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Post Test #6 05.30.06


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Generalized Anxiety Disorder
characterized by: excessive worry, and about a # of events, and difficulty controlling worry
spatial perception of 2 month old with shallow and deep visual cliffs
heart rate DECREASES as infant show interest in the deep end, but do not yet have a fear of heights
with brain injury, it is a failure to recognize one's own disability.
all agnosias are charaterized by:
failure of recognition NOT due to sensory deficit or verbal or intellectual impairment
serial position effect (and long term/short term memory)
the tendency to recall items in the beginning and end of a word list better. The 1st is due to transfer to long term memory and the later due to still in short term memory
an integrated cluster of knowledge about a concept
tells you what to do in certain situations, like a movie script
a T score distribution has a mean of ____ and a SD of ___
50 and 10
A T score of 60 in a normal shaped distribution lies in what % rank?
A T-score of 60 is 1 SD above the mean. 84% of people have scores lower than the score that is 1 SD above the mean
The Buckley Amendment
-parents/guardians or students of legal age have right to see school records
-prohibts disclosure of records without parental consent.
-gov. can withhold federal funding.
Antisocial Personality Disorder dx criteria
-18 y.o.
-history of antisocial behavior prior to 15 y.o.
-some sxs. of Conduct Disorder
Atkinson's Racial/Cultural Identity Model

5 stages
1. Confomity
2. Dissonance
3. Resistance/Immersion
4. Introspection
5. Integrative Awareness

each stage in this model is characterized by a different combination of attitudes toward one's own minority group, other minority groups and the dominant group
transformational leaders
-employees will function best if treated individually and given personal attention
-motivate workers by giving goals added meaning by placing them in larger context--for the social good.
giving goals meaning is refered to as "Framing"
escalating commitment
tendency to continue with a previously chosen course of action even when it is not working.
levels of processing theory
-predicts that the deeper the level of processing, the better the learning and memory
-processing that involves maximizing the meaning of the material is the deepesrt level of processing. making a sentence of the words to remember is the deepest level of processing
aggression catharsis hypothesis predicts
expression of aggressive impulses reduces future aggressiveness
-effects of catharsis depends on certain characteristics of the individual and situation
-people emotionally reactive will escalate with catharsis
-most effective when its realistic forms of aggresion
-reduces arousal only when catharsis is directed at provocateur
-initially reduces anger, but can increase the likelihood that a person will respond to provocation with aggression in the future
Wisconsin Card Sort
Category Test and Similarities subtest of WAIS
access frontal lobe damage that impacts initiative, planning and completing tasks in sequence
criterion deficiency and I/O psych and job performance
the degree to which the criterion does not adequately measure the conceptual or hypothetical criterion. Job performance is due to several factors, but most criterion measures are deficient b/c they only measure 1 or 2 factors.
Ethics Codes and consultation
consult, with a ROI,to serve your clients effectively and appropriately
Helm's White Racial Identity Model
1. Contact
2. Disintegration
3. Reintegration
4. Psuedo-independence
5. Immersion-emersion
6. Autonomy

the higher the White therapist's stage of identity development, the greater his effectiveness when workign with clients from culturally-diverse groups
Hersey and Blanchard's situational leadership model
4 styles of leadership
1. Participating/supporting
2. Selling/coaching
3. Delegating
4. Telling/directing

best when leasership style matches employee developmental level
somatosensory cortex:function
located in parietal lobe and affects sensation of touch
use of "p" in item test construction
closer value is to 1.0, the easier the item...close to 1.0 means almost everyone gets it right. find "p" by dividing the total # of examinees by the total # who got the question correct
if there is a formal Ethics complaint filed about therapist or office staff, therapist must
respond in writing and in a timely manner
likely to exaggerate memory problems
Alzheimer's sxs.
-denial of memory impairment
-mood and personality changes
-loss of interest in usual activities
-lower factors scores on WAIS processing speed and perceptual organization.
-PET won't pick this up in early stages.
Troiden's model of LGBTQ Development
4 stages
1. Sensitization
2. Identity confusion
3. Identity assumption
4. Commitment
Cass's model of LGBTQ Development
6 stages
1. confusion
2. comparison
3. tolerance
4. acceptance
5. pride
6. synthesis
I/O positive halo error
one or two characteristics influences interviewer and how he evaluates an applicant on other, non-related characteristics, favorably
I/O contrast effect
evaluation of Applicant B is effected by previous Applicant A (perhaps negatively or favorably)
I/O fundamental attribution bias
tendency to attribute the behavior of others to their personalities and not their situation (context)
leniency bias
rater tends to rate everyone highly
Aggressive children are more likely to respond to punishment with
when teaching a psych course, ethics require that you...
ensure tha accurate information about the course is available to all interested parties
Acute Stress disorder dx.
exposure to an extreme stressor and sxs. of numbing, derealization, depersonalization and dissociative amnesia
Separation Anxiety Disorder
anxiety tied to separation from an attachment figure
somatic sxs. and school phobia
factors that mediate outcomes for sexual abuse survivors
-father perp-worse outcomes
-less severe when survivor uses:
-disclosing and discussing
-minimizing the extent of the abuse
-positive reframing of the abuse
-refusing to dwell on it
use of biodata as predictor of job performance
-good predictor
-may be criterion dependent, good for training success
-includes background info
-useful in managerial and nonmanagerial positions
diagnostic overshadowing and Reiss, et all
occurs when the salience of one disorder or condition overshadows consideration or recognition of another
White and BLack kids recognize race by age?
phenothiazines are what class drug and most effective with which sxs. of schizophrenia
typical antipsychotic, positive sxs., delusions, hallucinations, agitation
negative sxs. of schizophrenia
social withdrawal
reduced activity
poverty of speech
explicit memory
memory that requires conscious recollection
implicit memory
automatic memory/unconscious memory
Korsakoff's syndrome
caused by thiamine deficiency
related to chronic alcholism
greater impairment in explicit memory...can recall events prior to heavy drinking, but not since onset
family roles in middle class AA families
egalitarian spouses
more permable boundaries open to influence of extended family and AA community
drugs that impact tardive dyskinesia
1.dopamine depleting
2.norepinephrine levels
4. SSRI's and other serotonergic drugs
1. alleviates some sxs.
2. decrease levels/surpress sxs. of TD
3. increase levels/decrease sxs.
4. not useful
Male Erectile Disorder
persistent or recurrent inability to attain, or to maintain until comletion of a sexual activity, an adequate erection
effectiveness of goal setting theory for group productivity
specific goals with performance feedback is optimal for groups and individuals
smoking cessation research

1. self-quitters
2. effectiveness of nicotine replacement therapy
3. weight gain
4. heart disease
5. lung disease
1. 33% last for 2 or more days
2. benefits whether hi or lo dependence (greater the dependence, greater the benefit)
3. men and women gain 6-8 lbs.
4. risk drops w/ cessation
5. risk does not drop w/ cessation
post traumatic amnesia have long term deficits in?
verbal memory
Antisocial Personality Disorder and the 5 Factor personality analysis score:
low agreeableness, openness and coscientiousness
Factitious Disorder
sxs. are faked or intentionally induced
motivation to adopt a sick role
Somatoform Disorders
Conversion DIsorder
feignnig or intentional production of sxs for the purpose of securing attention, avoiding work, an external reward
Conversion Disorder
sxs. are not intentionally induced, unconsciously
duration of post-traumatic amnesia
correlates with the severity and long-lasting consequences of brain injury
contralateral neglect
-caused by damage to the parietal lobe, most often right pariental lobe
-person ignores stimulation on the affected side of the body and may deny ownership of that side of the body
temperment (characteristics of)
stable over time
evident in first months of life
Piaget: motivation for development is?
a drive toward cognitive balance or equilibrium
Which hemisphere is the dominant hemisphere of the brain for language
left hemisphere and this does not impact handedness
-each culture possesses unique characteristics that have meaning for the society
-culture specific
-view of culture from an outsider's perspective
-not culture specific
Types of brain imaging tools
1. CT
2. PET
3. MRI
4. NMR
1. a structural imaging tool
2. info on brain function
3. a structural imaging tool
4. another name for MRI
3 types of deafness
1. conductive
2. sensorineural
3. central
1. failure of mechanical stimulation to reach the cochlea. caused by infection in the middle ear
2.damage to the hair cells
3. lesions in the auditory cortex
damage to the cochlea
leads to sensorineural deafness
Piaget stages
1. sensorimotor: birth - 2 basic skills, object permanence
2. preoperational: 2-7, intuitive rather than logical thought, egocentric
3. concrete: 7-11, general set of rules and regs and the idea of "reversibility"
4. formal:11-16, formulate hypotheses,abstract thinking
brain lateralization
-process in which different functions become specialized in one of the 2 hemispheres
-present in the first few months of life
gate control theory
spinal cord has a mechanism "gate" that can block the transmission of pain to the brain. negative emotions (fear) keep the gate open, so things we're fearful of can cause us more pain
signal detection theory
there are no absolute thresholds for sensations and the detection of the stimulation is dependent on the strength of the stimulus and the cost/benefit of detecting (being aware) of the stimulus

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