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Art History Ch3

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
fresco
Painting on lime plaster, either dry (fresco secco) or wet (true or buon fresco). In true fresco the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid (wet) lime plaster; also a painting executed in either method
hypostyle hall
In Egyptian architecture, a hall with a roof supported by columns
ka
In ancient Egypt, the immortal human life force; the concept approximates the Western idea of the soul.
canopic jars
In ancient Egypt, containers in which the organs of the deceased were placed for later burial with the mummy. There were generally four.
palette
In ancient Egypt, a stone slab with a circular depression used for preparing make-up.
serdab
A small concealed chamber in or part of an Egyptian tomb used to house a statue of the deceased.
mummification
A technique used by ancient Egyptians to preserve human bodies so that they may serve as the eternal home of the immortal ka
necropolis
A large burial area or cemetery; literally,"city of the dead."
canon
A system of proportions for the human figure
realism
The representation of things according to their appearance in visible nature (without idealization).
ben-ben
a pyramidal stone; a fetish or symbol of the Egyptian sun god Re
capital
The uppermost member of a column, serving as a transition from the shaft to the lintel.
colonnades
A series or row of columns, usually spanned by arched lintels.
Rosetta Stone
An Egyptian artifact, discovered in 1799, that gave scholars a key to deciphering hieroglyphic writing. It has one text written in three scripts; Greek, Demotic (late Egyptian) and hieroglyphs
nemes
The headdress worn by the Pharaoh, usually with the uraeus (cobra) on the front
column
A vertical weight bearing architectural member, circular in form; often consisting of three main parts: a base, a shaft, and a capital
engaged column
A half-round column attached to a wall
amulet
An object worn to ward off evil (therefore it is apotropaic) or to aid the wearer
pylon
A simple and massive gateway, with sloping walls, often in front of an Egyptian temple.
sarcophagus
A coffin, usually of stone; from the Latin for "consumer of flesh."
ushabtis
Literally "answerers." Small statuettes placed inside a tomb to perform or answer for the deceased should they be required to perform any labor in the afterlife
mastaba
Arabic for "bench." An ancient Egyptian rectangular brick or stone structure with sloping sides erected over a subterranean tomb chamber
papyrus
A plant native to Egypt and adjacent lands used to make paper-like writing material.
atlantid
A male figure that functions as a supporting column (statue-column). In the female form it is called a caryatid.
scarab
A gem in the shape of a beetle
block statue
In ancient Egyptian sculpture, a cubic stone image with simplified body parts.
flute or fluting
Vertical channeling, roughly semicircular in cross-section and used principally on columns and pilasters.
hieroglyphic
A system of writing using symbols or pictures
sphinx
A mythical Egyptian beast with the body of a lion and the head of a human.
ashlar masonry
Carefully cut and regularly shaped blocks of stone used in construction, fitted together without mortar
portico
A porch with a roof supported by columns; an entrance porch
Book of the Dead
An ancient Egyptian collection of writings containing about 200 spells that are intended to protect the mummy and the ka
diorite
- An exceptionally hard black stone found in Southern Africa

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