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Coming of the Civil War

Events Leading up to the Civil War

Terms

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Lincoln Douglas Debates
1858 Senate Debate, Lincoln forced Douglas to debate issue of slavery, Douglas supported pop-sovereignty, Lincoln asserted that slavery should not spread to territories, Lincoln emerged as strong Republican candidate
Dred Scott Decision
Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger B. Taney ruled that Scott had no right to sue in federal court because african americans were not citizens; slaves were property and the property rights of their owners were protected in all states; congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in any territory, and the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional; slavery supporters rejoiced antislavery peole were stunned
Kansas Nebraska Act
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas to try to make it either free or slave.
Underground Railroad
A secret cooperative network that aided fugitive slaves in reaching sanctuary in the free states or in Canada in the years before the abolition of slavery in the United States
Compromise of 1850
Forestalled the Civil War by instating the Fugitive Slave Act , banning slave trade in DC, admitting California as a free state, splitting up the Texas territory, and instating popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession
Wilmot Proviso
proposed in 1846 that congress ban slavery in all southwestern lands that might become states; passed in the House but not by the Senate; slave states saw it as a northern attack on slavery
Harpers Ferry raid
John Brown plans to start a slave uprising, so he steals weapons at Harpers Ferry and is stopped by U.S. Marines where he is captured
Republican Party
Political party that believed in the non-expansion of slavery and comprised of Whigs, Northern Democrats, and Free-Soilers, in defiance to the Slave Powers
Free Soil Party
Formed in 1847 - 1848, dedicated to opposing slavery in newly acquired territories such as Oregon and ceded Mexican territory.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
novel about the evils of slavery and the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Law writen by Harriet Beecher Stow.
Bleeding Kansas
: was a sequence of violent events involving Free-Staters and pro-slavery "Border Ruffians" elements that took place in Kansas Territory and the western frontier towns of the U.S. state of Missouri between roughly 1854 and 1858 attempting to influence whether Kansas would enter the Union as a free or slave state.
Secession
the withdrawal of eleven Southern states from the Union in 1860 which precipitated the American Civil War
Freeport Doctrine
Lincoln tried to force Douglas to choose between the principle of popular sovereignty proposed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the United States Supreme Court case of Dred Scott v. Sanford, which stated that slavery could not legally be excluded from the territories. Instead of making a direct choice, Douglas' response stated that despite the court's ruling, slavery could be prevented from any territory by the refusal of the people living in that territory to pass laws favorable to slavery.
Fugitive Slave Act
made is illegal to help run away slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders.
Election of 1860
Democrats seperated- North D. nominate Stephen Douglas, South D. nominate John Brekenridge. Constitution Unionists nominate John Bell and Republicans nominate Lincoln who wins

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