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Chapters 10-13


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the full orchestra or full performing force
a term originally meaning "something sung";
a general term connoting solo singing accompanied by a basso continuo in the early Baroque period
chamber music
music, usually instrumental music, performed in a small concert hall or private residence with just one performer on each part
organ fuge in g minor
JS Bach, cadenza on harpsichord
i want to die
Barbara Strozzi - chamber cantata
secco recitative
with bass continuo (dry) vocalist & chords & bass only
the seasons - the spring
Antonio Vivaldi, concerto grosso
basso ostinato
a motive or phrase in the bass that is repeated again and again
a composition for three, four, or five parts played or sung by voices or instruments; begins with a presentation of a subject in imitation in each part and continues with modulation passages of free counterpoint and further appearances of the subject
the density and disposition of the musical lines that make up a musical composition; monophonic, homophonic, and polyphonic are the primary musical textures
chamber cantata
a cantata performed before a select audience in a private residence; intimate vocal chamber music, principally of teh Baroque area
a musical figure, motive, melody, harmony or rhythm that is repeated again and again
a one-movement composition, free in form, originally for solo keyboard but later for instrumental ensemble as well
terrance dynamics
a term used to describe the sharp, abrupt dynamic contrasts found in the music of the Baroque era; a sudden jump in volume
a showy passage for the soloist appearing near the end of the movement in a cencerto; usually incoporates rapid runs, arpeggios, and snippets of previously heard themes into a fantasy-like improvisation
binary form
a musical form consisting of two units (A and B) constructed to balance and complement each other
the purposeful organisation of the artist's materials; in music, the general shape of a composition as perceived by the listener
6 genres of Baroque music
opera, chamber cantata, overture, sonata, concerto, concerto grosso
a musical texture involving only a single line of music with no accompaniment
ground bass
the English term for basso ostinato
an elaborate lyrical song for solo voice - song
acompagnoto recitative
recitative accompanied with a with full orchestra
bass continuo
bass & chords(harpsichord and cello) a small ensemble of at least two instruments who provide a foundation for the melody or melodies above; heard almost exclusively in Baroque music
an instrumental genre in which one or more soloists play with and against a larger orchestra
the text of an opera
binary form
a musical form consisting of two units (A and B) constructed to balance and complement each other
the group of instruments that function as soloists in a concerto grosso; 3 or 4 soloists
simple recitative
recitative accompanied only by a basso continuo or harpsichord, and not the full orchestra
dido and aenas, when i am laid in earth
Henry Purcell, aria
one soloist. very good at what he does; great, fantastic
a multi-movement work for solo instrument, or instrument with keyboard accompaniment
concerto grosso
a multi-movement concerto of the Baroque era that pits the small group of soloists (the concertino) against that of the full orchestra (the tutti); more than one soloist
a style of singing and a type of song midway between an aria and a recitative
melodic sequence
the repetition of a musical motive at successively higher or lower degrees of the scale
the various levels of volume, loud and soft, at which sounds are produced in a musical composition
a texture in which all the voices, or lines, move to new pitches at roughly the same time; often referrred to in contradistinction to polyphony
musically heightened speech, often used in an opera, oratorio, or cantata to report dramatic action and advance plot - talks
a dramatic work in which the actors sing some or all of their parts; it usually makes use of the elaborate stage sets and costumes
a musical texture involving two or more simultaneously sounding line; the lines are often independent and create counterpoint
ritornello form
a short musical passage in a Baroque concerto grosso invariably played by the tutti; all or part of the theme -the ritornello- returns again and again
an introductory movement, usually for orchestra, that precedes an opera, oratorio, or dance suite
the harmonious opposition of two or more independent musical lines
chamber sonata
a Baroque sonata with dance movements

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