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Art 105 Test One


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The four levels of Vision
name them in order
1.The Practical Level
2.The Curious Level
3.The Imaginative Level
4.The Aesthetic Level
The Four Levels of Vision
1.The Practical Level
Everyone sees the same thing, (driving
a car into the driveway).
all animals with ey balls, including humans use this
The Four Levels of Vision
2.The Curious Level
Concentrates on an object, yet free to look a
around, (children often use this level).
A second look, animals do it we do it.
The Four Levels of Vision
3.The Imaginative Level
Seeing through the mind’s eye,
(daydreaming/visualizing in your mind).
The Four Levels of Vision
4.The Aesthetic Level
- The highest level of vision, (seeing an
object artistically ⬦ for its beauty sake).
1.“There really is no such thing as Art. There are only artists.” Who said this?
-E. H. Gombrich
1.“There really is no such thing as Art. There are only artists.”
What do you think he meant by that statement?
There is no one definition of art. There is no one way of looking at art. A singal definition is impossible. Art with a cap A would represent the universal definition of Art and there isn't a definition that applies to everyone
2.Does a painting have to ‘look real’ in order to ‘look good?’
No. Distortion can enhance the meaning of artwork emphazing an important message can stir more emotion too.
3. Does the beauty of a painting lie in the beauty of its subject
No. It lies in the message.
The Concept of “Style”
What is it?
The derivation of this term comes from the Latin,
stilus = an instrument used by the ancients in writing on waxed tablets, thus, a distinctive manner or characteristic.
style with a small ‘s’
A)The individual manner of an artist e.g., the individual & unique styles of Leonardo and Michelangelo
Style with a capital “S’
A period of time whereby several artists share a common
set of artistic viewpoints⬦
e.g., Renaissance Art , Baroque Art, Impressionism
In the History of Art, Styles come and go and often reappear. Yet one thing remains⬦
no matter what Style is dominant, it follows one of two trends-
A) The Classical / Intellectual Trend
⬢ little or no concern for feelings and emotions
⬢ an emphasis on design and composition
⬢ a cool analytical approach to the subject
⬢ strong use of rules
⬢ emphasis on neat, clean arrangements & proper proportions
B) The Romantic / Emotional Trend
• little or no concern for design and reason
• an active and colorful interpretation of the subject
• the required participation of the viewer
• violent movement, bright & vivid colors
• strong interest in nature
• a personal approach to the subject matter (subjective)
This concept of dual trends can be investigated in G. F. Brommer’s,
Discovering Art History, Davis Publications, Inc., 1988.
Art trends swing...styles...
...dont stay as long as they used to. Swing like a pendulum.
The Aesthetic Process
know order of steps
1 observation
2 selection
3 perception
4 interpretation
5 expression
1 observation
an act of recognizing and noting a fact
2 selection
making a choice from all that is observed
3. preception
gathering a mental picture understanding what one has selected, developing an insight. To understand what one observes
the artist's significant meanings placed on the selected object
the representation of the artist's ideas the actual work of art.
Two statements important to understanding abstraction
1. All art is abstract (because it's not the real thing)
2. some artist abstract more than others
3 degrees of abstraction
degree 1
The artist portrays (makes it look like) nature. We usually call this realism.
Andrew wyatt, rockwell, warhaul
3 degrees of abstraction
degree 2
The artist changes/distorts nature. piccaso van goh
3 degrees of abstraction
degree 3
The artist completely abandons (can't be identified) nature. Total abstraction. Often refered to as NON-OBJECTIVE ART.
Jaxson polocks
The images and symbols conventionally associated with a given subject
2 types of subjects in every artwork. Type 1:
The obvious subject: what all of us see in the statue, painting, etc. for example a tree, landscape, bowl of fruit, etc.
2 types of subjects in every artwork. Type 2:
The Inner Subject - What the artist is attempting to say about the obvious; that i, the message or intrepretation.
Design, structure, composition.
The Icongraphic Approach
Looking at a artwork in terms of whats in it, symbols, meanings.
Telling a story
using sources from books, poems, plays, for ideas
depicting the spiritual world
nature as the dominant theme(there can be manmade things too)
Streets, buildings, urban life
memorializing an important event from the past
visualizing the human form (the nude)
the portrait
a visual biography
The self portrait
a visual auto biography
everyday life situations
social commentary
a visual statement about the society or world; usually negative in nature
still life
an arrangement of objects
when the personal and emotional feelings are strongly added into the work of art
when the artist simplifies the reality depicted....for example, leaving out all details of an object...making the object look less real
Non-objective Art
no recognizable objects
the surface upon which the medium is placed (paper, canvas)
the term used to describe the dilution of ink with water
Media category
The Drawing media
1. Pencil
2 charcoal
3 pen and wash
4 pastel
Media category
The painting media
1 fresco
2 Tempra
3 oil
4 watercolor
5 acrylic
Media category
The printmaking media
1 woodcut
2 intaglio (refers to below the surface)
3 lithograph
4. serigraph
3 types of intalgio
etching, drypoint, engraving
Media category
The sculpture media
1 marble
2 bronze
3 wood
4 steel
the tools/material used by the artist
2 types of fresco
true fresco
(also called Buon Fresco) The wet method
2 types of fresco
dry fresco
(also called fresco Secco)
What can tempra be mixed with?
water or egg, thus, water tempra or egg tempra
Who popularized the medium of oil paint?
van Eyck
Acrylic (facts)
paint medium explored in the last half of the 20th c. and continues to be popular by many artists today. thinned with water and easy to clean up, acrylics dry rapidly and can be heavily applied like oils and transparent like watercolors. Their versatility has made them extremely popular, especially for some of the hard-edged techniques requiring absolute control.
Intaglio (meaning below the surface)is a printmaking technique. 3 gen types:
a. etching (using an acid metal plate to eat away the metal surface)
b. drypoint (using a sharp pick-like tool to scratch the metal surface)
c. engraving (using a tool called a bruin(ON TEST) to carve into the metal plate)
Lithography (another printmaking method)
a flat surface technique using the principle of ink and grease crayon don't mix
A serigraph or silk screen
a print making method using a screen, stencil, and ink. Andy Warhol used this medium many times.
Sapere Vedere
be able to see
artist of the crusifiction
Re present ation
visual art
3 Ways arists can represent
Representational art
its realistic, naturalistic, illusionistic, realistic
3 Ways arists can represent
Leaving out all the stuff that isn't needed. Guarnica by Picasso
3 Ways arists can represent
Textures, forms
symbolic hand gestures
Who painted the marriage of Viovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami
Jan van Eyck
brides green dress
natural fertility
swelling stomach
female beauty
grooms removed shoes
shows holy ground
single candle burning
presence of christ
faithfulness, marital fidelity.

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