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RC 77 EMT-B Chapter 3

Terms

undefined, object
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implied consent
The consent it is presumed a patient or patient's parent or gaurdian would give if they could, such as for an unconscious patient or a parent who cannot be contacted when care is needed.
liability
legal responsibility
abandonment
when an EMT initiates care and then leave a patient without assuring that the patient has been turned over to someone with equal or greater medical training.
Good Samaritan laws
A series of State Laws designed to protect certain care providers if they deliver the standard of care in good faith, to the Level of their Training, and to the best of their abilities.
negligence
failure to act properly
scope of practice
A set of regulations and ethical considerations that define the scope, or extent and limits, of the EMT-B's job.
confidentiality
The obligation not to reveal information obtained about a patient except to other health-care professionals involved in the patient's care, or under subpoena, or in a court of law, or when the patient has signed a release of confidentiality.
advance directive
direction for care in event that competent person loses capacity
crime scene
the location where a crime has been committed or any place that evidence relating to a crime may be found.
consent
Permisson
expressed consent
Consent given by adults who are of legal age and mentally competent to make a rational decision in regard to their medical well being.
How can you persuade a pation who you feel should go to the hospital but refuses?
Spend time speaking to the patient; Inform the patient of the consequences; Consult medical direction; Contact family members; Call law enforcement personnel; Try to determine why the patient is refusing care.
duty to act
obligation to provide emergency care to a patient.
As an EMT, how can you preserve evidence at a crime scene?
Remember what you touch; Minimize your impact on the scene; Work with the police.
In order to be found negligent, what circumstances need to be proven?
The EMT had a duty to the patient; The EMT did not provide the standard of care; By not providing the standard of care, the EMT caused harm to the patient.
4 Descriptions of evidence
Condition of the scene; The patient; Fingerprints and footprints; Microcopic evidence.
organ donor
a patient who has completed a legal document that allows for donation of organs and tissues in the event of his death.
DNR
Do not resuscitate orders. A legal document signed by the patient and his physician which state that the patient has a terminal illness and does not wish to prolong life through resuscitative efforts.
What conditions must be fulfilled for a patient to refuse care or transport?
Patient must be legally able to consent; Patient must be mentally competent and oriented; Patient must be fully informed; Patient must sign a release form.

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