This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

Anesthesia: Sections 1 & 2

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
SID
What is the abbreviation for 1 time a day?
BID
What is the abbreviation for 2 times daily?
Atropine
Which Anti-Colinergic drug blocks or reverses the effects of acetylcholine on the heart, GI tract, bronchi, eye, salivary and tear glands?
Antisedan
What is the reversing agent for Domitor?
45 mins.
How long does Demerol usually last?
Flumazenil
What is the reversing agent for Valium and Zolazepam?
Surgical Anesthesia
General anesthesia that is deep enough to provide muscle relaxation so the specific surgery being performed is painless and without struggle
1/2 the strength
How does Demerol compare to Morphine in strength?
they stimulate some receptors and block others
Why is Butorphanol considered a mixed agonist/antagonist?
Animals Weight, Dosage of the drug, Drug Concentration
What three variables are needed in order to solve drug math problems?
Excitement, Dry Mucous Membranes, Thirst, Dilated Pupils, Tachycardia
What are some signs of Atropine overdose?
Morphine
Which opioid is the standard for comparison?
4-5 hours
How long does Morphine usually last?
Cough Suppressant
Besides reliving pain, what else can Torbutrol act as?
Naloxone/ Nalorphine
What are the reversing agents for the opioids?
Decreases it
What does Atropine do to Saliva and Tear production?
Fentanyl, Lidocaine
What two drugs can be placed on the skin on a patch?
Tranquilizers & Sedatives
AgentS which act on the CNS to relax or calm the patient. May cause ataxia and prolapse of the 3rd eyelid. Most have no analgesic effects. They may calm the animal however, the animal may become aggressive when startled or given pain. Some normally quiet animals become unpredictable and aggressive
Morphine
Which opioid is notorious for causing mania in cats?
Consent Form
What is the most important thing to get from the owner before preforming surgery?
Zolazepem and Tiletamine
What are the two components of Telazol?
IM or IV
How is Domitor given?
Stoichiometric Method
With this method, you start out with one of the known variables, then multiply it with fractions where units in the numerator and denominator cancel each other out to eventually arrive at teh answer with the correct units
Nervous System
What do Anti-Cholinergic Drugs act on?
Glycopyrrolate
What other Anti-Cholinergic is the same as Atropine, but last twice as long and is safer to use on rabbits?
Physostigmine
What can Atropine overdoses be reversed with?
Acepromazine
What drug do we use that belongs to the Phenothiazine family?
It fills with gas
What is a common occurrence in the stomach of animals anesthetized with Xylazine?
Rompun
What is another name for Xylazine?
Opioids are from the opium poppy, Opiates are synthetic
What is the difference between opioids and opiates?
Local Anesthesia
Is really local analgesia (loss of pain sensation) and possibly movement
They stimulate all of the receptors
Why are Morphine, Fentanyl, and Oxymorphone considered as agonists?
Buprenorphine
Which preanesthetic lasts 6-12 hours and can be given sub-lingually
history, physical exam, nature of procedure, diagnostic tests
What is the minimum patient information that is needed before the animal is anesthetised?
IM, IV
How is Antisedan given?
It decreases it
What does Atropine do to the peristalsis in the GI tract?
IV, IM, SQ, PO
How can Acepromazine be given?
Codeine
What opioid mixed with tylenol makes a good pain killer, and by itself makes a good cough supressant?
TID
What is the abbreviation of 3 times daily?
Local Anesthesia
Really local analgesia (loss of pain sensation) and possibly movement (epidural)
5-10 times stronger
How does Oxymorphone compare to Morphine in strength?
Preanesthetic Drugs
Are drugs given prior to general anesthetic induction
Ratio Method
When two fractions are set up equal to each other with 3 of the 4 variables known. The unknown is called "x" and the equation is solved for "x"?
Surgical Anesthesia
General anesthesia that is deep enough to provide muscle relaxation so the specific surgery being performed is painless and without struggle.
Valium
Which Benzodiazepine is good as an appetite stimulant in cats, and to treat inappropriate urination?
tranquilizers, painkillers, induction agents
What three things can Opioids be used as?
Preanesthetic period, Induction Period, Maintenance period, Recovery period
What are the 4 periods of the anesthetic period?
Valium and Zolazepam
What drugs do we use that belong to the Benzodiazepines?
It increases it
What does Atropine do to the heart rate?
General Anesthesia
A state of controlled and reversible unconsciousness characterized by lack of pain senesation (analgesia), lack of memory (amnesia) and relatively depressed reflex responses. This state should be achieved without significant effects to the patient's vital systems esp. circulation and respiration.
preanesthetic, induction, maintenance, recovery
What are the four periods of the anesthetic procedure?
QID
What is the abbreviation for 4 times daily?
Apomorphine
What opioid is only used as an emetic in dogs and is placed in the conjunctiva of the eye?
Xylazine and Domitor
What drugs do we use that belong to the Thiazine family?
mu, kappa, sigma, delta
What are the 4 types of receptors that Opioid drugs work on?
Tolazoline
What is the reversing agent for Large animal Xylazine?
IV
How is Yobine given to reverse Xylazine?
Yobine
What is the reversing agent for Small animal Xylazine?
Torbugesic/ Torbutrol
Which drug contains Butorphanol?
M-5050
What is etorphine reversed with?
Dilates them
What does Atropine do to the bronchi and pupils?
Etorphine
What is the wildlife capture drug that is very dangerous to humans?

Deck Info

62

permalink