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Greek Drama

Test 9/05/08 on Greek Drama facts and Antigone

Terms

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Antistroph
2nd part of a choral ode
Euripides
Reduced participation of chorus in main action
Anagnorisis
Reginition or discovery on the part of the hero (change from ignorance to knowledgable)
Thespis
Won prize for tragedy in 535 B.C.
Thespis
6th Century B.C.
Chorus
Gives background info, divides action, offeres reflection
Protagonist
1st contestant, leading role, minor roles also
Themele
Altar
Peripeteia
A reversal of fortune
Proskenion
Backdrop
Theatron
Watching place
Chorus
Sets overall mood and expresses theme
Chorus
Group of 50 men
Sophocles
Introduced painted scenery and 3rd actor
Hypocrite
"the answerer"
Sophocles
Made each play of trilogy seperate in nature
Catharsis
A purgation of emotion, pity and fear, that leaves the viewer relieved and ellated
Nemesis
Fate that cannot be escaped
Thespis
Introduced first actor & thus dialouge with leader of chorus
Aeschylus
Wrote trilogies on unified themes
Limitations of Theatres
No Lighting, no curtains, continusous presence of chorus, no intermissions
Thespis
"Father of Drama"
Chorus
Adds beauty through song and dance
Tragedy
Imitation of a serious action which will arise pity and fear in the viewer
Robes
Colored symbollically
Dithyramb
Hymn sung in honor of the god
Deuteragonist
2nd Actor
Euripides
Humanized characters
Masks
Identified gender, age, emotion
Tragic Hero
Character usually of high birth who is no totally good or evil. Downfall by weakness or an error in judgement.
Sophocles
496-406 B.C.
Euripides
486-406 B.C.
Dionysus
God of wine and fertility, died in winter, reborn in spring
Euripides
Relied heavily on prolouges and "deux ex machina" endings
Tritagonist
3rd Actor
Parodos
Entrance used by chorus
Hubris
Arrogance or over whelming pride that causes the hero's transgression against the gods (normally tragic flaw)
Euripides
Modern Sophocles, most tragic of playwrights
Aeschylus
525-426 B.C.
City of Dionysia
Religious festival help every spring for five days
Aristotle's Poetics
Written in the 4th century
Aeschylus
Added 2nd Actor
Sophocles
fixed # of chorus to 15 , member of ruling class
Hamarita
A tragic flaw, weakness of character, error in judgement that cuases downfall.
Orchestra
Dancing place
Skene
Dressing room
Three Unities
Action, Time, Place (Aristotle)

Deck Info

47

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