This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

SparkNotes 1000 A-N


undefined, object
copy deck
(v) to call together (Jason convened his entire extended family for a discussion.)
(adj) sharply differing, containing sharply contrasting elements (Having widely varying interests, the students had disparate responses toward the novel.)
(adj) easily angered (At the smallest provocation, my irascible cat will begin scratching and clawing.)
(n) a false name or identity (He snuck past the guards by using an alias and fake ID.)
(v) to feel or express sorrow, disapproval (We all deplored the miserable working conditions in the factory.)
(n) an insult (Bernardo was very touchy, and took any slight as an affront to his honor.)
(adj) dull, commonplace (The client rejected our proposal because they found our presentation banal and unimpressive.)
(adj) very clever, crafty (Much of Roger's success in politics results from his ability to provide astute answers to reporters' questions.)
(v) to contradict, oppose, violate (Edwidge contravened his landlady's rule against overnight guests.)
(adj) able to change (Because fashion is so mutable, what is trendy today will look outdated in five years.)
(n) composure (Even though he had just been fired, Mr. Simms showed great equanimity by neatly packing up his desk and wishing everyone in the office well.)
(adj) existing, not destroyed or lost (My mother's extant love letters to my father are in the attic trunk.)
(adj) brightly shining (The light of the luminous moon graced the shoulders of the beautiful maiden.)
(adj) bitter, biting, acidic (The politicians exchanged caustic insults for over an hour during the debate.)
(adj) intensely and overpoweringly happy (The couple was ecstatic when they learned that they had won the lottery.)
(adj) of little importance, trifling (Someday, all that anxiety about whether your zit will disappear before the prom will seem totally frivolous.)
(v) to leap about, behave boisterously (The adults ate their dinners on the patio, while the children cavorted around the pool.)
(v) to decorate (We adorned the tree with ornaments.)
(n) someone fond of eating and drinking (My parents, who used to eat little more than crackers and salad, have become real gourmands in their old age.)
(adj) urgent, critical (The patient has an exigent need for medication, or else he will lose his sight.)
(adj) happening by chance, often lucky or fortunate (After looking for Manuel and not finding him at home, Harriet had a fortuitous encounter with him at the post office.)
(adj) godly, exceedingly wonderful (Terribly fond of desserts, she found the rich chocolate cake to be divine.)
(v) to add to, expand (The eager student seeks to augment his knowledge of French vocabulary by reading French literature.)
(adj) silly and meaningless (Some films are so inane that the psychology of the characters makes absolutely no sense.)
1. (v) to credit, assign (He attributes all of his success to his mother's undying encouragement.) 2. (n)a facet or trait (Among the beetle's most peculiar attributes is its thorny protruding eyes.)
(n) a middle-class person, capitalist (Many businessmen receive criticism for their bourgeois approach to life.)
(v) to charge, inspire (The president's speech catalyzed the nation and resuscitated the economy.)
(n) intense uneasiness (When he heard about the car crash, he felt anxiety because he knew that his girlfriend had been driving on the road where the accident occurred.)
(v) to disentangle (Instead of trying to mediate between my brother and sister, I extricated myself from the family tension entirely and left the house for the day.)
(adj) having or exercising sound judgment (When the judicious king decided to compromise rather than send his army to its certain death, he was applauded.)
(v) to stress, highlight (Psychologists agree that those people who are happiest accentuate the positive in life.)
(adj) abruptly and rudely short (Her curt reply to my question made me realize that she was upset at me.)
(adj) fleeting, momentary (My joy at getting promoted was evanescent because I discovered that I would have to work much longer hours in a less friendly office.)
(adj) understood but not outwardly obvious, implied (I know Professor Smith didn't actually say not to write from personal experience, but I think such a message was implicit in her instruction to use scholarly sources.)
(v) to laugh at mockingly, scorn (The bullies derided the foreign student's accent.)
(n) a poet, often a singer as well (Shakespeare is often considered the greatest bard in the history of the English language.)
(adj) shy, excessively timid (Frankie's mother told him not to be bashful when he refused to attend the birthday party.)
(adj) incorrect, misleading (Emily offered me cigarettes on the fallacious assumption that I smoked.)
(adj) greatly distressing, vexing (The car crash was a harrowing experience, but I have a feeling that the increase in my insurance premiums will be even more upsetting.)
(adj) brief and direct in expression (Gordon did not like to waste time, and his instructions to Brenda were nothing if not concise.)
(v) to disregard or disobey openly (I flouted the school's dress code by wearing a tie-dyed tank top and a pair of cut-off jeans.)
(v) to take up as a cause, support (I love animals so much that I espouse animal rights.)
(adj) excessively dry (Little other than palm trees and cacti grow successfully in arid environments.)
1. (v) to incorporate territory or space (After defeating them in battle, the Russians annexed Poland.) 2. (n) a room attached to a larger room or space (He likes to do his studying in a little annex attached to the main reading room in the library.)
(adj) extremely joyful, happy (The crowd was jubilant when the firefighter carried the woman from the flaming building.)
(adj) friendly, agreeable (I took Amanda's invitation to dinner as a very conciliatory gesture.)
1. (n) harsh criticism (The frustrated teenager could not put up with anymore of her critical mother's censure.) 2. (v) to rebuke formally (The principal censured the head of the English Department for forcing students to learn esoteric vocabulary.)
(v) to accept as valid (Andrew had to concede that what his mother said about Diana made sense.)
(v) to discourage, prevent from doing (Bob's description of scary snakes couldn't deter Marcia from traveling in the rainforests.)
(v) to achieve, arrive at (The athletes strived to attain their best times in competition.)
(n) lofty, pompous language (The student thought her grandiloquence would make her sound smart, but neither the class nor the teacher bought it.)
(n) absolute disorder (Mr. Thornton's sudden departure for the lavatory plunged his classroom into chaos.)
(adj) of or relating to trees (Leaves, roots, and bark are a few arboreal traits.)
(v) to complete, make perfect (Ann's scarf complements her blouse beautifully, making her seem fully dressed even though she isn't wearing a coat.)
(n) a leader who appeals to a people's prejudices (The demagogue strengthened his hold over his people by blaming immigrants for the lack of jobs.)
(n) hostility (Superman and Bizarro Superman shared a mutual antagonism, and often fought.)
1. (n) a brilliant, unexpected act (Alexander pulled off an amazing coup when he got a date with Cynthia by purposely getting hit by her car.) 2. (n) the overthrow of a government and assumption of authority (In their coup attempt, the army officers stormed the Parliament and took all the legislators hostage.)
(v) to urge, spur, incite to action (Jim may think he's not going to fight Billy, but Billy will goad Jim on with insults until he throws a punch.)
(v) to drive away, scatter (She entered the office as usual on Monday, dispelling the rumor that she had been fired.)
1. (n) an instrument, utensil, tool (Do you have a knife or some other sort of implement that I could use to pry the lid off of this jar?) 2. (v) to put into effect, to institute (After the first town curfew failed to stop the graffiti problem, the mayor implemented a new policy to use security cameras to catch perpetrators in the act.)
1. (adj) distinguished, prominent, famous (Mr. Phillips is such an eminent scholar that every professor on campus has come to hear him lecture.) 2. (adj) conspicuous (There is an eminent stain on that shirt.)
(adj) being an accomplice in a wrongful act (By keeping her daughter's affair a secret, Maddie became complicit in it.)
1. (n) a written history (The library featured the newly updated chronicle of World War II.) 2. (v) to write a history (Albert's diary chronicled the day-to-day growth of his obsession with Cynthia.)
(adj) limp, not firm or strong (If a plant is not watered enough, its leaves become droopy and flaccid.)
(n) brotherhood, jovial unity (Camaraderie among employees usually leads to success in business.)
(adj) terse in speech or writing (The author's laconic style has won him many followers who dislike wordiness.)
(v) to involve in an incriminating way, incriminate (Even though Tom wasn't present at the time of the shooting, he was implicated by the evidence suggesting that he had supplied the shooters with guns.)
(adj) related to the intellect (The books we read in this class are too cerebral— they don't engage my emotions at all.)
(v) to imitate (I idolize Britney Spears so much that I emulate everything she does: I wear her outfits, sing along to her songs, and date a boy named Justin.)
(adj) complex, detailed, intricate (Dan always beats me at chess because he develops such an elaborate game plan that I can never predict his next move.)
(n) a notice of approval or recognition (Jared received a commendation from Linda, his supervisor, for his stellar performance.)
(adj) silly, foolish (He considers himself a serious poet, but in truth, he only writes fatuous limericks.)
(adj) effective (My doctor promised me that the cold medicine was efficacious, but I'm still sniffling.)
(adj) deficient in size or quality (My meager portion of food did nothing to satisfy my appetite.)
(adj) very bare, bleak (The austere furniture inside the abandoned house made the place feel haunted.)
1. (n) an assembly of people (The hotel was full because of the cattle- ranchers' convention.) 2. (n) a rule, custom (The cattle-ranchers have a convention that you take off your boots before entering their houses.)
(adj) robust, capable of surviving through adverse conditions (I too would have expected the plants to be dead by mid-November, but apparently they're very hardy.)
(adj) secret (Announcing to her boyfriend that she was going to the gym, Sophie actually went to meet Joseph for a clandestine liaison.)
(adj) supposed or assumed true, but unproven (Even though it has been celebrated by seven major newspapers, that the drug will be a success when tested in humans is still hypothetical.)
(adj) graceful, flexible, supple (Although the dancers were all outstanding, Jae Sun's control of her lithe body was particularly impressive.)
(adj) shockingly wicked, repugnant (The killings were made all the more heinous by the fact that the murderer first tortured his victims for three days.)
(adj)incapable of defeat, failure, decay (Even after traveling 62 miles, the indefatigable runner kept on moving.)
(adj) able to perceive things that normal people cannot (Zelda's uncanny ability to detect my lies was nothing short of clairvoyant.)
(v) to graze, rummage for food (When we got lost on our hiking trip, we foraged for berries and nuts in order to survive.)
(n) deceitful, cunning, sly behavior (Because of his great guile, the politician was able to survive scandal after scandal.)
(v) to soothe, ease (The chairman of the Federal Reserve gave a speech to try to allay investors' fears about an economic downturn.)
1. (adj) based on observation or experience (The scientist gathered empirical data on the growth rate of dandelions by studying the dandelions behind his house.)
(adj) having opposing feelings (My feelings about Calvin are ambivalent because on one hand he is a loyal friend, but on the other, he is a cruel and vicious thief.)
(adj) inborn, native, inherent (His incredible athletic talent is innate, he never trains, lifts weights, or practices.)
(v) to agree without protesting (Though Mr. Correlli wanted to stay outside and work in his garage, when his wife told him that he had better come in to dinner, he acquiesced to her demands.)
(adj) believing that the existence of God cannot be proven or disproven (Joey's parents are very religious, but he is agnostic.)
(n) an item that increases comfort (Bill Gates's house is stocked with so many amenities, he never has to do anything for himself.)
(n) disrespect (The irreverence displayed by the band that marched through the chapel disturbed many churchgoers.)
(v)to confront verbally (Though Antoinette was normally quite calm, when the waiter spilled soup on her for the fourth time in 15 minutes she stood up and accosted the man.)
(v) to make more violent, intense (The gruesome and scary movie I saw last night exacerbated my fears of the dark.)
(adj) reserved, distant (The scientist could sometimes seem aloof, as if he didn't care about his friends or family, but really he was just thinking about quantum mechanics.)
(n) an agreement (After much negotiating, England and Iceland finally came to a mutually beneficial accord about fishing rights off the cost of Greenland.)
(v) to correct or revise a written text (If my sentence is incorrect, the editor will emend what I have written.)
(adj) shrewd, careful (The canny runner hung at the back of the pack through much of the race to watch the other runners, and then sprinted past them at the end.)
(adj) incapable of correction, delinquent (You can buy Grandma nicotine gum all you want, but I think that after sixty-five years of smoking she's incorrigible.)
(adj)extreme fatness (Henry's corpulence did not make him any less attractive to his charming, svelte wife.)
(adj) excessive (Her exorbitant praise made me blush and squirm in my seat.)
(v) to pass on, give (Jon's father bequeathed his entire estate to his mother.)
(adj) brief to the point of being superficial (Late for the meeting, she cast a cursory glance at the agenda.)
(v) to give something over to another's care (Unwillingly, he consigned his mother to a nursing home.)
(n) high praise, special distinction (Everyone offered accolades to Sam after he won the Noble Prize.)
(v) to ruin or injure something's appearance (The brothers used eggs and shaving cream to deface their neighbor's mailbox.)
(v) to dig out of the ground and remove (The pharaoh's treasures were excavated by archeologists in Egypt.)
(v) to prevent, restrain, stop (When I told you I needed the car last night, I certainly never meant to inhibit you from going out.)
(n) an independent, nonconformist person (Andreas is a real maverick and always does things his own way.)
(adj) upset, not content (The child believed that his parents had unjustly grounded him, and remained disgruntled for a week.)
(adj) resistant to capture or penetration (Though the invaders used battering rams, catapults, and rain dances, the fortress proved impregnable and resisted all attacks.)
1. (adj) not extreme (Luckily, the restaurant we chose had moderate prices; none of us have any money.) 2. (n) one who expresses moderate opinions (Because he found both the liberal and conservative proposals too excessive, Mr. Park sided with the moderates.)
1. (v) to scorn, hold in low esteem (Insecure about their jobs, the older employees disdained the recently hired ones, who were young and capable.) 2. (n) scorn, low esteem (After learning of his immoral actions, Justine held Lawrence in disdain.)
(n) one who can resolve a dispute, make a decision (The divorce court judge will serve as the arbiter between the estranged husband and wife.)
1. (n) loud noise (Each morning the birds outside my window make such a clamor that they wake me up.) 2. (v)to loudly insist (Neville's fans clamored for him to appear on stage, but he had passed out on the floor of his dressing room.)
(adj) learned (My Latin teacher is such an erudite scholar that he has translated some of the most difficult and abstruse ancient poetry.)
(adj) ambiguous, uncertain, undecided (His intentions were so equivocal that I didn't know whether he was being chivalrous or sleazy.)
(adj) mystifying, cryptic (That man wearing the dark suit and dark glasses is so enigmatic that no one even knows his name.)
(v) to feel or show affection toward something (She continued to cherish her red plaid trousers, even though they had gone out of style and no longer fit her.)
(v) to swell out (Years of drinking beer caused his stomach to distend.)
(n) the lowest point of something (My day was boring, but the nadir came when I accidentally spilled a bowl of spaghetti on my head.)
(adj) taken directly from a source, unoriginal (She was bored by his music because she felt that it was derivative and that she had heard it before.)
(adj) unlucky (My poor, hapless family never seems to pick a sunny week to go on vacation.)
(v) to caution, criticize, reprove (Joe's mother admonished him not to ruin his appetite by eating cookies before dinner.)
(v) to corrupt by means of sensual pleasures (An endless amount of good wine and cheese debauched the traveler.)
(adj) inspiring shock, horror, disgust (The judge found the murderer's crimes and lack of remorse appalling.)
(n) a meeting usually held by people working toward the same goal (The ironworkers held a caucus to determine how much of a pay increase they would request.)
(v) to fill with love, fascinate, usually used in passive form followed by "of" or "with" (I grew enamored of that boy when he quoted my favorite love poem.)
(v) to pass from one state to another, especially in music (The composer wrote a piece that modulated between minor and major keys.)
(v) to lower the status or stature of something (She refused to demean her secretary by making him order her lunch.)
(adj)having a lying, false character (The mendacious content of the tabloid magazines is at least entertaining.)
(v) to make somebody do something by force or threat (The court decided that Vanilla Ice did not have to honor the contract because he had been coerced into signing it.)
(n)an indirect suggestion (Mr. Brinford's intimation that he would soon pass away occurred when he began to discuss how to distribute his belongings among his children.)
C cacophony
(n) tremendous noise, disharmonious sound (The elementary school orchestra created a cacophony at the recital.)
(v) to assign, credit, attribute to (Some ascribe the invention of fireworks and dynamite to the Chinese.)
(adj) existing during the same time (Though her novels do not feature the themes of Romanticism, Jane Austen's work was contemporaneous with that of Wordsworth and Byron.)
(adj) ancient (The antediluvian man still believed that Eisenhower was president of the United States and that hot dogs cost a nickel.)
(v) to expose the falseness of something (He debunked her claim to be the world's greatest chess player by defeating her in 18 consecutive matches.)
(n) a perfect example, embodiment (My mother, the epitome of good taste, always dresses more elegantly than I do.)
(n) the act or process of burning (The unexpected combustion of the prosecution's evidence forced the judge to dismiss the case against Ramirez.)
(n) something of tremendous power or size (The new aircraft carrier is among several behemoths that the Air Force has added to its fleet.)
(adj) obscure, secret, known only by a few (The professor is an expert in arcane Lithuanian literature.)
(adj) being out of correct chronological order (In this book you're writing, you say that the Pyramids were built after the Titanic sank, which is anachronistic.)
(adj) difficult to manipulate, unmanageable (There was no end in sight to the intractable conflict between the warring countries.)
(n) the solemn sound of a bell, often indicating a death (Echoing throughout our village, the funeral knell made the stormy day even more grim.)
(v) to humiliate, degrade (After being overthrown and abased, the deposed leader offered to bow down to his conqueror.)
(adj) incapable of expressing oneself clearly through speech (Though he spoke for over an hour, the lecturer was completely inarticulate and the students had no idea what he was talking about.)
(v) to lessen, reduce (Since losing his job, he had to curtail his spending.)
(adj) without possibility of end (The fact that biology lectures came just before lunch made them seem interminable.)
(n) a selected collection of writings, songs, etc. (The new anthology of Bob Dylan songs contains all his greatest hits and a few songs that you might never have heard before.)
(adj) displaying a lack of moral or legal restraints (Marilee has always been fascinated by the licentious private lives of politicians.)
(adj) including everything (She sent me a comprehensive list of the ingredients needed to cook rabbit soufflé.)
(n) members of Christian holy orders (Though the villagers viewed the church rectory as quaint and charming, the clergy who lived there regarded it as a mildewy and dusty place that aggravated their allergies.)
1. (n) a piece of cloth on which an artist paints (Picasso liked to work on canvas rather than on bare cement.) 2. (v) to cover, inspect (We canvassed the neighborhood looking for clues.)
(adj) indisputable (Only stubborn Tina would attempt to disprove the incontrovertible laws of physics.)
(adj) irrelevant, extra, not necessary (Personal political ambitions should always remain extraneous to legislative policy, but, unfortunately, they rarely are.)
(v) to make amends for, atone (To expiate my selfishness, I gave all my profits to charity.)
(n) a particular dislike for something (Because he's from Hawaii, Ben has an aversion to autumn, winter, and cold climates in general.)
(v) to sneak away and hide (In the confusion, the super-spy absconded into the night with the secret plans.)
(adj) devoid of, without (His family was bereft of food and shelter following the tornado.)
(v) to reduce, lessen (The rain poured down for a while, then abated.)
1. (v) to scatter, thin out, break up (He diffused the tension in the room by making in a joke.) 2. (adj) not concentrated, scattered, disorganized (In her writings, she tried unsuccessfully to make others understand her diffuse thoughts.)
(n) honesty, frankness (We were surprised by the candor of the mayor's speech because he is usually rather evasive.)
(v) to complete a deal; to complete a marriage ceremony through sexual intercourse (Erica and Donald consummated their agreement in the executive boardroom.)
(n) an injection of one substance into another; the permeation of one substance by another (The infusion of Eastern religion into Western philosophy created interesting new schools of thought.)
(adj) hard to comprehend (Everyone else in the class understood geometry easily, but John found the subject abstruse.)
(v) to remove offensive or incorrect parts, usually of a book (The history editors expurgated from the text all disparaging and inflammatory comments about the Republican Party.)
(adj) having a foul odor (I can tell from the fetid smell in your refrigerator that your milk has spoiled.)
(adj) favorable, not threatening, mild (We were all relieved to hear that the medical tests determined her tumor to be benign.)
(v) to reject, renounce (To prove his honesty, the President abjured the evil policies of his wicked predecessor.)
(v) to repent, make amends (The man atoned for forgetting his wife's birthday by buying her five dozen roses.)
(adj) sly, clever at being deceitful (The general devised a cunning plan to surprise the enemy.)
(n) notoriety, extreme ill repute (The infamy of his crime will not lessen as the decades pass.)
(v) to assess the worth or value of (A realtor will come over tonight to appraise our house.)
(adj) forbidden, not permitted (The fourth-grader learned many illicit words from a pamphlet that was being passed around school.)
(n) sensitivity to another's feelings as if they were one's own (I feel such empathy for my sister when she's in pain that I cry too.)
(v) to perceive, learn (With a bit of research, the student ascertained that some plants can live for weeks without water.)
(adj) demonstrating tolerance or gentleness (Because Professor Oglethorpe allowed his students to choose their final grades, the other teachers believed that he was excessively lenient.)
(adj) fictitious, false, wrong (Because I am standing before you, it seems obvious that the stories circulating about my demise were apocryphal.)
(adj) practicing restraint as a means of self-discipline, usually religious (The priest lives an ascetic life devoid of television, savory foods, and other pleasures.)
(adj) distressed, wronged, injured (The foreman mercilessly overworked his aggrieved employees.)
(v) to absorb, deeply involve, engross (After breaking up with her boyfriend, Nancy decided to immerse herself in her work in order to avoid crying.)
(adj) not typical, unusual (Screaming and crying is atypical adult behavior.)
(adj) diverse, varied (The popularity of Dante's Inferno is partly due to the fact that the work allows for manifold interpretations.)
(n) the act of placing two things next to each other for implicit comparison (The interior designer admired my juxtaposition of the yellow couch and green table.)
1. (n) a place of refuge, protection, a sanctuary (For Thoreau, the forest served as an asylum from the pressures of urban life.) 2. (n) an institution in which the insane are kept (Once diagnosed by a certified psychiatrist, the man was put in an asylum.)
(n) overindulgence in food or drink (Ada's fried chicken tastes so divine, I don't know how anyone can call gluttony a sin.)
(v) to conceal, fake (Not wanting to appear heartlessly greedy, she dissembled and hid her intention to sell her ailing father's stamp collection.)
(adj) shifting in character, inconstant (In Greek dramas, the fickle gods help Achilles one day, and then harm him the next.)
(adj) ghastly, sensational (Gideon's story, in which he described a character torturing his sister's dolls, was judged too lurid to be printed in the school's literary magazine.)
(v) to set, standardize (The mechanic calibrated the car's transmission to make the motor run most efficiently.)
(adj) very thin, enfeebled looking (My sister eats a lot of pastries and chocolate but still looks emaciated.)
(n) the marking of boundaries or categories (Different cultures have different demarcations of good and evil.)
(adj) clever, resourceful (Her ingenious use of walnuts instead of the peanuts called for by the recipe was lauded by the other garden club members who found her cake delicious.)
(adj) incapable of being satisfied (My insatiable appetite for melons can be a real problem in the winter.)
(adj) aware, mindful (Jake avoided speaking to women in bars because he was cognizant of the fact that drinking impairs his judgment.)
(n)a spontaneous feeling of closeness (Jerry didn't know why, but he felt an incredible affinity for Kramer the first time they met.)
(n) a speech given in honor of a dead person (At the funeral, the widow gave a moving elegy describing her love for her husband.)
(v) to chain, restrain (The dog was fettered to the parking meter.)
(n) one who behaves the same as others (Julian was such a conformist that he had to wait and see if his friends would do something before he would commit.)
1. (v) to support, hold up (The column buttresses the roof above the statue.) 2. (n) something that offers support (The buttress supports the roof above the statues.)
(v) to calm, satisfy (When the child cries, the mother gives him candy to appease him.)
(adj) loathsome, detestable (Her pudding is so execrable that it makes me sick.)
(adj) rebellious, resentful of authority (Dismayed by Bobby's poor behavior, the parents sent their disaffected son to a military academy to be disciplined.)
(v) to spread widely (The politician disseminated his ideas across the town before the election.)
(adj) refusing to compromise, often on an extreme opinion (The intransigent child said he would have 12 scoops of ice cream, or he would bang his head against the wall until his mother fainted from fear.)
1. (v) to put up with (Though he did not agree with the decision, Chuck decided to abide by it.) 2. (v) to remain (Despite the beating they've taken from the weather throughout the millennia, the mountains abide.)
(n) the process or act of resolving a dispute (The employee sought official arbitration when he could not resolve a disagreement with his supervisor.)
(adj) incapable of being persuaded or placated (Although I begged for hours, Mom was inexorable and refused to let me stay out all night after the prom.)
(n) an angry verbal attack (My mother's irrational invective against the way I dress only made me decide to dye my hair green.)
(adj) easily taught or trained (She successfully taught the docile puppy several tricks.)
(adj) loud and full of energy (The candidate won the vote after giving several boisterous speeches on television.)
(n) a burden (Advanced physics is the bane of many students' academic lives.)
(n) an attempt to spoil someone else's reputation by spreading lies (The local official's calumny ended up ruining his opponent's prospect of winning the election.)
(v) to include as a necessary step (Building a new fence entails tearing down the old one.)
(adj) capable of being shaped or transformed (Maximillian's political opinions were so malleable that anyone he talked to was able to change his mind instantly.)
(adj) troublesome or irritable (Although the child insisted he wasn't tired, his fractious behavior—especially his decision to crush his cheese and crackers all over the floor—convinced everyone present that it was time to put him to bed.)
(adj) aggressively and arrogantly certain about unproved principles (His dogmatic claim that men were better than women at fixing appliances angered everyone.)
(v) to obliterate, eradicate (Fearful of an IRS investigation, Paul tried to expunge all incriminating evidence from his tax files.)
(n) something that came before (The great tradition of Western culture had its antecedent in the culture of Ancient Greece.)
(v) to abolish, usually by authority (The Bill of Rights assures that the government cannot abrogate our right to a free press.)
(v) to party, celebrate (We caroused all night after getting married.)
(adj) warm, affectionate (His cordial greeting melted my anger at once.)
(adj) not straightforward, deceitful (Not wanting to be punished, the devious girl blamed the broken vase on the cat.)
(v) to free from guilt or blame, exonerate (My discovery of the ring behind the dresser exculpated me from the charge of having stolen it.)
(adj) revered, consecrated (In the hallowed corridors of the cathedral, the disturbed professor felt himself to be at peace.)
(v) to ease, pacify (The mother held the baby to assuage its fears.)
(v) to pardon, deliberately overlook (He refused to condone his brother's crime.)
(adj) no longer used or existing (They planned to turn the defunct schoolhouse into a community center.)
(adj) excessively confident, pompous (The singer's bombastic performance disgusted the crowd.)
(n) freedom from blame, guilt, sin (Once all the facts were known, the jury gave Angela absolution by giving a verdict of not guilty.)
(v) to aid, help, encourage (The spy succeeded only because he had a friend on the abhor-(v) to hate, detest (Because he always wound up kicking himself in the head when he tried to play soccer, Oswald began to abhor the sport.)
(adj) humiliating, disgracing (It was really ignominious to be kicked out of the dorm for having an illegal gas stove in my room.)
(n) an expression of sympathy in sorrow (Brian lamely offered his condolences on the loss of his sister's roommate's cat.)
(adj) feeling a loss of spirit or morale (The team was disheartened after losing in the finals of the tournament.)
(n) a state of being held in low regard (The officer fell into disrepute after it was learned that he had disobeyed the orders he had given to his own soldiers.)
(adj) impenetrable, incapable of being affected (Because of their thick layer of fur, many seals are almost impervious to the cold.)
1. (n) the wall of a building (Meet me in front of the museum's main façade.) 2. (n) a deceptive appearance or attitude (Despite my smiling façade, I am feeling melancholy.)
(n) loss of sensation (When the nerves in his spine were damaged, Mr. Hollins suffered anesthesia in his legs.)
(v) to send off to accomplish a duty (The carpenter dispatched his assistant to fetch wood.)
(n) great fire (The conflagration consumed the entire building.)
(n) denial of comfort to oneself (The holy man slept on the floor, took only cold showers, and generally followed other practices of abnegation.)
(n) someone who participates in a dialogue or conversation (When the officials could not come to an agreement over the correct cover of the flags, the prime minister acted as an interlocutor.)
(adj) similar to, so that an analogy can be drawn (Though they are unrelated genetically, the bone structure of whales and fish is quite analogous.)
(n) extreme vigor, energy, enthusiasm (The soldiers conveyed their ardor with impassioned battle cries.)
(n) ill will, hatred, hostility (Mark and Andy have clearly not forgiven each other, because the enmity between them is obvious to anyone in their presence.)
(v) to apply pressure, squeeze together (Lynn compressed her lips into a frown.)
(adj) accompanying in a subordinate fashion (His dislike of hard work carried with it a concomitant lack of funds.)
(adj) extremely bad (The student who threw sloppy joes across the cafeteria was punished for his egregious behavior.)
(n) a curse, expression of ill-will (The rival politicians repeatedly cast aspersions on each others' integrity.)
1. (v)to combine parts (The difficulty of finding a fire escape amid the smoke was compounded with the dangers posed by the panicking crowds.) 2. (n) a combination of different parts (My attraction to Donna was a compound of curiosity about the unknown, physical desire, and intellectual admiration.) 3. (n) a walled area containing a group of buildings (When the fighting started, Joseph rushed into the family compound because it was safe and well defended.)
(adj)stern, joyless (The children feared their dour neighbor because the old man would take their toys if he believed they were being too loud.)
(n) a rhythm, progression of sound (The pianist used the foot pedal to emphasize the cadence of the sonata.)
(n) a person entrusted with secrets (Shortly after we met, she became my chief confidant.)
(adj) wretched, pitiful (After losing all her money, falling into a puddle, and breaking her ankle, Eloise was abject.)
(adj) impoverished, utterly lacking (The hurricane destroyed many homes and left many families destitute.)
(adj) showing love, particularly sexual (Whenever Albert saw Mariah wear her slinky red dress, he began to feel quite amorous.)
(v) to dedicate something to a holy purpose (Arvin consecrated his spare bedroom as a shrine to Christina.)
(adj) unformed or formless, in a beginning stage (The country's government is still inchoate and, because it has no great tradition, quite unstable.)
1.(n) a device that supplies power (Most cars run on a combination of power from a battery and gasoline.) 2. (n)assault, beating (Her husband was accused of assault and battery after he attacked a man on the sidewalk.)
(v) to bring about, create, generate (During the Olympics, the victories of U.S. athletes engender a patriotic spirit among Americans.)
(adj) casually rude, insolent, impertinent (The impudent young man looked the princess up and down and told her she was hot even though she hadn't asked him.)
(adj) able to be heard (The missing person's shouts were unfortunately not audible.)
(adj) clean, sterile (The antiseptic hospital was very bare, but its cleanliness helped to keep patients healthy.)
(n) an order, decree (The ruler issued an edict requiring all of his subjects to bow down before him.)
(adj) excessively bold, brash (Critics condemned the novelist's brazen attempt to plagiarize Hemingway's story.)
(v) to deny knowledge of or responsibility for (Not wanting others to criticize her, she disavowed any involvement in the company's hiring scandal.)
(adj) in a state of sluggishness or apathy (When Jean Claude explained to his boss that he was lethargic and didn't feel like working that day, the boss fired him.)
(adj) clear, sharp, direct (The discussion wasn't going anywhere until her incisive comment allowed everyone to see what the true issues were.)
(adj) consisting of a diverse variety of elements (That bar attracts an eclectic crowd: lawyers, artists, circus clowns, and investment bankers.)
(adj) hostile, enemylike (I don't see how I could ever work for a company that was so cold and inimical to me during my interviews.)
(adj) increasing, building upon itself (The cumulative effect of hours spent in the sun was a deep tan.)
(adj) friendly, affable (Although he's been known to behave like a real jerk, I would say that my brother is an overall genial guy.)
(n) bruise, injury (The contusions on his face suggested he'd been in a fight.)
(v) to voice disapproval (Lucy chided Russell for his vulgar habits and sloppy appearance.)
(adj) quick, nimble (The dogs were too slow to catch the agile rabbit.)
(v) to freely choose not to commit an action (Everyone demanded that Angus put on the kilt, but he did not want to do it and abstained.)
1. (adj) well suited, apt (While his comments were idiotic and rambling, mine were felicitous and helpful.) 2. (adj) delightful, pleasing (I spent a felicitous afternoon visiting old friends.)
(n) the act of crowning (The new king's coronation occurred the day after his father's death.)
(n) extreme praise (Though the book was pretty good, Marcy did not believe it deserved the adulation it received.)
(n) one who inquires, especially in a hostile manner (The inquisitor was instructed to knock on every door in town in order to find the fugitive.)
(adj) dried up, dehydrated (The skin of the desiccated mummy looked like old paper.)
(adj) on a magnificent or exaggerated scale (Margaret planned a grandiose party, replete with elephants, trapeze artists, and clowns.)
(n) a remaining piece from an extinct culture or place (The scientists spent all day searching the cave for artifacts from the ancient Mayan civilization.)
(v) to give up, renounce (My New Year's resolution is to forsake smoking and drinking.)
(adj) hopelessly tangled or entangled (Unless I look at the solution manual, I have no way of solving this inextricable problem.)
(v) to make up, invent (When I arrived an hour late to class, I fabricated some excuse about my car breaking down on the way to school.)
(v) to support with evidence (Luke's seemingly outrageous claim was corroborated by witnesses.)
(adj) skillful, dexterous (The adroit thief could pick someone's pocket without attracting notice.)
(v) to irritate, irk (George's endless complaints exasperated his roomate.)
(adj) heavenly, exceptionally delicate or refined (In her flowing silk gown and lace veil, the bride looked ethereal.)
(adj) penitent, eager to be forgiven (Blake's contrite behavior made it impossible to stay angry at him.)
(n) an enlargement; the process of increasing(The workmen made the wall longer, increment by increment.)
(adj) poor ("I fear he's too impecunious to take me out tonight," the bratty girl whined.)
(v) to glorify, praise (Michael Jordan is the figure in basketball we exalt the most.)
(v) to understand, comprehend (I cannot fathom why you like that crabby and mean-spirited neighbor of ours.)
(n) one who believes pleasure should be the primary pursuit of humans (Because he's such a hedonist, I knew Murray would appreciate the 11 cases of wine I bought him for his birthday.)
(adj) consisting of a very great number (It was difficult to decide what to do Friday night because the city presented us with myriad possibilities for fun.)
(n) the climax toward which something progresses (The culmination of the couple's argument was the decision to divorce.)
(adj) characterized by rapid change or temperamentality (Though he was widely respected for his mathematical proofs, the mercurial genius was impossible to live with.)
(adj) causing dissent, discord (Her divisive tactics turned her two friends against each other.)
(v) to give up on a half-finished project or effort (After they ran out of food, the men, attempting to jump rope around the world, had to abort and go home.)
(n) mercy (After he forgot their anniversary, Martin could only beg Maria for clemency.)
1. (v) to list, enter into a list (The judge cataloged the victim's injuries before calculating how much money he would award.) 2. (n) a list or collection (We received a catalog from J. Crew that displayed all of their new items.)
(v) to describe, outline, shed light on (She neatly delineated her reasons for canceling the project's funding.)
(v) to criticize severely (After being chastised by her peers for mimicking Britney Spears, Miranda dyed her hair black and affected a Gothic style.)
(adj) excessively worshipping one object or person (Xena's idolatrous fawning over the band—following them on tour, starting their fan club, filming their documentary—is really beginning to get on my nerves.)
1. (adj) easily understandable, obvious (When I wrote the wrong sum on the chalkboard, my mistake was so manifest that the entire class burst into laughter.) 2. (v) to show plainly (His illness first manifested itself with particularly violent hiccups.)
(v) to bring together, unite (Because of his great charisma, the presidential candidate was able to amalgamate all democrats and republicans under his banner.)
(v) to free from guilt or blame, exculpate (The true thief's confession exonerated the man who had been held in custody for the crime.)
(adj) friendly (Claudia and Jimmy got divorced, but amicably and without hard feelings.)
(v) to scold vehemently (The angry boss berated his employees for failing to meet their deadline.)
(adj) small or miniature (The bullies, tall and strong, picked on the diminutive child.)
(v) to lower the quality or esteem of something (The large raise that he gave himself debased his motives for running the charity.)
(adj) skillful, capable (Having worked in a bakery for many years, Marcus was a deft bread maker.)
(adj) thrifty, economical (Richard is so frugal that his diet consists almost exclusively of catfish and chicken liver—the two most inexpensive foods in the store.)
(adj) stoic, not susceptible to suffering (Stop being so impassive; it's healthy to cry every now and then.)
(n) one who rebels (The insurgent snuck into and defaced a different classroom each night until the administration agreed to meet his demands.)
(n) a disastrous failure, disruption (The elaborately designed fireworks show turned into a debacle when the fireworks started firing in random directions.)
(n) one who attacks common beliefs or institutions (Jane goes to one protest after another, but she seems to be an iconoclast rather than an activist with a progressive agenda.)
(v)to forcibly restrict (His belief in nonviolence constrained him from taking revenge on his attackers.)
(adj) sleeping, temporarily inactive (Though she pretended everything was fine, her anger lay dormant throughout the dinner party and exploded in screams of rage after everyone had left.)
(n) the audience's demand for a repeat performance; also the artist's performance in response to that demand (At the end of the concert, all the fans yelled, "Encore! Encore!" but the band did not come out to play again.)
1. (v) to disagree (The principal argued that the child should repeat the fourth grade, but the unhappy parents dissented.) 2. (n) the act of disagreeing (Unconvinced that the defendant was guilty, the last juror voiced his dissent with the rest of the jury.)
(n) domination over others (Britain's hegemony over its colonies was threatened once nationalist sentiment began to spread around the world.)
(adj) rude, arrogant, overbearing (That celebrity is so insolent, making fun of his fans right to their faces.)
(adj) peculiar to one person; highly individualized (I know you had trouble with the last test, but because your mistakes were highly idiosyncratic, I'm going to deny your request that the class be given a new test.)
(n) something that reduces pain (Put this analgesic on the wound so that the poor man at least feels a little better.)
1. (n) a whole or total (The three branches of the U.S. Government form an aggregate much more powerful than its individual parts.) 2. (v) to gather into a mass (The dictator tried to aggregate as many people into his army as he possibly could.)
(n) the generous giving of lavish gifts (My boss demonstrated great largess by giving me a new car.)
(adj) feeling depressed, discouraged, hopeless (Having failed the first math test, the despondent child saw no use in studying for the next and failed that one too.)
(v) to evaluate (A crew arrived to assess the damage after the crash.)
(adj) roomy (Holden invited the three women to join him in the back seat of the taxicab, assuring them that the car was quite commodious.)
(n) greed, strong desire (His cupidity made him enter the abandoned gold mine despite the obvious dangers.)
(v) to make an appropriate payment for something (Reginald bought Sharona a new dress to compensate her for the one he'd spilled his ice cream on.)
(n)keen insight (Because of his mathematical acumen, Larry was able to figure out in minutes problems that took other students hours.)
(n) a dispute, fight (Jason and Lionel blamed one another for the car accident, leading to an altercation.)
(n) an agreement of opinion (The jury was able to reach a consensus only after days of deliberation.)
(v) to desire enviously (I coveted Moses's house, wife, and car.)
(adj)exemplary, flawless (If your grades were as impeccable as your sister's, then you too would receive a car for a graduation present.)
(adj) gaudy, in bad taste (Mrs. Watson has poor taste and covers every object in her house with a garish gold lamé.)
1. (adj) sharp, severe (Arnold could not walk because the pain in his foot was so acute.) 2. (adj) having keen insight (Because she was so acute, Libby instantly figured out how the magician pulled off his "magic.") adamant-(adj) impervious, immovable, unyielding (Though public pressure was intense, the President remained adamant about his proposal.)
(v)to thwart, frustrate, defeat (Inspector Wilkens foiled the thieves by locking them in the bank along with their stolen money.)
(adj) not changeable (The laws of physics are immutable and constant.)
(adj) flowery, ornate (The writer's florid prose belongs on a sentimental Hallmark card.)
(v) to steal money by falsifying records (The accountant was fired for embezzling $10,000 of the company's funds.)
(adj) advocating principles of liberty and free will (The dissatisfied subjects overthrew the monarch and replaced him with a libertarian ruler who respected their democratic principles.)
(v) to prevent, thwart, delay (I forestalled the cold I was getting by taking plenty of vitamin C pills and wearing a scarf.)
(adj) showing care in doing one's work (The diligent researcher made sure to check her measurements multiple times.)
(n) a mixture of differing things (Susannah's wardrobe contained an astonishing medley of colors, from olive green to fluorescent pink.)
(adj) very poor, impoverished (I would rather donate money to help the indigent population than to the park sculpture fund.)
(n) the history of words, their origin and development (From the study of etymology, I know that the word "quixotic" derives from Don Quixote and the word "gaudy" refers to the Spanish architect Gaudí.)
(v) to stop, block abruptly (Edna's boss balked at her request for another raise.)
1. (adj) given without limits (Because they had worked very hard, the performers appreciated the critic's lavish praise.) 2. (v) to give without limits (Because the performers had worked hard, they deserved the praise that the critic lavished on them.)
(n) anger sparked by something unjust or unfair (I resigned from the sorority because of my indignation at its hazing of new members.)
(n) puzzle, problem (Interpreting Jane's behavior was a constant conundrum.)
(n) a gathering together (A confluence of different factors made tonight the perfect night.)
(v) cheat, defraud (The lawyer discovered that this firm had bilked several clients out of thousands of dollars.)
(n) bitterness, discord (Though they vowed that no girl would ever come between them, Biff and Trevor could not keep acrimony from overwhelming their friendship after they both fell in love with the lovely Teresa.)
(adj) brave in the face of danger (After scaling a live volcano prior to its eruption, the explorer was praised for his intrepid attitude.)
(n) lack of harmony or consistency (Though the president of the company often spoke of the company as reliant solely upon its workers, her decision to increase her own salary rather than reward her employees revealed a striking dissonance between her alleged beliefs and her actions.)
(n) an act of comforting (Darren found Alexandra's presence to be a consolation for his suffering.)
(adj) doubtful, of uncertain quality (Suspicious that he was only trying to get a raise, she found his praise dubious.)
(adj) disdainfully proud (The superstar's haughty dismissal of her costars will backfire on her someday.)
(adj) uncertain, variably interpretable (Some people think Caesar married Cleopatra for her power, others believe he was charmed by her beauty. His actual reasons are ambiguous.)
(adj) rich, wealthy (Mrs. Grebelski was affluent, owning a huge house, three cars, and an island near Maine.)
(v) to make less violent, alleviate (When I had an awful sore throat, only warm tea would mitigate the pain.)
(adj) secure from assault (Nobody was ever able to break into Batman's inviolable Batcave.)
(n) a gigantic statue or thing (For 56 years, the ancient city of Rhodes featured a colossus standing astride its harbor.)
(v) to shun, avoid (George hates the color green so much that he eschews all green food.)
(adj) wild, savage (That beast looks so feral that I would fear being alone with it.)
(adj) extremely lively, enthusiastic (She became ebullient upon receiving an acceptance letter from her first-choice college.)
(n) distress caused by feeling guilty (He felt compunction for the shabby way he'd treated her.)
(n) a short, humorous account (After dinner, Marlon told an anecdote about the time he got his nose stuck in a toaster.)
(adj) commanding, domineering (The imperious nature of your manner led me to dislike you at once.)
(adj) not suitable or capable, unqualified (She proved how inept she was when she forgot three orders and spilled a beer in a customer's lap.)
(v) to fuse into a whole (Gordon's ensemble of thrift-shop garments coalesced into a surprisingly handsome outfit.)
(v) to give up a position, usually one of leadership (When he realized that the revolutionaries would surely win, the king abdicated his throne.)
(v) to urge, prod, spur (Henry exhorted his colleagues to join him in protesting against the university's hiring policies.)
(v) to violate the sacredness of a thing or place (They feared that the construction of a golf course would desecrate the preserved wilderness.)
(n) an event with disastrous consequences (The earthquake in San Francisco was a calamity worse than any other natural disaster in history.)
(adj) intimidating, causing one to lose courage (He kept delaying the daunting act of asking for a promotion.)
(v) to do something in an unprecedented way (Because of the stiff competition, the company knew it needed to pour a lot of energy into innovating new and better products.)
(adj) advisable, advantageous, serving one's self-interest (In his bid for reelection, the governor made an expedient move by tabling all controversial legislation.)
(adj) vaguely defined, cloudy (The transition between governments meant that who was actually in charge was a nebulous matter.)
1. (n) one who holds an office (The incumbent senator is already serving his fifth term.) 2. (adj) obligatory (It is incumbent upon this organization to offer aid to all who seek it.)
(adj) radiant, splendorous (The golden palace was effulgent.)
(adj) old, out of date (That antiquated car has none of the features, like power windows and steering, that make modern cars so great.)
(v) to reveal something secret (Pressured by the press, the government finally divulged the previously unknown information.)
(n) a medium for lecture or discussion (Some radio talk-shows provide a good forum for political debate.)
(adj) gloomy or sullen (Jason's morose nature made him very unpleasant to talk to.)
(v) to relieve, make more bearable (This drug will alleviate the symptoms of the terrible disease, but only for a while.)
(adj) subject to whim, fickle (The young girl's capricious tendencies made it difficult for her to focus on achieving her goals.)
1. (adj) existing in the flesh, embodied (In the church pageant, I play the role of greed incarnate.) 2. (v) to give human form to (The alien evaded detection by incarnating himself in a human form.)
(adj) short-lived, fleeting (She promised she'd love me forever, but her "forever" was only ephemeral: she left me after one week.)
(adj) clear, easily understandable (Because Guenevere's essay was so lucid, I only had to read it once to understand her reasoning.)
(adj) having a tendency to quarrel or dispute (George's contentious personality made him unpopular with his classmates.)
(v) to introduce a microorganism, serum, or vaccine into an organism in order to increase immunity to illness; to vaccinate (I've feared needles ever since I was inoculated against 37 diseases at age one; but I have also never been sick.)
(adj) of or relating to an earlier period in time, outdated (In a few select regions of Western Mongolian, an archaic Chinese dialect is still spoken.)
(n) strength, guts (Achilles' fortitude in battle is legendary.)
1. (adj) easy, requiring little effort (This game is so facile that even a four-year- old can master it.) 2. (adj) superficial, achieved with minimal thought or care, insincere (The business was in such shambles that any solution seemed facile at best; nothing could really helpit in the long-run.)
(v) to assert, usually without proof (The policeman had alleged that Marshall committed the crime, but after the investigation turned up no evidence, Marshall was set free.)
(adj) lazy (Why should my indolent children, who can't even pick themselves up off the couch to pour their own juice, be rewarded with a trip to the mall?) indomitable-(adj) not capable of being conquered (To be honest, Jim, my indomitable nature means I could never take orders from anyone, and especially not from a jerk like you.)
1. (n) a person who agitates (If we catch the incendiary who screamed "bomb" in the middle of the soccer match, we're going to put him in jail.) 2. (adj) inflammatory, causing combustion (Gas and lighter fluid are incendiary materials that should be kept out of hot storage areas.)
(n) the arrangement of dances (The plot of the musical was banal, but the choreography was stunning.)
(adj) short, abrupt, dismissive (The captain's brusque manner offended the passengers.)
(adj) concerned with the world rather than with heaven, commonplace (He is more concerned with the mundane issues of day-to-day life than with spiritual topics.)
(v) to seek revenge (The victims will take justice into their own hands and strive to avenge themselves against the men who robbed them.)
(v)to fabricate, make up (She concocted the most ridiculous story to explain her absence.)
(n) praise for an achievement (After the performance, the reviewers gave the opera singer kudos for a job well done.)
(adj) friendly, amiable (People like to be around George because he is so affable and good-natured.)
(adj) symbolic (Using figurative language, Jane likened the storm to an angry bull.)
(v) to sketch out in a vague way (The coach adumbrated a game plan, but none of the players knew precisely what to do.)
(n)farming (It was a huge step in the progress of civilization when tribes left hunting and gathering and began to develop more sustainable methods of obtaining food, such as agriculture.)
(v) to belittle, diminish the opinion of (The company decided that its advertisements would no longer denigrate the company's competitors.)
(v) to improve (The tense situation was ameliorated when Sam proposed a solution everyone could agree upon.)
(adj) bubbly, lively (My friend is so effervescent that she makes everyone smile.)
1. (adj) secondary (Divorcing my wife had the collateral effect of making me poor, as she was the only one of us with a job or money.) 2. (n) security for a debt (Jacob left his watch as collateral for the $500 loan.)
(adj) excessively bold (The security guard was shocked by the fan's audacious attempt to offer him a bribe.)
(n) secret agreement, conspiracy (The three law students worked in collusion to steal the final exam.)
(adj) arranged in order of time (Lionel carefully arranged the snapshots of his former girlfriends in chronological order, and then set fire to them.)
(v) to coax by using flattery (Rachel's assistant tried to blandish her into accepting the deal.)
(adj) elated, uplifted (I was euphoric when I found out that my sister had given birth to twins.)
(v) to beg, plead, implore (The servant beseeched the king for food to feed his starving family.)
(adj) hidden, but capable of being exposed (Sigmund's dream represented his latent paranoid obsession with other people's shoes.)
(n) praise (The crowd welcomed the heroes with approbation.)
(adj) logically consistent, intelligible (Renee could not figure out what Monroe had seen because he was too distraught to deliver a coherent statement.)
(n) a tendency, inclination, prejudice (The judge's hidden bias against smokers led him to make an unfair decision.)
(n) the change of form, shape, substance (Winnifred went to the gym every day for a year and underwent a metamorphosis from a waiflike girl to an athletic woman.)
(n) a gift or blessing (The good weather has been a boon for many businesses located near the beach.)
(adj) drawn to the company of others, sociable (Well, if you're not gregarious, I don't know why you would want to go to a singles party!) grievous-(adj) injurious, hurtful; serious or grave in nature (Electrocuting the inmate without being sure of his guilt would be a truly grievous mistake.)
(v) to criticize openly (The kind video rental clerk decried the policy of charging customers late fees.)
(adj) friendly (An amiable fellow, Harry got along with just about everyone.)
(adj) obtainable, reachable (After studying with SparkNotes and getting a great score on the SAT, Marlena happily realized that her goal of getting into an Ivy-League college was accessible.)
(adj) antagonistic, unfavorable, dangerous (Because of adverse conditions, the hikers decided to give up trying to climb the mountain.)
(adj) (usually used with "with") filled or accompanied with (Her glances in his direction were fraught with meaning, though precisely what meaning remained unclear.)
(n) a craftsman (The artisan uses wood to make walking sticks.)
(adj) characterized by sick sentimentality (Although some nineteenth- century critics viewed Dickens's writing as mawkish, contemporary readers have found great emotional depth in his works.)
(adj) expressive, articulate, moving (The priest gave such an eloquent sermon that most churchgoers were crying.)
(adj) hard-working, diligent (The construction workers erected the skyscraper during two years of assiduous labor.)
(n) loyalty, devotion (Guard dogs are known for the great fidelity they show toward their masters.)
(n) patience, restraint, toleration (The doctor showed great forbearance in calming down the angry patient who shouted insults at him.)
(adj) being unknown, unrecognized (Mary received a love poem from an anonymous admirer.)
(n) a system with ranked groups, usually according to social, economic, or professional class (Women found it very difficult to break into the upper ranks of the department's hierarchy.)
(adj) rash; hastily done (Hilda's hasty slaying of the king was an impetuous, thoughtless action.)
1. (n) a ranting speech (Everyone had heard the teacher's harangue about gum chewing in class before.) 2. (v) to give such a speech (But this time the teacher harangued the class about the importance of brushing your teeth after chewing gum.)
(v) to frustrate, confuse (MacGuyver confounded the policemen pursuing him by covering his tracks.)
(adj) rude, insolent (Most of your comments are so impertinent that I don't wish to dignify them with an answer.)
(v) to weigh down, burden (At the airport, my friend was encumbered by her luggage, so I offered to carry two of her bags.)
(n) a common saying expressing a principle of conduct (Miss Manners's etiquette maxims are both entertaining and instructional.)
(adj) not agreeing, not in harmony with (The girls' sobs were a discordant sound amid the general laughter that filled the restaurant.)
(n) the act of consuming (Consumption of intoxicating beverages is not permitted on these premises.)
(v) to show, reveal (Christopher's hand-wringing and nail-biting evince how nervous he is about the upcoming English test.)
(adj) intentional, reflecting careful consideration (Though Mary was quite upset, her actions to resolve the dispute were deliberate.)
(v) to rejoice (When she found out she won the literature prize, Mary exulted by dancing and singing through the school's halls.)
(adj) relating to water (The marine biologist studies starfish and other aquatic creatures.)
(adj) characterized by feasting, drinking, merriment (The restaurant's convivial atmosphere put me immediately at ease.)
(adj) appealing but imperceptibly harmful, seductive (Lisa's insidious chocolate cake tastes so good but makes you feel so sick later on!) insinuate-(v) to suggest indirectly or subtly (I wish Luke and Spencer would stop insinuating that my perfect report card is the result of anything other than my superior intelligence and good work habits.)
(v) to reveal, make public (The CEO disclosed to the press that the company would have to fire several employees.)
1. (n) to stick to something (We adhered the poster to the wall with tape.) 2. (n) to follow devoutly (He adhered to the dictates of his religion without question.)
(n) standards by which something is judged (Among Mrs. Fields's criteria for good cookies are that they be moist and chewy.)
(v) to bring about, stimulate (Who knew that our decision to boycott school lunch would induce a huge riot?) ineffable-(adj) unspeakable, incapable of being expressed through words (It is said that the experience of playing with a dolphin is ineffable and can only be understood through direct encounter.)
(n) a gathering of people, especially for religious services (The priest told the congregation that he would be retiring.)
(v) to scatter, cause to scatter (When the rain began to pour, the crowd at the baseball game quickly dispersed.)
(v) to thwart, baffle (The normally cheery and playful children's sudden misery discomfited the teacher.)
(adj) unoriginal, trite (A girl can only hear "I love you" so many times before it begins to sound hackneyed and meaningless.)
(v) to annoy, pester (The husband divorced his wife after listening to her carping voice for decades.)
(adj) somehow related to the air (We watched as the fighter planes conducted aerial maneuvers.)
(adj) relating to or contained in letters (Some people call me "Auntie's boy," because my aunt and I have such a close epistolary relationship that we write each other every day.)
(adj) having the tendency to erode or eat away (The effect of the chemical was highly corrosive.)
(v) to polish, shine (His mother asked him to burnish the silverware before setting the table.)
(n) excessive greed (The banker's avarice led him to amass a tremendous personal fortune.)
(adj) meticulous, demanding, having high and often unattainable standards (Mark is so fastidious that he is never able to finish a project because it always seems imperfect to him.)
(v) to criticize publicly (The senator denounced her opponent as a greedy politician.)
(v)to postpone something; to yield to another's wisdom (Ron deferred to Diane, the expert on musical instruments, when he was asked about buying a piano.)
1. (v) to seize, arrest (The criminal was apprehended at the scene.) 2. (v) to perceive, understand, grasp (The student has trouble apprehending concepts in math and science.)
(n) a curse (When I was arrested for speeding, I screamed maledictions against the policeman and the entire police department.)
(adj) rambling, lacking order (The professor's discursive lectures seemed to be about every subject except the one initially described.)
(v) to agree (When the class asked the teacher whether they could play baseball instead of learn grammar they expected him to refuse, but instead he acceded to their request.)
(adj) varied, diverse in character (I hate having only one flavor so I always buy the swirled, or should I say heterogeneous, type of ice cream.)
(adj) originating in a region (Some fear that these plants, which are not indigenous to the region, may choke out the vegetation that is native to the area.)
(adj) having great diversity or variety (This Swiss Army knife has multifarious functions and capabilities. Among other things, it can act as a knife, a saw, a toothpick, and a slingshot.)
(v) to interpret (He construed her throwing his clothes out the window as a signal that she wanted him to leave.)
(v) to wither away, decay (If muscles do not receive enough blood, they will soon atrophy and die.)
(v) to thicken into a solid (The sauce had congealed into a thick paste.)
(n) extreme sadness, torment (Angelos suffered terrible anguish when he learned that Buffy had died while combating a strange mystical force of evil.)
(n) slow growth in size or amount (Stalactites are formed by the accretion of minerals from the roofs of caves.)
(v)to stimulate, promote, encourage (To fostergood health in the city, the mayor started a "Get out and exercise!" campaign.)
(adj) astounded (Whenever I read an Agatha Christie mystery novel, I am always flabbergasted when I learn the identity of the murderer.)
(n) one who has total power and rules brutally (The despot issued a death sentence for anyone who disobeyed his laws.)
(adj) harmful (She experienced the deleterious effects of running a marathon without stretching her muscles enough beforehand.)
(v) to nurture, improve, refine (At the library, she cultivated her interest in spy novels.)
1. (v) to cut down, shorten (The publisher thought the dictionary was too long and abridged it.) 2. (adj) shortened (Moby-Dick is such a long book that even the abridged version is longer than most normal books.)
(adj) very spacious (The workers delighted in their new capacious office space.)
(adj) harmless, inoffensive (In spite of their innocuous appearance, these mushrooms are actually quite poisonous.)
(adj) extremely careful with details (The ornate needlework in the bride's gown was a product of meticulous handiwork.)
(v) to flood with abundance (Because I am the star of a new sitcom, my fans are sure to inundate me with fan mail and praise.)
(adj) clear, transparent (Mr. Johnson's limpid writing style greatly pleased readers who disliked complicated novels.)
1. (v) to impact, affect, make an impression (The hail impinged the roof, leaving large dents.) 2. (v) to encroach, infringe (I apologize for impinging upon you like this, but I really need to use your bathroom. Now.)
(adj) light, airy, transparent (Sunlight poured in through the diaphanous curtains, brightening the room.)
1. (adj) necessary, pressing (It is imperative that you have these folders organized by midday.) 2. (n) a rule, command, or order (Her imperative to have the folders organized by midday was perceived as ridiculous by the others.)
(adj) without definite shape or type (The effort was doomed from the start, because the reasons behind it were so amorphous and hard to pin down.)
(v) to persuade someone not to do something (Worried that he would catch a cold, she tried to dissuade him from going out on winter nights.)
1. (v) to divide into parts (Following the scandalous disgrace of their leader, the entire political party cleaved into warring factions.) 2. (v) to stick together firmly (After resolving their marital problems, Junior and Rosa cleaved to one another all the more tightly.)
(v)to perceive, detect (Though he hid his emotions, she discerned from his body language that he was angry.)
(v) to evade, escape (Despite an intense search, the robber continues to elude the police.)
(n) a passageway between rows of seats (Once we got inside the stadium we walked down the aisle to our seats.)
(adj) incapable of being appeased or mitigated (Watch out: once you shun Grandma's cooking, she is totally implacable.)
(adj) necessary for completeness (Without the integral ingredient of flour, you wouldn't be able to make bread.)
(adj) deserted, dreary, lifeless (She found the desolate landscape quite a contrast to the hustle and bustle of the overcrowded city.)
(adj) tending to delay, causing delay (The general's dilatory strategy enabled the enemy to regroup.)
(n) something that does not fit into the normal order ("That rip in the space- time continuum is certainly a spatial anomaly," said Spock to Captain Kirk.)
(v) to kidnap, take by force (The evildoers abducted the fairy princess from her happy home.)
(n) difference, failure of things to correspond (He was troubled by the discrepancy between what he remembered paying for the appliance and what his receipt showed he paid for it.)
(n) a strong dislike, repugnance (I know you love me, but because you are a liar and a thief, I feel nothing but antipathy for you.)
(adj) expressing admiration or praise (Such laudatory comments are unusual from someone who is usually so reserved in his opinions.)
(n) pretending to believe what one does not (Once the politician began passing legislation that contradicted his campaign promises, his hypocrisy became apparent.)
(adj) sluggish from fatigue or weakness (In the summer months, the great heat makes people languid and lazy.)
(adj) weakly sentimental (Although many people enjoy romantic comedies, I usually find them maudlin and shallow.)
(adj)intellectually convincing (Irene's arguments in favor of abstinence were so cogent that I could not resist them.)
(v) to clarify, explain (I didn't understand why my friend was so angry with me, so I asked Janine to elucidate her feelings.)
1. (adj) intended to instruct (She wrote up a didactic document showing new employees how to handle the company's customers.) 2. (adj) overly moralistic (His didactic style of teaching made it seem like he wanted to persuade his students not to understand history fully, but to understand it from only one point of view.)
(v) to neutralize, make ineffective (The antidote counteracted the effect of the poison.)
1. (v) to argue in favor of something (Arnold advocated turning left at the stop sign, even though everyone else thought we should turn right.) 2. (n) a person who argues in favor of something (In addition to wanting to turn left at every stop sign, Arnold was also a great advocate of increasing national defense spending.)
(n) the quality of being reserved in speech or action; good judgment (Not wanting her patient to get overly anxious, the doctor used discretion in deciding how much to tell the patient about his condition.)
(adj) dull, boring (The play was so insipid, I fell asleep halfway through.)
(n) the absolute opposite (Your values, which hold war and violence in the highest esteem, are the antithesis of my pacifist beliefs.)
(adj) intricate, complicated (Grace's story was so convoluted that I couldn't follow it.)
(adj) sophisticated, worldly (Lloyd's education and upbringing were cosmopolitan, so he felt right at home among the powerful and learned.)
(n) a variation of a language (In the country's remote, mountainous regions, the inhabitants spoke a dialect that the country's other inhabitants had difficulty understanding.)
(adj) frenzied, hectic, frantic (In the hours between night and morning, the frenetic pace of city life slows to a lull.)
(v) to be indecisive (Not wanting to offend either friend, he dithered about which of the two birthday parties he should attend.)
(adj) harmful toward another's reputation (The defamatory gossip spreading about the actor made the public less willing to see the actor's new movie.)
(v) to surrender (The army finally capitulated after fighting a long costly battle.)
(n) a break or gap in duration or continuity (The hiatus in service should last two or three months—until the cable lines are repaired .)
(adj) showing rainbow colors (The bride's large diamond ring was iridescent in the afternoon sun.)
(adj) profuse, abundant (Copious amounts of Snapple were imbibed in the cafeteria.)
(adj)unending (We wanted to go outside and play, but the incessant rain kept us indoors for two days.)
(n) an authoritative command (In the Old Testament, God mandates that no one should steal.)
(adj) helpful, obliging, polite (Though the apartment was not big enough for three people, Arnold, Mark, and Zebulon were all friends and were accommodating to each other.)
(adj) abandoned, run-down (Even though it was dangerous, the children enjoyed going to the deserted lot and playing in the derelict house.)
(adj) ready to adapt oneself to another's wishes (Sue had very strong opinions about what to do on a first date, and Ted was absolutely compliant.)
(n) a pipe or channel through which something passes (The water flowed through the conduit into the container.)
(n) eagerness, speed (For some reason, Chuck loved to help his mother whenever he could, so when his mother asked him to set the table he did so with alacrity.)
(n) a cursed, detested person (I never want to see that murderer. He is an anathema to me.)
(n) wickedness (Rumors of the ogre's depravity made the children afraid to enter the forest.)
(adj) separated and narrow-minded; tight-knit, closed off (Because of the sensitive nature of their jobs, those who work for the CIA must remain insular and generally only spend time with each other.)
(v) to urge, coax (Fred's buddies cajoled him into attending the bachelor party.)
(n) a trip or outing (After taking an excursion to the Bronx Zoo, I dreamed about pandas and monkeys.)
(v) to belittle, depreciate (Always over-modest, he deprecated his contribution to the local charity.)
(n) an expression of esteem or approval (I blushed crimson when Emma gave me a compliment on my new haircut.)
(n) wickedness or sin ("Your iniquity," said the priest to the practical jokester, "will be forgiven.") injunction-(n) an order of official warning (After his house was toilet-papered for the fifth time, the mayor issued an injunction against anyone younger than 21 buying toilet paper.)
(adj) marked off, bounded (The children were permitted to play tag only within a carefully circumscribed area of the lawn.)
(n) high praise (Greg's excellent poem won the acclaim of his friends.)
(v) to make unclean, impure (She defiled the calm of the religious building by playing her banjo.)
(adj) corresponding in size or amount (Ahab selected a very long roll and proceeded to prepare a tuna salad sandwich commensurate with his enormous appetite.)
(adj) favorable, indicative of good things (The tennis player considered the sunny forecast an auspicious sign that she would win her match.)
(adj) quiet, modest, reserved (Though everyone else at the party was dancing and going crazy, she remained demure.)
(v) to soften in temper (The police officer mollified the angry woman by giving her a warning instead of a ticket.)
(n) a destructive whirlpool which rapidly sucks in objects (Little did the explorers know that as they turned the next bend of the calm river a vicious maelstrom would catch their boat.)
(n) one who wants to eliminate all government (An anarchist, Carmine wanted to dissolve every government everywhere.)
(v) to thicken, clot (The top layer of the pudding had coagulated into a thick skin.)
(v)to cause someone or something to become accustomed to a situation (Twenty years in the salt mines inured the man to the discomforts of dirt and grime.)
(n) indirect and wordy language (The professor's habit of speaking in circumlocutions made it difficult to follow his lectures.)
(n) a wet swampy bog; figuratively, something that traps and confuses (When Theresa lost her job, she could not get out of her financial morass.)
(adj) willing, compliant (Our father was amenable when we asked him to drive us to the farm so we could go apple picking.)
(n) a lack, scarcity (An eager reader, she was dismayed by the dearth of classic books at the library.)
(adj) biting, bitter in tone or taste (Jill became extremely acerbic and began to cruelly make fun of all her friends.)
(v) to insert between other things (During our conversation, the cab driver occasionally interjected his opinion.)
(adj) overjoyed, thrilled (When she found out she had won the lottery, the writer was elated.)
(v) to distribute, set aside (The Mayor allocated 30 percent of the funds for improving the town's schools.)
(v) to hand over responsibility for something (The dean delegated the task of finding a new professor to a special hiring committee.)
1. (v) to disappear, cause to disappear (The sun finally came out and dissipated the haze.) 2. (v) to waste (She dissipated her fortune on a series of bad investments.)
(v) to long for, aim toward (The young poet aspires to publish a book of verse someday.)
(n) an insinuation (During the debate, the politician made several innuendos about the sexual activities of his opponent.)
(adj) fruitful, fertile (The fecund tree bore enough apples to last us through the entire season.)
(adj) characteristic of informal conversation (Adam's essay on sexual response in primates was marked down because it contained too many colloquial expressions.)
(n) harmonious agreement (Julie and Harold began the evening with a disagreement, but ended it in a state of perfect concord.)
(n) something that differs from the norm (In 1918, the Boston Red Sox won the World Series, but the success turned out to be an aberration, and the Red Sox have not won a World Series since.)
(adj) stubbornly established by habit (I'm the first to admit that I'm an inveterate coffee drinker—I drink four cups a day.)
1. (n) a plague, disease (The potato blight destroyed the harvest and bankrupted many families.) 2. (n) something that destroys hope (His bad morale is a blight upon this entire operation.)
(adj) talkative, wordy (Some talk show hosts are so garrulous that their guests can't get a word in edgewise.)
(adj) harsh, cold, unfeeling (The murderer's callous lack of remorse shocked the jury.)
(n) boredom, weariness (I feel such ennui that I don't look forward to anything, not even my birthday party.)
(adj) incapable of being taken back (The Bill of Rights is an irrevocable part of American law.)
(n) someone engaged in a lawsuit (When the litigants began screaming at each other, Judge Koch ordered them to be silent.)
1. (n) something for which one is legally responsible, usually involving a disadvantage or risk (The bungee-jumping tower was a great liability for the owners of the carnival.) 2. (n) a handicap, burden (Because she often lost her concentration and didn't play defense, Marcy was a liability to the team.)
(n) generosity in giving (The royal family's munificence made everyone else in their country rich.)
(v) to bring forth, draw out, evoke (Although I asked several times where the exit was, I elicited no response from the stone-faced policeman.)
(n) a love song (Greta's boyfriend played her a ballad on the guitar during their walk through the dark woods.)
(adj)wanting harm to befall others (The malevolent old man sat in the park all day, tripping unsuspecting passersby with his cane.)
(v) to praise, revere (Violet extolled the virtues of a vegetarian diet to her meat- loving brother.)
(adj) lively (When he begins to talk about drama, which is his true passion, he becomes very animated.)
(adj) deserving blame (He was culpable of the crime, and was sentenced to perform community service for 75 years.)
(adj) socially proper, appropriate (The appreciative guest displayed decorous behavior toward his host.)
(n) deception, slight-of-hand (Smuggling the French plants through customs by claiming that they were fake was a remarkable bit of legerdemain.)
(v) to make void or invalid (After seeing its unforeseen and catastrophic effects, Congress sought to annul the law.)
(adj) forceful, demanding attention (Eliot's speech was so compelling that Lenore accepted his proposal on the spot.)
(adj) worthy of esteem or reward (Manfred was given the congressional medal of honor for his meritorious actions.)
(v) to wipe out, obliterate, rub away (The husband was so angry at his wife for leaving him that he effaced all evidence of her presence; he threw out pictures of her and gave away all her belongings.)
(adj) soothing (This emollient cream makes my skin very smooth.)
(n) an essential part (The most important constituent of her perfume is something called ambergris.)
(n) crafty dishonesty (His duplicity involved convincing his employees to let him lower their salaries and increase their stock options, and then to steal the money he saved and run the company into the ground.)
(adj) showing respect for another's authority (His deferential attitude toward her made her more confident in her ability to run the company.)
(n) a cut, tear (Because he fell off his bike into a rosebush, the paperboy's skin was covered with lacerations.)
(v) to ascribe, blame (The CEO imputed the many typos in the letter to his lazy secretary.)
(v) to urge, goad (The demagogue instigated the crowd into a fury by telling them that they had been cheated by the federal government.)
(adj) based on factors that appear random (The boy's decision to choose one college over another seems arbitrary.)
(v) to trick, deceive (The thief beguiled his partners into surrendering all of their money to him.)
(v) to increase or make greater (Joseph always dropped the names of the famous people his father knew as a way to aggrandize his personal stature.)
(adj) roundabout (The bus's circuitous route took us through numerous outlying suburbs.)
(adj) lonely, abandoned, hopeless (Even though I had the flu, my family decided to go skiing for the weekend and leave me home alone, feeling feverish and forlorn.)
(n) readiness to believe (His credulity made him an easy target for con men.)
(n) a mournful song, especially for a funeral (The bagpipers played a dirge as the casket was carried to the cemetery.)
(v) to attack (At dawn, the war planes assailed the boats in the harbor.)
(n) the moral attitudes and fixed customs of a group of people. (Mores change over time; many things that were tolerated in 1975 are no longer seen as being socially acceptable.)
(n) obtaining another's property by theft or trickery (When my car was not where I had left it, I realized that I was a victim of larceny.)
(n)a tendency, propensity (Sarah has an inclination to see every foreign film she hears about, even when she's sure that she won't like it.)
(v) to get around (The school's dress code forbidding navel-baring jeans was circumvented by the determined students, who were careful to cover up with long coats when administrators were nearby.)
(n) a person who makes or repairs shoes (I had my neighborhood cobbler replace my worn-out leather soles with new ones.)
(adj) actively changing (The parents found it hard to keep up with the dynamic music scene with which their children had become very familiar.)
(adj) marked by goodness or doing good (Police officers should be commended for their benevolent service to the community.)
(adj) offensive, egregious (The judge's decision to set the man free simply because that man was his brother was a flagrant abuse of power.)
(adj) noble, generous (Although I had already broken most of her dishes, Jacqueline was magnanimous enough to continue letting me use them.)
(n) impudence, nerve, insolence (When I told my aunt that she was boring, my mother scolded me for my effrontery.)
(adj) pleasantly agreeable (His congenial manner made him popular wherever he went.)
1. (v) to decorate, adorn (My mom embellished the living room by adding lace curtains.) 2. (v)to add details to, enhance (When Harry told me that he had "done stuff" on his vacation, I asked him to embellish upon his account.)
(v) to weaken, exhaust (Writing these sentences enervates me so much that I will have to take a nap after I finish.)
(adj) the most representative or typical example of something (Some believe George Washington, with his flowing white hair and commanding stature, was the archetypal politician.)
(adj) ardent, passionate (The fervent protestors chained themselves to the building and shouted all night long.)
(adj) not devious; innocent and candid (He must have writers, but his speeches seem so ingenuous it's hard to believe he's not speaking from his own heart.)
(v) to take, make use of (The government appropriated the farmer's land without justification.)
(n) a sweet, fancy food (We went to the mall food court and purchased a delicious confection.)
(n) self-satisfied ignorance of danger (Colin tried to shock his friends out of their complacency by painting a frightening picture of what might happen to them.)
(adj) extremely skilled (Tarzan was adept at jumping from tree to tree like a monkey.)
(v) to grant the vote to (The Nineteenth Amendment enfranchised women.)
(v) to charm, hold spellbound (The sailor's stories of fighting off sharks and finding ancient treasures enthralled his young son.)
(adj) shy, quiet, modest (While eating dinner with the adults, the diffident youth did not speak for fear of seeming presumptuous.)
(v) to take without justification (The king arrogated the right to order executions to himself exclusively.)
(adj) secretive, sly (Jane's placement of her drugs in her sock drawer was not as furtive as she thought, as the sock drawer is the first place most parents look.)
(adj) understood by only a select few (Even the most advanced students cannot understand the physicist's esoteric theories.)
(n) something that holds separate parts together (The linchpin in the prosecution's case was the hair from the defendant's head, which was found at the scene of the crime.)
(n) a steady increase in intensity or volume (The crescendo of the brass instruments gave the piece a patriotic feel.)
(n) a small amount of something (Refusing to display even a modicum of sensitivity, Henrietta announced her boss's affair in front of the entire office.)
(adj) suitable for growing crops (The farmer purchased a plot of arable land on which he will grow corn and sprouts.)
1. (v) to strike with force (The strong winds buffeted the ships, threatening to capsize them.) 2. (n) an arrangement of food set out on a table (Rather than sitting around a table, the guests took food from our buffet and ate standing up.)
(adj) artistic, related to the appreciation of beauty (We hired Susan as our interior decorator because she has such a fine aesthetic sense.)
(n) an imperfection, flaw (The dealer agreed to lower the price because of the many blemishes on the surface of the wooden furniture.)
(adj)cautious (Though I promised Rachel's father I would bring her home promptly by midnight, it would have been more circumspect not to have specified a time.)
(n) the quality of being in agreement (Bill and Veronica achieved a perfect congruity of opinion.)
(v) to plot, scheme (She connived to get me to give up my vacation plans.)
(adj) uncalled for, unwarranted (Every morning the guy at the donut shop gives me a gratuitous helping of ketchup packets.)
(v) to express emotion (The director told the actor he had to emote, or else the audience would have no idea what his character was going through.)
(v)to get the attention of, hold (The fireworks captivated the young boy, who had never seen such things before.)
(adj) secretly engaged in (Nerwin waged a covert campaign against his enemies, while outwardly appearing to remain friendly.)
(n) hardship, threat (It was only under intense duress that he, who was normally against killing, fired his gun.)
(adj) sickeningly sweet (Though Ronald was physically attractive, Maud found his constant compliments and solicitous remarks cloying.)
(adj) lacking concern, emotion (Uninterested in politics, Bruno was apathetic about whether he lived under a capitalist or communist regime.)
(adj) in the process of being born or coming into existence (Unfortunately, my brilliant paper was only in its nascent form on the morning that it was due.)
(adj) in harmony (The singers' consonant voices were beautiful.)

Deck Info