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Modern World Trimester 1 Exam *Dr. K*

This is for Modern World Trimester 1 Exam *Dr. K*


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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Wrote the dramatic poem "Faust"
called "Peasant Emperor"
Joseph II
John Dalton
atomic theory creator
sans-culottes and Jacobins wanted...
people who fee their country for political reasons
Adam Smith
believed that a free market would come to help everyone, not just rich
association of large corporations formed to fix prices, set production quotas, or divide up markets
introduced ideas of separation of powers and checks and balances
House of Commons
This group had the power to disband the cabinet
Robert Fulton
used Watt's steam engine to power the Clermont
Karl Marx
believed in setting up a classless, communist society would end struggles over wealth and power
government in which the power belongs to a few people
interchangeable parts
identical components that can e used in place of one another in manufacturing
a revolutionary political club made up of middle-class lawyers and intellectuals
Act of Union
united England and Scotland
the National Convention voted to abolish the monarchy and declare France a...
Bessemer process
operation that produces steel by purifying iron ore
Social Darwinism
ideas that applied the theory of survival of the fittest to war and economic competition
right to vote
Jeremy Bentham
all actions should be judged by "utility"
Madame Geoffrin
ran one of the most respected salons
Thomas Malthus
predicted that population would outpace food supply, urged people to have less children
add a territory onto an existing state or country
John Locke
People were naturally good
Continental Congress
Group of colonial leaders who made decisions during the American Revolution
Ludwig van Beethoven
composer who utilized a broad range of instruments in the modern orchestra
Thomas Hobbes
Wrote Leviathan; presented the concept of the social contract
give up a high office
Richardson's novel which uses letters to tell a story.
Battle of Saratoga
battle that convinced the French to join the American side
belief that one racial group is superior to another
ballot in which voters have a direct say on an issue
Thomas Jefferson
principal author of the Declaration of Independence
David Ricardo
CYCLE--high wages-more kids-low wages-high unemployment-less kids-...
working class men/women who pushed the revolution into more radical action
Abraham Darby
used coal to smelt iron
prime minister
head of the cabinet
Joseph Lister
This English surgeon insisted that surgeons wash their hands before operating
Gottlieb Dailmler
introduced the first four-wheeled automobile
idea that the goal of society should be to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
enlightened despots
monarchs who used their power to bring about social and political change
Catherine the Great, like other monarchs, did not intend to give up any ____________.
middle class of 3rd Estate
Developed vaccine against smallpox
guerrilla warfare
fighting carried on through hit-and-run raids
his works helped to create a new style of classical composition
Committee of Public Safety
group that ordered all French citizens to join the war effort
Enlightenment thinker who searched for natural laws to explain economics
established by the moderates who seized power from radical revolutionaries
principle by which monarchies that had been unseated by the French Revolution or Napoleon were restored
Wrote The Wealth of NAtions; argued that the free market should be allowed to regulate business
Joseph Lister
discovered how antiseptics prevented infection
assembly line
industrial production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks
natural laws
rules or laws that govern human nature
Wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman; called for equal education for girls and boys
cult of domesticity
model in the 1800s that idealized women and the home
John Locke
believed the government has an obligation to those it governs
believer of laissez-faire
Robert Koch
identified the bacteria that caused tuberculosis
attacked corrupt government, inequality, and the slave trade; supported freedom of speech
James Watt
improved upon steam engine
John Locke
People have certain natural rights
laissez faire
policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference
Marquis de Lafayette
headed the National Guard
shutting off a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
built the framework for modern chemistry with Lavoisier
rioters who fought against the machines that cost them jobs
Louis Pasteur
developed a vaccine for rabies
Edited Encyclopedia
social gospel
movement that urged Christians to social service
Thomas Hobbes
argued that people are naturally bad
Wrote The Social Contract; advocated the will of the majority and the common good
James Hargreaves
produced the spinning jenny
atomic theory
the theory that showed how different kinds of atoms combine to make all chemical substances
social contract
agreement by which people give up their freedom to a powerful government in order to avoid chaos
Florence Nightingale
founded the world's first school of nursing
his works were religious in nature
___________ art was personal and charming.
working class
Navigation Acts
Laws passed by Parliament to regulate colonial trade and manufacturing
Florence Nightingale
As an army medical assistant during the Crimean War, this person insisted on better hygiene in field hospitals
Thomas Edison
made the first electric light bulb
red, white, and blue badge of the common people
natural rights
rights that belong to all humans from birth
Battle of Yorktown
battle that ended the British war effort
Frederick the Great
his reforms were directed mainly at making the Prussian government more efficient
Victor Hugo
wrote the novel "Les Miserables"
member of a group of Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply the methods of science to the improvement of society
leader of reign of terror
The _________ style was grand and complex
form of socialism
business owned by many investors who buy shares of stock and risk only the amount of their investment
Catherine II
Her contribution to Russia was an expanded empire
John Stuart Mill
ACTIONS: Right-if it brings happiness Wrong-if it causes pain
George Stephenson
developed steam-powered locomotives to pull carriages
Georges Haussman
he destroyed tenement housing and rebuilt the poor areas of Paris
Richard Arkwright
invented the waterframe
Henrik Ibsen
Norwegian dramatist who brought realism to theater
This political party supported broad powers for the monarch
John Wesley
founded the Methodist church
This political party favored Parliament over the crown
Joseph II
This monarch did the most to reform the lives of his subjects
Wrote The Spirit of the Laws
Legislative Assembly
set up as part of the new limited monarchy of France
system in which the people as a whole rather than private individuals own all property and operate all busineesses
National Assembly
delegates of the 3rd Estate who banded together to draw up a constitution for France
Louis Pasteur
developed a process to kill disease-carrying microbes in beverages
Charles Townshend
encouraged farmers to grow turnips which restored exhausted soil
Robert Owen
against child labor, believed living conditions shaped one's character
Lord Byron
Lent his name to the romantic hero
women's suffrage
women's right to vote
constitutional government
government whose power is limited by law

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