful; having unlimited power
stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
chaffing
bantering; joking
hilarity
boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter
vociferous
clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)
choir
group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir
penance
self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
homely
not good-looking; unattractive
obstinate
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
vitriolic
causing sharp pain to the mind; caustic; corrosive; sarcastic; of vitriol; N. vitriol: sulphuric acid (which burns flesh deeply); bitterly abusive expression; caustic expression; CF. glass
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
intervene
come between; interfere; Ex. intervened to prevent a fight; N. intervention
healthy
possessing good health; healthful
bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
rejoinder
reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
sequester
isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life
atypical
not normal; not typical
well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
polity
(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
d\'ecollet\'e
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
aspirant
seeker after position or status
baroque
highly ornate
beseech
beg; plead with
magnitude
greatness (in size or extent); extent
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
retribution
deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back
laceration
torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
perdition
damnation; complete ruin; hell
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
timorous
fearful; timid; demonstrating fear
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
sensitization
process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive
sour
having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
culprit
one guilty of a crime
regiment
military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
resentment
indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
primp
groom oneself with care; adorn oneself
arraign
charge in court; indict
submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
demotic
of or pertaining to the people
meticulous
excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
pragmatic
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
partiality
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
herald
messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher
consummate
complete; V.
spruce
neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.
obtuse
blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
execrable
very bad; detestable
bacchanalian
drunken
august
impressive; majestic
panoramic
denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
substantive
substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
abash
embarrass
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
warren
tunnels in which rabbits live; overcrowded living area; crowded conditions in which people live
impudence
impertinence; insolence
dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
mace
ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon
animosity
active enmity
ellipsis
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
problematic
causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.
excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
incoherent
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
concord
harmony; accord
irrepressible
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill
pithy
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
transmute
transform; change; convert to something different
touchy
oversensitive; easily offended; irasible; delicate; needing delicate handling; Ex. touchy situation
self-righteous
sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
antecede
precede
stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
relent
become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe
veritable
being truly so; real or genuine; actual; not false or imaginary
tightwad
miser; excessively frugal person
badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
coiffure
hairstyle
decipher
decode; CF. indecipherable
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
embrace
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
subpoena
writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena
egotistical
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
accomplice
partner in crime
revile
attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
quench
assuage or satisfy (thrust); slake; douse or extinguish; put out; suppress
rhetoric
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''
culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
tatter
torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes
misgivings
doubts
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
craven
cowardly
fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
revert
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
idyll(idyl)
short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers
parallelism
state of being parallel; similarity; analogy
hap
chance; luck
pedantic
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
stodgy
dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book
cross
bad-tempered; showing ill-humor; angry
sloth
slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent
graduate
arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler
rolling
(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments
intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
pan
criticize harshly
bulge
protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
transient
staying for a short time; momentary; temporary; N: one that is transient
brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
ostensible
apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition
blunder
error; stupid mistake
sleazy
shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial; Ex. sleazy back-street hotel/fabric
ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
turmoil
extreme confusion; great commotion and confusion; Ex. throw the country into turmoil
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
recital
act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
misdemeanor
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
rend
split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow
hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
vigilant
watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
skimp
provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly
arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
promontory
headland
generality
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
subsidiary
serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.
lethargic
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
magistrate
official with power to administer the law
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
replete
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
rank
offensive in odor or flavor
outlandish
bizzare; peculiar; unconventional
reproach
blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful
commonwealth
nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
doggerel
poor verse
prolixity
tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
scruple
hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience
ewe
female sheep
draw
choosing of a lot or card
indigent
poor; destitute
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
sybarite
lover of luxury; person devoted to pleasure and luxury; CF. Sybaris: an ancient Greek city in Italy
holster
leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)
earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
vertex
summit; highest point; PL. vertices
laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
requiem
mass for the dead; dirge
ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically
ameliorate
improve
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
striated
marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line
cogent
convincing
rendition
rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc
heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
virus
disease communicator
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
heed
pay attention to; N: close attention
chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
venture
risk; expose to risk; dare; undertake a risk; N.
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
amazon
female warrior
perimeter
outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
smirk
conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.
exclaim
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
divulge
reveal
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
imperceptible
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
totter
shake or move unsteadily; sway as if about to fall
pertinent
suitable; to the point; relevant
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
depose
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
abolish
cancel; put an end to
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
expedient
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
unison
unity of pitch (in musical performance); complete accord; Ex. The choir sang in unison.
soothsayer
one who foretells the future
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
protocol
diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
onus
burden; responsibility
ventral
abdominal
refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
gleam
brief flash of light; glow; V.
volley
simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.
vivisection
act of dissecting living animals
facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
rationale
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
restive
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
molecule
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
emanate
issue forth; come out
illusory
illusive; deceptive; not real
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
simper
smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly
plaintive
expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
desolate
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
slavish
of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
orthodox
traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
indignation
anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant
leery
(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious
perpetrate
commit an offense; do (something wrong)
glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
forebears(forbears)
ancestors
tithe
tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church); V: pay a tithe
quadruped
four-footed animal; ADJ. CF. biped
oracular
of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle
excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
restraint
moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction
obituary
death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.
growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
probity
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
Elysium
place or condition of bliss
generate
cause; produce; create
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
sodden
thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink
endue
provide with some quality; endow
hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
quiver
case for arrows
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
philology
study of language or words
parable
short simple story teaching a moral
omniscient
all-knowing
chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
guise
outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise
peruse
read through with care; N. perusal
skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
inclusive
tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
perturb
disturb greatly
impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
ordination
ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
reminiscent
suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence
palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
quip
taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
kinetic
producing motion; of motion
mobile
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
responsiveness
state of reacting readily to appeals, orders, etc.; ADJ. responsive: readily reacting; Ex. responsive to treatment
parchment
writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
verbiage
pompous array of words; too many unnecessary words; wordiness
goad
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
potential
expressing possibility; latent; N: capacity for growth
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
avantgarde
group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard
unsullied
untarnished; CF. sully
lucrative
profitable; producing wealth
metropolis
large city
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
quintessence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence
floe
flat mass of floating ice
facet
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
validate
make valid; confirm; ratify
slapdash
hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)
posture
assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude
indite
write; compose
spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
boor
rude, insensitive person
projectile
missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
offhand
casual; done without prior thought or preparation
bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
energize
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
prot\'eg\'e
person receiving protection and support from a patron
olfactory
concerning the sense of smell
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
bewitch
cast a spell over; captivate completely
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
motley
multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
provocative
arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation
overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
preempt
prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive
dowry
money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
residue
remainder; balance
mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
insuperable
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
nebula
diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
realm
kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility
dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
runic
mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
converse
opposite; ADJ.
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
manifest
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
retrospective
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
humility
humbleness of spirit
compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
solicit
entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
metamorphosis
change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
ponderous
having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing
wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
repine
fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work
indigence
poverty
propinquity
nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
solace
comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
salacious
lascivious; lustful; Ex. salacious monk
recidivism
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
tortuous
winding; full of curves; Ex. tortuous mountain road
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
primal
first in rank or importance; being first in time; original; Ex. man's primal innocence
fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
menace
threat; V: threaten
prohibitive
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
tundra
rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America
apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
regime
method of system or government
peerless
having no equal; incomparable
tutelary
protective; pertaining to a guardianship; Ex. tutelary deities
fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
premonitory
serving to warn
inamorata
woman whom a man loves
cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
wag
shake repeatedly from side to side; Ex. The dog wagged its tail; N: humorous person; wit
unfetter
liberate; free from chains; V. unfetter
persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
methodical
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
ludicrous
laughable; ridiculous; trifling
underscore
underline; emphasize
terminology
terms used in a science or art; study of nomenclature
transparent
permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected; obvious; clear; Ex. transparent lie
elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
abrogate
abolish
raiment
clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.
oaf
stupid awkward person; CF. elf
recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
reprobation
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
tantalize
tease; excite by exposing something desirable while keeping it out of reach; torture with disappointment; CF. Tantalus: Greek mythological figure
meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
tactile
pertaining to the organs or sense of touch
hide
skin of an animal
incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
nirvana
in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
insomnia
wakefulness; inability to sleep
mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
unprepossessing
unattractive
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
linguistic
pertaining to language
equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
implication
something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating
dissent
disagree
environ
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
horoscope
diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
citadel
fortress
renegade
deserter; traitor; ADJ.
hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
malapropos
inappropriate; ADV.
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
ornate
excessively or elaborately decorated
engaging
charming; attractive
repugnance
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
muted
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
tender
offer formally; extend; Ex. tender one's resignation/the exact fare; N: formal offer; money; Ex. legal tender; ADJ: young and vulnerable; sensitive to the touch; sore; soft; delicate; Ex. child of tender years; Ex. tender wound
cistern
reservoir or water tank
shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
credence
belief
imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
generic
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
eccentric
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
draft
first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
botch
mismanage; blow
artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
regeneration
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
elevation
elevated position; altitude; height; flat upright side of a building; angle made by pointing a gun; Ex. The elevation of her style is much admired; Ex. front elevation of the house
ruffian
violent scoundrel; bully
invalidate
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
idyllic
charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene
garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
palette
board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
imprudent
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
margin
border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
succor
assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.
stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
valedictory
pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)
guileless
without deceit
irrefutable
indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable
minutiae
petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
delude
deceive
hale
healthy
igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
pervasive
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
vampire
ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living
immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
tractable
docile; easily managed; (of something) easily changed or molded; N. tractability
inquisitor
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
nubile
marriageable; of marriageable age; CF. connubial
quash
crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court
jibe
agree; be in harmony with; gibe
sentinel
sentry; lookout
resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
subsidy
direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy
interjection
exclamation; Ex. "Ouch''
headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
traverse
go through or across
obnoxious
offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
travesty
copy or example of something that completely misrepresents the true nature of the real thing; comical parody or imitation; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous; Ex. travesty of justice; OP. paragon
forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
celerity
speed; rapidity
tyranny
oppression; cruel government; ADJ. tyrannical: of a tyrant or tyranny; despotic; V. tyrannize: treat tyrannically; oppress
tonsure
shaving of the head especially by person entering religious orders; V.
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
tawny
brownish yellow
imperturbable
unshakably calm; placid
outlook
point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
vendor
seller
presentiment
premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear
imbalance
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
protuberance
protrusion; swelling; bulge
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
homage
honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to
leeway
room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
avuncular
of or like an uncle
vent
release or discharge through a vent; express (esp. unfairly); utter; Ex. He vented his wrath on his family.
tarry
linger; delay in starting or going; dawdle
discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
relish
enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest
debase
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
pedestal
support or base as for a pillar or statue
luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
disproportion
lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate
martial
warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
manacle
restrain; handcuff; N.
gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
cow
terrorize; intimidate
reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
canine
related to dogs; doglike
fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
reverent
respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
trenchant
cutting; incisive; keen
listless
lacking in spirit or energy; languid
heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
recapitulate
summarize
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
terse
concise; abrupt; pithy
exotic
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
distend
expand; swell out
mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
opiate
medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
submissive
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
alleviate
relieve (pain)
incense
enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor
brackish
somewhat saline
frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
abode
dwelling place; home
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
requisite
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
abominate
loathe; hate
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
swarm
large group of insects moving in a mass; crowd of people or animals; V: move in a crowd or mass
perpetual
everlasting
precise
exact
smolder
smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; Ex. smoldering anger
impasse
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
infamous
notoriously bad; notorious; well known for being bad; Ex. infamous behavior; N: infamy: infamous act; evil fame or reputation
squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
stygian
unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead
muse
ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
rehabilitate
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
spatial
relating to space
taint
contaminate; cause to lose purity; modify with a trace of something bad; Ex. tainted reputation; N: stain; touch of decay or bad influence; CF. touch
leonine
like a lion
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
prosper
become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care
chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
mar
spoil the appearance of
sarcasm
cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic
monarchy
government under a single ruler
prodigy
highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
forward
presumptuous or bold
lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
venial
(of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial
renown
fame; ADJ. renowned
quirk
sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate
suffuse
spread through or over (with a color or liquid); charge; Ex. A blush suffused her cheeks.
epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
slacken
slow up; loosen; make or become slack
variegate
change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)
quiescent
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
testy
irritable; impatient and bad-tempered; short-tempered; N. testiness
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
scrutinize
examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny
unconscionable
unscrupulous; not guided by conscience; excessive; beyond reason; Ex. unconscionable demand
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
scrappy
quarrelsome
myriad
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
pediatrician
physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
acrophobia
fear of heights
mortar
vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
disgruntle
make discontented
salutary
tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
outstrip
outrun; surpass; outdo
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
trappings
outward decorations; ornaments (as an outward sign of rank)
polyglot
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
facsimile
copy
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
rag
scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
vagary
capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander
breadth
width; extent
laborious
demanding much work or care; tedious
feline
of a member of the cat family; N.
pinch
squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; Ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. N: amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
insolence
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
suffragist
advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage
penetrate
enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand
chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
vixen
female fox; ill-tempered woman; CF. shrew
exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
perigee
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
soluble
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
impromptu
without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment
vivid
(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description
passive
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
libel
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
psychopathic
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
puny
tiny; weak; insignificant
implicit
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
verisimilar
having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible
spry
(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble
ramshackle
(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart
insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
pestle
tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
hieroglyphic
picture writing; ADJ.
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?
waylay
ambush; lie in wait for and attack
reinstate
restore to a previous condition or position
injurious
harmful; causing injury
brim
uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
ursine
bearlike; pertaining to a bear
shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
ingenious
marked by inventive skill; clever; resourceful; N. ingenuity
epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
pulse
rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
declivity
downward slope
somnolent
half asleep; drowsy; N. somnolence
incredulity
tendency to disbelief
doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
tan
convert (hide) into leather; make brown by exposure to the sun
denigrate
blacken; defame
genre
particular variety of art or literature
heresy
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic
pinnace
small boat
inanimate
lifeless; not animate
gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
suppress
put an end to forcibly; subdue; stifle; overwhelm; inhibit the expression of; check; prevent from being published or made public; Ex. suppress a smile; Ex. suppress the magazine/truth
bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
simulate
feign; imitate
hull
husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship
resolve
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
immobility
state of being immovable
beneficent
kindly; doing good
wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
portend
foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning
taxonomist
specialist in classifying (animals, etc.); CF. taxonomy: science of classification
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
revelry
boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration
trifling
trivial; unimportant
entice
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice
exploit
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
discernible
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
swerve
deviate; turn aside sharply from a straight course; Ex. swerve from the principle; Ex. The car swerved to the right.
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
prefatory
introductory; of a preface
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
parry
ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N.
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
resurge
rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again
implore
beg
aver
state confidently; declare as true
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
placebo
harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
penitent
repentant; N.
dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
induce
persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement
reprove
censure; rebuke; N. reproof
vintner
wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
outspoken
candid; blunt
extol
praise very highly; glorify
refuse
anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash
shaving
very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)
ventriloquist
someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy
brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
condiments
seasonings; spices
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
duration
length of time something lasts
ogle
look at amorously; make eyes at; Ex. old men ogling young girls
expenditure
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
prurient
having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire
parameter
limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
irremediable
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
extort
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
vagrant
homeless wanderer
drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
mime
pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime
chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
frustrate
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
stoke
stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
miscellaneous
made up of a variety of parts
mirage
unreal reflection; optical illusion
raffle
lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car
tenure
holding of an office or real estate; time during which such an office is held
ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
memoir
memoirs; autobiography; biography
sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
propound
put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory
hamper
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N:
farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
litany
supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
comeback
retort; quick clever reply; return to former status
saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
archives
public records; place where public records are kept
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
resilient
elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)
palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
tardy
slow; sluggish; not on time; late; Ex. tardy arrival
vendetta
blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
entomology
study of insects
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
weather
pass safely through (a storm or difficult period); endure the effects of weather or other forces
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
instigate
start; urge; provoke; incite; Ex. instigate a search/quarrel
sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
tramp
walk with a heavy step; travel on foot; N: vagrant; one who travels aimlessly about; long walk; sound of heavy walking
ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
unearth
dig up; discover (facts) by careful searching; Ex. He unearthed some secrets about her; OP. conceal
parquet
floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece
rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
knave
untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery
augment
increase; add to
forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
obelisk
tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid
rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
precipice
cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
pry
inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
rational
(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical
agenda
items of business at a meeting
trample
step heavily with the feet; crush under the feet
execute
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
prim
proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper
finite
limited
quell
suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. "Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill
daze
stun as with a blow or shock; bemuse; benumb; N.
welt
raised mark from a beating or whipping
apprise
inform
statutory
created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit
microcosm
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
sophistry
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism
scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
pachyderm
thick-skinned animal
tendentious
promoting a particular point of view; biased; having an aim; designed to further a cause; Ex. tendentious rather than truth-seeking; CF. tend: move in a certain direction
knoll
little round hill; hillock
temerity
boldness; nerve; rashness; Ex. temerity to ask for a pay increase after only three day's work
galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
lurid
wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder
odium
detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
impalpable
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
deranged
insane
depict
portray
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
septic
of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)
proselytize
(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
hibernate
sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation
spate
sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
untoward
unexpected and adverse; unfortunate or unlucky; Ex. untoward encounter
scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
dilapidated
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
strew
spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; Ex. flower girl strewing rose petals
vacuous
empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity
meter
arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
indiscriminate
choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions
haven
place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven
lien
legal claim or right on a property
lope
gallop slowly
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
melancholy
gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
render
give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully
sect
separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group
unassuming
modest; Ex. the champion's unassuming manner
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
mammal
vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
contaminate
pollute
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
snip
short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors
flourish
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
vision
eyesight; foresight; mental image produced by the imagination; experience of seeing the supernatural
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
physiognomy
face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features
voluminous
having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
dishearten
discourage
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
flagrant
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
stipend
pay for services
libidinous
lustful
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
unaccountable
unexplicable; impossible to account for; unreasonable or mysterious
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
disjointed
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
inert
inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act; Ex. chemically inert; N. inertia: state of being inert; force which keeps a thing in the position or state
finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
infiltrate
pass into or through; penetrate or enter (an organization) sneakily; Ex. infiltrate the troops into enemy territory; CF. infiltrator
verity
quality of being true; lasting truth or principle; Ex. the verity of his testimony; Ex. one of the eternal verities
historic
important in history; Ex. historic battle
stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
mediocre
ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
prize
pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)
misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
unfledged
immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling
migrant
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
thrive
prosper; flourish
aptitude
fitness; talent
intelligentsia
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
traumatic
(of an experience) deeply shocking; pertaining to an injury caused by violence; N. trauma: serious wound; emotional shock that causes lasting psychological damage
fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
harbinger
forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)
sentient
capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience
morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
neophyte
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
noxious
harmful; CF. obnoxious
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
indignity
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
grotesque
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
reciprocal
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
scorch
sear; N.
refurbish
renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
deft
neat; skillful
rancid
having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank
eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
pontifical
pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop
contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
tumult
commotion of a great crowd; riot; noise; uproar; ADJ. tumultuous: noisy and disorderly
venturesome
(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky
jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
upright
(sitting or standing) straight up; honest; moral
nebulous
vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal
spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
reserve
self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote
embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
berate
scold strongly
kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
hoodwink
deceive; delude
natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
podiatrist
doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
neologism
new or newly coined word or phrase
solvent
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
capacious
spacious
feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
rile
irritate; vex; muddy
progenitor
ancestor
concentric
having a common center
recrimination
countercharges; V. recriminate
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
bode
foreshadow; portend
monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
proliferate
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
explicate
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
malicious
hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite
nexus
connection
droll
queer and amusing
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
deploy
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
snub
ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.
qualms
uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.
ordinance
decree; authoritative order
rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
levy
impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
covert
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
flair
talent
exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
ovoid
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
grudging
unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
sprightly
lively
tribunal
court of justice
gratuitous
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
tawdry
cheap and gaudy; Ex. tawdry jewelry
narrative
related to telling a story; N: narrated account; story; V. narrate: tell (a story); CF. narration
manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
plumage
feathers of a bird;
bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down
frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
sonic
of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic
abate
subside or moderate
intrepid
fearless
wallow
roll in mud; indulge in; (of a ship) roll in a rough sea; become helpless; Ex. wallow in the mud/luxury
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
stipple
paint or draw with dots or short strokes
emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
loft
room or space under the roof; attic
spurious
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
partisan
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
remission
temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; Ex. The disease went into remission; Ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
prevalent
widespread; generally accepted
misogamy
hatred of marriage
torso
trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk
mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
exiguous
small in amount; minute
optometrist
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
purchase
secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing
disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
betroth
become engaged to marry
potentate
monarch; sovereign
quibble
minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil
diadem
crown
paleontology
study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
scrupulous
conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker
plausible
conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
peon
landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
increment
increase
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
tranquillity
calmness; peace
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
opus
work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
apparent
evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; Ex. apparent improvement
mollify
soothe an angry person
reprieve
postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of
haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
warble
(of a bird) sing; babble; N.
lull
moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
nourishment
something that nourishes; food
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
nonsense
speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail
capsize
(of a boat) turn over
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
trilogy
group of three related works (connected by a shared subject but each complete in itself)
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
pushy
disagreeably aggressive
extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
parasite
animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
obstetrician
physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife
frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
promulgate
announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
repose
resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
collation
a light meal; collating
pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
shoddy
made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick
curtail
shorten; reduce
effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
torpedo
underwater explosive apparatus; V.
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
dissonance
discord
impregnable
invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
congenital
existing at birth
virulent
(of a disease or poison) extremely harmful or poisonous; (of a feeling) hostile; bitter; N. virulence; CF. virus; CF. venom
warranty
guarantee; assurance by seller
ultimate
final; not susceptible to further analysis; fundamental; Ex. The sun is the ultimate source of energy.
mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
nomenclature
terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things
bolster
support; reinforce
beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
embed(imbed)
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
knack
special talent; art
wage
begin and continue (a war)
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
titular
of a title; in name only; nominal; having the title of an office without the obligations; Ex. titular head of the company
opalescent
iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
shambles
(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.
sage
person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise
surmount
overcome
piquant
pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
ornithologist
scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds
parsimony
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
velocity
speed
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
viand
food; CF. live
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
waffle
speak equivocally about an issue; N.
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
shirk
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
tend
have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
valor
bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave
ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
topography
physical features of a region (such as the shape and height); CF. topo-: place
creed
system of religious or ethical belief
precarious
unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
supple
flexible; limber; pliant
uncanny
strange; mysterious; Ex. uncanny knack
vile
despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
seine
seine net; net for catching fish
brawl
noisy quarrel
pundit
authority on a subject; expert; learned person
universal
characterizing or affecting all; general; present everywhere; of the universe; cosmic; Ex. universal agreement; Ex. a subject of universal interest
purse
pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
impiety
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
venison
meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb
hortatory
encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort
recondite
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
satyr
half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man
implausible
unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi
indict
charge; N. indictment
decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
illicit
illegal
capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
loathe
detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
nutrition
process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition
sluggard
lazy person
assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
grapple
wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar
variegated
(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
matrix
point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization
raucous
(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts
mute
silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of
resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
pallet
small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
feasible
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
vital
full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; N. vitality; V. vitalize
subdue
less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger
hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
polemical(polemic)
aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)
fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
visage
face; appearance
prostrate
stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength
warrant
justification; written order that serves as authorization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee
contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
tacit
understood (without actually being expressed); not put into words; Ex. tacit agreement
piety
devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
vainglorious
boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity
exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
tenancy
possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy
prudent
cautious; careful; prudential
exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
labyrinth
maze
pious
devout; religious; N. piety
flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
inconsistency
state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible
sonorous
resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
replenish
fill up again
stereotype
one regarded as embodying a set image or type; fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture often reflecting prejudice; Ex. stereotype of the happy slave; V: make a stereotype of; represent by a stereotype; Ex. It is wrong to stereotype people; Ex. stereotyped answer
pretend
feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense
inhibit
restrain; prohibit; retard or prevent; N. inhibition
exodus
departure (of a large number of people)
brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
demeanor
behavior; bearing
paranoia
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
uproar
noisy confusion
rummage
ransack; thoroughly search
peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
insurmountable
overwhelming; unbeatable; insuperable
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
squelch
produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash
pinion
restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
paroxysm
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
retract
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
polar
of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites
hysteria
excessive or uncontrollable excitement; N. hysteric: person suffering from hysteria; CF. hysterics: attack of hysteria
unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
referendum
direct vote by all the people
stench
strong foul odor; reek; stink
nonchalance
indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
regale
entertain
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
pass\'e
old-fashioned; past the prime
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
malevolent
wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
palpable
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
taunt
deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.
crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
plagiarize
steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
astronomical
enormously large or extensive
legato
(of music) played smoothly
sycophant
servile flatterer; bootlicker; yes man; ADJ. sycophantic
pugilist
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
vaporize
turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)
except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
noncommittal
neutral; refusing commitment to a particular opinion; unpledged; undecided
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
Shangri-la
imaginary remote paradise on earth; CF. Lost Horizon
spontaneity
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
nautical
pertaining to ships or navigation
veracity
truthfulness; adherence to the truth
lament
grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation
favoritism
display of partiality toward a favored person
rebate
return of part of a payment; discount; V.
filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
raze
destroy completely; Ex. raze the city to the ground
graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
infraction
violation (of a rule or regulation); breach
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
invective
abuse
Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
equable
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
sanguinary
bloody; with much bloodshed
platitude
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
verisimilitude
appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; Ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth
anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
respite
time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
bearing
deportment; connection
petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
harass
annoy by repeated attacks
smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
bookish
fond of books and reading
scurry
move hastily; hurry; move briskly
moodiness
fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: state of mind or emotion
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
ambulatory
able to walk
junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
scintillate
sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; Ex. scintillating conversation
peroration
conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
extricate
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
apiculture
bee-keeping
thespian
pertaining to drama; N: actor or actress
gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
obsequious
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
solstice
point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator
hurtle
crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train
toxic
poisonous; N. toxicity
expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
nostalgia
homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic
promote
advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
hindrance
block; obstacle; V. hinder
hummock
small hill; hillock
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
vouchsafe
grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
caricature
distortion; burlesque
salubrious
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
summation
act of finding the total; summing-up; summary (esp. one given by the judge at the end of a trial)
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
tangible
able to be touched; real; concrete; palpable; possible to realize or understand; Ex. tangible proof
bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
impel
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
pallid
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
shackle
chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.
court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
gratuity
tip
intermittent
periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals
palimpsest
parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
profound
deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity
catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
momentum
quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force
patronize
support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
optimist
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
transcendent
exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; V. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; N. transcendancy
repudiate
disown; disavow; deny
persist
continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent
ingrained
deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ingrained dirt/prejudice
proponent
supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
putrid
decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
obtrude
push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; Ex. obtrude A on B; ADJ. obtrusive; N. obtrusion; CF. unobtrusive
nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
pose
assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
omnipresent
universally present; ubiquitous
undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
surrogate
substitute; person or thing used in place of another; Ex. surrogate mother; ADJ.
gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
rue
regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful
titter
nervous giggle; nervous laugh; V.
lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
bastard
illegitimate child
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
pungent
stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
inimitable
matchless; not able to be imitated
parochial
narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes
gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
impropriety
improperness; unsuitableness
jaunt
trip; short journey
thrifty
careful about money; economical; N. thrift
endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
ventilate
admit fresh air into to