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PSU: Theatre Ch. 7

Final flashcards review for Theatre 100 (Penn State)

Terms

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Bhasa
One of the three great classical Sanskrit playwrights; author of The Dream of Vasavadatta
Trilogy
In ancient Greece, three tragedies penned by the same playwright and presented on one day
Skene
In ancient Greek theatre, the stage house behind the theatre
Boy Company
A company of young male performers, especially found in the Elizabethan period, who performed special theatre productions at indoor theatres during the late 16th and early 17th centuries
Sanskrit
The classical language of India and South/Southwest Asia; currently one of 23 official languages of Indea used in Hindu and Buddhist ceremonies
Noh
A classical dance drama created in 14th century japan that relies heavily on tradition. This style of drama predates Kabuki
Geza
Special effects music used in Kabuki theatre
Hashigakari
In the Japanese Noh theatre, the pathway from the dressing area to the stage
Hinduism
One of the world's oldest religions which provided the spiritual/philosophical foundations for Sanskrit dance/drama
Pantalone
A stock character in the Commedia dell'arte tradition; the miser
Shudraka
One of the three great classical Sanskrit playwrights, author of The Little Clay Cart
Globe Theatre
One of the theatre buildings used by Shakespeare's company for the public performance of plays
Euripides
(480-406 B.C.E.) The last of the great classical Greek tragedians; author of Medea and The Bacchae
Sewamono
A style of Kabuki play focused on domestic issues; translation: "common things"
Kabuki
One of the classical theatres of Japan dating from the 17th century; a popular form in contrast with the elitist form of the Noh
Ramayana
One of the two great epics of Indian tradition; it depicts the duties of relationships and portrays ideal characters (how a certain society member should act)
Lazzi
Comic bits found in the Commedia dell'arte style of performance
Aragato
The heightened and bombastic rugged form of acting utilized in certain Kabuki performances
Capitano
A stock character in the Commedia dell'arte tradition; meaning the Braggart Warrior or Cowardly Soldier
Hanamachi
In the Japanese Kabuki theatre, a long, narrow pathway leading from behind the audience to the stage where actors make entrances and exits and express heightened dramatic text
Apollo
Classical Greek god representing reason and balance
Commedia dell'arte
Originating in Italy, one of the first true theatre movements following the religious domination of the Middle Ages. A style based in scenarios (or basic story lines) fleshed out with lazzi, improv, and topical humor
Izumo no Okuni
The young Japanese woman credited with the first "weird and flashy" entertainment that evolved into the Kabuki theatre
Aristophanes
(456-386 B.C.E.) Author of our only examples of Old Comedy, a classical Greek style of satire and sex farce
New Comedy
Comic dramas of Greece of the late fourth to second centuries B.C.E., tending toward domestic and romantic comedy
Kalidasa
One of the three great playwrights of the classical Sanskrit tradition; author of The Recognition of Shakuntala, regarded by Sanskrit scholars as "the perfect play"
Takemoto Gidayu
(1651-1714) Credited with founding the Bunraku puppet theatre in Japan in 1684. The term gidayu is now used to denote a singer-chanter in Kabuki and Bunraku performances
Shamisen
A Japanese three-stringed musical instrument
Innamorati
One of the stock character types of the Commedia dell'arte, meaning young lovers
Bunraku
The popular puppet theatre that originally developed in Japan in the 17th century simultaneously with Kabuki and is still present today
Epic
Long, narrative poems celebrating the exploits of a hero or a people
Kabuki Juhachiban
The body of 18 classical Kabuki plays still performed today
Allegory
Characters representing human qualities, especially used in the Middle Ages to represent the seven virtues and seven vices in religious dramas
Tudor
Referencing plays written during the reign of Henry VIII (1509-1547)
Plautus
Roman comic playwright who refined the comedy into what we now call the domestic or romantic comedy
Yoruba
An ancient and continuing West African culture/nation, particularly hit hard by the ravages of the Western slave trade
Scenario
The blue print for Commedia dell'arte performance, outlining the plot, some key lines, and where to put lazzi
Zanni
Comic male servants in Commedia dell'arte
Christopher Marlowe
(1564-1593) The most famous Tudor-era playwright; author of Tamburlaine the Great, Doctor Faustus, The Jew of Malta, and Edward II
Dionysus
In Greek mythology, the god of theatre, wine, and merriment
Homer
A person (or persons) who first recorded the ancient stories of Greece in the 8th century B.C.E., including the Illiad and the Odyssey
Mahabharata
One of the two great epics of Indian tradition; a major text of Hinduism, attempting to explain the relationship of the individual to society and the world (the nature of the 'Self') and the workings of karma
Kan'ami Kiyotsugu/Zeami Motokiyo
Japanes father/son team responsible for creation of the Noh drama and most of its extent texts
Orchestra
In ancient Greek theatre, the circular area in front of the stage that was the performance area for the chorus
Jacobean
Referring to drama written during the reign of James I and II of England (1603-1642)
Buddhism
A world religion, founded by Siddhartha Guatama, a Hindu prince who achieved enlightenment. His teachings spread throughout the Far East and beyond with an estimated 350,000,000 believers today
Stock Characters
Stereotpical characters that are usually less that three dimensional. They were first valued in Western theatre in the Roman comedies of Plautus. His ___ ___ were recreated during the Italian Renaissance in the Commedia dell'arte. These types of characters are still popular today.
Aeschylus
(524-456 B.C.E.) The earliest of the three great Athenian tragedians, author of our only complete trilogy The Oresteia
Siddhartha Guatama (Buddha)
(563-483 B.C.E.) Hindu prince who achieved enlightenment, influential in the spread of Sanskrit dramatic conventions throughout Asia
Xiqu
"Tuneful theatre" in Chinese; the common term for all forms of traditional Chinese Theatre, also known as Chinese Opera
William Shakespeare
(1564-1616) A major playwright of the Elizabethan era who is considered by some to be the best English playwright of all time
Renaissance
The "rebirth" or renewed excitement in learning that has occured in many cultures at different times. In Europe, a ______ of interest in the culture of ancient Greece and Rome
Old Comedy
Greek comic plays written in the classical period that directly or indirectly comments on the social, political, and/or cultural issues of the times. It is usually filled with physical and obscene humor
Wagoto
In Kabuki theatre, a style of performance characterized as "soft" rather than aggressive or aragato
Chorus
In classic Greek plays, an ensemble that moved, spoke, sung, and danced in mostly unison. Their function included providing commentary and narration, serving as a character in and of itself, or representing the mindset of the general public
Elizabethan
Period referring to the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England (1558-1603)
Zaju
The earliest form of xiqu or Chinese opera (900-1400); a comic form of popular theatre with songs, acrobatics, clowns, and puppets
Jorjuri
The chorus in a Kabuki play
Danjuro Family
The hereditary "first family" of the Kabuki theatre, starting in 1660
Sophocles
(496-406 B.C.E.) Greek tragedian of the "Golden Age" of Athens; considered by some to be the finest of the Greek tragic playwrights
Vedas
Books outlining ethical behavior that form the spiritual/philosophy foundation of the Hindu religion
Orature
Term recently coined to describe rich, sophisticated oral traditions in the arts
Jidaimono
A type of Kabuki play focused on history; translation: "period things"
Shite
The protagonist or doer in Noh theatre

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