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Art I Midterm (Mrs. Smith)

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
symbol
something that stands for or represents something else
left brain
specialized for language functions
Friday
sketches are due on ____________.
simulated texture
imitates real texture
folk artists
artists who are self- taught and therefore have had little or no formal schooling in artistic methods
freestanding
when a 3 dimensional sculpture is surrounded by negative space
stippling
shading that creates dark values by means of a dot pattern
line
a mark drawn with a pointed moving tool
yes
Is it mandatory to attend the art show?
space
element of art referring to the emptiness or area between, around, above, below, or within objects
texture
the element of art that refers to how things feel, or would feel, if touched
implied line
shapes arranged in a row can create this; series of points that the viewer's eyes automatically connect; a trail of wet footprints can create this
hatching
technique consists of drawing thin lines that run in the same direction
texture
perceived by touch and sight
movement
principle of design that deals with creating the illusion of action or physical change in postion
form
an object that is 3 dimensional and encloses space
geometric
shapes that include the circle, square, and triangle
tension
spiral lines express
horizontal
line that is an example of a static line
picture plane
the surface of any drawing
the outermost edge
what should receive the heaviest line weight
spheres or cylinders
When shapes become forms, circles become:
manufactured
shapes and fomrs are those made by people
personal function, social function, spiritual function, physical function, and educational function
What are the purposes of art?
an idea or experience created with skill
What is an artwork?
social
function that allows artists to produce art to reinforce and enhance the shared sense of family, community, or civilization
personal
function that allows artists to create to express personal feelings
hologram
a 3 dimensional image created with a laser beam
organic
another word for free form shapes
continous contour
when you do not lift your pen from a drawing
relief
sculpture projects out from a flat plane into negative space
proportion
principle of design concerned with the size relationships of one part to the whole and one part to another
blending
using a pencil to change the color value little by little
grattage
wet paint is scratched with a variety of tools, such as forks, razors, and combs
to become deeply aware through teh senses of the special nature of a visual object
What is to perceive?
subject
the image viewers can easily identify in a work of art
decalcomania
paint is forced into random textured patterns
linear perspective
a way of using lines to show distance and depth
rest
horizontal lines express
Jackson Pollack
Who invented action painting?
value
this element depends on how much light a surface reflects; element of art concerned with the lightness and darkness of a color
shading
the use of light and dark values to create the illusion of form
confusion, excitement, nervousness
What do zigzag lines express?
Igor Stravinsky
Pablo Picassso drew a portrait for ______________.
Principles of design
rules for using the elements of art to produce certain effects based on how viewers react to visual images
artists
creative individuals who use imagination and skill to communicate in visual form
nervousness
zigzag lines express
static
means to be at rest
invented texture
appears as 2 dimensional patterns created by the repitition of lines or shapes
foreground
the part of a picture closes to the picture plane and the viewer
shape
2 dimensional and encloses space
spy plan
Customs officials thought the portrait was a _____________.
sight and touch
The 2 senses involved in the perception of texture are:
horizontal
the white lines dividing a highway are an example of a _____________line.
gesture drawing
used to capture the movement of a figure
left brain
controls the right side of the body
unity
allows the viewer to see a combination of elements, principles, and media as a whole
a collection of materials grouped together to create a cohesive design
A collage is:
active
means moving or not at rest
emphasis
stresses one area or area in a work of art to make it attract the viewer's attention first
darker
as forms curve away from you, their value gets ____________.
corpus collosum
a thick nerve cable composed of millions of fibers that cross connect the two cerebral hemispheres
visual texture
the illusion of a 3 dimensional surface
density
mass of an object referring to how compact it is
collage
an artwork created by pasting cut or torn materials such as paper, photographs, and fabric to a flat surface
middleground
the part of a picture between the background and the foreground is known as
assembly
process by which one puts pieces together to create a 3 dimensional collage or sculpture
chiaroscuro
the arrangement of light and shadow developed during the Renaissance
radial symmetry
a kaleidoscope design is an example of
unevenly
A rough surface reflects light ______.
nonobjective art
art that has no recognizable subject matter
Elements of Art
the basic visual symbols artists use to create works of visual art
active shapes and forms
feel as though they are about to move
matte surface
surface that reflects a soft, dull light
open shapes and forms
invites us to come in
color, value, line, texture, shape, form, and space
Name are the elements of art.
variety
principle of design concerned with difference or contrast
shape
it has only length and width, not depth
medium
the material used to make art
thickness
line weight refers to ________.
silhouette
a 2 dimensional shadow like shape
closed or hard edge
refers to shapes with clearly defined outlines, emphasizes denseness and forebidding
peace, rest, quiet, stability, calm, luxury
What do horizontal lines express?
texture
refers to how things feel or how they look like they might feel on the surface
outline
a line that shows or creates the outer edges of a shape
to create interesting surfaces on buildings
Why do architects use a variety of materials when designing buildings?
free form
shapes or forms are those created by the forces of nature
a building should develop out of its natural surroundings
Frank Lloyd Wright believed that:
shiny surface
a surface that reflects so much bright light that it seems to glow
crosshatching
the technique of using crossed lines for shading
gesture
an expressive movement
rhythm
created by repeating positive spaces separated by negative spaces
formal
the elements and principles of art are often referred to as having these qualities
action painting
the technique of dripping and splashing paint onto a canvas stretched on teh floor
frottage
effects are created by placing paper over objects that have raised surfaaces and by rubbing the paper with a specific medium
cubes
When shapes become forms, squares become:
background
the part of a picture farthest from the viewer
diagonal
line that is an example of an active line
Mrs Smith's recommendation and a B
What do you need to have in order to go to Art II?
he used excessive detail to show the wrinkles of old age
How did Ivan Albright portray people in his work?
atmospheric perspective
how air affects the way we see objects in the distance
curved
this type of line changes direction gradually
excitement
diagonal lines express
color
has 3 properties: hue, value, and intensity; sensation aroused in the brain by response of the eyes to different wavelengths of light
value
Crosshatching shows a change in ___________.
line
a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed moving tool
forms
a cone, a cylinder, and sphere are examples of
tactile texture
the texture you feel
tension, instability, activity
What do diagonal lines express?
dignity, formality, pose
What do vertical lines express?
closed shapes and forms or dense forms
solid and self contained
details
the lightest line weight should be used for
perceive
to become deeply aware through the senses of the special nature of a visual object
value
the element of art that describes the darkness or lightness of an object
right brain
processes visual information; in the way one needs to see in order to draw
positive space
in both two and three dimensional art, the shapes or forms focused on
shape
has 2 dimensions
medium
any material used to create art
mirrors
What is inside of a kaleidoscope that reflects objects to create the image you see?
highlight
a small area of white in a drawing or painting that shows the very brightest spot
form
has length and width but it also has depth
dimension
the amount of space an object takes up in one direction
movement or hypnotic
What do curved or spiral lines express?
negative space
in two and three dimensional art, the areas between and around shapes and forms
contour
lines that define the edges and surface ridges of objects
he used thick paint
How did Vincent Van Gogh create real textures in his work?
credit line
a list of important facts about a work of art
open
is inviting and can be seen into or through
line
there are 5 kinds: vertical, horizontal, diagonal, curved, and zigzag; considered one dimensional and are measured by length
drawing
the process of moving an instrument over a smooth surface to leave a mark
natural
shapes are irregular and uneven and may be silhouettes of living things
stucco, wood, brick, glass, stone, metal
What are the 6 materials used by architects to create textures:
5
If you were absent, how many days do you have to make up missed work?
freeform
When shapes become forms, freeform shapes become:
color
derived from reflected light
stability
vertical lines express
action
curved lines express
artwork
the visual expression of an idea or experience created with skill
content
the message the work communicates
cones or pyramids
When shapes become forms, triangles become:
vanishing point
the spot on the horizon where parallel lines seem to meet

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